The renowned Arab lexicographer, literary figure, and poet, Ibn Durayd
Compiled By: Syed Ali Shahbaz
On 18th of the Islamic month of Sha’ban in 321 AH, the renowned Arab lexicographer, literary figure, and poet, Mohammed ibn Hassan Ibn Durayd, passed away in Baghdad. He was born at Basra, where he studied under various teachers, but fled to Oman when Basra was attacked and occupied by the tyrannical forces of Zanj.
After living twelve years in Oman he went to Iran, and under the protection of the governor, Abdullah ibn Mohammad ibn Mikal, and his son, Ismail, wrote his chief works, including "Jamhara fi'l-Lugha”, a 4-volume dictionary, published for the first time in Hyderabad Deccan some 85 years ago. Ibn Durayd later went to Baghdad, where he received a pension from the state.
The "Maqsurah", is his poetical masterpiece in praise of Ibn Mikal and his son. Another of his works is the “Kitab al-Ishtiqaq” on etymology. Ibn Durayd was a follower of the Prophet's Ahl al-Bayt and has written some beautiful poems on the unrivalled merits of Imam Ali (AS) and the other Infallible Imams.