The Way of Performing Ziyarah (Pilgrimage) of Emam Reza (A.S.)
The below mentioned ziyarah is one of the famous ziyarah of Emam Reza (A.S.) mentioned in the authentic books and it has been narrated by the Great Shaykh Muhammad bin al-Hasan bin al-Walid (R.A.) who was the teacher of Shaykh Sadukh (R.A.).
Ibn Qulawayh has mentioned this ziyarah in his famous book "Mazar" as narrated by the Holy Infallible Imams (A.S.). The text of this ziyarah is also mentioned in Manla Yazhar ul Faqih, Vol 2, P 606, Bab 310 in this order.
If you intend to leave for Toos (Mashhad) for the ziyarah of Emam Reza (A.S.) from your native place. Before leaving your residence first perform the ghusl (bathing) and then recite the following dua (supplication)
On the way to the holy city of Mashhad recite the following dua.
Before leaving the residence recite this dua.
When the pilgrim arrives in the holy city of Mashhad and see the glimpse of the holy shrine recite this dua. This dua also can be recited while performing the ghusl-i ziyarah and while leaving for the ziyarah of the holy shrine.
The pilgrim should wear clean clothes and walk barefooted towards the holy shrine. The pilgrim should walk with peace and dignity and should continuously say the following recitaion.
The pilgrim should take short steps while walking towards the holy burial chamber. When the pilgrim enters the holy burial chamber then read the following recitation.
Ibn Qulawayh narrates from the Holy Infallible Imams (A.S.) that when the pilgrim reaches near the holy grave (holy burial chamber) then recite the following Salaam (salutation).
Shaykh Mufid narrates in the book "Al-Mug'naah that when the pilgrim after performing the ghusl-i ziyarah and wearing clean clothes reaches the holy burial chamber (holy grave) then should recite the following ziyarah.
The pilgrim should fall on the grave and kiss it. Then should keep the right side of his face on the holy grave and then the left side of his face. The pilgrim should gradually move towards the upper part of the holy grave and recite the following ziyarah.
After the ziyarah perform the two rakah Namaz-i Ziyarah and other recommended Namaz the pilgrim wishes to perform. It is better to perform in the lower part of the holy burial chamber. Then the pilgrim can recite any dua he wishes.
The ziyarah of Emam Reza (A.S.) on some specific hours and days has great virtues and rewards like performing the ziyarah in the month of Rajab, on 23rd Zee al-Qa'adah, 25th Zee al-Qa'adah, 6th Ramadhan, ziyarah on the days and hours related to the Holy Infallible Imams (A.S.) but the great rewards and virtues of ziyarah on other days of the year are also reserved for the pilgrims.
While leaving the holy shrine the pilgrim should recite the dua the pilgrim recites while leaving the holy shrine of the Holy Prophet of Islam (S.A.W.).
Shaykh Sadukh narrates that while bidding farewell to the holy grave the pilgrim should recite this ziyarah.
While leaving the holy burial chamber the pilgrim should move his steps backwards facing the holy grave as a mark of respect. The pilgrim should face the holy grave till its last glimpse.
Farewell Due (Abridged)
Al-Kafhami says that while bidding farewell to Emam Reza (A.S.) the pilgrim should recite this dua which Imam Jafar Sadiq (A.S.) used to recite while leaving the holy shrine of the Holy Prophet of Islam (S.A.W.)
Then the pilgrim can also recite the following Salaam.