The Battle of Jamal
On 10th of the Islamic month of Jamadi as-Sani 36 AH, the Battle of Jamal ended in decisive victory for the Commander of the Faithful, Imam Ali ibn Abi Taleb (AS), the First Infallible Successor of Prophet Mohammad (SAWA). It was fought near the Iraqi port city of Basra on the Persian Gulf against a large army of rebels led by a wife of the Prophet named Ayesha, who along with her brother-in-law Zubayr ibn Awam and his close friend Talha ibn Obaidollah, broke the pledge of allegiance to the caliphate of Imam Ali (AS).
These seditionists refused to heed the voice of reason for reconciliation, on the pretext of avenging the blood of the 3rd caliph, Osman ibn Affan, although it was Ayesha herself who used to openly call for the murder of Osman by declaring him to be an apostate. The Imam had no choice but to confront the seditionists, especially after Ayesha ordered 600 Muslims beheaded, including 40 in the grand mosque of Basra, in addition to looting the treasury.
The negotiations to avoid an armed encounter dragged on for 110 day without any result. Thus, before the start of the battle, Imam Ali (AS) made a fervent appeal to avoid the shedding of Muslim blood, and although Zubayr heeded the advice and disengaged from the combat, he was murdered under suspicious circumstances, since his son Abdullah who instigated his aunt Ayesha to actively enter the battlefield – seated on a camel (Jamal) – was a sworn enemy of the Prophet's Blessed Household. After victory over the seditionists, the Imam magnanimously treated his vanquished enemies by sending the rebellious Ayesha back to Medina under the escort of her brother, Mohammad bin Abu Bakr, who unlike his seditious sister, was a loyal follower of Imam Ali (AS).