The theologian, hadith scholar, historian, and literary figure, "Seyyed Ibn Tawous"
Compiled by: Syed Ali Shahbaz
On 5th of the Islamic month of Zil-Qa’dah in 664 AH, the theologian, hadith scholar, historian, and literary figure, Ali Ibn Musa Razi od-Din, popularly known as "Seyyed Ibn Tawous" passed away at the age of 75. The House of Aal-e Tawous was originally from Medina tracing its descent from Imam Hasan Mojtaba (AS), the elder grandson of Prophet Mohammad (SAWA).
He belonged to a most famous religious and educated family in the Iraqi city of Hillah. He spent his childhood and teenage years in Hillah, studying under his grandfather and father, before leaving for Najaf, Karbala and Kazemayn. He stayed in Baghdad for 15 years, mastering different branches of science including theology and astronomy. He led an ascetic life and rejected posts offered by the caliphs of the usurper Abbasid regime. He was a prolific writer and has left behind a number of books in ethics, theology, philosophy, hadith, and astronomy, which have been translated and reprinted on several occasions.
Among his important compilations is titled "al-Luhouf", on the heartrending events of the tragedy of Karbala, and is considered one of the authentic accounts of the martyrdom of the Prophet’s younger grandson, Imam Husain (AS). His other important book is: "al-Malahem wa’l-Fitan", on the events to occur in the end times, prior to and concurrent with the reappearance of Imam Mahdi (AS), the 12th Infallible Successor of Prophet Mohammad (SAWA). He is also the author of the famous Prayer Manual "Iqbal al-A'maal". His brothers and son were also famous scholars.