Sassanid Emperor of Iran Khosrau II and the Arab infidels
Compiled By: Syed Ali Shahbaz
On February 15, 590 AD, Khosrau II was crowned the twenty-second Sassanid Emperor of Persia, following his revolt against his father, Hormizd IV, who was deposed, blinded and killed. Grandson of the wise, just and benevolent ruler, Khosrau I (Anushirvan), he styled himself as Perviz (Victorious) but lacked the traits of virtue, as was evident by incidents during his 38-year reign that ended in 628 with his torturous death in prison at the hands of his generals, after he had haughtily torn the letter of invitation to Islam from the Almighty’s Last and Greatest Messenger to mankind, Prophet Mohammad (SAWA), and threatened to attack Hijaz from Iranian-controlled Yemen, following the reversal of his fortunes in the 26-year long last Roman-Iranian War.
Although in art and literature, Khosrau Pervez has been immortalized for his romance with the beautiful Armenian Christian princess, Shirin, who eventually became his chief wife, he faced fluctuating fortunes as ruler. Within a year of his accession he was ousted by the rebellious general, Bahram Chubin, fled via Syria to Constantinople, and regained the throne of Ctesiphon in 1591 with help from Emperor Maurice of Byzantium (Eastern Roman Empire).
In 602, the murder of Maurice and usurpation of power by Phocas, provided him the pretext to attack the Roman Empire, and in the next decade while Islam was publicly proclaimed for the first time in Mecca, Iranian armies led by the Generals, Shahrbaraz and Shahin, overran Syria, Palestine, Egypt and almost the whole of Anatolia (modern Turkey) right up to the walls of Constantinople.
On 10th of the Islamic month of Jamadi al-Awwal in 7 AH, Khosrow Pervez, the powerful 22nd emperor of the Sassanid Empire, was killed by his own son, after a string of setbacks against Byzantine or the Eastern Roman Empire, following his early spectacular victories that had taken Iranian armies to the gates of Constantinople and brought Syria, Palestine and Egypt, under his control. He died a humiliating death, as per the prediction of Prophet Mohammad (SAWA), whose epistle inviting him to the truth of Islam he had scornfully tore into pieces. Six years later the Muslims defeated the Sassanid army and captured their capital Ctesiphon in Mesopotamia, and within a few years the whole empire was brought into the fold of Islam, with the Iranian people, tired of the tyranny of their rulers, becoming Muslims by conviction.
The victories of the Zoroastrian Persians over the Christian Romans gladdened the hearts of the Arab infidels and made them mock Holy Prophet Mohammad (SAWA) and the Muslims, at which God revealed Surah Roum, predicting the eventual triumph of the monotheists – indeed one of the eternal miracles of the holy Qur’an. In 622, a decade after Heraclius had removed Phocas to become the new Roman Emperor, and coinciding with the Prophet’s migration from Mecca to Medina, the fortunes of Khosrau II began to decline with defeat after defeat in Anatolia, Egypt, Palestine, Syria, Georgia, Armenia, and Iraq, resulting in his ouster, death and replacement by son, Qobad II.