The Iranian religious scholar and leader of Lebanese Shi'ite Muslims, Imam Musa Sadr
Compiled by: Syed Ali Shahbaz
On August 31, 1978, the Iranian religious scholar and leader of Lebanese Shi'ite Muslims, Imam Musa Sadr, went missing during his visit to Libya. Born in the holy city of Qom in 1928, he studied at the Islamic seminary and later graduated from Tehran University.
He was invited to Lebanon following the passing away of the famous scholar Allamah Seyyed Sharaf od-Din Musawi. At the time, the Lebanese Muslims were living under the worst social, political, and economic conditions. Hence, Imam Musa Sadr took a number of important measures to improve their status quo, and approved a bill in the Lebanese parliament for the formation of Supreme Shi'ite Council.
He backed the Palestinians’ struggles against the illegal Zionist entity, Israel. He was the victim of the tyranny of Libyan dictator, Mo'ammar Qadhafi, who after officially inviting him to Tripoli, imprisoned and tortured him to death, while never admitting the crime and falsely claiming that Imam Sadr left Libya.