Saheb Ibn Abbad
Compiled by: Syed Ali Shahbaz
On 16th of the Islamic month of Zil-Qa’dah in 326 AH, the famous vizier of the Iranian Buwaihid Dynasty of Iran and Iraq, Abu’l-Qasem Ismail Ibn Hasan Taleqani, known as Saheb Ibn Abbad, was born near Isfahan. He was a follower of the Prophet’s Ahl al-Bayt and an outstanding writer, linguist, poet and statesman who held the post of prime minister for eighteen years and whose wisdom is still proverbial today.
He wrote mostly in Arabic on theology, history, grammar, lexicography, and literary criticism in addition to composing poetry. He learnt Hadith from his father and the holy Qur’an from his mother. He then went to Isfahan and studied under such great masters as Ahmad Ibn Farres ar-Razi and Abdullah Ibn Farres.
Saheb was a patron of scholars and poets, and respected jurists and theologians. He had a great library in the city of Rayy, today a suburb of modern Tehran, in which there were over 100,000 books. He wrote over 30 books including one on the Imamate, which proves the superiority of Imam Ali (AS) over others.
His other books include a Diwan or collection of poetry, a book on medicine, the 7-volume work on lexicography titled “al-Moheet”, and a treatise on the biography on Seyyed Abdul Azim al-Hasani, the great-great-grandson of Imam Hasan Mojtaba (AS), whose shrine is the main centre of pilgrimage till this day in Rayy, Tehran. It is said that this bibliophile had a mobile library which used to accompany him on his journeys.