The Super Genius Personality of Islam
8th April every year is commemorated by the Islamic Ummah as the anniversary of the martyrdom of the super genius personality of Islam, Ayatullah al-Uzma Sayyid Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr, who was born in Kazemain (Iraq) on Ziqa'adah 25, 1353 A.H. He belonged to a religious family which has been the cradle of Islamic learning for about a century by now.
He lost his father when he was only 4 years old and he was then brought up by his mother and elder brother Ismail al-Sadr. From his very childhood he showed signs of extra-ordinary intelligence and aptitude for learning. When he was only 10 years he spoke on doctrinal matters and Islamic History with such confidence as if he had spent decades mastering these subjects. When he was 11 years old he wrote a book on logic and also began delivering lectures on this subject.
In 1365 A.H, when he was 12 years old, settled in Najaf (Iraq) and began studying as well as teaching the principles of Islamic Jurisprudence and other branches of Islamic learning. He possessed such an extra-ordinary acumen that he could fully comprehend the lessons of the level of his own studies without the help of his teacher. Eventually he was elevated to the position of 'Ijtihad' (jurisprudent) and also began writing books. He has written 26 books on various subjects. Some of these books have been translated into Persian, English, Urdu and Turkish. including: Jurisprudence, Fundamentals of Jurisprudence, Economics, Philosophy, Inductive Logic, Social Problems and Public administration.
He rose against the British occupation of Iraq in 1920 and took an active part in the liberation of Iraq from the occupation of Britain.
Ayatullah Sadr's support of Imam Khomeini (RA) and his opposition to the atheist Ba’thist regime in Iraq led by Saddam shook the foundations of the atheist Ba’thist regime of Saddam.
When Imam Khomeini (RA) called upon Muslims in Iraq to follow the example of the Iranian people and rise up against the corrupt secular and atheist Ba'thist regime, Ayatullah Sadr fully supported Imam Khomeini (RA).
Ayatullah Sadr as the leader the Islamic movement had gained popular support from the Muslims in Iraq and emerged as powerful force in Iraq.
The atheist Baathist Saddam arrested Ayatullah Sadr and his sister Aminah Bint al-Huda in February 1980 and were imprisoned in the notorious Abu Ghuraib prison in Baghdad. He and his sister were severely tortured by the Baathist agents in the prison and were shot dead directly by the hands of atheist Baathist Saddam on April 8, 1980.
Thus, the super genius personality of Islam, Martyred Ayatullah Sayyid Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr and his learned scholar sister Amina Bint al-Huda were martyred by the atheist Baathist Saddam.
Amina Bint al-Huda was great Islamic scholar and an advocate of women rights in Islam and single handedly recruited hundreds of women into fold of Islam. She was prolific novelist, and political speaker that mobilized masses to struggle against tyranny of atheist Baathist Saddam.
Ayatullah Sadr’s martyrdom aroused no criticism from the West against the atheist Baathist Saddam regime, its reason was clear, because Ayatullah Sadr had openly supported the Islamic revolution in Iran.
The bodies of the martyred Ayatullah Sayyid Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr and his learned scholar sister Amina Bint al-Huda were buried in holy city of Najaf, beside Imam Ali's (A.S.) shrine.
Imam Khomeini (RA) in his message on their martyrdom stated:
“…Martyr Ayatullah Baqir Sadr and his honorable sister who were the teachers of Islamic sciences and morality, were martyred by Iraqi regime. Martyrdom is a heritage which these dear individuals inherited it from their holy ancestors …”
Topical and Chronological List of Ayatullah Sayyid Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr's Works
1. Buhuth fi Sharh al- 'Urvah al' Wuthqa (Discourses on the Commentary of al- 'Urvah al-Wuthqa), 4 volumes.
2. Al-Ta'liqah 'ala Minhaj al-Salihin (Annotation of Ayatullah Hakim's Minhaj al-Salihin), 2 volumes.
3. Al-Fatawa al-Wazihah (Clear Decrees).
4. Mujaz Ahkam al-Hajj (Summarized Rules of Hajj)
5. Al-Ta'liqah 'ala Manasik al-Hajj (Annotation of Ayatullah Khui's Hajj Rites).
6. Al-Ta'liqah 'ala Salah al-Jumu'ah (Annotation on Friday Prayer)
7. Durus fi Ilm al-Usul (Lessons in the Science of Jurisprudence), 3 Parts.
8. Al-Ma'alim al-Jadidah lil-Usul (The New Signposts of Jurisprudence).
9. Ghayah al-Fikr (The Highest Degree of Thought)
10. Falsafatuna (Our Philosophy)
11. Al-Usus al-Mantiqiyyah lil-Istiqra' (The Logical Basis of Induction)
12. Al-Mujaz fi Usul al-Din: al-Mursil, al-Rasul, al-Risalah (The Summarized Principles of Religion: The Sender, The Messenger, The Message).
13. Al-Tashayyu' wa al-Islam - Bahth Hawl al-Wilayah (Discourse on Divine Authority).
14. Bahth Hawl al-Mahdi (Discourse on Imam Mahdi)
15. Iqtisaduna (Our Economics).
16. Al-Bank al-la Ribawi fi al-Islam (Usury-free Banking in Islam).
17. Maqalat Iqtisadiyyah (Essays in Economy).
18. Al-Tafair al-Mawzu'i lil-Qur'an al-Karim - al-Madrasah al-Qur'aniyyah (The Thematic exegesis of the Holy Qur'an).
19. Buhuth fi 'Ulum al-Qur'an (Discourses on Qur'anic Sciences).
20. Maqalat Qur'aniyyah (Essays on Qur'an).
21. Ahl al-Bayt Tanawwu' Ahdaf wa Wahdah Hadaf (Ahl al- Bayt, Variety of Objectives Towards a Single Goal).
22. Fadak fi al-Tarikh (Fadak in History).
23. Al-Islam Yaqud al-Hayah (Islam Directive to Life).
24. Al-Madrasah al-Islamiyyah (Islamic School):
1. Al-Insan al-Mu'asir wa al-Mushkilah al-Ijtima'iyyah
Modern Man and Social Problems)
2. Maza Tu'raf 'an al-Iqtisad al-Islami? (What could be Known of Islamic Economy?).
25. Risalatuna (Our Mission).
26. Nazrah Ammah fi al-Ibadat (General View on Rites of Worship).
27. Maqalat wa Muhazrat (Essays and Lectures)
B) Chronological List:
1. Fadak fi al-Tarikh, 1374/1955.
2. Ghayah al-Fikr, 1374/1955.
3. Falsafatuna, 1379/1959.
4. Iqtisaduna, 1381/1961.
5. Al-Madrasah al-Islamiyyah, 1384/1964:
1. Al Insan al-Mu 'asir wa al-Mushkilah al-Ijtima'iyyah.
2. Maza Tu'raf 'an al-Iqtisad al-Islami.
6. Al-Ma'alim al-Jadidah lil-Usul, 1385/1985.
7. Al-Bank al-la Ribawi fi al-Islam, 1389/1969.
8. Al-Usus al-Mantiqiyyah lil-Istiqra ' 1391/1971
9. Buhuth fi Sharh al-'Urwah al-Wuthqa, Volume One 1391/1971.
10. Buhuth fi Sharh al-'Urwah al-Wuthqa, Volume Two 1392/1972.
11. Buhuth fi Sharh al-'Ufw'ah al-Wuthqa, Volume Three 1394/1974.
12. Al-Ta'liqah 'ala Minhaj al-Salihin (Sayyid Hakim),2 volumes, 1395/1975.
13. Mujaz Ahkam al-Hajj, 1395/1975.
14. Al-Fatawa al-Wazihah, 1396/1976.
15. Nazrah 'Ammah fi al-Ibadat, 1396/1976.
16. Al-Tashayyu' wa al-Islam (Bahth Hawl al-Wilayah) 1396/1976.
17. Buhuth fi Sharh al-'Urwah al-Wuthqa, Volume Four 1397/1977.
18. Bahth Hawl al-Mahdi, 1397/1977.
19. Al-Mujaz fi Usul al-Din (al-Mursil, al-Rasul, al-Risalah 1397/1977.
20. Durus fi Ilm al Usul, 1397/1978