The tyrant Abbasid Caliphs Abu'l-Abbas as-Saffah (blood-shedder) and Mansour ad-Dawaniqi
Compiled By: Syed Ali Shahbaz
On 12th of the Islamic month of Zil-Hijjah in 136 AH Abu'l-Abbas as-Saffah, the first self-styled caliph of the usurper Abbasid regime, died after a rule of four years, following the overthrow of the Godless Omayyad dynasty, and was succeeded by his crafty and cruel brother, Mansour Dawaniqi.
His real name was Abdullah and he claimed descent from Abbas, an uncle of Prophet Mohammad (SAWA). Although he returned the vast orchard of Fadak to the Prophet's progeny, from whom it was seized by the first and second caliphs, he usurped political power of the state himself, despite the deceptive slogan of his political-military campaign to return to the Ahl al-Bayt the rule of the Islamic realm.
The reason he is known as 'as-Saffah' (blood-shedder in Arabic), is because of his ruthless massacre of the Omayyads, whose male members he exterminated, almost to the last single person, except for a youth called Abdur-Rahman, who managed to flee Syria to Spain, where he seized power and set up a dynasty that ruled for a century.
Saffah also dug up the graves of the Omayyads in Damascus, including that of their founder, Mu'awiyah ibn Abu Sufayn, and burned their bones and skeletons.
On 6th of the Islamic month of Zil-Hijjah in 158 AH, the tyrant Mansour ad-Dawaniqi, who styled himself as the Second caliph of the usurper Abbasid dynasty, died of gluttony at the age of 63 somewhere between after a reign of 22 years. His name was Abdullah, and the reason he acquired the epithet “Dawaniqi” was because of his miserly habit.
He claimed descent from the Prophet's uncle, Abbas ibn Abdul-Muttaleb, although his mother was a morally-loose slave-girl from Africa, whom his father, Mohammad, had taken as concubine. Persecuted during the days of the Godless Ommayad regime, he shot into prominence when his brother, Abbas as-Saffah, (the Blood-Shedder), deceitfully hijacked the caliphate by making the Muslims, especially of Khorasan, Iraq, Yemen, Egypt, and other places, believe that rule of the Islamic state was being returned to the Prophet's progeny, the Ahl al-Bayt.
In 136, following the death of his brother after a reign of 4-years, he styled himself as caliph and unleashed terror on the people, immediately killing Abu Muslim Khorasani, the Iranian general whose victories had brought the Abbasids to power.
Mansur, who in the Omayyad era, had sworn allegiance to Nafs-Zakiyya, a great grandson of the Holy Prophet’s elder grandson, Imam Hasan al-Mujtaba (AS), as the future ruler, cold-bloodedly martyred many descendants of the Holy Prophets, through wars, imprisonment, and poisoning. His most prominent victim was Imam Ja'far as-Sadeq (AS), the 6th Infallible Successor of Holy Prophet Mohammad (SAWA).
He founded the city of Baghdad by using Iranian architects and Zoroastrian astrologers, and was the first person to destroy the holy shrine of the Chief of Martyrs, Imam Husain (AS), in Karbala.