Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence According to Shi‘i Law
By: Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr
Published by the Islamic College for Advanced Studies (ICAS),
133 High Road
London NW10 2SW
Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence is one of the best-known textbooks written by the late Ayatullah Sayyid Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr (1934-1980). The current volume, the first in a three-volume series, is written in plain language to introduce beginners to the science of the principles of Islamic jurisprudence (usul).
Originally entitled Durus fi ‘Ilm al-Usul (Discourses on the Science of the Principles of Jurisprudence), but normally known as Halaqat al-Usul (Discourses on the Principles of Jurisprudence), the book was a revolutionary attempt at innovative and systematic presentation of the principles of Islamic jurisprudence.
In the current volume, the late Ayatullah al-Sadr expounds on the discipline of usul and responds to the latest debates and challenges. It was no wonder that following its publication this work replaced other standard textbooks which had hitherto been used to teach the principles of jurisprudence.
Born to a family of religious scholars in Kazimayn, Iraq, in 1931, Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr proved to be a precocious and diligent student. As a young seminarian, he attended the courses of various great teachers, attaining the distinguished rank of mujtahid at the age of 30. In his writings he sought to formulate an Islamic response to the most serious challenges of modernity. He was arrested by Iraq’s defunct Ba‘thist regime on 5 April 1980, and executed without trial three days later.