The tyrant Omayyad Caliphs
mpiled by: Syed Ali Shahbaz
The bloodthirsty Omayyad governor of Iraq, Ziyad bin Abihi
On 4th of the Islamic month of Ramadan in 53 AH, the bloodthirsty Omayyad governor of Iraq, Ziyad bin Abihi (son of his own [unknown] father)", died in Kufa at the age 53 years. Born in Ta’ef to a slave-girl, named Sumayya, used by her Arab master as a prostitute to augment his earnings, Ziyad, known as a person of doubtful parentage, became a Muslim (although in name only) with the spread of Islam.
His craftiness and brutal nature in handling the affairs of Fars (Iran), made Mu’awiyya, on usurping the caliphate, to procure as witness the former wine-seller of Ta’ef, Abu Maryam Sululi, and declare him as half-brother on the testimony that Ziyad was the result of the cohabitation of his father Abu Sufyan with the prostitute Sumayya while on a visit to Ta’ef. As an enemy of the Prophet Mohammad’s (SAWA) Household, Ziyad terrorized the followers of Imam Ali (AS) in Iraq, and martyred some prominent figures. On his death he was succeeded in his position as governor by his equally bloodthirsty son, Obaidullah (also born out of wedlock), who has earned lasting damnation by perpetrating the heartrending tragedy of Karbala and the martyrdom of Imam Husain (AS).
The tyrannical governor-general of the Omayyad Dynasty, Hajjaj ibn Yusuf al-Kulayb
On 13th of the Islamic month of Ramadhan in 95 AH, the tyrannical governor-general of the Godless Omayyad Dynasty, Hajjaj ibn Yusuf al-Kulayb, died. His name at birth was Kulayb, but later he changed it to Hajjaj. He was in charge of the affairs of Iran and Iraq, and was notorious for his enmity towards the blessed household of Prophet Mohammad (SAWA).
It is said that as many 120,000 Muslims were killed on the orders of Hajjaj, in addition to those who died fighting against his tyrannical rule. Among the prominent and pious figures martyred by this tyrant were two of the most loyal followers of the Commander of the Faithful, Imam Ali (AS) – that is, the devoted servant Qanbar and the faithful disciple, Kumayl bin Ziyad to whom the Imam had taught the famous supplication of the same name that is recited by believers on Friday eve.
Among the unpardonable sins of Hajjaj was his storming of the holy Ka'ba in Mecca in pursuit of Abdullah ibn Zubair, who was eventually killed along with 10,000 of his men. The holy Ka'ba also suffered extensive damage. On his death when prisons were opened, over 50,000 men and women were released, while tens of thousands of corpses were discovered.
Waleed II, the 11th caliph of the usurper Omayyad dynasty
On 29th of the Islamic month of Jamadi as-Sani in 126 AH, the Godless Waleed II, the 11th caliph of the usurper Omayyad dynasty, was killed in Syria after a reign of a year, two months and ten days, during which he committed many abominable sins, including the cruel martyrdom in Jowzaja Khorasan, of Yahya ibn Zayd, the grandson of the Prophet’s (SAWA) great-grandson, Imam Zayn al-Abedin (AS).
On succeeding his uncle, the tyrant Hesham bin Abdul Malik, he continued his debauched life. He built in his palace a fountain of wine in which he used to take dips. On one occasion he threw the holy Qur’an and riddled it with a volley of arrows. Once, in the state of intoxication and in the act of cohabiting with a drunken concubine, when he heard the call for the Fajr Prayer, he promptly asked the ritually unclean woman to put on his clothes, enter the mosque, and lead the Morning Prayer.
In a famous hadith, Prophet Mohammad (SAWA) had foretold about this ungodly ruler by name, and called him the Pharaoh of the ummah.
Humiliating defeat for the Omayyads in the Battle of the Baggage occurred in Central Asia
On September 30, 737 AD, the Battle of the Baggage occurred in Central Asia, resulting in a humiliating defeat for the Omayyad forces at the hands of the Turgesh Turks, supported by both Iranian and Arab Muslims of Transoxiana. It marked the culmination of a string of defeats that had started over the past 16 years for the tyrannical Omayyads before the outbreak of the Abbasid movement that threw them into the dustbin of history.
When the Omayyad governor of Khorasan, Asad ibn Abdullah al-Qasri and his freshly arrived 20,000 Syrian troops tried to invade Khuttal in what it is now eastern Tajikistan, the people requested the non-Muslim Turks and the Chinese for help, in addition to urging the local Muslim population of both Iranians and Arabs to rise up. The Turks led by Sulu attacked the Omayyad and as they tried to flee across the Oxus into what is now Afghanistan, they outpaced them to the river.
The Omayyad army retreated in haste and managed to cross the Oxus, but the Turks crossed immediately after, seized the entire baggage and inflicted heavy casualties. The failure of the campaign meant the abandonment of Omayyad control over all Transoxiana including Samarqand their last stronghold. The losses suffered by the Syrians were of grave consequences, as the Syrian army was the main pillar of the Omayyad regime