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Good Morals

Source: Ain-al-Hayat, By: Allama Muhammad Baqir Majlisi


It is authentically narrated from Imam Muhammad Al-Baqir (as) that the Faith of such Mu’mins is perfect who have excellent morals.
The Prophet of Islam (S) says, “On the Day of Judgement nothing would be rated better than the good behavior of the people.”
It is narrated from Imam Ja’far As-Sadiq (as) that in the eyes of Allah no action of a person is more acceptable than making others one’s followers through good behavior.
In another tradition it is mentioned that good moral behavior takes one to the status of the person who had fasted all his life and offered prayers late into the nights.
It is narrated from the Prophet of Islam (S), “The major cause of my people achieving Heaven will be abstention from things termed taboo by Allah and adopting piety and good behavior.”
Imam Ja’far As-Sadiq (as) has said that good moral behavior melts away sins like the rays of sunlight melt the snow.
He further said that doing good to fellowbeings and living amicably amongst the people, keeping the dwellings inhabited enhances longevity.
In another tradition he said that good behavior is a Gift from Allah. There are certain traits of behavior that are hereditary and there are certain others that are cultivated by the person. The narrator asked,’ Ya Imam! Which is better of the two?’ The Imam (as) replied, ‘The traits that are there in the person from birth that they are the fortunate ones whom Allah has endowed with these good traits and he cannot act contrary to these. One who adopts good traits by practice has to control his mind and actions as a penance to gain the Pleasure of Allah! There is much reward for such effort!’
In another tradition that Allah give reward equal to that of Jehad to creatures who behave well with their fellow-beings.
It is narrated from Imam Ja’far As-Sadiq (as) that one day the Prophet (S) was in the mosque when a slave-girl of one of the Ansar came and caught hold of the lapel of his robe. The Prophet (S) stood up with the thought that the girl wished to say something. But the girl remained mum. She acted similarly three times. When the Prophet (S) rose a fourth time, the slave-girl cut away a corner of his robe.
The companions were upset at the impertinence of the girl.and said,’ O girl! Why did you trouble the Prophet (S)?’ She said,’ There is a sick person at our place. My master has asked me to fetch a small piece of the Prophet’s raiment that with it’s aura the ailing person would get well. Whenever I tried to clip a piece of the raiment, the Prophet (S) rose and I felt shy of doing the task. Alas! In the fourth attempt I took courage in my hands and am going home with the clipping in my hand!’

Discourtesy
It is narrated from Imam Ja’far As-Sadiq (as) that illtemper and bad manners spoil faith and neutralize the good deeds of a person the way vinegar spoils the honey.
The Imam (as) also said that the penitence and repentence of an ill-mannered person is not accepted because while he is repentant of one bad deed, he perpetuates another through his misbehavior!
The Imam (as) added that a Mu’min has always to be good mannered, soft spoken and of amiable disposition. An infidel, to the contrary, is ill tempered and harsh in his behavior.
Someone asked the Prophet (S), ‘Ya Imam! What is the guage of good behavior?’ The Prophet replied,’ Keep your temperament soft that no one feels hurt from your attitude. Adopt soft and sweet language that pleases others. When you meet your Mu’min brothers, meet them with warmth and pleasantness!’
Amir’ul-Mu’mineen (as) has said,’ If you cannot please all the people in the world with your wealth, then make them your friends with yuour good behavior and temperament!’
It is narrated from Imam Ja’far As-Sadiq (as) that when the Prophet (S) got the news of the death of Saad bin Maaz Ansari, he proceeded along with the companions to join the funeral procession. He stood near Saad while he was given the ritual final bath. When the bath was over, he accompanied the bier without footwear and bare-head as is the custom of the mourners. He sometimes carried the bier on his right shoulder and at other on his left.
On reaching the graveside, the Prophet (S) himself descended into the pit and with his own hands lowered Saad into the grave. Then he arranged the bricks in the grave and put soil to fill the grave. While putting soil into the grave the Prophet (S) said, ‘Saad’s mortal remains will get lost in the soil but Allah likes that the deeds one does are good and durable!’ When the Prophet (S) was giving the last touches to the grave of Saad, the dead companion’s mother cried,’ O Saad! Greetings on your achieving the Heaven!’
The Prophet said, ‘O mother of Saad! Keep quiet! At the moment Saad is undergoing the pressures (Fishaar) of the grave!’ When the Prophet returned from the grave- yard, the companions asked him,’ Ya Imam! The way you have attended Saad’s funeral, we have not seen you do any time in the past. You went bare-footed. You kept your head uncovered.’ He replied,’ I saw the angels do likewise and I followed suit.The companions asked,’ Sometimes you carried the bier on your right shoulder and at others on the left?’ The Prophet replied,’ I was with Jibrael, whichever side he went, I went the same way!’ The companions asked, ‘You have yourself given bath to Saad, led the funeral prayer, lowered him into the grave and in the end said that he was undergoing the Fishaar of the grave!’ The Prophet replied, ‘Saad was undergoing the Fishaar because he used to treat the people of his house and friends with ill-temper.’
It is narrated that the Prophet (S) has said, ‘Two traits should not be there in Muslims, the first is miserliness and the other bad temper.’ The Prophet said,’ O Abu Dharr! The sign of a Mu’min is that he is good mannered. An ill- tempered person is never a friend of Allah! A good mannered Mu’min is far better than the pious person who is rude to other fellow beings.
The Prophet of Islam(S) has said,’ Good manners are the pleasant behavior of a Mu’min towards others by way of warmth in looks and talk. He offers help to a brother Mu’min in times of need and profers gifts on him that please him!’ The Prophet (S) added, ‘O Abu Dharr! A good and clean word is a sort of charity. If the word has benefited a Mu’min, the one who uttered it would get rewarded!’
The Prophet (S) said, ‘O Abu Dharr! Going to a mosque and sitting there is futile unless one does these three things: Offers prayers, recites the Qur’an and teaches or learns the things about religious rites.’’ O abu Dharr! Allah is not limited to time and space! He doesn’t need any house! Hypocrites are those who say that He is everything while everything is the reflection of Hiss Intrinsic Traits (Sifaat al-Kamaliah). One can only imagine His Greatness looking at things around oneself. The Kaaba, constructed out of bricks and mortar, which has neither gold nor precious stones embedded in it, is the place of prostration for the monarchs and the populace. The old and dilapidated mosques resembling the Kaabah are so much revered that even the rugged mats in them are better than the the tributes of Ceaser and Qaqaan. Of all the benefits derived from the mosques, the one most valuable is that they are the places for congregations of the Muslims. These are the places where people t gather and exchange greetings and news about each other.’

The Status of Aged Muslims
Allah respects the grey haired Muslims. It is an authentic tradition that one must treat youngsters with affection and the elders with respect.
Imam Ja’far As-Sadiq (as) has said: One who reaches fifty years of age will have the accounting easier on the Day of Judgement. One who reaches sixty years of age, even the angels will be friendly towards him. One who touches seventy, his atonement for sins will be accepted. Allah will order the angels to record only the good deeds of the person who reached the age of eighty years. One who reaches ninety years, all his past sins will be pardoned and even the sins that he might commit later might be forgiven.He will be listed in the group of Allah’s captives and will intercede on behalf of his kinsmen on the Day of Judgement.

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