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Good neighborliness

By: Ayatullah Shaheed Sayyid Muhammad Baqir al-Hakim
Let us now refer to further details in the form of traditions that are reported from the Ahl al-Bayt (‘a): Imam al-Sadiq (‘a) is reported to have quoted the Holy Prophet (S) as saying: Good neighborliness makes communities thrive and increases longevity.¯99¯
Abu-Mas’ud has reported that Imam al-Sadiq (‘a) said to him: Good neighborliness increases longevity and makes communities thrive.¯100¯
Abu-Rabi’ al-Shami has reported that Imam al-Sadiq (‘a) said the following while his house was packed with people: Be it known to you all that whoever does not observe good neighborliness with his neighbors, does not belong to us.¯101¯
Imam al-Baqir (‘a) is reported to have said: The border of neighborhood includes forty houses from all sides; the front, the back, the right, and the left.¯102¯
‘Umar ibn ‘Ikrimah has reported the following narration from Imam al-Sadiq (‘a): One day, a man from the Ansar came to the Holy Prophet (S) and complained that he had bought a house next to a man from whom neither goodness nor security from harm could be expected. Immediately, the Holy Prophet (S) ordered Imam ‘Ali (‘a), Salman, Abu-Dharr, and probably al-Miqdad to go to the mosque and announce: “Faithless is he whose neighbors are not safe from his harm.”
After they had declared this statement three times each, the Holy Prophet (S) pointed to forty houses from all directions to be the limits of neighborhood.¯103¯
Al-Hasan ibn ‘Abdullah has reported the Righteous Servant (i.e. Imam al-Kazim) to have said: Good neighborliness does not mean to stop harm from neighbors; rather, it means to patiently endure the harm of neighbors.¯104¯
Imam al-Sadiq (‘a) is reported to have said: A faithful believer cannot escape one of the following three things although he may encounter all of them: he may be harmed by one of the members of his family who lives with him in the same house, or one of his neighbors, or one who impedes him from managing his affairs. Even if a faithful believer secludes himself on a mountain summit, Almighty Allah will send a devil from which the believer may seek refuge. Almighty Allah will designate for him friendship derived from his own faith due to which he will never feel lonely.¯105¯
Imam al-Baqir (‘a) is reported to have said: A wicked neighbor is like a stab in the back. If this neighbor sees a kind act (from another neighbor), he conceals it; however, if he notices a misdeed, he divulges it.¯106¯
99. - Al-Hurr al-’Amili, Wasa’il al-Shi’ah 8:489, S. 87, H. 5.
100. - Al-Hurr al-’Amili, Wasa’il al-Shi’ah 8:489, S. 87, H. 3.
101. - Al-Hurr al-’Amili, Wasa’il al-Shi’ah 8:489, S. 87, H. 5.
102. - Al-Hurr al-’Amili, Wasa’il al-Shi’ah 8:491, S. 90, H. 1.
103. - Al-Hurr al-’Amili, Wasa’il al-Shi’ah 8:487, S. 86, H. 1.
104. - Al-Hurr al-’Amili, Wasa’il al-Shi’ah 8:484, S. 85, H. 2.
105. - Al-Hurr al-’Amili, Wasa’il al-Shi’ah 8:484, S. 85, H. 3.
106. - Al-Hurr al-’Amili, Wasa’il al-Shi’ah 8:491, S. 89, H. 1.

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