Arghun Khan, the Fourth ruler of the Mongol Ilkhanid Dynasty of Iran, Iraq, and parts of Syria and Anatolia (Turkey)
Compiled By: Syed Ali Shahbaz
On March 10, 1291 AD, Arghun Khan, the 4th ruler of the Mongol Ilkhanid Dynasty of Iran, Iraq, and parts of Syria and Anatolia (Turkey), died after a reign of seven years during which he sent delegations, at least four times, to the Pope in Rome and to major European powers, for forging a Buddhist-Christian alliance to exterminate Islam and Muslims.
The plan never materialized because of the growing power and resolve of the Turkic Mamluk rulers of Egypt-Syria in defeating both the Buddhist Mongols and the European Crusaders. Arghun was son of Abaqa Khan and his Christian wife, Haimash Khatun, and the grandson of the destroyer of Baghdad, Hulagu Khan. He was a devout Buddhist, who seized the throne from his uncle Tekudar ‘Ahmad’ Khan for having become a Muslim, and executed him. He also martyred the Iranian vizier, Shams od-Din Mohammad ibn Baha od-Din Juwaini, who had served efficiently for 22 years under three Ilkhans – Hulagu, Abaqa and Ahmad Tekuder.
His then appointed as vizier the Jewish Sa’d od-Dowla Ebheri, who openly hurt the sentiments of Iranian Muslims. Arghun baptized his sons, Ghazaan and Oljeitu as Christians, but the two brothers who eventually rose to the throne as the 7th and 8th Ilkhans respectively, after the brief reigns of their uncle (Geikhatu) and father’s cousin (Baydu), became staunch Muslims – along with over 100,000 other Mongols. They transformed the Ilkhanid Dynasty into a bastion of Islam with promotion of Persian culture and language and adherence to the path of the Ahl al-Bayt of Prophet Mohammad (SAWA).