The Father of the Islamic Revolution, Imam Khomeini (R.A.)
Compiled by: Syed Ali Shahbaz
On 20th of the Islamic month of Jamadi as-Sani in 1320 AH, the Father of the Islamic Revolution, Imam Khomeini (RA) was born in the city of Khomein, on the auspicious birth anniversary of his blessed ancestress, the Prophet’s daughter, Hazrat Fatema Zahra (SA). From childhood he was immersed in the study of Islamic sciences, and at the same time was aware and conscious of the political developments around him in those days of Iran’s subservience to the British and the Russians.
When he entered manhood, and was already a scholar of repute in hadith, philosophy and other subjects, he saw the British replace the Qajarid dynasty with an illiterate soldier named Reza Khan, who assumed the surname of Pahlavi and unleashed oppression on the people and the ulema through his anti-Islamic policies. Reza Khan forcibly unveiled Iranian women, and banned men from wearing the traditional Iranian dress by imposing upon them the European style of clothing.
In 1941, Seyyed Ruhollah Musavi Khomeini saw the British replace Reza Khan with his son, Mohammad Reza on the Peacock Throne, and this new self-styled king was even more submissive to his masters. In the early 1950s, the oil nationalization movement took shape and the Shah fled but was restored to power in the August 1953 CIA coup by his new masters, the Americans.
In 1963, the Imam openly spoke against the anti-Islamic policies of the corrupt Pahlavi regime, for which he was imprisoned and then exiled – initially to Turkey and thereafter to Iraq, where he spent 14 years in holy Najaf, beside the shrine of the Commander of the Faithful, Imam Ali (AS), grooming a large number of scholars.
On June 2, 1963, the Father of the Islamic Revolution, Imam Khomeini (RA), while commemorating the anniversary of Ashura (10th Moharram), marking the tragic martyrdom of Imam Husain (AS) in Karbala, castigated the British-installed and US-supported Shah for his anti-Islamic policies. In his address in Qom to a large gathering of people and religious scholars, he exposed the treason of the Pahlavi regime, by openly saying: “They are against the divine religion of Islam and the ulema, and aim to undermine Islam and the ulema. O People! You should know that our Islam and country are threatened. We are deeply about the situation of Iran because of the Shah’s despotic regime.”
On June 4, 1963, the Iranian people staged massive demonstrations against the British-installed and US-backed Shah, following news of detention of the Father of Islamic Revolution, Imam Khomeini (RA) in the aftermath of his bold exposure to the public of the evil nature of the Pahlavi regime. The regime attacked the people and brutally suppressed them, martyring and wounding a large number of Iranian Muslims. The historical uprising known as "15th of Khordad" marked the starting point of the Islamic movement which was to change Iran's destiny. Though Imam Khomeini was exiled a year later, the movement culminated in his eventual return home and the triumph of Islamic Revolution on February 11, 1979.
His guidelines generated the Islamic Revolution, and in February 1979, after a brief three-month stay in Paris, he returned to Iran to found the Islamic Republic. He thus delivered the country, not just from domestic despotism but from foreign hegemony. It was his astute guidance that saved Islamic Iran from the intricate plots of the Great Satan (the US) including the 8-year war imposed by the American stooge Saddam.
On June 16, 1979, the Father of Islamic Revolution, Imam Khomeini (RA) ordered the setting up of the Construction Jihad Organization for self-sufficiency of Iran and for eradication of poverty and deprivation, in remote areas. People of various strata of society, especially students, and committed and educated youths, responded to the Imam's call and thus started the nationwide mobilization for revival and reconstruction of backward regions.
Construction Jihad has done commendable services, and was active during the 8-year Holy Defence to safeguard Iran's independence and territorial integrity against Saddam's US-supported Ba'thist war. Its valuable service cover rural industries, agriculture, husbandry, dam construction, mining, fisheries add other fields. It is also active in several African states such as Tanzania, Ghana, and Zimbabwe. In 1983, Construction Jihad Organization turned into a Ministry, and in 2000 was merged with the Ministry of Agriculture.
On June 12, 1980, the Founder of Islamic Republic of Iran, Imam Khomeini (RA), ordered establishment of the Cultural Revolution Headquarters for reformation of universities. The message called for plans to evaluate courses based on Islamic culture and values in order to develop Iran’s higher education system by removing influences of undesirable western values.
On June 21, 1981, The Founder of Islamic Republic of Iran, late Imam Khomeini (RA) confirmed the Majlis unanimous vote for dismissal of President, Abul-Hassan Bani Sadr for his violation of the Iranian constitution by cooperation with anti-revolutionary groups, with the aim of toppling the sacred Islamic system. The traitor fled Iran for France disguised as a woman.
Imam Khomeini, who led the worldwide Islamic revival, was a prominent Mujtahid and a Gnostic of the highest order, who wrote several books. His concept of "Wilayat-e Faqih" or Governance of the Supreme Jurist in the absence of the Infallible Imam is indeed a unique phenomenon and the keys to the steadfastness and success of the Islamic Republic of Iran in the face of heavy odds. His speeches and messages are gathered in the 21-volume book “Sahifa-e Noor” or the Scripture of Light. He has also left behind a Diwan of Persian poetry.
On June 3, 1989 AD, the Father of Islamic Revolution, Imam Khomeini (RA) passed away at the age of 87 years. Following the announcement, world Muslims and conscientious people throughout the globe, mourned for the Sage of the Age, who had not just transformed Iran but also shattered international equations by inspiring the people to overthrow the British-installed and US-supported Pahlavi regime, and in the process ending US hegemony.
A Mujtahid and a Gnostic of the highest order, he was exiled for some 14 years for opposing the despotic Shah, before returning home, to an unprecedented welcome, to lead the Islamic Revolution to victory in February 1979. For the next ten years he ably guided the Islamic Republic of Iran, defeating the conspiracies hatched by Global Arrogance, including the 8-year war the US imposed on Iran through its agent, Saddam of Iraq’s repressive Ba’th minority regime. In addition to grooming prominent scholars, Imam Khomeini has left behind numerous compilations, including “Tahrir al-Wasilah”, “Misbah al-Hidayah” and “Islamic Government”.
He initiated the dynamic system of “Wilayat-e Faqih” (Rule of the Supreme Jurisprudent) in the absence of the Infallible Imam, by pointing to the absurdity of rule by unprincipled, immoral, unjust and agnostic persons, even if democratically elected. As noted by the present Leader of Islamic Revolution, Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei, the uprising which Imam Khomeini inspired is a reminder of the missions of the Prophets of God. He revived religious insight and promoted spirituality in the modern world.
June 3, 1989 AD, the Assembly of Experts elected Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei as the Leader of Islamic Revolution, a few hours after the passing away of Imam Khomeini (RA). The Last Will of the Late Imam was read and the participants discussed and studied the future leadership of the holy Islamic system. Members of the Assembly of Experts, who are elected by people’s vote, chose Ayatollah Khamenei, who was then the elected president of Islamic Iran. Their decision was because of his deep Islamic insight, religiousness knowledge, awareness of issues of the contemporary world, political acumen, vigilance, courage, prudence, management, and devotion to Islamic revolutionary values.