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The renowned Islamic scholar, architect, engineer, mathematician, astronomer and poet, Sheikh Baha段

Compiled By: Syed Ali Shahbaz
On March 20, 1546 AD, the renowned Islamic scholar, architect, engineer, mathematician, astronomer and poet, Baha od‐Din Mohammad ibn Hussain al‐Ameli, known popularly as Sheikh Baha段, was born in Ba値bek, Lebanon. His father was a prominent alem of the Jabal Amel region of Lebanon, who brought him to Iran in his childhood.
Given his sublime talents, Sheikh Baha段 mastered a number of sciences of his day in a short period. He has left behind more than 100 books and treatises in Arabic and Persian. He passed away at the age of 77 in the Safavid capital, Isfahan, and according to his will, his body was taken to Mashhad and buried in the premises of the holy shrine of Imam Reza (AS), the 8th Infallible Successor of Prophet Mohammad (SAWA).
Shaikh Baha段 is regarded as a leading scholar of his age and a "Mujaddid" (Revivalist). His erudition won him the admiration of Shah Abbas I, and he was appointed the Shaikh ol-Islam or the Chief Theologian of Isfahan. He wrote works on a wide variety of topics such as exegesis of the holy Qur誕n, hadith, grammar, jurisprudence, mathematics, astronomy, and poetry.
Among his famous works are: "Jama弾 Abbasi" on jurisprudence, "Kashkoul" on philosophy and poetry, "Khulasat al-Hisaab" on mathematics, and "Tashrih al‐Aflaak" or Anatomy of the Celestial Spheres, a summary of theoretical astronomy where he affirms the view that supports the positional rotation of the Earth as it orbits around the sun long before Copernicus and the Europeans copied it from Islamic World.
A number or architectural and engineering designs in Isfahan stand proof to the genius of Shaikh Baha段, including the Naqsh-e Jahan Square and the Grand Shah Abbas Mosque known as the Imam Mosque today. He also designed and constructed a furnace for a public bath, which still exists in Isfahan. The furnace was warmed by a single candle, which was placed in an enclosure. The candle burned for a long time, warming the bath's water. According to his instructions, the candle's fire would be put out if the enclosure was ever opened. This happened during the restoration and repair of the building and no one has been able to make the system work again.
He also designed the Menar Jonban (Shaking Minaret), which still exists in Isfahan. His treatise on mathematics was in use as a textbook until the end of the 19th century. He is considered one of the main co-founders of Isfahan School of Islamic Philosophy. In later years he became one of the teachers of the famous philosopher, Mullah Sadra.

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