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Hejaz under Ottoman Rule

Compiled By: Syed Ali Shahbaz
On 16th of the Islamic month of Jamadi as-Sani in 923 AH, Hejaz came under the authority of the Ottomans when Sharif Barakaat II sent the keys of the Holy Ka’ba in Mecca and the Prophet’s Holy Shrine in Medina to Sultan Selim I, following the victory of Turkish troops over the Mamluk dynasty of Egypt, which had hitherto held suzerainty over Hejaz, and Syria as well. Selim, who three years earlier, had managed to turn into a narrow victory a certain defeat of the Ottomans by the Safavids of Iran at the Battle of Chaldiran, prior to which he had carried out a general massacre of Shi'ite Muslims in Anatolia and deported thousands of them to the Balkans for fear of their siding with Shah Ismael Safavi, now decided to attack Syria because of the growing Iranian influence there.
He won an easy victory and then marched all the way to Egypt, the news of which, prompted Sharif Barakaat of Hejaz to switch allegiance from the defeated Mamluks to the victorious Ottomans. For four centuries the Turks ruled Hejaz until the Ottoman defeat in Second World War and dismemberment of their empire by the British and their local agents, including Sharif Hussain of Hejaz, two of whose sons were made kings and granted new countries as kingdoms – Abdullah in Jordan, and Faisal in Iraq.
The crafty British then allowed the Wahhabi desert brigand from Najd, Abdul-Aziz Aal-e Saud, who was on their payroll, to attack Hejaz in 1924, drive out Sharif Hussain (who since 1917 had styled himself as king), massacre tens of thousands of Muslims, desecrate the holy shrines in Mecca and Medina, and establish the false and spurious state called Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, on condition of endorsing the plan for creation of the illegal Zionist entity called Israel in Palestine, by settling tens of thousands of European Jews.

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