Some of the famous Shia Ulama
Compiled By: Syed Ali Shahbaz
On 17th of the Islamic month of Rajab in 1121 AH, the prominent Bahraini scholar, Shaikh Sulaiman ibn Shaikh Abdullah al-Bahrani al-Mahuzi, passed away. He is the author of “al-Me’raj”, which is an explanation to the famous bibliographical work “al-Fehrist” of Shaikh at-Ta’efa Tusi, the Iranian Islamic jurisprudent and founder of the Islamic Seminary of holy Najaf,. He wrote “al-Balaghah fi’r-Rijal”.
On 19th of the Islamic month of Rajab in 1383 AH, Ayatollah Sheikh Mohammad Khalesi, popularly known as “Khalesizadeh”, passed away in Baghdad. Parallel to his cultural and religious activities, he struggled against the infiltration and interference of colonialists in Islamic countries and was one of the religious leaders who inspired the people of Iraq in the uprising of the 1920s, which the British brutally crushed, and imposed upon the Iraqi people unwanted king from the Hijaz, Faisal the son of the British agent, Sherif Hussein of Mecca. Khalesizadeh along with Ayatollah Sheikh Kashef al-Gheta was exiled to Iran, while the British martyred through poisoning, Ayatollah Mirza Mohammad Taqi Shirazi. Among the several books written by Ayatollah Khalesizadeh, mention can be made of “The Injustices of Britain in Mesopotamia” and “God in the Nature”.
On June 9, 1968 AD, the prominent Islamic scholar and mystic, Ayatollah Seyyed Mohammad Hassan Elahi Tabatabai, passed away at the age of 62. Born in Tabriz, northwestern Iran, he left for holy Najaf in Iraq at the age of 19 for higher Islamic studies. After attaining ijtihad he returned to his hometown, Tabriz, and started teaching. Among his valuable works is “A Treatise on the Science of Music and Spiritual Relations with Sounds”.
On June 10, 1970 AD, Ayatollah Mohammad Reza Sa’eedi, attained martyrdom in the Shah's dungeons as a result of torture at the age of 41. A student of Grand Ayatollah Seyyed Hussain Boroujerdi and the Father of the Islamic Revolution, Imam Khomeini (RA), he was active in the 15th of Khordad Uprising (June 5, 1963). He believed that mosques are bastions for enlightening people, especially youths, and in his speeches he exposed the crimes of the Zionists in Palestine. In view of this, he was detained and ruthlessly tortured by the Shah's regime on several occasions. He wrote several books including "Ittehad al-Islam".
On June 11, 1990 AD, the combatant religious scholar, Hojjat al-Islam Sheikh Ali Mazari, was martyred by the enemies of Islam in southeastern Iran. Following the 15th of Khordad Uprising (June 5, 1963), he started his activities in Sistan-Baluchestan Province as a staunch opponent of the British-installed and US-supported Pahlavi regime. He set up cultural associations in mosques to attract and guide youngsters. He also founded numerous schools and libraries in the backward areas of this Iranian border Province.
On 3rd of the Islamic month of Sha’ban in 1319 AH, the Iranian Islamic scholar, Ayatollah Seyyed Hussein Khademi, was born. He was a product of the Najaf Seminary and attained Ijtehad. He was also politically active and stood up against the repressive policies of the British-installed Reza Khan Pahlavi, who brutally suppressed Islamic culture and values. Ayatollah Khademi participated in the campaign for nationalization of Iran’s oil industry. With the start of the struggles of The Father of Islamic Revolution, Imam Khomeini (RA), for establishment of the sacred Islamic system in Iran, he stepped up his political activities that culminated in the victory of the Islamic Revolution in 1979.
On June 13, 1983 AD, Iran’s lady jurisprudent and exegete of the Holy Qur’an, Bano Nosrat Amin, passed away in the central Iranian city of Isfahan at the age of 97. She was regarded as equivalent to a mujtahed, and groomed numerous lady students. She also wrote several books including a 15-volume exegesis of the Holy Qur’an.
On 6th of the Islamic month of Sha’ban in1325 AH, Allamah Khoiee attained martyrdom at the hands of agents of the Qajarid king, Mohammad Ali Shah. He was a student of the celebrated Ayatollah Sheikh Morteza Ansari, and on return to Iran from holy Najaf, was actively involved in the constitutional movement.
On June 16, 2007 AD, the Source of Emulation, Grand Ayatollah Mohammad Fazel Lankarani, passed away in his hometown Qom at the age of 76 years. He was a student of both Grand Ayatollah Seyyed Hussain Boroujerdi and the Father of the Islamic Revolution, Imam Khomeini (RA). He was active in the 15th Khordad uprising, for which he was detained and tortured on several occasions by the Shah. He fully supported the victory of Islamic Revolution and founding of the Islamic Republic, and groomed numerous students.
On 10th of the Islamic month of Sha’ban in 754 AH, the renowned Islamic scholar, Seyyed Amid od-Din Abdul Muttalib Ibn Mohammad bin Ali al-A'arj, passed away. He was the son of the nephew of the celebrated scholar Allamah Hilli, and wrote several books on various Islamic sciences, including "Sharh Tahzib al-Osoul" and “Kanz al-Fawa’ed”.
On 10th of the Islamic month of Sha’ban in 1305 AH, the literary scholar Seyyed Ismail ibn Radhi ibn Ismail al-Hussaini ash-Shirazi, passed away in Iraq.
On 11th of the Islamic month of Sha’ban in 1173 AH, Mullah Ismail Mazandarani Khaju’i, one of Iran’s prominent ulema, passed away. He wrote 150 books and treatises, including “Fawa’ed ar-Rijaliyyah”.
On 12th of the Islamic month of Sha’ban in 1316 AH, the acclaimed Iranian Islamic scholar, theologian, and physician, Seyyed ol-Atibba Tabrizi, passed away. He was born in the northwestern Iranian city of Tabriz, and learned sciences in his hometown by attending the classes of renowned ulema. He honed his skills in medicine as well and became a leading physician. He has left behind numerous books, including “Tarikh-e Tabriz” (History of Tabriz).
14th of the Islamic month of Sha’ban in 1246, the famous Arabic poet, Seyyed Haidar ibn Seyyed Sulaiman al-Hilli, was born in Iraq. He was a master of elegies on the tragic martyrdom of Imam Husain (AS), the younger grandson and 3rd Infallible Heir of Prophet Mohammad (SAWA).
On 15th of the Islamic month of Sha’ban in 1277 AH, the Arabic scholar Seyyed Haidar ibn Seyyed Mohammed al-Hilli, was born in Iraq. He was a grandson of the learned scholar Husain Zi’ ad-Dam'ah.
On 17th of the Islamic month of Sha’ban in 1361 AH, the Gnostic Islamic scholar, Ayatollah Shaikh Hassan-Ali Isfahani, passed away at the age of 82. He was a product of the famous Islamic seminary of holy Najaf in Iraq, and on completing his studies took up residence in holy Mashhad in northeastern Iran for the rest of his life. He was an expert in mathematics, astronomy, and medicine, but his fame is mainly due to his ethical virtues and spiritual powers, some of which have been cited in a book, compiled by his son.
On June 26, 1992 AD, Ayatollah Madani Kashani passed away at the age of 93 years. In addition to grooming numerous scholars, he also shouldered social responsibilities and assisted the needy. He has left behind a large number of compilations, including “Fara’ez al-Moqaleddin”, and “Kashf al-Haqayeq”.
On 22nd of the Islamic month of Sha’ban in 1354 AH, the prominent Islamic scholar, Allamah Shaikh Mohammad Jawad Balaghi, passed away. He was a theologian, a prominent lecturer, and a prolific author. He attended the classes of the prominent lecturers of his era, such as Mirza Shirazi, and turned into one of the renowned Islamic teachers and authors of his time. Among his valuable books, mention can be made of “Balaagh al-Mobin” on proof of God’s Existence and Omnipresence.
On 23rd of the Islamic month of Sha’ban in 1315 AH, the scholar and Arabic poet, Seyyed Ja’far al-Hilli, passed away at the age of 39. He wrote moving elegies on the tragedy of Karbala.
On 23rd of the Islamic month of Sha’ban in 1334 AH, the jurist and pious scholar, Shaikh Baqer ibn Mullah Mohammad Qomi, passed away. He was in Samarra for a long time and then returned to holy Najaf where he used to lead the congregational prayers.
On July 2, 1982 AD, the prominent Islamic scholar, Ayatollah Mohammad Saduqi, was martyred by MKO terrorists while leading the Friday Prayer in Yazd city. A student of such prominent ulema as Ayatollah Khwansari and Grand Ayatollah Boroujerdi, he was a firm supporter of the Father of the Islamic Revolution, Imam Khomeini (RA), and struggled against the Shah’s despotic regime. Following the victory of the Islamic Revolution, he was elected to the Assembly of Experts, and played a valuable role in preparation of Islamic Iran’s Constitution. As a representative of Imam Khomeini, and the Friday Prayer leader of Yazd, he spared no efforts to develop the region.
On 24th of the Islamic month of Sha’ban in 1312 AH, the Source of Emulation, Grand Ayatolllah Mirza Mohammad Hassan Shirazi, passed away at the age of 82 in Samarra, Iraq. He was born in the southern Iranian city of Shiraz and after completion of preliminary studies, left for the Najaf Seminary in Iraq, where he studied under the celebrated Ayatollah Sheikh Morteza Ansari Dezfuli. The name of Mirza Shirazi brings to mind the famous fatwa or edict he issued for boycott of Tobacco which forced the Qajarid king, Nasser od-Din Shah, to cancel the monopoly over tobacco production in Iran that he had granted to the British Talbot Company.
On July 4, 2010 AD, the prominent Islamic scholar and Source of Emulation in Lebanon, Grand Ayatollah Seyyed Mohammad Hussain Fazlollah, passed away at the age of 77. Born in the holy Iraqi city of Najaf, in Iraq in a Lebanese religious family, he studied under prominent ulema, including Grand Ayatollah Seyyed Mohsin al-Hakeem, Grand Ayatollah Seyyed Abu’l-Qasem Khoi, and Ayatollah Sadra Baad-Koubaee. He spent six years writing articles and compiling books and played a major role in reclaiming the denied rights of Shi'ite Muslims in Lebanon. He was a firm supporter of the Islamic Republic of Iran and the Islamic Resistance Movement of Lebanon against Israeli occupation. He was the target of several assassination attempts by the Americans. He has left behind valuable books, including a 25-volume Exegesis of the Holy Qur'an.
On 28th of the Islamic month of Sha’ban in 1311 AH, one of the prominent lecturers of ethics, Mullah Hussain-Qoli Hamedani, passed away at the age of 73. An accomplished scholar in many fields, his lectures on Ethics and Gnosis were attended by well-known ulema of the Najaf Seminary, in Iraq.
On 28th of the Islamic month of Sha’ban in 1327 AH, the virtue jurist Seyyed Habibullah ibn Seyyed Mohammed Hashim al-Hussaini al-Mashhadi died in year1327A.H. In addition to being a Gnostic, he was an excellent poet.