The greatest ruler of the Iranian Buwaihid dynasty, Adhud od-Dowla Daylami
Compiled by: Syed Ali Shahbaz
On 8th of the Islamic month of Shawwal in 372 AH, the greatest ruler of the Iranian Buwaihid dynasty of Iran-Iraq-Oman, Adhud od-Dowla Daylami, passed away in Baghdad and was laid to rest in the mausoleum of the Commander of the Faithful, Imam Ali ibn Abi Taleb (AS) in holy Najaf. Born in Shiraz and named Fana Khosrow, he was the son of Amir Rukn od-Dowla, and became ruler of Fars after the death of his childless uncle, Amir Emad od-Dowla.
He was sent by his father to crush a rebellion by his cousin Ezz od-Dowla in Iraq. After defeating his cousin's forces, he claimed the emirate of Iraq for himself, angering his father, though he would eventually become the senior Amir after the death of his father. Adhud od-Dowla became Amir of Iraq at a time when the capital Baghdad was suffering from violence and instability owing to sectarian conflict.
In order to bring peace and stability, he banned public demonstrations and polemics. He patronized a number of scholars such as the celebrated Shaikh Mufid, and he renovated the holy shrines in Najaf and Karbala. In addition, he is credited with sponsoring and patronizing several scientific projects. An observatory was built on his orders in Isfahan, and the dam known till this day as Band-e Amir was built on his orders between Shiraz and Istakhr to irrigate some 300 villages in Fars Province.
Among his other major constructions was the digging of the Haffar Canal joining the Karun River to the Arvand Roud at the confluence of Rivers Tigris and Euphrates. The port of Khorramshahr is built on the Haffar, at its joining point with the Arvand Roud.
He embellished Baghdad with numerous public buildings including the famous public hospital known as Bimaristan-e Adhudi, where the great Iranian physician Zakariyya Razi used to practice.