The renowned Muítazalite Sunni scholar, Ibn Abiíl-Hadeed
Compiled By: Syed Ali Shahbaz
On 20th of the Islamic month of Rajab in 656 AH, the renowned Muítazalite Sunni scholar, Izz od-Din Abdul-Hamid bin Hibbatollah, popularly known Ibn Abiíl-Hadeed, passed away at the age of 70 years. Captured by the Mongols during the offensive on Baghdad, he was later released upon the mediation by prominent figures. His most important book is a voluminous commentary on the ďNahj al-BalaghahĒ, the collection of the eloquent sermons, letters and maxims of Imam Ali ibn Abi Taleb (AS), the First Infallible Successor of Prophet Mohammad (SAWA).
His famous remarks on the Commander of the Faithful read: ďThe world cannot quote an example other than that of (Imam) Ali of a first class warrior and a marshal who is also a philosopher, a moralist and a great teacher of religious principles and theology. A study of his life shows that his sword was the only help that Islam received during its early days of struggle in its wars of self-defence.
For Islam he was the first and the last line of defenceÖ The other facet of his character is reflected in his sermons, orders, letters and sayings. What high values of morality they teach, what ethicsí they preach, what intricate problems of Unitarianism they elucidate, how rich they are in philosophy; how they imbibe the spirit of righteousness and teach rulers to become kind, good, benevolent and God-fearing rulers, and subjects to be faithful, sincere and law abiding, how they persuade men to be warriors who can fight only for God, truth and justice, and not mercenaries murdering and plundering for wealth and riches; and how they instruct teachers to teach nothing injurious and harmful to mankind. These are but undisputable proofs of his greatness and spiritual superiority. Has history ever produced a more splendid personality incorporating such variegated characteristics of mind and heart?Ē