The Christian Crusades against Muslims
Compiled By: Syed Ali Shahbaz
On June 10, 1190 AD, leader of the Third Crusade against Muslims, Holy Roman Emperor, Fredrick Barbarossa of Germany, drowned in River Saleph, known currently as Goksu Nehri in what is now Turkey. On the instructions of Pope Urban III, he had assembled a huge army in alliance with the kings of France and England, and marched overland towards Syria through the Byzantine Empire, but long before reaching his cherished goal, the Islamic city of Bayt al-Moqaddas in Palestine, Barbarossa and his horse were struck by divine wrath and swept away to a terrible death that aborted the joint military campaign against Muslims. His leaderless army lost heart and fled, and many European Christian knights, afraid of the prospect of fighting Muslims, committed suicide.
On June 28, 1098 AD, the Seljuqid Atabeg of Mosul and renowned soldier, Kerbogha the Turk, because of disunity in his army, suffered defeat at the hands of the Crusader invaders at the Syrian city of Antioch, which is currently in Turkey, and returned to Mosul a broken man. When he heard that the Crusaders had besieged Antioch, he gathered his troops and marched to relieve the city. By the time he arrived, around June 5-9, the Crusaders had taken this Muslim city. Kerbogha besieged the Crusaders, but disagreement and infighting broke out among the Emirs of his mighty army made up of soldiers from Iraq, Syria and Iran. When the Christian army launched the offensive, the Muslim Emirs instead uniting behind Kerbogha decided to humble him by abandoning him at the critical moment. Kerbogha was taken by surprise and finding himself facing a strong army of European invaders, deemed it impossible to fight and decided to retreat.
On June 29, 1149 AD, Raymond of Poitiers, the European Crusader occupier of the Syrian city of Antioch (presently in Turkey), was defeated and killed in the Battle of Inab by the Turkic ruler of Syria, Nour od-Din Zangi, who subsequently rode out to the Mediterranean coast and bathed in the sea as a symbol of his victory. Although his goal was liberation of Palestine and the parts of Syria occupied by the Crusaders, Zangi repressed the followers of the Prophet's Ahl al-Bayt and expelled thousands of Shi'ite Muslims from Aleppo.
On 22nd of the Islamic month of Sha’ban in 588 AH, the Kurdish ruler of Syria and Egypt, Salaheddin Ayyoubi and England's King Richard I concluded the "ar-Ramla Accord" after the third Crusade failed in retaking the Islamic city of Bayt al-Moqaddas, which the European invaders called Jerusalem. It was agreed that Christian pilgrims could visit Bayt al-Moqaddas in security and safety.
On 23rd of the Islamic month of Sha’ban in 492 AH, the Islamic city of Bayt al-Moqaddas was captured by the European Crusaders from the Fatemid Ismaili Dynasty of Egypt-Syria and North Africa, after a siege of over 40 days. The invaders savagely massacred men, women and children, numbering more than 70,000 people, including Iranian Muslims settled there.
On July 4, 1187 AD, a united Muslim army of Kurds, Turks, Iranians and Arabs, broke the back of the Crusader usurpers of Palestine by inflicting a shattering defeat in the Battle of Hattin near Tiberias in what is now the Zionist usurped land of Palestine, thereby paving the way for liberation of Bayt al-Moqaddas some three months later that ended the 88-year illegal existence of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem. The Muslims were led by the Kurdish general Salah od-Din Ayyoubi, who in 1169 after his surprised appointment as vizier of Egypt by the Fatemid Ismaili Shi'ite caliph, had turned on his benefactor to seize the country and style himself sultan, and then expand his power in Syria, Palestine and as far as his birthplace, Mosul, in Iraq.