Seyyed Abdul-Azim al-Hasani, a prominent descendant of Prophet Mohammad (SAWA)
Compiled By: Syed Ali Shahbaz
On 4th of the Islamic month of Rabi as-Sani in 173 AH, Seyyed Abdul-Azim al-Hasani, a prominent descendant of Prophet Mohammad (SAWA), was born in Medina. A pious scholar of repute, he was fifth in descent from the Prophet's elder grandson and 2nd Infallible Heir, Imam Hasan al-Mujtaba (AS).
His genealogy reads: Abdul-Azim ibn Abdullah ibn Ali ibn Hassan ibn Zayd ibn Imam Hasan (AS). He was ten years when the Prophet's 7th Infallible Heir, Imam Musa Kazem (AS), was martyred in Baghdad in the dungeon of the Abbasid tyrant Haroun Rasheed, and he had the honour of companionship of Imam Reza (AS), Imam Mohammad Taqi (AS), and Imam Ali Naqi (AS) – respectively the Prophet’s 8th, 9th and 10th Infallible Heirs.
He was sent as a missionary to Iran to enlighten the people about the teachings of the Ahl al-Bayt. Because of severe persecution of the Prophet's progeny by the tyrannical Abbasid caliph, Mutawakkel, he carried out his activities with precaution, spending the days in fasting and nights in worship.
Often he used to visit the grave of Hamza, a son of the 7th Imam in an orchard outside the city of Rayy, and willed that he be buried nearby on his death. He passed away in 252 AH at the in Rayy, where his shrine, in what is now the southernmost suburb of the Iranian capital, Tehran, is the site of pilgrimage from all over the world. Among the books authored by him was a collection of the eloquent sermons of the Commander of the Faithful Imam Ali ibn Taleb (AS), predating the compilation of the famous book “Nahj al-Balagha” by over one hundred and fifty years.