24. Abrogation before the time of performance
Al-Bukhari mentioned that Abu Hurayra had said: "The Prophet sent us in a delegation and said to us: "If you find (those two men), burn them with fire!" Then he said to us when we wanted to leave: "I ordered you to burn (those two men) with fire, but no one is to torture with fire save Allah. So when you find them, kill them both."
This tradition was untrue because it showed abrogation of an order before performing it. It was impossible for Allah and His apostle to do that. When the Prophet said: (burn them with fire), it was revealed to him by Allah Nor does he speak out of desire. It is naught but revelation that is revealed) 53:3-4, so when the Prophet abrogated it (according to Allah's revelation) before performing it that would show ignorance of Allah! Allah forbid! Glory be to Him, the Exalted, the Almighty.
25. Doing a thing in unbelievable period
Al-Bukhari mentioned that Abu Hurayra had said: "The prophet Muhammad said: The holy Qur'an was eased for Prophet David. He ordered his men to saddle his sumpter and he finished reciting the Qur'an before they finished saddling the sumpter." 1
It was impossible in two ways;
First: the holy Qur'an was revealed to the prophet Muhammad and it was not revealed before that. How did Prophet David read it?
The defenders of Abu Hurayra justified that by saying that he meant by Qur'an the Psalms and the Torah because they were miracles as the Qur'an was. 2
1. Refer to Al-Bukhari's Sahih, vol.3, p.p. 101 and vol. 2, p.p. 164.
2. Refer to Irshad as-Sari, vol. 8, p.p. 500.
They interpreted Abu Hurayra's saying, as they liked not as he himself meant. And Allah is the most Aware!
Second: the period of saddling the sumpter was too short for David to recite the Qur'an, whether he meant the Qur'an of Muhammad or the Psalms or the Torah. It is definite that reason doesn't accept like these impossibilities.
So it was nonsense what al-Qastalani mentioned 1 in this concern when he said: "This tradition confirmed that Allah condensed time for whomever He will of His people as He condensed distance for them. An-Nawawi said: "Some people recited all the Qur'an four times in the night and four times in the day. I had seen Abut-Tahir in Jerusalem in eight hundred and sixty-seven of hijra and I had heard then that he recited all the Qur'an more than ten times in the night and in the day. Sheikh of Islam al-Burhan bin Abu Shareef told me that Abut-Tahir had recited the Qur'an fifteen times in a day and a night. This is something that we cannot perceive except by referring it to the divine emanation."
It can never be possible except when we can put the world inside the egg.
Reasonable people know well that condensing time and distance is something unreal. Suppose that it was real. What was the use of it then? It would certainly cause many problems.
If he had talked about condensing speech, it might have been more suitable although it would be unreal.
This tradition couldn't be considered as a miracle for the prophet David (s), because miracles were extraordinary things but what Abu Hurayra talked about in his tradition was (extra-reasonable).
26. A nation was metamorphosed into mice
The two sheikhs mentioned 2 that Abu Hurayra had said: "The Prophet (s) said: "A nation of the Israelites was lost and they didn't
1. ibid. vol. 7, p.p. 182 and vol. 8, p.p. 500.
2. Refer to al-Bukhari's Sahih, vol2, p.p. 149 and Muslim's Sahih, vol. 2, p.p. 536.
know what they had done. I think they were metamorphosed into mice, because when mice were given camel's milk they didn't drink it and when they were given ewe's milk they drank."
What a folly it was that even the foolish would disdain, unless they were mad. But the two sheikhs trusted in this dotard and mentioned his absurdities as evidences. If what he said did not disgrace Islam, we would put his rope on his neck and let him graze freely with his likes, but we had to defend the infallible Sunna as possible as we could because these superstitions were the worst of defects that afflicted Islam.
27. They deny his tradition, so he changes his mind
Muslim mentioned that Abdul Melik bin Abu Bakr said that Abu Bakr had said: "I heard Abu Hurayra narrating in his stories : "Whoever was impure when it dawned, he was not to fast." I told Abdur Rahman of that and he asked his father. His father denied it. Abdur Rahman and I went to Aa'isha and Um Salama (the Prophet's wives). Abdur Rahman asked them and said to me: "Both of them said that the Prophet became impure in the morning without a wet dream 2 and he fasted. Then we went to Marwan, who was the wali of Medina by Mu'awiya. Abdur Rahman told Marwan of that. Marwan said: "I ask you to go to Abu Hurayra to refute his saying." 3 We went to Abu Hurayra. Abdur Rahman told him that. He said: "Did they (the Prophet's wives) say that?" he said: "Yes, they did." Abu Hurayra said: "They knew more than me. I heard that from al-Fadhl and didn't hear it from the Prophet (s)." He changed his mind and ascribed the tradition to al-Fadhl. 4
1. He scorned him when he regarded him as a storyteller,who took money for telling fables.
2.The Prophet was more perfect,honored and glorified than what they thought.He was too far away from impurity and wet dreams especially during days of fasting.All the Prophets had no wet dreams. They were exalted and infallible.
3. Marwan wanted to keep Abu Hurayra`s fame before the news might spread and cause him a scandal.
4. Refer to Muslim's Sahih, vol.1, p.p. 412.
It was certain that al-Fadhl had died during the reign of Abu Bakr 1 and this case happened during the reign of Mu'awiya. So it was easy for Abu Hurayra to say that he had heard it from al-Fadhl and not from the Prophet. If al-Fadhl was alive, Abu Hurayra would not dare to say so.
28. Two contradictory traditions
Al-Bukhari mentioned a tradition 2 narrated by Abu Salama that Abu Hurayra had said: "The Prophet (s) said: "There is no infection, no Safar 3 and no Hama.4 " One of the nomads asked him: "O messenger of Allah, our camels move on the sands like the antelopes, but why do they, when mix with a mangy camel, become mangy?" The Prophet said: "Then, who infected the first one?"
Directly after this tradition, al-Bukhari mentioned another one narrated by Abu Salama that he had heard Abu Hurayra saying: "The Prophet (s) said: "No sick is to mix with a healthy one." Abu Salama said to Abu Hurayra: "Didn't you narrate that there is no infection." He denied his first tradition 5 and began to murmur in Abyssinian." 6
This, always, was the state of those, who walk in two different ways! (This is a sufficient exposition for the people and that they may
1. This was correct although it was said that he had died during the reign of Omar. Any how, he had died before this case happened. Refer to al-Fadhl's biography in Isti'ba, Osudul Ghaba, ibn Sa'd's Tabaqat and other books.
2. Refer to his Sahih, vol. 4, p.p. 15. and Muslim's Sahih, vol. 2, p.p. 258.
3. Perhaps he denied what the Arabs though that in that in this month (Safar) misfortunes happened, specially the last Wednessday of it.
4. A bird, which the pre-Islam Arabs pretended that the soul or the bones of the dead turned into. Islam refuted this superstition. It might also be said that hama was the owl, which they saw an evil omen in, and when Islam came refuted that.
5. The tear became wider for the patcher to repair .( a proverb). How would the defenders of Abu Hurayra interpret these two tradtions to avoid the contradiction between them?
6. He murmured in Abyssinian for his Arabic failed him after being confused what to say.
be warned thereby, and that they may know that He is One God and that those possessed of understanding may mind) 14:52.
29. Two newborn babies talking about the unseen
The two sheikhs 1mentioned a tradition narrated by Abu Hurayra that the Prophet (s) had said: "There was an Israelite man called Jurayj. While he was offering his prayer, his mother came and called him. He said with himself: "Do I answer her or offer my prayer?" His mother said: "O Allah, don't let him die until he meets the prostitutes." One day, while Jurayj was in his hermitage, a prostitute came to seduce him. He refused to respond to her. She went to a shepherd and made love with him. She gave birth to a boy and pretended it was Jurayj's son. People came to him, destroyed his hermitage, brought him down and abused him. He made wudu' , offered prayer and came to the newborn baby. He asked the baby: "Who is your father?" The newborn baby said: "My father is the shepherd." The people said to Jurayj: "We shall build your hermitage with gold." He said: "Nothing but clay." While an Israelite woman was suckling her baby, a man on his sumpter passed by her. She said: "O Allah, make my son be like him." The baby left its mother's breast, came near the man and said: "O Allah, don't make me be like him." Then it came back to suckle his mother's breast. (Abu Hurayra said: as if I looked at the Prophet suckling his finger
. Then the mother passed by a bondwoman. She said: "O Allah, don't make my son be like this bondwoman." The baby left its mother's breast and said: "O Allah, make me be like her." The mother asked her baby: "Why did you do that?" The baby said: "That man on the sumpter was one of the tyrants, but as for that bondwoman, people said: "Zaynab stole" but she didn't."
Neither Jurayj was a prophet nor any of the two babies. There was not any reason for miracles to happen. What these two babies did, was against (the nature made by Allah in which He has made
1. Refer to al-Bukhari's Sahih, vol. 2, p.p. 49, vol. 1, p.p. and Muslim's Sahih, vol. 2, p.p. 377.
2. Didn't Abu Hurayra know that wudu' was not legislated before Islam?
men; there is no altering of Allah's creation; that is the right religion, but most people do not know) 30:30.
30. The Satan steals for his hungry children
Al-Bukhari mentioned 1 that Abu Hurayra had said: "The prophet Muhammad (s) entrusted me with keeping the zakat of Ramadan. Someone came (to my house) and began to gather some food (of the zakat). I caught him and said: "By Allah, I will take you to the Prophet." He said: "I am very needy and I have children." I set him free. In the morning the Prophet said to me: "What did your captive do last night?" I said: "He complained to me that he was in need and had hungry children. I had pity for him and set him free." The Prophet said: "He told you a lie. He will come again." I watched him. He came and began to gather some food. I caught him and said I would take him to the Prophet. He said: "I am in need and have children. Let me go and I won't come back again." In the morning the Prophet said to me: "What did your captive do last night?" I said: "He complained to me that he was in need and had children. I felt pity for him and set him free." The Prophet (s) said: "He told you a lie. He will come back again." I watched him in the third night. He came and began to gather some food. I caught him and said that I would take him to the Prophet. He said: "Let me teach you some words, which Allah will benefit you with. When you go to bed, recite the Qur'anic verse (al-Kursi). You will be kept by an angel and the Satan won't near you until the morning." I set him free. In the morning, the Prophet said to me: "What did your captive do last night?" I told him all what happened. He said to me: "Do you know with whom you talked for the last three nights?" I said: "No, I don't." he said: "He was the Satan."
This was a superstition, which no one would believe except that whose mind was in a holiday or was brainsick. Abu Hurayra declined with this tradition into a deep hole. When he felt pity for the thief, it meant that he believed him. In believing the thief, Abu
1. In his Sahih, vol. 2, p.p. 29.
Hurayra denied the saying of the Prophet, when he said to him: "He told you a lie" for three times.
Abu Hurayra fell to the bottom on the other side when he swore by Allah that he would take the thief to the Prophet but he broke his swear and had pity for the thief and set him free in the first, the second and the third time. Was breaking the swear according to Abu Hurayra's thought permissible?
There was a third fall, which could not be forgiven. Abu Hurayra was not permitted to give from the zakat but he was entrusted to keep it only as he said in the beginning of the tradition. 1 So how did he let the thief take from the zakat? Was it permissible for the trustee to breach his deposit for three times? After this breach, could he be described as trusty?
What strange stories Abu Hurayra told us about his Satan! Sometimes he said that he came to steal some food for his children. In another time he said that he would run away with his fart, if he heard azan. In a third time he said that the Satan was tied to a pole in the mosque to be seen by people and many other stories, which the reasonable and wise men would disdain to listen to them. We pray Allah to save us from the torpor of mind!