Hulaku Khan, a grandson of the bloodthirsty Mongol ruler, Chingiz Khan
Compiled By: Syed Ali Shahbaz
On 9th of the Islamic month of Rabi as-Sani in 663 AH, Hulaku Khan, a grandson of the bloodthirsty Mongol ruler, Chingiz Khan, and founder of the Ilkhanid dynasty that ruled Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, and parts of Syria and the Caucasus, died. A Buddhist by faith, he was an enemy of Muslims and as bloodthirsty as his grandfather.
After conquering Iran he attacked Iraq, and sacked Baghdad, the then centre of Islamic culture and civilization. The Grand Library of Baghdad, containing countless precious historical documents and books on subjects ranging from medicine to astronomy, was destroyed. Survivors said that the waters of the Tigris ran black with ink from the enormous quantity of books flung into the river.
Citizens attempted to flee but were intercepted by Mongol soldiers who raped and killed with abandon. Death counts vary widely and cannot be easily substantiated. An estimate of the number of deaths ranges from 200,000 to a million. The Mongols looted and then destroyed mosques, palaces, libraries, hospitals — grand buildings that had been the work of generations were burned to the ground.
The last of the Abbasid caliph was captured and forced to watch as people were murdered and his treasury plundered. Two years later, Hulaku invaded Syria and ransacked Damascus. His generals defiled mosques, and formed alliances with Crusader invaders of Europe to eradicate Islam and Muslims. His next object was Egypt, but he couldn’t succeed as his leading general, Kitbugha, who was a Christian, was defeated and killed at the Battle of Ayn Jalout in Palestine by the Turkish Mamluks.