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Imam Hussain, the Chief of the Martys and his forty discourses

Compiled by: Shaykh Mohammad Ishtihardi
The fifth Infallible: Imam Hussain (as)
Name: Hussain
Renowned title: Syed u shuhada (The chief of martyrs)
Subtitle: Aba Abdullah
Father and mother: Imam Ali (as) and Fatima (sa)
Time and Place of birth: 3rd of Shaban 4th Hijrah in Medina
Time and Place of Martydom: Ashura 10th of Moharram ul Haram year 61 Hijrah in Karbala at the age of 57.
Holy Shrine: in Karbala.
Duration of life: four parts
1. The age of prophet of Allah (S) Nearly 6 years.
2. At the Service of his father (approx. 30 years).
3. Along with his brother Imam Hassan (10 years)
4. Period of Imamate 10 years.
Forty Traditions from Imam Hussain (as)


1. (Oh Allah) How could an argument be given about your Existence by a thing whose total & complete existence is in need of you?
Is it that the advent of other than you is such that the like (advent) is not present in you, so that the one other than you becomes a. clear evidence (expression) of your presence? When did you ever disappear so that you might need an evidence &logic to lead (the people) towards you? And when did you ever become away & take distance so that your signs & effects make the people get, in touch with you?
Blind be the eye which does not see you (Whereas) you are observing him. (Prayer of Arafaa day i.e 9th of Zilhaaj). 1
1-

ی ی ی ی ی ی ی ǘ .. ( 98 226
)
2. The one who lacked & missed you what did he find? And what is it that he lacks, the one who finds you? Certainly, the one who got pleased & inclined toward other than you, came to nothingness (failed).2
2- ی
. ( 98
228)
3. A nation which buys the pleasures of the living beings in exchange for te wrath of the creator does not get salvation. 3
3-
. ( ی 1 239
)
4. None is in peace on the resurrection day except the one who fears Allah in the world. 4
4- ی
. ( 44 192
)
5. Allah, firstly mentioned, 'command for good & forbid to do evil' as one of His obligatory services, since, He knew that if these two obligatory are performed & established, all the obligatory services out of easy & hard will get performed & established. Because, 'command for good & forbid to do evil' invites to Islam, along with giving out the right of those having right & opposing of the tyrants & oppressors. 5
5-
ی ǡ ی ... ( 237
)
6. O, people! the Prophet of Allah (S) said the person who sees that a tyrant & unjust king has made the things forbidden by Allah legal & allowed, broken & breeched His promise & perjure opposed the sunnah & tradition of prophet of Allah, acted among the servants of lord with sin & tyranny. So when he does not act against him (the king) through practice or speech. It is Allah's right to make him enter into his (kings) place of entry (Hell). 6
6-
ی ǘ ی . (
ی 1 234)
7. Indeed people are the servants of world & the religion is (like) saliva upon their tongues, they churn it around their tongues till they are living. And when they are faced with a test, the religious ones are only rare. 7
7- ǡ
.
( 245)
8. One who wishes to reach a goal & aim through the sin & transgression, the way to that aim would get blocked & sooner he would get into danger. 8
8-
. ( 248
)
9. Do you not see that the right is not being put into practice & distance is not being taken from the falsehood? (In this situation) the faithful is inclined to it (it suits him) that he meets Allah. 9
9-
. (
245)
10. I do not see (consider) death except prosperity and do not consider life along with oppressors & tyrants except affliction & anguish. 10
10- ی
. ( 245
)
11. And your calamity is greater than all the people because the stations of scholars have been snatched off from you (the rulers have forcibly occupied the stations of ulema & scholars & you are following the occupiers blindly). Wish, you knew this since, (from Islamic point of veiw) the implantation & exercising of the ordinances & matters should be in the hands of God recognizing scholars who are the trustees of His legal & forbidden. But you have been deprived of that post. And that you have not been deprived of that but for the reason that you have detached yourselves from the right &, of your differences in the Sunnah (tradition) after the appearance of conspicuous arguments. Had you been patient upon the torture (of enemy) & had endured & borne the expenditure on Allah's course the matters of Allah (the management of Muslim affairs) would have come to your hands & those would have originated from you & returned to you but, you got the tyrants imposed at your place & surrendered the affairs of Allah to them. They practice upon doubtful (ambiguous) & move on the course of lustful desires. Your running away from the death & attachment with the life, which must part from you, made them imposed upon that (mentioned above). 11
11-
͘ ی ی ی ی ѡ ی ʘ... ( 238
)
12. Oh Allah, You know all that took place at our hand (struggle, movement against evils) was neither for the lust of kingship (power) nor to gain wealth but it was for manifesting the signs & symbols of Your religion & to bring about & implement amendment & correction (reform) in Your cities & make the oppressed & afflicted ones out of Your servants peaceful & that Your obligatory & desirable services & commands be put into practice. 12
12-
͘... ( 239)
13. I have not stood up upon the incentive & provocation of self-conceit & arrogance & not as a chaos creator & oppressor and indeed I have come out (stood up) wishing the rectification of my grandfather Mohammed (S) ummah. I want to order the good deed & forbid the evil & put into practice the character & morale of my grandfather Muhammad (S) & father Ali Ibn Abi talib (as) &13
13-
ی ی ی . ( ی 1 188
)
14. If the world is taken to be a superb & decent house then the house of Allah's reward is more superior & sublime. And if the bodies have been created for death, then being slain with sword on the way of Allah would be better.
And if the substances have been distributed according to the divine destinies then the lesser greed of man for drawing sustenance is more beautiful.
And if the wealths are collected & gathered for being left over (passing away without carrying the wealth along to the next world) why does then the free man become stingy & miser about the things to be left behind. 14
14-

ی

ی


ј

( 44 374)
15. 'Oh followers of the Abu Sufian family if you do not have religion & you are not afraid of the resurrection day then be free in your world. (At least behave freely in your worldly affairs.) 15
15- ی ǘ
. (
ی 2 374)
16. A group worships Allah for the avidity (reward of paradise) this is the service of traders & a group worships Allah due to fear (from hell & the torment of Allah) this is the service of slaves (who obey their masters being afraid of them). And a group worships Allah as thanksgiving, so this is the service of free men & is the superior most service. 16
16-
ϡ . ( 246
)
17. Do know that the people's being needy towards you is a beneficence of Allah upon you so do not get tired of the beneficences lest those should turn into calamity & woes. 17
17-

( 7 121)
18. Oh people! take lesson from what Allah has admonished His friends, wherein He negatively defined (rebuked) the people of the book (Jew) scholars & said, 'Why do the scholars of Jews & Christian not forbid & refrain people from sinful talks (or deviational beliefs) & also said ', Those among the sons of Israel who became infidels were cursed through the tongue of Daud (as) (David) & Essa (as) Christ. What an evil did they commit?
Allah rebuked those scholars because they saw the evils & corruptions in the society before their eyes & did not forbid them from that, for, their inclination towards the material gains which they received from them & for the fear from what they were harassed of.
Although Allah says And do not be harassed by the people & have the fear of Me. 18
And again says the faithful men & women are friends & helpers of each other. And order (each other) the good deeds & stop from evil doings'. 19
18-
ی : : ی -ی - : ( ( )) ( ( )). ( 237
)
19. One who seeks the pleasure of people by displeasing Allah (SWT). Allah makes him over to the people. 20
19- ی
. ( 78 118
)
20. Take care not to maltreat (commit excess upon) anyone who does not have any helper except Allah. 21
20- ǘ
. ( 78 118
)
21. The one who loves you forbids you (from committing evil) & the one who has enemity with you entices & allures you; (to commit evil). 22
21- ǘ ǘ
. ( 78 128
)
22. The intellect does not achieve completion except by observance & following of the right. 23
22-
. ( 78 128
)
23. The company & social intercourse with the people committing transgression is (causes) blame & incredibility. 24
23-
. ( 78 122
)
24. Weeping for the fear of Allah is (causes) salvation from the fire (Hell). 25
24-
. (ј 294/2
)
25. A man came to the chief of martyrs Imam Hussain (A.S) & said " I am a man who commits sin & do not have patience & constraining power against sin & wrongs, so admonish me with a (piece of) admonition.
Thus he (S) said Do five things & commit any sin you may wish. First is that do not eat the sustenance of Allah & do commit any sin you wish. And secondly, get out of the dominion of Allah & do perform any sin you like to & thirdly seek a place where Allah does not see you & commit any sin you please & fourthly when the angel of death come to take your soul, repel him from yourself & do any sin you may please. And fifthly when Malik (the in charge of the Hell) makes you enter the fire do not enter the fire (hell) & do any sin which you may please. 26
25-
ی : ی : Ø ǘ . ( 78 126
)
26. Take care, not to do anything for which you have to apologize. Because the faithful does not commit wrong (sin) & does not apologize & the hypocrite commits sin all the days & (then) extends apologies. 27
26- ǘ
. (
248)
27. Hurrying & making haste is witlessness, & insanity. 28
27-
. ( 78 122
)
28. Do not allow anyone to enter & (walk in) till he has saluted. 29
28- ی
. ( 78 117
)
29. It is from the signs of ignorance to enter into dispute with those not having thought & meditation. 30
29-
. ( 78 119
)
30. One of the signs of the scholar is his criticism upon his (own) speech & his awareness & knowledge pertaining to the facts about the forms of views. 31
30-
. ( 78 119
)
31. Emulate & compete each other in achieving the human values & rush & hasten to get the spiritual treasures. 32
31-
. ( 78 121
)
32. Whoso ever has generosity becomes the chief & that one who commits parsimony & stinginess becomes degraded & objected. 33
32-
. ( 78 121
)
33. Most generous of the people is the one who grants to the person who does not have any expectation from him. 34
33- : ی
. ( 78 121
)
34. One who removes an anguish & sorrow of a faithful, Allah grants him the deliverance from the sorrows & dejections of world & the hereafter. 35
34-
. ( 78 121
)
35. Whenever you hear that a person reaches for the honor of the people & endeavor to dishonor the people, try hard that he does not come to know you. 36
35-
. ( / 45
)
36. A person asked him what is needlessness (wealth)?' He replied ', the fewer & lesser number of your desires & your satisfaction over what can be sufficient for your life.' 37
36- ی
. (ی 401
)
37- ی :ی ی
. ( 78 118
)
38. Do practice like the person who knows that he would be seized & held for committing crime & rewarded for good deed. 38
38- ی
. ( 78 127
)
39. There are seventy benefactions & rewards for saluting sixty nine are for the one who initiates it & one for the replier. 39
39-
. ( 78 120
)
40. Do not say a word about your brother in his absence which you would not like him to say during your absence. 40
40- ی
. ( 78 127
)
1. Bihar ul-AnwarVol. 98, P 226
2. Prayer of Arafaa Day, Bihar ul-Anwar, Vol. 98, P 228
3. Maqtal Khawarzami, Vol. 1, P 239
4. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 449 P 192
5. Tuhaf al-Uqul. P 237
6. Maqtal Khawarzami, Vol. I. P 234
7. Tuhaf al-Uqul. P 245)
8. Tuhaf al-Uqul. P 248)
9. Tuhaf al-Uqul. P 245
10. Tuhaf al-Uqul. P 245
11. Tuhaf al-Uqul, P 2.38
12. Tuhaf al-Uqul, P 2.39
13. Maqtal Khawarzami, Vol. I, P 188
14. Bihar Al Anwar Vol. 44, P 374
15. Maqtal Khwarzami Vol. 2, P .33
16. Tuhaf al-Uqul, P 24
17. Bihar ul-Anwar, Vol. 78, P 121
18. Surah Maida 46
19. Tuhaf al-Uqul, P 237
20. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78. P 126
21. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78. P 118
22. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78, P 128
23. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78, P 127
24. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol78, P 122
25. Mustadrak ul-Wasail, Vol. 2, P 294
26. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78, P 126
27. Tuhaf al-Uqul, P 248
28. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78, P 122
29. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78, P 117
30. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78, P 119
31. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78, P 119
32. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78. P 121
33. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78. P 121
34. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78. P 121
35. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78. P 121
36. (Balaghat Al Hussain Alkalimatul Qisar. 45)
37. Maani Al Ikhbar P 401
38. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78. P 127
39. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78. P 120
40. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78. P 127

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