Some Advices to Muslims
1906- Ameer al-Momineen (a.s) said: "The strength of the body is from eating food, and the strength of the spirit is from feeding food."
1907- Ameer al-Momineen (a.s) said: "Whoever gains victory by committing sins has not really been victorious. One who wins by doing evil deeds is indeed a loser."
1908- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Consider whoever is known by all as being accused, since he does not belong to your nation."
1909- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Whenever you see someone who has forgotten his own sins and is seeking the sins of other people, know that he is mischievous."
1910- Imam Sadiq (a.s) narrated that God revealed to one of His Prophets: "Do not wear the clothes of My enemies. Do not eat the food of My enemies. Do not act as My enemies do since then you will also be My enemy just like them."
1911- Imam Sadiq (a.s) narrated that the Prophet Joseph (a.s) saw a man. The man told him: "I swear by God that I like you." Joseph (a.s) said: "I have experienced whatever I should when I was down in the well. My father loved me, and I suffered what I should have suffered from my brothers' side. The wife of the Aziz of Egypt expressed her love to me and I experienced what I should. Now I want no one but God to love me."
1912- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "We have high ranks, and our followers have high ranks too. They are better than us since they are killed in our way, but we are not killed in their way."
1913- A ninety-four year old man called Unwan Basari said that he had known Malik ibn Anees for two years when Imam Sadiq (a.s) entered Medina. He said he went to visit Imam Sadiq (a.s) and was interested in learning what he learned from Malik directly from the Imam (a.s). One day Imam Sadiq (a.s) told him: “I am under surveillance by the government, and have various prayers to do during the day and the night. Do not interrupt me while I am saying my prayers, and continue going to see Malik and ask him your questions as you did before.” He became sad hearing this and said to himself that if he was good the Imam (a.s) would not have turned him down and would not have told him to go to Malik to ask his questions. Then he entered the Prophet's mosque again and greeted Imam Sadiq (a.s) and entered the shrine after passing by the tomb of the Prophet (a.s). He said two units of prayer and said: “O' God! Please make (Imam) Ja'far's heart inclined towards me, and help me benefit from his knowledge to be guided to the Straight Path.” Then he left there and went home. Since he was sad, and his heart was filled with the love for the Imam (a.s), he no longer went to see Malik. He stayed home and did not leave the house except when absolutely necessary. He finally got really bored, put on his shoes and cloak and went to the house of Imam Sadiq (a.s) after the afternoon prayer. When he arrived, he asked for permission to enter. Imam Sadiq (a.s)'s servant came to the door and asked him what he wanted. He said that he wanted to see the Imam (a.s). The servant told him to wait until after the Imam (a.s) had finished saying his prayer. Then after a while he was allowed to enter the house. He entered and said greetings. The Imam (a.s) greeted back and said: “Sit down. May God bless you. What is your surname?” He said: “Abu Abdullah.” Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: “May God extend your family and enable you to succeed in doing what pleases God.” Then Abu Abdullah thought to himself that even gaining the benefit of this prayer by the Imam (a.s) through this visit was a great benefit for him. Imam Sadiq (a.s) waited for a while and then raised his head and said: “O' Abu Abdullah! What do you want?” He said: “I asked God to make your heart inclined towards me so that I could benefit from your knowledge. I expect God to grant me whatever I ask Him for.”
Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: “O' Abu Abdullah! Knowledge does not depend on learning. It is a light which God shines in the heart of whomever God the Almighty wants to guide. If you want knowledge, first create real servitude in yourself. Then acquire knowledge to practice, and ask God for understanding so that God makes you understand.” He asked Imam Sadiq (a.s): “What constitutes true servitude?” Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: “Three things constitute true servitude. First you should not consider what God has granted you to be in your own possession, since servants are not owners and they consider all property to belong to God and spend it in whatever way God orders. Second a servant should spend all his time doing what God has ordered and forbidding what He has forbidden. Therefore once a servant considers what God has bestowed on him not to be his own property, he can make donations easily; and when he leaves the management of all his affairs to the Real Manager, then withstanding the hardships of this world will be easier for him. Also when a servant accepts to do what God has decreed, and forbids what God has forbidden, then he will never quarrel with the people or be haughty. Whenever God grants these three characteristics to a servant, then he will look down upon this world, Satan and the people, and will not try to collect wealth in order to keep up with the Joneses. He will not demand honor and status from the people. He will not waste his time. This is the first rank of the God-fearing ones, as the Almighty God said: “That Home of the Hereafter we shall give to those who intend not high-handedness or mischief on earth, and the End is (best) for the righteous.” [The Holy Quran: Qasas 28:83] He asked the Imam (a.s): “Please give me some advice.” Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: “I will advise you on nine issues. These are meant for those who are trotting on God's path. I ask God to help you act upon them. Three of them are about abstinence, the next three are about patience, and the last three are about knowledge. Remember them and do not take them lightly.” He got ready to hear them. Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: “Regarding the self, first do not eat what you do not like since that will cause you to become stupid. Second do not eat unless you are hungry, and only eat what is legitimate. Start eating in the Name of God, and remember that God's Prophet (a.s) said: “A man never fills any dish worse than he fills his own stomach.”
So if you have to eat, allow one-third of your stomach's space for food, another one-third for water, and the last one-third for air.” The three issues regarding patience are: If someone tells you that if you say anything, you will be answered back ten-fold, tell him that you will not say anything even if he says ten things to you. Second if someone swears at you just say that you will ask God to forgive you if he is telling the truth, and you will ask God to forgive him if he is telling a lie. Third if someone threatens you, advise him and pray for him. And now hear the last three issues regarding knowledge. First ask those who possess knowledge about what you do not know. Never ask them any questions in order to test them or blame them. Avoid acting according to your own viewpoints. Be cautious when doing things that you think require caution. Do not issue religious decrees as quickly as you escape from a lion. Do not let others use your neck as a bridge to climb over you.” Then Imam Sadiq (a.s) asked him to leave, and not disturb him since he was busy doing his prayers and he did not want to waste time.
1914- God's Prophet (a.s) said that God the Almighty said: “I have a great problem with man. I created him, but he worships others. I give him his daily bread, but he thanks others. I cut off his daily bread, but he complains to others about it.”
1915- God's Prophet (a.s) said that God the Almighty revealed the following to Moses (a.s): “I have made five things dependent upon five other things, but people seek them in other things. Then when will they find them? I have established honor in My obedience, but people seek it in the houses of the kings. Then when will they find it? I have established knowledge in being hungry, but they seek it on a full stomach. Then when will they find it? I have established self-sufficiency in contentment, but they seek it in collecting wealth. Then when will they find it? I have established comfort in the Hereafter, but they seek it in this world. Then when will they find it? I have established My pleasure in their opposing their own selfish desires, but they seek it in following their own selfish desires. Then when will they find it?”
1916- Muhammad ibn Abi Omeer quoted on the authority of Imam Kazim (a.s): “God will only make the infidels, the unbelievers, the misguided people, and the atheists reside in Hell forever. And any believer who avoids committing a major sin will be questioned by God regarding his minor sins. God the Almighty said: “If ye (but) eschew the most heinous of the things which ye are forbidden to do, We shall expel out of you all evil in you, and admit you to a Gate of great honor.” [The Holy Quran: Nisaa 4:31] Then they asked him: “Who then does intercession apply to?” Imam Kazim (a.s) said: “My father quoted on the authority of his grandfather who had quoted on the authority of Imam Ali (a.s): “I heard God's Prophet (a.s) say: “My intercession applies to those of my people who have committed major sins, but good people do not need any intercession.” Muhammad ibn Abi Ommer asked Imam Kazim (a.s): “O' Grandson of the Prophet! How does intercession apply to those who have committed major sins even though the Almighty God said: “And they offer no intercession except for those who are acceptable and they stand in awe and reverence of His (glory).”[The Holy Quran: Anbiyaa 21:28] and whoever commits a major sin is not acceptable?” Imam Kazim (a.s) said: “O' Abu Ahmad! Any believer who commits a sin will become sorry, and God's Prophet (a.s) said being sorry itself is a form of repentance. He also said: “Whoever is pleased with his good deeds and is unhappy with his bad deeds is a believer. Whoever is not sorry about his sins is not a believer. There will be no intercession for him since he is an oppressor. God the Almighty said: “No intimate friend nor intercessor will the wrong-doers have, who could be listened to.”[The Holy Quran: Mu-min 40:18]
Then he asked: “O' grandson of the Prophet! How can someone who does not repent for committing a sin be not considered a believer?” Imam Kazim (a.s) said: “O' Abu Ahmad! There is no one that knows if he commits a major crime he will be punished, and does not feel sorry when he commits it. Once he feels sorry, this is considered to be repentance, and thus he deserves intercession. But if he does not become sorry, he is considered to be one who insists on committing sins. Such a person will never be forgiven since as a result of the sins that he has committed, he is no longer a believer. If he believed in the punishment he would have repented.
God's Prophet (a.s) said: "Major sins are eliminated by repentance, and minor sins turn into major sins by insisting on committing sins." God the Almighty said: "And they offer no intercession except for those who are acceptable."[The Holy Quran: Anbyaa 21:28]
They will not intercede on behalf of those whose religion is not accepted by God. Religion consists of confessing to recompense for good and bad deeds. Whoever has a religion that is accepted by God will be sorry for committing sins since he is aware of the punishment in the Hereafter."
On Praying for One's Believing
1917- Ibrahim ibn Ummar al-Yamani narrated that Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Whoever honors a believer has indeed honored God, and God will fend off catastrophes from whoever prays for his believing brother and increase his share of daily bread."
1918- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "When a believer privately prays for another believer, calamities will be fended off of him, and his share of daily bread will increase."
1919- Imam Sadiq (a.s) quoted on the authority of God's Prophet (a.s): "Whenever a believer privately prays for his believing brother, God will appoint an angel to pray for him and say: "You will also get whatever you asked for your believing brother."
1920- Umar ibn Yazeed narrated that Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Whenever you pray for forty of your believing brothers before you pray for yourself, God will fulfill your prayers for them and for yourself."
1921- Abdul-Rahman ibn al-Haj'jaj narrated that he asked Imam Kazim (a.s): "Is it permissible for me to greet and pray for a Christian doctor to whom I go for a visit whenever I need him?" Imam Kazim (a.s) replied: "Yes, but your prayers are of no use for him."
On Safeguarding and Refining the
1924- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Whenever you think that the truth will ruin you, it will save you; and whenever you think that falsehood will save you, it will ruin you."
1925- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "I like it when a Muslim man prays for safeguarding his religion and his daily bread."
1926- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Whoever experiences the joy of our love in his heart should first thank God for the first blessing." The people asked him: "What is the first blessing?" Imam Sadiq (a.s) replied: "Being born legitimately."
1927- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Whoever loves us and does not have a shameful background is one of the especial servants of God." The people asked him: "What do you mean by not having a shameful background?" Then Imam Sadiq (a.s) replied: "I mean being born legitimately."
1928- Imam Sadiq (a.s) quoted on the authority of God's Prophet (a.s): "I saw something strange. I saw a man who was walking behind an animal. The animal slipped and fell down. The man said: "I wish you die!" The guardian angel on the right side said: "This was not a good deed to be recorded by me." The guardian angel on the left side said: "This was not a sin to be recorded by me." Then there came revelation to the guardian angel on the left side: "You must record whatever deeds that the guardian angel on the right side does not record."
On Friendship, Hatred and Success
1929- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Whoever expresses his love out of place is exposing his relationship to the threat of being cut off."
1930- It has been narrated that once when Imam Baqir (a.s)was sitting in the mosque, a man passed by. Another man who was sitting there said: "I swear by God that I like that man." Imam Baqir (a.s) said: "Tell him that you like him if he does not know it. This will strengthen your friendship and is better for getting accustomed to each other."
1931- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "My friendship with my fathers is dearer to me than my relationship with them. I can benefit from their friendship without this relationship, but I cannot benefit from this relationship without their friendship."
1932- In Al-Mahasin it is narrated that Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "It is not so that a believer is needless of any traits. He always needs three traits: divine success, an inner council, and accepting advice."
1933- In Al-Irshad it is narrated that Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "It is not so that you can do whatever you decide to do, or be successful in doing whatever you have the power to do, or to do right in whatever you are successful in doing. Whenever intention, power, success and the right outcome are all gathered together, then you have attained perfect prosperity."
On Remembering Blessings and Their
1934- Imam Baqir (a.s) said that God told Moses (a.s): "O' Moses! Love Me and make Me loved by the people." Moses (a.s) said: "O' My Lord! You know that nothing is dearer to me than You are. How can I attract the people's hearts to you?" God the Almighty said: "Remind them of My blessings, since they will not remember anything but My kindness."
1935- Imam Baqir (a.s) said: "Do not associate with the rich, since then you will underestimate the blessings that God Has given to you."
1936- Davood al-Reghi narrated that Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Whenever God gives someone blessings, He will also place the burden of the needs of the people on his shoulders. God will let him into Heaven if he fulfills the needs of the people without any scorn, otherwise God will take away all the good things given to him and his final abode will be Hell. The Prophet's intercession on the Resurrection Day will not apply to him either."
1937- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Whenever the blessings given to someone increase, the means for providing for the needs of the people will be placed in his hands. If he expresses irritation (about the people), then the blessings will be taken away from him."
On God Gradually Abandoning Man
and not Being Grateful to God
1938- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Whenever God wishes someone bad, He gives him something when he commits a sin so that he forgets to repent and remains in that state. This is God's statement: "Those who reject Our signs, We shall gradually visit them with punishment, in ways they perceive not." [The Holy Quran: Araf 7:182]
1939- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Whenever God wills to abandon man, He will let him commit a sin, and then give him a blessing. This will make him forget that he has committed a sin and he will not seek God's forgiveness. This is what is meant by God gradually abandoning man."
1940- God's Prophet (a.s) said: "Whoever says he is the best of the people is the worst of them, and whoever says he is a resident of Heaven is a resident of Hell."
1941- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Whoever is given divine blessings but uses them to engage in having fun has not been grateful for God's blessings. Whoever is stricken by a calamity, and cries out a lot only increases his own sorrow."
On Being Bossy
1942- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Whoever tries to attract the people to himself while there is someone who is more knowledgeable than himself is a wrong-doer and has transgressed beyond his limits."
1943- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "You should avoid bosses who force themselves on the people. I swear by God that anyone whose shoes were heard hitting the ground from behind him1 got destroyed and ruined other people too."
1944- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "O' Young people! Fear God and do not follow bossy people. Leave them to themselves until they realize their sins. Do not adopt anyone to be your boss instead of God."
1945- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "The worst of you are those who force their mastery over the people. Those around whom the people gather, and love to have total control over you, who make themselves famous, and become famous, or you put trust in, have to be liars or weak in making a decision."
On Obeying or Disobeying God
1946- In Al-Mahasin it is narrated that Imam Sadiq (a.s) said the following regarding God's statement: "Seeing that they had been summoned aforetime to bow in adoration while they were whole (and had refused)." [The Holy Quran: Qalam 68:43] They were able to obey God, and abandon what God Had forbidden, but they were tested this way and did not do so."
1947- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "One cannot change what God has decreed and forbidden, unless in what there is a divine test and destiny."
1948- Imam Baqir (a.s) quoted on the authority of God's Prophet (a.s): "Doing things at a reasonable pace is divine, but rushing is Satanic."
On Preparing a Will
God the Almighty said: "It is prescribed, when death approaches any of you, if he leaves any goods, that he makes a bequest to parents and next of kin, according to reasonable usage; this is due from the God-fearing. If anyone changes the bequest after hearing it, the guilt shall be on those who make the change. For God hears and knows (all things)." [The Holy Quran: Baqara 2:180-181]
1949- God's Prophet (a.s) said: "Whoever dies without making a will has died like the ignorant ones."
1950- God's Prophet (a.s) said: "It is not proper for any Muslim to sleep without having prepared a will and placing it under his pillow1."
1951- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "It is obligatory for all Muslims to make a will."
1952- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Whoever does not make a will in front of those relatives who do not get any inheritance from him has ended his deeds in sin."
1953- God's Prophet (a.s) said: "Whoever does not write a good will at the time of death is deficient in manliness and intelligence."
God's Peace and Blessings be Upon our Master Muhammad, and his Holy Household the Purest of the Pure, all of whom are of the Chosen Ones, and the Free Ones.