Ibn Atiyyah,the renowned Spanish Muslim hadith scholar and exegete of the Holy Qur’an
Compiled By: Syed Ali Shahbaz
On 25th of the Islamic month of Ramadhan in 541 AH, the renowned Spanish Muslim hadith scholar and exegete of the Holy Qur’an, Abdul-Haqq Ibn Ghaleb Ibn Abdur-Rahman, popularly known as Ibn Atiyyah, passed away at the age of 60. His father was a well-known scholar of Fiqh and Hadith, who traveled to the eastern parts of the Muslim world to learn under many scholars of repute. He was later appointed a judge in Granada, Ibn Atiyyah initially studied under his father and later under other scholars.
He was a meticulous scholar, and did not confine himself to Islamic studies, but read in all fields, feeling that this would give him a better understanding of the holy Qur’an. He also traveled to all centers and cities in Islamic Spain, meeting a large number of scholars and learning from them. He later became a judge in Muria. At a time when Muslims in Spain were under attack by Christians, he joined the army and fought in several battles, in addition to writing to rulers and reminding them of their duty to Islam. Ibn Atiyyah wrote several books, including “al-Ansab”. A short book called “al-Barnamaj”, which contains biographies of a number of his teachers. He wrote poetry as well, but his main and voluminous work is a commentary on the holy Qur’an, entitled “al-Muharrar Al-Wajeez”, which reflects his broad knowledge in a variety of disciplines.