The Tidings of the Prophet's Regarding Holy Prophet Muhammad(S.A.W.)
In the previous chapters we discussed that the grand messages of the prophets invited mankind towards the Universal Religion called Islam; which means submission and surrender to the commands of the Creator, Allah. Islam, which guided humanity in its stages of development and promises salvation in the hereafter. Islam which was preached by such great prophets as Abraham, Moses, Jesus (peace be upon them) and several others, scattered across the face of the earth, reached its climax with its final and most scientific message, the Holy Qur'an , which was revealed to its greatest Prophet, Muhammad (s.a.w.).
This last final call or set of legislations was to supersede all previous messages, since it is the most advanced version, equipped to serve mankind and its scientific and technological progress till Doomsday. In other words the previous messages were preparatory steps and paving measures to groom mankind intellectually for the great task of shouldering this perfect message, and believing sincerely in it.
Therefore it was natural for the carriers of previous messages, Moses and Jesus (a.s.), to direct their followers to await this great revelation, and whole-heartedly accept its invitation by believing in the Seal of~, the prophets, Muhammad (s.a.w); as after him neither there will be a messenger nor a message. The sacred scriptures which contained many passages, indicating the coming of this great Prophet, exhorted their followers to await the auspicious event and gather under Muhammad's (s.a.w.) banner when he appears.
Despite the havoc wrought on the Torah and the Gospel by the rabbis and the priests, fragments remained in these very books, heralding the great Reformer. The Jews eagerly awaited the coming of a prophet promised by God to deliver and guide mankind. They even wrote books describing the signs of his appearance. Jews living in Yathreb' and other parts of Arabia and constantly embroiled with the idol worshipping pagan Arab tribes of Aws and the Khazraj , used to declare that as soon as the promised one will appear in this very land, he will put an end to the evil practices of these Arabs.
The following verses of the holy Qur'an beautifully describe these facts:
"And certainly We gave Moses the Book (Torah) and after him We sent (many) apostles one after another, and We gave Jesus, son of Mary, clear proofs (of Allah's sovereignty) and we strengthened him with the holy spirit (angel Gabriel). What! whenever then an apostle came to you with that (teachings) which your souls did not desire, you were insolent, so you called some (apostles) liars and some (apostles) you slew. And they (Jews) say: Our hearts are covered. Nay, Allah has cursed them on account of their unbelief; so little it is that they believe. And when there came to them a Book (Qur'an) from Allah, verifying that which they have (Torah), although before that they used to pray for victory over those who disbelieved, but when there came to them that (Prophet) which they did recognize, (to be the truth) they disbelieved in him; so Allah's curse is on the unbelievers. "
Holy Qur'an (2:87-89)
The events which were foretold to the Jews in their books and which they were awaiting as manifest signs of the great Reformer's appearance did take place before the coming of Muhammad (s.a.w.), a fact towards which the Qur'an points:
".... although before that they used to pray for victory over those who disbelieved, but when there came to them that (Prophet) which they did recognize (to be the truth) they disbelieved in him... ."
Holy Qur'an (2:89)
Commenting on the revelation of the above verse, the Prophet's cousin, Abdullah Ibn Abbas who was a renowned exegete says: The Jews used to invoke Allah, in the name of the awaited Prophet (before declaration of Muhammad's (s.a.w.) prophethood) against the Arab tribes of Aws and Khazraj But when Allah commanded Muhammad (s.a.w.) to publicly announce his prophethood they disbelieved in him and went back on their words; on the pretext that he was not from the Israelites but was an Arab and thus they shamelessly denied what they used to say in his praise.
Upon this, three of the Arabs; Muadh ibn Jubail, Bishr ibn Bara and Dawud ibn Salamah, who had renounced idolatory and accepted Islam, reminded them in the following words: "0 Jews; Fear Allah and accept Islam; because you yourself used to pray for victory over us by the right of Muhammad (s.a.w.), while we were idolators, remember you used to praise him and foretell his prophethood and describe his attributes to us' To this Salam ibn Mushkim; the Jew, replied that Muhammad (s.a.w) brought nothing to them they knew and he is not the prophet, which they were telling about. To refute these Jewish denials the above verse was revealed.
Al-Aiyashi, in his famous exegesis on the holy Qur'an has recorded Imam Ja'afar As-Sadeq's (a.s.) narration to Abu Basir. The Imam says that the Jews had been informed in their books, that the migration (Hejira) route of the last Prophet would pass through somewhere between the places called Ayr' and Ohud'. in the Hejaz Keen to locate the place the Jews migrated to the Hejaz to await the eventual coming of the last Reformer. Passing along Mount Hadad, they thought it rhymed perfectly with the predicted Ohud and they dispersed along the valley, making settlements in Taima', Fadak' and Khaiber'.
After some time a group of Taima Jews longing to see their brethren, hired the services of a Bedouin and his camels, who promised to show them the predicted lands, called Ayr and Ohud. When the party reached the city of Yathreb (Medina) the Bedouin told them that this is Ayr and that is Ohud . Immediately the Jews dismounted and informed the Bedouin that they no longer required either his services or his camels, because they had reached their avowed goal and intend to settle there. They wrote to their brethren in Fadak and Khaiber about their discovery of the promised place and invited them to join them in Yathreb. The Khaiber and Fadak Jews, as they had grown roots in those places showed reluctance in deserting their settlements, but however assured the Yathreb Jews, that since it is in close proximity to their places, when it happens (the appearance of the awaited Prophet), they will rush to Yathreb.
Gradually as time passed the Jews, profiting in trade and commerce amassed considerable wealth and bought large properties in and around Yathreb. Their new found wealth and prosperity attracted the Covetous eyes of Tubba', King of Yemen, who raided them. The Jews fortified themselves and after a long siege, the conflicting parties came to terms. King Tubba revealed his intentions of permanently settling in Yathreb, to which the Jews objected, saying that Yathreb being the future migration place of the expected Prophet, it is sacred to them and no one else may reside there until then. The King of Yemen persuaded them that in that case he will leave two of his near relatives from the Aws and Khazraj tribes in Yathreb , so that they may also support the promised Reformer when he appears.
In course of time the numbers of the Aws and Khazraj who were Arabs greatly increased and soon they started vying with the Jews for supremacy and laid their hands on Jewish lands and properties. It was during these conflicts against the idol-worshipping Arabs (the Aws and Khazraj tribes) that the Jews who were expecting the last Prophet and had migrated to Arabia solely for this purpose, used to rebuke the pagan Arabs by saying:
"When Muhammad (s.a.w.) finally appears, we shall drive you from our lands and properties.
But when Muhammad (s.a.w.) did finally appear and declared his prophethood, it were these very same Jews - who generations ago had come in his search - who rejected him saying that he was an Arab and not of the Israelites. Whereas the pagan Arabs of the tribes of Aws and Khazraj renounced idolatory, accepted Islam and rallied to his cause, for which ironically the Jews had waited so long, only to deviate at the last moment. Thus it is towards this fact that the Holy Qur'an draws attention.
"... although before that they used to pray for victory over those who disbelieved..." Holy Qur'an (2:89)
It will not be out of context to cite the following passages from the Old Testament, which to any discernible and rational mind are a pointer to the prophethood of Muhammad (s.a.w.)
"I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, and will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him."
"And it shall come to pass, that whosoever will not hearken unto my words which he shall speak in my name, I will requite it of him."
"And as for Ishmael I have heard thee: Behold, I have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, and will multiply him exceedingly; twelve princes shall be beget and I will make him a great nation."
Genesis (17: 20)
"Here is My servant, whom I uphold, My chosen on in whom I delight, I have bestowed My spirit upon him and he will make justice shine on the nations. He will not call out or lift his voice high, or make himself heard in the open market. He will not break a bruised reed, or snuff out a smouldering wick; he will make justice shine on ever race, never faltering, never breaking down, he will plan justice on earth, while coasts and islands wait for hi teaching. Thus speaks the Lord Who is God, He Who created the skies and stretched them out, Who fashioned the earth and all that grows in it, Who gave breath to it people, the breath of life to all who walk upon it: I, the Lord, have called you with righteous purpose and taken you by the hand; I have formed you and appointed you to b a light to all peoples, a beacon for the nations... Let the wilderness and its towns rejoice, and the villages of the tribe of Kedar (Qaydarl." Isaiah (42:1-6-11)
These prophesies could apply to none of the Hebrew prophets. Even Jesus (a.s.) made it plain that his mission was far from being universal, saying: "I am not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel".
( Mathew 15:24)
His calling was limited and it was the later non Jewish converts, not Jesus (a.s.) who gave Christianity its inclusive nature. Nor was Jesus (a.s) or any of the Hebrew prophets related in any way to Kedar (Qaydar). In promising a great prophet from the Arabs, Isaiah (a.s) was merely amplifying the prophecy made previously by Moses (a.s). God revealed to Moses (Deuteronomy 18:18, 19) that a prophet would arise from the brothers of the Hebrews - the Arabs, who were children of the brother of Isaac, Ishmael (peace be upon them)- who would command world wide attention and obedience.
Ishmael's (a.s) descendants came to be known as Arabs, a term which in Hebrew, meant those who inhabited the Arabah' (desert). Further, of all the sons of Ishmael (a.s) the one mentioned most prominently in the Old Testament is Kedar. In some verses Kedar is synonymous with the Arabs in general. This is an important indication that the line of Kedar was marked by God for a unique purpose for it was from this line Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) sprang.
Prophet Jesus' Prophecy About Holy Prophet Muhammad(S.A.W.)
"And when Jesus son of Mary said: 0 Children of Israel! Surely I am the apostle of Allah to you, verifying that which was (revealed) before me of the Torah, and giving the good tidings of an Apostle who will come after me, whose name is Ahmad... " Holy Qur'an (61:6)
"Those who follow the Apostle - Prophet the Ummi whom they find ordained for them in the Torah and the Gospel, he enjoins them good and forbids them evil..." Holy Qur'an (7:157)
The Gospel of Jesus (a.s.) brought into sharper focus the identity of the one who would fulfill the promise to make the line of Ishmael (a.s.) a great nation. In the Gospel of John - a New Testament book which is not the
Gospel of Jesus (a.s.) and which may be considered as representing only in general terms portions of Jesus' teaching - Jesus (a.s.) informs his close companions that his work among them was drawing to conclusion, but God would send someone else after a time to carry forward the prophetic movement. This someone, however, would be the last of the prophets.
The following passages of the New Testament lend further proof to the Prophethood of Muhammad (s.a.w ) :
"And this is the record of John (the Baptist) when the Jews sent priests and levites from Jerusalem to ask him, who art thou?
And he confessed, and denied not; but confessed lam not the Christ.
And they asked him, what then? Art thow Elias? And he saith lam not. Art thou THAT PR OPHET? And he answered, No.
And they asked him, and said unto him, why baptizest thou then, if thou be not that Christ, nor Elias, neither THAT PROPHET. "
"If ye love me, keep my commandments.
And I will pray the Father and He shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you forever.
But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance whatsoever I have said unto you.
Hereafter I will not talk much with you: for the prince of this world cometh, and hath nothing in me." John (14:15, 16, 26, 30)
"But when the Comforter is come, whom I shall send unto you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth from the Father, he shall testify of me." John (15:26)
"Nevertheless I tell you the truth; it is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you.
And when he is come, he will reprove the world sin, and of righteousness, and of judgement:
Of sin, because they believe not on me;
Of righteousness, because I go to my Father, and y see me no more;
Of judgement because the prince of this world judged.
I have yet many things to say unto you, but ye cannot bear them now.
Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he will skew you things to come".
He shall glorify me: for he shall receive of mine, and shall skew it unto you." John (16:7-14)
A careful study of these passages brings to light the following facts:
1) Jesus Christ (a. s.) prophesies the coming of a Comforter after him.
2) The coming of the Comforter depends on Christ's departure.
3) He is sent by Almighty, Allah.
4) He will teach everything.
5) He will draw attention towards what the Christ had foretold.
6) He will testify and glorify Christ.
7) He will not speak by himself but what he divinely hears.
8) He will foretell future events.
9) The world will follow his religion.
10) He will stay forever.
In view of these glaring facts if we cast a glimpse at the life of Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) we will discover the amazing truth that these points perfectly tally with his mission and hence without doubt he is the Comforter whose tidings Jesus (a. s.) gave. Because the holy Qur'an revealed to Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) not only confirms and glorifies Jesus (a. s.) and his Prophethood but reminds people of Christ's prophecy. Besides, the Qur'an is a final revelation for mankind and an eternal message. It is an inexhaustible mine of information, foretells future events and promises that Islam will eventually spread all over the world uniting humanity in peace and harmony.
A closer look at the word Comforter' as mentioned in the Bible will help us uncover some more startling facts. Comforter here stands for the word Parakletos' mentioned in the Greekversion of the New Testament from which the English translation is made. And more precisely the meaning of Parakletos' is an advocate, one who counsels or advises another from deep concern for the other's welfare. Or to say it more clearly Parakletos' would designate one who would be considered "Mercy for all creatures (Rahmatun lil Alameen), the term the holy Qur'an uses in chapter 21 verse 107 to describe Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.).
Moreover scholars have pointed out that what Jesus' said in his native language of Aramaic represents another similar Greek word Perildytos', which means the Admirable or the Glorified One and corresponds exactly to the Arabic word Ahmad'.
Hence the Qur'an's quotation of Jesus' good tidings to the Jews: "An Apostle will come after me whose name is Ahmad .
When Jesus declares of this coming Prophet- Counsellor that he would "abide with you forever" he shows that there would be no need for additional prophets to succeed him. He would be the last one. He would lead mankind "to every aspect of the truth. So truthful and trustworthy would he be that he will be called Al-Amin (The Truthful) or as the text of John 16:13 says, "the spirit of truth, one of whom it could be said: "He has brought them the Truth." (Qur'an 23: 70)
The term spirit' here does not mean that the coming Prophet would be other than human. In New Testament Greek, this word has also been applied to an inspired person, "the possessor of a spiritual- communication or revelation. This is why the next sentence of the verse containing this expression says: He will guide you unto all truth; for he shall not speak of himself, but whatsoever he shall hew' (from God), that shall he speak. (John 16: 13).
This person would receive the revelation of truth from God and these words alone would constitute the message, not his own opinions or the writings of his companions. His message or revelation would be first and foremost and literally the Word of God. Note that this corresponds exactly to what God revealed to Moses (a.s.) about the Prophet who would come from among the "brothers of the Hebrews: I.... will put My words in his mouth, and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him. (Deuteronomy 18: 18).
Now compare these to the following verse of the holy Qur'an which drives home the ultimate truth:
"Your companion (Muhammad) does not err, nor does he go astray; Nor does he speak out of desire. It is naught but revelation that is revealed, The Lord of Mighty Power has taught him."
Holy Qur'an (53:2 5)
It cannot be overlooked that Jesus (a.s.) gives a unique requirement that would help to identify the last Prophet: "He shall glorify me (John 16: 14). If anyone had come claiming to be this Prophet, but did not give due honor to Jesus (a.s.) as Prophet and Messiah, he would be the wrong one. At the same time, this Prophet to come would not be a follower of Jesus (a.s.), that is, a Christian, because Jesus (a.s.) said that this Prophet would reveal things of which Jesus (a.s.) himself was unaware. If Jesus (a.s.) had brought "all the truth, there would have been no need for him to single out someone else who would come with all the truth. Likewise, since this Prophet would bring all the truth he would have to be the last one, the seal of the Prophet is.
Therefore, we would have to look for someone who, like Abraham (a.s.) in whose line he would come, would be neither Jew nor Christian but would believe in God. He would "glorify Jesus (a.s.) by insisting that Jesus (a.s.) was a true Messenger of God and by acknowledging that Jesus (a.s.) was the true Messiah. But the teaching of this Prophet would come from God Himself. As a revelation from God, the message of this last Prophet would confirm what God revealed previously by means of the original Torah and the original Gospel, but his message would be no mere plagiarized copy, no condensed edition of either the Torah or the Gospel. God Almighty had said, "I... will put My words in his mouth;' and it is proper that these words agree with previously revealed words of the One and Same God "Whatsoever he shall hear (from God), that shall he speak."
History has recorded that Christians during the first few centuries after Christ, not only believed in these above-mentioned facts but eagerly awaited the coming of the last Prophet, as foretold by Jesus (a.s.) It was only during the 3rd century, when hordes of Roman pagans began converting to Christianity, the pure monotheistic message of Prophet Jesus (a.s.) showed signs of pollution, with weird heathen ideas such as God Father', God Son', Holy Ghost' and Trinity' creeping in.
This strange Holy Ghost interpretation gained currency only after Christians began to look upon God as a Trinity with the Holy Ghost being an aspect of it. Neither the word Trinity nor its concepts can be found anywhere in the Bible. The Paraclete would be a man, not a ghost, because the same word is applied to Jesus (a.s.) himself, in John (2:1).
The annals of history prove that faithful Christians from time to time stood up against these heretical ideas. But when Constantine assumed the reins of the Roman Empire, not only did he espouse the cause of the heretics, but also launched a mass persecution against the true believers, forcing them to flee to deserts and inaccessible mountains to live as hermits.
Finally the following passage from the French Encyclopedia, Larousse', is a sufficient admittance to the truth of Islam: "Muhammad' is a derivative of the word Mahmood', whose root-word is Hamid', which means glorifying. Strangely another word is derived from the same origin and that is Ahmad'.
It is widely believed, Christians in the Arabian Peninsula used the word 'Ahmad' for the Greek word Paraclete' mentioned in the Bible, which means the Glorified or Promised one. Muslims subsequently made great efforts saying this refers to Prophet Muhammad, as described by the Qur'an (in Chapter 61).
Thus it is clear that despite centuries of disastrous human interference in the Torah and the Bible, portions remain indicating the eternal truth of Islam.
The Encyclopedia Brittanica has the following comments on the Gospels:
"They resemble oil paintings rather than photographs. Legendry and apologetic motifs, and the various preoccupations of the communities for which they were first produced, can readily be discerned as influences upon their narratives."
The coming of Muhammad (s.a.w.) was heralded, not only by Moses (a.s.) and Jesus (a.s.), but by all the prophets.
Even Abraham (a.s.), the father of the prophets, foretold his coming, and prayed God for a guide and rescuer. This is explicitly referred to by the Qur'an which quotes Abraham's prayer:
"Our Lord! and raise up in them an Apostle from among them who shall recite to them Your revelations, and teach them the Book and the Wisdom and cleanse them (of false beliefs); surely You are the Mighty, the Wise." Holy Qur'an (2:129)
The verse given below declaring the prophethood of Muhammad (s.a.w.) is a clear answer to Abraham's (a.s.) prayer mentioned above; for Muhammad (s.a.w.), was a direct descendent of Abraham (a.s.) through his eldest son Ishmael (a.s.):
"He it is Who raised among the unlettered, an Apostle from among themselves, who recites to them His revelations and cleanses them (of false beliefs), and teaches them the Book and the Wisdom, although they were before certainly in clear error."
Holy Qur'an (62:2)
These facts are quite obvious to a rational thinker and any seeker of truth interested in finding the path of guidance, like Negus, the Christian king of Abyssinia, who positively responded to the call of truth. When the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) wrote to Negus citing proofs of his prophethood, foretold in the Torah and the Gospel and invited him to accept Islam, Negus immediately surrendered ( became Muslim) to the message of Islam. History has preserved his eternal words as a fair testimony of a just man, free from the effects of the environment, or the pressures of obstinacy and bigotry; "I call Allah as witness that he (Muhammad s. a.w.) is the prophet awaited for by the followers of the Scriptures..."
Thus, anyone pursuing truth can clearly discern that Muhammad (s.a.w.) had been heralded by the previous prophets, and that he was the awaited one to reform mankind and deliver them, from darkness and going astray. Yes, it was he whom all the prophets had heralded and prayed Allah to send.
The Bible Prophesied The Coming of the Holy Prophet Muhammad(S.A.W.)
The following passages of the New Testament lend further proof to the Prophethood of Muhammad(S.A.W.): John 14:16, John 14:26, John 14:30, John 15:26, John 16:6-15.
A careful study of these passages will bring to light the following facts:
1. Jesus prophesied the coming of a 'Comforter' after him.
2. The coming of the Comforter depends on Christ's departure.
3. He is sent by Almighty God (Allah).
4. He will teach everything.
5. He will draw attention toward what Christ had foretold.
6. He will testify about Christ.
7. The world will follow his religion.
8. He will not speak of himself but of what he hears through revelation.
9. He will foretell future events.
10. He will glorify Christ.
11. He will stay with them forever.
If we glimpse the life of Prophet Muhammad(S.A.W.) we will discover the amazing truth that these points tally perfectly with his mission and confirm, beyond doubt, that his is the 'Comforter' promised by Jesus. He glorifies Jesus and speaks not of himself but of what was revealed to him.
"...Nor does he speak out of desire. It is naught but revelation that is revealed..." Holy Qur'an (53:3-4)
Certainly his religion has spread all over the world and his Qur'an is alive, lasting forever. Our conviction will be firmer if we know that the word 'Comforter' is the mistranslation of the Greek word 'Periklytos' which was written in the New Testament from the original meaning of its exact translation Ahmad. The word has been changed in the Bibles during their translations to Parakletos which means the Comforter.
This confirms the verse in the Qur'an 61:6 which we quoted earlier. Whoever reviews the relevant history will find that Jesus' prophecy of the coming of an apostle after him was an unambiguous matter for the Christians during Jesus' era.
Before the advent of Islam, historians like William More, stated that there were among the pious of the Christian men those who pretended to be the promised Parakletos and many people followed them. This proves that the Christians remained waiting for the Messenger for centuries before the prophetic mission. This belief led some to misuse it by pretending to be the promised apostle like Mintassy, a clergyman who pretended in 187 A.D. that he himself was the promised Messenger Jesus spoke about and whom a group of people followed.
This certifies that the Christians of early centuries understood that Parakletos was simply a man and a messenger but not an angel or Divine Spirit, whereas some priests tried to interpret Parakletos as a Holy Spirit who came to his disciples and made them speak in tongues!
We do not find any historical opposition by the Christians to early Islam during the revelation of the Qur'an and its telling that the Torah and the Bible gave good tidings of the coming of the Messenger of Allah. The Qur'an conveys for us some well documented events like the discussion between the Jews and Christians concerning whether the promised messenger is this or another, certifying the prophet as a human messenger sent by Allah. Many Jews and Christians have embraced Islam because of these fixed prophecies in their Books.
The Qur'an refers to the same facts by saying: "Those who follow the Apostle-Prophet the 'Ummi' whom they find ordained for them in the Torah and Evangel, he enjoins on them good and forbids them evil..." Holy Qur'an (7:157)
These facts are quite obvious to a rational thinker and any seeker of truth interested in finding the path of guidance, like Negus, the Christian kind of Abyssinia who positively responded to the call to truth. When the Messenger of Allah wrote to Negus citing proofs of his prophethood, foretold in the Torah and the Gospel and invited him to accept Islam, Negus immediately surrendered (became Muslim) to the testimony as a just man free from the effect of the environment or the pressures of obstinacy and bigotry. He said, "I call Allah as witness that he (Muhammad) is the Prophet awaited for by the followers of the Scriptures..."
The Messenger of Allah, Muhammad, peace be with him and his progeny, said: "I am the call of my father Abraham and the prophecy of Jesus, peace be upon them."
MUHAMMAD(S.A.W.), THE GOOD NEWS OF THE PROPHETS
It is now clear that both Judaism and Christianity had completed their historical missions for the process of abrogation and perfection is a natural matter with respect to the divine laws. It was known that humanity should resort to another divine law in accordance with the Divine Will. In addition, both religions had been distorted and tampered with. So, logically and with respect to following the revealed path, it is irrelevant to adopt them as ways of life. The substitute is Islam, the promised divine faith for all mankind. It is the faith about which the prophets Abraham, Moses and Jesus, peace be with them all, gave good news.
Should seekers of truth be certain of the fact that Muhammad, peace be with him and his progeny, was the prophet promised by Moses and Jesus, peace be with them, and that he was mentioned in the Old and New Testaments, this would constitute a miracle pertaining to him and be confirmation of his prophethood. It rests as a proof on the Jews and Christians who believe in the Pentateuch, the Bible and pre-Islamic history.
Humanity was waiting for the advent of a new prophet. The Qur'an argues with the Jews and Christians on this point and reminds them of this fact:
"When there came to them a Book from God, confirming what was with them-and aforetime they prayed for victory over those who disbelieve-when there came to them the truth which they recognized, they disbelieved therein. The curse of God is on the unbelievers." Holy Qur'an (2:89)
The Pentateuch and the Bible did mention the characteristics of the Prophet Muhammad(S.A.W.), the place of his appearance and his message. A great number of Jewish and Christian clergy at the time embraced Islam and believed in the Prophet because they found his name and attributes in the Pentateuch and the Bible.
"Say: Have you considered if it is from God, and you disbelieve in it, and a witness from among the children of Israel has borne witness of one like him, so he believed, while you are big with pride; surely God does not guide the unjust people." Holy Qur'an (46:10)
This verse was revealed in respect to Abdullah bin Salam, the witness among the Israelites. It was narrated that Abdullah bin Salam came to the Prophet and embraced Islam, and said, "O Apostle of God, ask the Jews about me. They will say that I am the most learned. If they say so, I will say to them the Torah approves of your prophethood and your attributes are clearly mentioned in it." When the Prophet asked them they said as Abdullah had expected. Abdullah then announced his embracing of Islam but they accused him of being a liar.
The Qur'an drew their attention and called on them to return to the Pentateuch and the Bible:
"...the Prophet, the 'Ummi' (one who neither reads nor writes) whom they find written down with them in the Torah and Evangel,..." Holy Qur'an (7:157)
The Qur'an quotes Jesus as saying:
"And when Jesus, son of Maryam said: 'O children of Israel! Surely I am the apostle of God to you, verifying that which is before me of the Torah and giving the good tidings of an apostle who will come after me, his name being Ahmad'; but when he came to them with clear arguments they said: 'This is clear magic.'"
Holy Qur'an (61:6)
Let's take a look at what the Old and New Testaments, and works authored by the researchers and thinkers, particularly the Christian intellectuals like Professor David Benjamin Kildani have to say concerning the coming of the Prophet Muhammad(S.A.W.).
"When emphasizing the character of the promised prophet, the other prophecy attributed to Moses is, in any case, conducive when it speaks of 'the bright light of God which comes from Faran', which is the wilderness of Mecca."
In chapter 33 of the Pentateuch the second sentence states: "The Lord came from Sinai, and shined to them from Saer and gleamed from the mountain of Faran. And ten thousand saints came with him. From his right hand the fire of a law for them appeared. So the brightness of the Lord is likened to the light of the sun, 'The Lord came from Sinai, and shined to them from Saer.'
He gleamed with glory from Faran. He appeared with ten thousand of his followers, carrying a divine law for them in his right hand. None of the Israelites had anything to do with Faran, Christ concluded." (Faran is a reference to the place where the Prophet Muhammad was chosen to prophethood. He came to Madina at the head of 10,000 warriors to conquer Mecca. This is widely known as recorded history.)
"Hagar and Ishmael, her son, wondered in the wilderness of Beersheba. Then they settled in the wilderness of Faran." (Professor David Benjamin Kildani, Muhammad(S.A.W.) in the Holy Bible, 3rd ed., pp. 31-33.)
Professor Kildani writes in the same book of another text: "The other prophecy is mentioned in the Book of Isaiah, chapter 21, verses 13-17. It says: 'This is a message about Arabia. You people of Dedan, whose caravans camp in the barren country of Arabia, give water to the thirsty people who come to you. You people of the land of Tema give food to the refugees. People are fleeing to escape from swords that are ready to kill them, from bows that are ready to shoot, from all the dangers of war.' Then the Lord said to me, 'In exactly one year the greatness of the tribes of Kedar will be at an end. The bowmen are the bravest men of Kedar, but few of them will be left.''
In yet another text, we read about the good news of the coming of the prophet Muhammad(S.A.W.): "During that rare chance, God sent His servant, the prophet Haggai to console those sad people. He carried with him this important message: 'I will overthrow all the nations, and Hamada will come to all nations. I will fill this temple with wealth. Such the lord of the soldiers said. All the silver and gold of the world is mine. Such the lord of the soldiers said. And there I will give my people prosperity and peace.
The lord of the soldiers had spoken.' I had translated this paragraph from the only copy which was in my possession which was borrowed from a lady who was a cousin of mine. This copy was written in the national language.
"Let us return to the English translation of the Bible, which we believe to have changed the world 'Hamada' from the Hebrew origin of 'Amniya', and the word 'Shalom' to 'Islam'."
Professor Kildani (who was a Catholic priest who converted to Islam and has taken the name Abdul-Ahad Dawood) says: "...therefore we should view this prophecy truthful beyond question. It is identified with the character of Ahmad and his message of Islam. That is because both the words Hamada and Shalom or Shalama give precisely the same meaning and have the same importance of Ahmad and Islam...in many of Christ's statements we read the good news of the prophethood of Muhammad(S.A.W.) and the mentioning of his name."