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MATTERS RECOMMENDED ON ENTRY INTO HARAM
(1) On reaching the Haram, one must dismount and perform a ghusl to enter it.
(2) The pilgrim must remove his shoes on entry into the Haram and hold them in his hands in humility to Allah, the High.
(3) At the time of entering the Haram, the following supplication be recited:
اللهم انك قلت في كتابك المنزل وقولك الحق :( واذن في الناس بالحج ياتوك رجالا وعلى كل ضامر ياتين من كل فج عميق ) اللهم واني ارجو ان اكون ممن اجاب دعوتك وقد جئت من شقة بعيدة وفج عميق سامعا لندائك و مستجيبا لك مطيعا لامرك وكل ذالك من فضلك علي واحسانك الي فلك الحمد على ما وفقتني له ابتغي بذالك الزلفة عندك والقربة اليك والمنزلة لديك والمغفرة لذنوبي والتوبة علي منها بمنك اللهم صل على محمد وال محمد وحرم بدني على النار وامني من عذابك وعقابك برحمتك يا ارحم الراحمين.
(Translation: O Allah, You have stated in Your Book, and Your word is true, "And proclaim among men the Hajj: they will come to you on foot and on every lean camel, coming from every remote path" (Ch. 22 v.30). O Allah, it is my fervent hope that I be
among those who responded to Your call. I have come from far with difficulties and from a remote path, listening to Your call, responding to it and obeying Your command. All this became possible because of Your generosity and favour to me. I praise and thank You for granting me the grace and by this advance towards You, I seek nearness to You, a place with You, forgiveness of my sins and acceptance of my repentance, by Your grace. O Allah, bless Muhammad and his progeny and out of Your mercy forbid the fire of Hell for my body and save me from Your punishment and penalties, O most merciful of the merciful.)
(4) To chew a little of Edhkher (which is a well known herb) at the time of entry.

COURTESIES ON ENTRY INTO HOLY
MAKKAH AND THE HOLY MOSQUE

It is recommended for anyone wishing to enter Holy Makkah to make a ghusl before entry and enter with peace and solemnity.
For those arriving from the route of Madinah it is recommended that :they enter from the elevation and depart from there by its lower side. If the entry is by the door of Bani Shaiba, then this is the door used out of ignorance because of the vastness of the Mosque there but it is preferred to enter through the Baab-us-Salaam and proceed straight until one faces the pillars. It is recommended to stop at the door of the Mosque and say:
السلام عليك ايها النبي ورحمة الله وبركاته بسم الله وبالله ومن الله وما شاء الله والسلام على انبياء الله ورسله والسلام على رسول الله والسلام على ابراهيم خليل الله والحمد لله رب العالمين.
(Translation: Salaam to you, O Prophet and may the mercy and blessings of Allah be on you. In the name of Allah and by Allah and by His wish. Salaam be on the Prophets of Allah and His Messengers. Salaam be on the Messenger of Allah. Salaam be on Ibrahim, the friend of Allah and all praise is to Allah, the sustainer of the universes.)
Then enter the Mosque concentrating on the Holy Kaaba and raising hands towards the sky, say:
اللهم اني اسالك في مقامي هذا في اول مناسكي ان تقبل توبتي وان تجاوز عن خطيئتي وتضع عني وزري . الحمد لله الذي بلغني بيته الحرام . اللهم اني اشهد ان هذا بيتك الحرام الذي جعلته مثابة للناس وامنا مباركا وهدى للعالمين اللهم اني عبدك والبلد بلدك والبيت بيتك جئت اطلب رحمتك واؤم طاعتك مطيعا لامرك راضيا بقدرك اسالك مسالة الفقير اليك الخائف لعقوبتك اللهم افتح لي ابواب رحمتك واستعملني بطاعتك ومرضاتك.
(Translation: O Allah, I beseech You in this holy place and in the first of my ceremonies to accept my repentance, forgive my sins and relieve me of the load on my back. All praise to Allah who reached me to the Holy House. O Allah, I bear witness to You that this is Your Holy House which You have made a refuge for men, a blessed place and a guide for the universes. O Allah, I am Your servant, this city is Your city and this house is Your house. I have come here to seek Your mercy and achieve obedience to You, following Your command and content with Your arrangement of destiny. I ask as a beggar fearful of Your punishment. O Allah, open for me the gates of Your mercy and keep me occupied in obedience to You and seeking Your pleasure.)
According to another report, the following be recited at the door of the Mosque:
بسم الله وبالله ومن الله والى الله وما شاء الله وعلى الله وعلى ملة رسول الله صلى الله عليه واله وخير الا سماء لله والحمد لله والسلام على رسول الله صلى الله عليه واله والسلام على محمد بن عبد الله السلام عليك ايها النبي ورحمة الله وبركاته السلام على انبياء الله ورسله السلام على ابراهيم خليل الرحمن السلام على المرسلين والحمدلله رب العالمين السلام علينا وعلى عباد الله
صالحين . اللهم صل على محمد وال محمد وبارك على محمد وارحم محمد وال محمد كما صليت وباركت وترحمت على ابراهيم انك حميد مجيد
اللهم صل على محمد وال محمد عبدك ورسولك وعلى ابراهيم خليلك وعلى انبيائك ورسلك وسلم عليهم وسلام على المرسلين والحمد لله رب العالمين
اللهم افتح لي ابواب رحمتك واستعملتي في طاعتك ومرضاتك واحفظني بحفظك الايمان ابدا ما ابقيتني جل ثناء وجهك الحمد لله الذي جعلني من وفده وزوا ره وجعلني ممن يعمر مساجده واجعلني ممن يناجيه
اللهم اني عبدك وزائرك في بيتك وعلى كل ماتي حق لمن اتاه وزاره وانت خير ماتي واكرم مزور فاسالك ياالله يا رحمن وبانك انت الله لااله الا انت وحدك لاشريك لك وبانك واحد احد صمد لم تلد ولم تولد ولم يكن لك كفوا احد وان محمدا عبدك ورسولك صلى الله عليه وعلى اهل بيته يا جواد يا كريم يا ماجد يا جبار يا كريم اسالك ان تجعل تحفتك اياي بزيارتي اياك اول شيئ تعطيني فكاك رقبتي من النار.

(Translation: I commence by the name of Allah, by Him, from Him, towards Him, by His wish and on the following of the Holy Messenger (s.a.a.w.). The Holy Names belong to Allah. All praise is to Allah. Salaam be on the Messenger of Allah. Salaam on Muhammad, son of Abdullah. Salaam to you, O Prophet of Allah and may the mercy and blessings of Allah be on you. Salaam on the Prophets of Allah and His Messengers. Salaam on Ibrahim, the friend of the Merciful. Salaam on the Prophets. All praise is to Allah, the sustainer of the universes. Salaam be on us and on the virtuous servants of Allah. O Allah, send Your blessings on Muhammad and his progeny, bestow on them Your benediction and have mercy on them as You blessed, sent benediction and had mercy on Ibrahim and his progeny, You are Praiseworthy and Glorious. O Allah, bless Muhammad and his progeny, Your servant and Messenger. O Allah, bless Ibrahim, Your friend and Your Prophets and Messengers and bestow peace on them. Salaam on the Messengers. All praise is to Allah, the sustainer of the universes. O Allah, open for me the gates of Your mercy. Keep me occupied in Your obedience and seeking Your pleasure. Protect me that I guard my faith to my last, Exalted is Your Praise. All praise to Allah who made me one of His callers and visitors, attendants in His Mosque and supplicants. O Allah, I am Your servant and visitor to Your House. There are rights of callers over the host and You are the best of the givers and the most Generous. I beseech You, O Allah, O Merciful, You are Allah, there is no God but You, You have no partner, for You are One and on whom all depend. You were not born and do not give birth and there is none like You. Verily, Muhammad is Your servant and Messenger, may Your blessings be on him and his Household. O Magnanimous, O Generous, O Glorious, O Mighty, O Generous, I beseech You that of the gifts You grant me for visiting You, the first be the protection from the fire of Hell.)
Then say thrice: اللهم فك رقبتي من النار .
(Translation: O Allah, protect my neck from the fire of Hell.)
Then say: واوسع علي من رزقك الحلال الطيب وادرا عني شر شياطين الا نس والجن وشر فسقة العرب والعجم (Translation: And increase my lawful and pure sustenance and protect me from the evil of the devils, jinn and men and the vicious of the Arabs and the non-Arabs.)
It is recommended then to face the Black Stone and say: اشهد ان لا اله الا الله وحده لا شريك له واشهد ان محمدا عبده ورسوله ، آمنت بالله وكفرت بالطاغوت وباللات والعزى وبعبادة الشياطين وبعبادة كل ند يدعى من دون الله
(Translation: I bear witness that there is no God but Allah, He is One and has no partner and that Muhammad is his servant and Messenger. I believe in Allah and disbelieve in idols, Laat, Uzza and the worship of devils and all those who call for worship other than Allah,)
Then the pilgrim should move to the Black Stone, make salutation to it and say:
الحمد لله الذي هدانا لهذا وما كنا لنهتدي لولا ان هدانا الله سبحان الله والحمد لله ولا اله الا الله والله اكبر اكبر من خلقه اكبر ممن اخشى واحذر ولا اله الا الله وحده لا شريك له له الملك وله الحمد يحيي ويميت ويميت ويحيي بيده الخير وهو على كل شيء قدير
(Translation: All praise to Allah who has provided us this guidance for we would not otherwise have ,been guided. Glory to Allah, all praise is due to Him there is no God except Allah and Allah is Great. Allah is greater than His creatures. Allah is greater than whom I fear and beware. There is no God except Allah, He is One and without any partner. All land belong to Him arid all praise is due to Him. He grants life and ends it. He ends life and grants it. He is alive and never dies. All good emanates from Him and has power over all things.)
One must then send blessings on the Holy Prophet and his progeny and on all the Prophets as was done at the time of entry into the Holy Mosque. Then say: اني اؤمن بوعدك وافي بعهدك .(Translation: I believe Your word and have faith in Your promise.)
It has been authentically reported by Abi Abdillah (a.s.) that when you come close to the Black Stone, raise your hands, praise Allah, send blessings on the Holy Prophet and ask Allah to accept your efforts. Then make salutation to the Black Stone and kiss it. If it is not possible to kiss it, just make salaam to it by hand and if even doing so is not possible, point at it and say:
اللهم امانتي اديتها وميثاقي تعاهدته لتشهد لي بالموافات . اللهم تصديقا بكتابك وعلى سنة نبيك اشهد ان لا اله الا الله وحده لا شريك له وان محمدا عبده ورسوله امنت بالله وكفرت بالجبت والطاغوت وباللات والعزى وعبادة الشيطان وعبادة كل ند يدعى من دون الله تعالى (Translation: O Allah, I have discharged the trust reposed with me and fulfilled my promise so that You can be witness of my fulfilment. O Allah, I have brought faith in Your Book and the practices of Your Prophet (s.a.a.w.). I bear witness that there is no God except Allah, He is One and has no partner and that Muhammad is his servant and Messenger. I have faith in Allah and disbelieve in idols, false gods Laat and Uzza and the worship of devils or all those who call for worship other than Allah.)
If it is not possible to recite the whole of the above supplication, a portion of it may be recited and then say: اللهم اليك بسطت يدي وفي ما عندك عظمت رغبتي فاقبل سبحتي واغفر لي وارحمني اللهم اني اعوذبك من الكفر والفقر ومواقف الخزي في الدنيا والا خرة
(Translation: O Allah, I have extended my hands towards You and have great expectations from You. Accept my endeavours, forgive me and shower mercy on me. O Allah, I seek refuge from infidelity, poverty and disgrace in this world and in the Hereafter.)

COURTESIES DURING TAWAAF
Muawiyah bin Ammaar bin Abi Abdillah (a.s.) reports that during tawaaf the following supplication be made:
اللهم اني اسالك باسمك الذي يمشى به على طلل الماء كما يمشى به على جدد الارض واسالك باسمك الذي يهتز له عرشك واسالك باسمك الذي تهتزله اقدام ملائكتك واسالك باسمك الذي دعاك به موسى من جانب الطور فاستجبت له والقيت عليه محبة منك واسالك باسمك الذي غفرت به لمحمد صلى الله عليه واله ما تقدم من ذنبه وما تاخر واتممت عليه نعمتك ان بفعل بي
(Translation: O Allah, I beseech You by Your name which makes possible motion in the darkness of water as it does on land. I beseech You by Your name which makes Your Arsh swing. I beseech You by Your name which puts in motion the feet of Your angels. I beseech You by Your name by which Moosa supplicated to You on the Mount Ayman and You granted his supplication and met him with love. I beseech You by Your name by which You granted forgiveness to Muhammad of his past and future sins and completed Your bounty on him, treat me with (ask for your wishes).
When you reach the door of the Holy Kaaba, send blessings on Muhammad and his holy progeny (a.s.) and say between Rukn-ul-Yamaani and the Black Stone: ( ربنا اتنا في الدنيا حسنة وفي الا خرة حسنة وقنا عذاب النار) (Translation: O Allah, grant me goodness in this world and the Hereafter and save me from the fire of Hell.)
And say during tawaaf :
اللهم اني اليك فقير واني خائف مستجير فلا تغير جسمي ولا تبدل اسمي
(Translation: I am a beggar to You, fearful and seeking Your refuge. Do not change my body or my name.)
Imam Sadiq (a.s.) has said that when Ali bin Hussein (a.s.) reached the Hijr before reaching the Meezaab, he would raise his head and say while looking at the Meezaab:
اللهم ادخلني الجنة برحمتك واجرني برحمتك من النار وعافني من السقم واوسع علي من الرزق الحلال وادرا عني شر فسقة الجن والانس وشر فسقة العرب والعجم
(Translation: O Allah, place me in Heaven by Your mercy, save me, by Your mercy, from the fire, protect me from evil, increase for me lawful sustenance, and save me from the viciousness of the jinn, men, Arabs and non-Arabs.)
It has been authentically reported from Abi Abdillah (a.s.) that when you reach the back of the Holy Kaaba having passed the Hijr, say:
المن والطول والجود والكرم ان عملي ضعيف فضاعفه لي وتقبله مني نك انت السميع العليم
(Translation: O one of bounty, might, generosity and nobility, my efforts are weak, make them stronger and accept them from me, verily You are All-Hearing, All-Knowing.)
It has ben reported from Abul Hassan Ridha (a.s.) that on reaching the Rukn-ul-Yamaani, one should raise hands and say:
يا الله ولي العافية وخالق العافية ورازق العافية والمنعم بالعافية والمنان بالعافية والمتفضل بالعافية علي وعلى جميع خلقك يا رحمن الدنيا والا خرة ورحيمهما صل على محمد وال محمد وارزقنا العافية ودوام العافية وتمام العافية وشكر العافية في الدنيا والا خرة يا ارحم الراحمين
(Translation: O Allah, O controller of health and its provider, one who grants it, one who bestows it as a reward or as a grace on me and all creation, O Merciful in this world and the Hereafter, send.Your blessings on Muhammad and his progeny, grant me health, lasting and complete and thankfulness for it, in this world and in the Hereafter, by Your mercy, O Most Merciful of the Merciful.)
It has been reported from Abi Abdulla (a.s.) that when the pilgrim completes the tawaaf and reaches the 'mustajaar' which is a little before the Rukn-ul-Yamaani, he must stretch his hands onto the Holy Kaaba, cling to it and say: اللهم البيت بيتك والعبد عبدك وهذا مكان العائد بك من النار (Translation: O Allah, this house is Yours and this creature is Yours and this is the place for taking refuge to You from the fire of Hell.)
Then make confession of your sins for there is no faithful who makes confessions to his Lord in this place without Allah forgiving him, Allah willing, and say: اللهم من قبلك الروح والفرج والعافية اللهم ان عملي ضعيف فضاعفه لي واغفر لي ما اطلعت عليه مني وخفي على خلقك
(Translation: O Allah, comfort, success and health come from You. O Allah, my efforts are weak and so grant them strength and forgive me the sins which are so apparent to You but concealed from Your creatures.)
Then seek refuge of Allah from the fire of Hell and engross yourself in supplication. Then make salutation to the Rukn-ul-Yamaami as is stated in another report from him (a.s.). Then kiss the Rukn-ul-Yamaani and the corner in which the Black Stone is placed and say:
اللهم قنعني بما رزقتني وبارك لي في ما اتيتني
(Translation: O Allah , grant me contentment in the sustenance. You have provided me and bestow Your blessing on it.)
It is recommended to make a salutation to each corner of the Holy Kaaba in each tawaaf and when making salaam to the Black Stone to say: امانتي اديتها وميثاقي تعاهدته لتشهد لي بالوافاة (Translation: I have discharged the trust reposed with me and fulfilled my promise so that You can be the witness of my fulfilment.)

COURTESIES IN THE PRAYERS AFTER
TAWAF

It is recommended that in the prayers (salaat) after the Tawaf, after the recitation of the Chapter on Fatiha, in the first rakaat be recited the Chapter on Tawheed and in the second rakaat the Chapter on Kafiroon .On completion of the prayers , one must praise Allah, send blessing on Muhammad and his progeny (a.s) and pray for the acceptance of his efforts. It has been reported from Sadiq (a.s) that he would say in sajdah after the prayers as follows:
سجد وجهي لك تعبدا ورقا لا اله الا انت حقاحقا الاول قبل كل شيئ
الا خر بعد كل شيئ و ها انا ذا بين يديك ناصيتي بيدك واغفر لي ا نه لا يغفر الذنب العظيم غيرك فاغفرلي فاني مقر بذنوبي على نفسي ولا يدفع الذنب العظيم غيرك

(Translation: I prostrate before You in Your worship and service. It is the truth that there is no God except You. You were there before anything and will be there after everything perishes. I am before You and my forelock is in Your hands. Forgive my sins for there is none to forgive major sins except You. Forgive me as I confess my sins against myself and none can avert major sins except You.)
It is recommended to drink the water from Zamzam before departing to Safaa and say: اللهم اجعله علما نافعا ورزقا واسعا وشفاء من كل داء وسقم
Translation: O Allah, grant me useful knowledge, abundant sustenance and avert from me all sickness and evil).
If possible, on completing the prayers after tawaaf, one should draw a bucket or two of water from Zamzam, drink a little and pour a little on the head, back and body and recite the supplication just above stated. Then one must proceed to the Black Stone and from there to Safaa.

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