Holy Prophet Mohammad (SAWA) preached peace and brotherhood through dialogue, reasoning and rational approach
Compiled By: Syed Ali Shahbaz
As the Almighty's Last and Greatest Messenger, entrusted with the universal message of Islam, Prophet Mohammad (SAWA) preached peace and brotherhood through dialogue, reasoning and rational approach. These were the factors that led to the rapid spread of the message of monotheism and virtue in his lifetime in the Arabian Peninsula and beyond. In accordance with the commandments of God revealed through the ayahs of the holy Qur'an, he invited the Arab polytheists, and the Jews and Christians, as well as the Zoroastrians or Iran, to contemplate on the rationality of Islam and acknowledge it as the final and universal creed of mankind. The Prophet’s politeness had a great impact on all those who came into contact with him. He used to say I have been raised to complete the best morals. His courteous behaviour and his modesty, in addition to his already famous reputation as Sadeq or Truthful, and Amin or Trustworthy, had an electrifying impact on the people of Mecca and Medina, in moulding their life as per the directives of the holy Qur'an.
Following his formal appointment as Prophet, he first invited his near relatives and members of the Quraysh tribe of Mecca for a special announcement, and after feeding them for three consecutive days said: If I were to tell you that an army is behind that mountain, would you believe me? They replied: We certainly believe in whatever you say, since we know that you have never said anything wrong or made any false claim. The Prophet then smiled, and said: O people God has ordered me to proclaim my mission as the Last Prophet, so for your own salvation, shun idolworship, and say, there is no god but Allah. What a wonderful way of logical discourse! The Prophet then said: the first one to believe in my mission and assist me will be my legatee, vicegerent, and caliph. The Arabs, however, became stunned and didn't know what to say. The only person who replied in the affirmative was the Prophet's hardly 10-year old cousin, Ali ibn Abi Taleb (AS), who stood up, and said: I O Prophet of God. This event is known as the Invitation of Dhul-Ashira, since it involved clan members, and it is indicative of the fact that on the declaration of God's indivisible monotheism by the Prophet, the only one who publicly testified to his mission was his young cousin. In other words, when we Muslims today say: "Ash-hado anna Mohammadan-Rasoul-Allah", we are actually following the remarkable precedent set for all time by Imam Ali (AS), who was subsequently declared by the Prophet to be his assistant, legatee, vicegerent and caliph.
Despite persecution by the Meccan oligarchy that saw its vested interests in exploiting fellow human beings were in danger, the message of Islam spread, through the patience, endurance, and rational teachings of Prophet Mohammad (SAWA), who invited people to ponder. In the face of logic and reasoning, the pressures, tortures and even killing of early Muslims by the pagan Arabs were useless. Even the 3-year economic and social boycott imposed by the pagan Arabs on the Prophet and the neo Muslim community was useless, thanks to the devotion and loyalty of the Prophet's uncle and guardian, Abu Taleb (AS), who took his nephew and all Muslims under his care and protection in the gorge outside Mecca, known till this day She'b Abi Taleb. Soon God ordered the Prophet to migrate to Medina, and this heralded the start of a new phase in the history of Islam. Earlier several groups of people from this city, which was then called Yathreb had visited Mecca, and on being impressed by the rational teachings of the Prophet had given their allegiance to him. They now welcomed him and through dialogue with other Arabs, as well as with the Jews and Christians, the message of Islam began to spread. Many of the pagans, the Jews, and the Christians, embraced the truth of Islam. Of those who didn't, and were neither hostile, the Prophet made pacts of neutrality with them and gave them time to contemplate and decide. Many did become Muslims, while the evil ones that plotted against him, by the command of God, after sealing the argument with them, he permitted them to leave Medina.
So rational were the words of Prophet Mohammad (SAWA) that the two constantly warring Arab tribes of the Aws and Khazraj soon became Muslims, buried their differences, and assembled under the banner of the universal brotherhood of Islam to defend the cause of righteousness. When the pagan Arabs of Mecca, at times in collaboration with the intransigent Israelites, imposed battles on the Prophet, the Muslims rallied to the defence of Islam, and thanks to the valour of Imam Ali (AS), victories were ensured. In 8 AH, when Mecca peacefully surrendered to the Prophet and the pagan Arabs were fearful that he would punish them for their past misdeeds, the Messenger of Mercy again showed clemency by declaring general amnesty. When the one of his companions named Sa’d Ibn Ebad behaved arrogantly against the Meccans, shouting today is the day of revenge and killing, Prophet Mohammad (SAWA) at once assigned Imam Ali (AS) to raise the banner and declare: “Today is the day of mercy and forgiveness.” Then Prophet told the people of Mecca: “I say to you what my brother Prophet Joseph had said to his erring brothers: today there is no blame and no reproach; God forgive you and He is the All-Compassionate, the All-Merciful.
Once, when a certain person named Safwan ibn Umayyah, who had fled Mecca on the Prophet's arrival, but later returned and sought protection from the Prophet, requesting two months' time to think about Islam, he was given by the Messenger of Mercy, 4 months to reflect on realities. He was so amazed that he soon embraced the truth of Islam. This is how the Prophet won hearts and minds. It was his habit during the season migrations of nomadic tribes to Mecca, to speak with the chieftain and others about the message that God had entrusted to his for the guidance of humanity. His equal treatment of all and his convincing discourse that all Prophets have been sent by God in lands, but with the same universal message of monotheism and virtue, made lasting impression on the minds of all those who came into contact with him, and thus many embraced the truth of Islam. That is all for today, tomorrow we will present you the second and concluding part. God bless and goodbye.