Events in the History of Islam
Compiled By: Syed Ali Shahbaz
“Qibla” for Muslims changed to the holy Ka'ba in Mecca
On 15th of the Islamic month of Rajab in 2 AH, upon God’s command, the “qibla” or focal point of worship for Muslims changed from the direction of Bayt al-Moqaddqas in Palestine to the holy Ka'ba in Mecca. The change of direction happened when Prophet Mohammad (SAWA) was leading the prayers in Medina in the mosque known till this day as “Zu-Qiblatayn” or Mosque of the Two Qiblahs.
The Godless Waleed II, the 11th self-styled caliph of the usurper Omayyad dynasty
On 29th of the Islamic month of Jamadi as-Sani in 126 AH, the Godless Waleed II, the 11th self-styled caliph of the usurper Omayyad dynasty, was killed in Syria after a reign of a year, two months and ten days, during which he committed many abominable sins, including the cruel martyrdom in Jowzajan in Khorasan, of Yahya ibn Zayd, the grandson of the Prophet’s great-grandson, Imam Zayn al-Abedin (AS).
On succeeding his uncle, the tyrant Hesham ibn Abdul Malik, he continued his debauched life. He built in his palace a fountain of wine in which he used to take dips. On one occasion he threw the holy Qur’an and riddled it with a volley of arrows. Once, in the state of intoxication and in the act of cohabiting with a drunken concubine, when he heard the call for the Fajr Prayer, he promptly asked the ritually unclean woman to put on his clothes, enter the mosque, and lead the Morning Prayer. In a famous hadith, Prophet Mohammad (SAWA) had foretold about this ungodly ruler by name, and called him the Pharaoh of the ummah.
Mohammed ibn Ibrahim ibn Ismael ibn Ibrahim ibn Imam Hassan Mojtaba (AS), defeated the governor of Kufa,
On 29th of the Islamic month of Jamadi as-Sani in 199 AH, Mohammed ibn Ibrahim ibn Ismael ibn Ibrahim ibn Imam Hassan Mojtaba (AS), defeated the governor of Kufa, and established his short-lived Islamic state in Iraq. Known popularly as Ibn Tabataba, he died soon afterwards and Mamoun’s Abbasid forces re-occupied Kufa and its surroundings. His movement, however, continued after his death, especially in Yemen, where many members of the Tabatabai branch of the Prophet’s descendants ruled and rose to become scholars and jurisprudents.
The first Muslim envoy to arrive in the lands of the Bulgars and the Vikings
On May 12, 922 AD, Ahmad bin Fadhlan became the first Muslim envoy to arrive in the lands of the Bulgars and the Vikings, north of the River Volga from the Abbasid court in Baghdad. His account of his travels which has been published in several languages, including the original Arabic, provides a description of the Volga Vikings, including an eye-witness account of a ship burial. The day of his arrival is an official religious holiday in modern republic of Tatarstan in the Russian Federation. Ibn Fadhlan also gives an excellent description of the Russian tribes, who until then had not become Christians and were pagans.
Spanish Muslims led by Yusuf bin Tashfin defeated Spanish Christians
On 12th of the Islamic month of Rajab in 479AH, Spanish Muslims led by Yusuf bin Tashfin defeated Spanish Christians under command of Alphonse VI in the glorious battle of "az-Zalaqa". This decisive battle halted for over two-and-a-half centuries the bid by the Christian powers to drive out Spanish Muslim from the Iberian Peninsula.