Hazrat Seyyed Abdul-Azim al-Hasani
On 15th of the Islamic month of Shawwal in 252 AH, Seyyed Abdul-Azim al-Hasani, a prominent descendant of Prophet Mohammad (SAWA), passed away in Rayy, where his shrine, in what is now the southernmost suburb of the Iranian capital, Tehran, is the site of pilgrimage for people from all over the world.
A pious scholar of repute, he was fifth in descent from the Prophet's elder grandson and 2nd Infallible Heir, Imam Hasan Mojtaba (AS). His genealogy reads: Abdul-Azim bin Abdullah bin Ali bin Hassan bin Zayd bin Imam Hasan (AS). Born in Medina in the last years of the life of the Prophet's 7th Infallible Heir, Imam Musa al-Kazem (AS), he had the honour of companionship of the 8th, 9th and 10th Infallible Imams – Imam Ali ar-Reza (AS), Imam Mohammad al-Jawad (AS), and Imam Ali al-Hadi (AS).
He was sent as a missionary to Iran to enlighten the people about the teachings of the Ahl al-Bayt. Because of severe persecution of the Prophet's progeny by the tyrannical Abbasid caliph, Mutawakkel, he carried out his activities with precaution, spending the days in fasting and nights in worship.
Often he used to visit the grave of Hamza, a son of the 7th Imam in an orchard outside the city, and willed that he be buried nearby on his death. Among the books authored by him was a collection of the eloquent sermons of the Commander of the Faithful Imam Ali ibn Taleb (AS), predating the compilation of the Nahj al-Balagha by over one-fifty years.