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Bihar al-Anwar:
The Most Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Islamic Sciences

By: Nasiruddin Ansari
Translated by Sayyid Ali Shahbaz

Encyclopedia writing is as old as recorded history. Perhaps the Babylonians and the Egyptians may have had their own versions of the encyclopedia, judging from the recent discoveries of works of general information in another ancient civilization, that of the Chinese. Although, the Greek philosopher Aristotle is said to have written the first compendium of knowledge, it was the Roman scholar, Pliny the Elder's Natural History which is considered as the first classified encyclopedia.
Science and learning declined with the conversion of the Roman Empire to Christianity and it was not until the advent of Islam that Europe and West Asia could come out of the dark ages of ignorance. The Islamic civilization which spread from the Atlantic coast of Spain and North Africa in the west to India and China in the east saw the flowering of sciences. Many great scholars gave new dimensions to learning and left voluminous sets of writing for posterity to develop upon. These scientific works found their way to Europe through their Latin translations, and in the course of time contributed to the Renaissance and the Industrial Revolution.
Perhaps, lbn Sina's al-Shifa' and to some extent Daneshnameh-ye 'Ala'i could fit the description of an encyclopedia of sciences although before him Abu Rayhan Biruni and several others bad attempted to compile books embracing different branches of learning. Zakariyya Razi, al-Khawarazmi (the author of Mafatih al- 'Ulum or Keys of Knowledge) and several others wrote comprehensive works of reference of specialized nature, while Abu al-Faraj Isfahani's al-Aghani also falls into the category of a classified encyclopedia of art and literature. Mention could also be made here of Fakhr al-Din Razi's Jami ' al- 'Ulum.
In the sphere of purely religious doctrines, efforts were made in different eras to have a comprehensive reference manual which could cover the various aspects of Islamic belief, but generally the works which have come down to us are of a classified nature and limited to a particular field such as fiqh, exegesis of the Holy Qur'an, s'irah and sunnah of the Prophet, history, etc. Thus, it could be said that it was not until the compiling of Bihar al-Anwar al-Jami'ah li Durar Akhbar al-A'immat al-Athar after the end of the first millennium of the Hijra that a compendium of knowledge, as passed down to posterity by the infallible Imams of Prophet Muhammad's (S.A.W.) Household, could become available to scholars and lay persons alike. (Translator)
Though it is for authoritative researches to delve deep down the oceans of lights to sift the pearls of divine knowledge from ordinary corals or shells, without the least doubt Bihar al-Anwar could be described as the most comprehensive encyclopedia of Islamic religious sciences for the compilation of which the world of Shi'ite learning will always remain indebted to 'Allamah Muhammad Baqir Majlisi. This great work which reached its culmination some three centuries ago in Iran, or more properly in Isfahan the Safavid capital, was published for the first time by the late Hajj Muhammad Hasan Amin al-Darb Isfahani Kompani in 25 volumes.
Bihar al-Anwar and the exhaustive resources to which 'Allamah Majlisi had access have always aroused the interest of scholars and researchers, since several of the original works that were available to him have either been completely lost because of the political turmoil that swept Iran after the Safavids, or are lying undetected in private and public libraries.
Thanks to modern methods of printing technology, this great encyclopedia has been published in 110 volumes which serve as ready references. The work of researchers has also been facilitated by software discs of the Bihar al-Anwar along with the summaries, supplements and indexes to this great book that are now readily available.
Here, we present an abstract of each of the original 25 volumes of the Bihar al-Anwar with the numbers between the brackets indicating the new 110-volume print.
Volume No. I (Vols. 2 & 3)
The Book of Reason and Ignorance and the merits of learning and scholars, as well as their ranks. The authority of narrations from the Prophet and his infallible Household as well as the general principles that are derived from the narrations. Rejection of Qiyas and analogy.
The foreword of the book throws light on the principles and books which are considered as sources for the compilation of Bihar al-Anwar, whether authentic or controversial along with abbreviations chosen for them throughout the text which are essential for the readers. It also includes the terminology used by the compiler in summarizing the isnad.
Volume No. 2 (Vols. 3 & 4)
The Book of Tawhid or Monotheism. Divine Attributes, both positive and negative (except Justice), as well as the Holy Names of Allah. This volume also includes explanations of some related discourses of the Imams on Tawhid, Mufaddal bin 'Umar's Book on Tawhid and the treatise titled Ahliljah which is attributed to Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq ('a).
Volume No. 3 (Vols. 5 - 8)
The Book of Justice, Divine Providence, Will and Destiny, Guidance and Error. Trial, Natural Disposition, the Covenant taken from human souls before creation and related topics including Repentance, the Philosophy of Divine Laws, the preliminaries of Death, Barzakh and the Day of Resurrection, Fear of the state of Barzakh and of Resurrection, Intercession (Shifa'at), and means (Wasilah) of deserving Paradise and Hell.
Volume No. 4 (Vols. 9 & 10)
The Book of Expostulation and Argumentation of the Prophet and the infallible Imams and some of the leading scholars. The complete Book of 'Ali ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq( 'a).
Volume No. 5 (Vols. II - 14)
The accounts of the Prophets beginning from Adam till Prophet Muhammad (S). Proofs on the infallible and sinless nature of the Prophets and replies to doubts cast in this regard.
Volume No. 6 (Vols. 15 - 22)
The complete life history of Prophet Muhammad (S) from birth including an account of his ancestors and explanation of the miraculous nature of the Holy Qur'an. This section also deals with the accounts of some of the righteous companions of the Prophet, especially Abu Dhar, Miqdad ibn Aswad, 'Ammar Yasir, Salman al-Farsi and others.
Volume No. 7 (Vols. 23 - 27)
The shared aspects in the life of the infallible Imams. The conditions of Imamate and Ayahs of the Holy Qur'an that Allah has revealed in this regard. The nature of their birth and the signs in this regard, as well as their knowledge and superiority over the previous Prophets. The benefits of having love and affection for them, and the merits of their children. At the end of the book some of the deductive reasoning presented by Shaykh al-Mufid and Shaykh al-Tusi concerning the superiority of the infallible Imams over all previous Prophets has been cited.
Volume No. 8 (Vols. 28-34)
The sedition that took place after the passing away of Prophet Muhammad (S). An account of the three caliphs including the events that took place during their rule. The Battles of Jamal, Siffin and Nahrawan and the devastation unleashed by Mu'awiyyah in the border areas of Iraq. An account of some of the companions of Imam 'Ali ('a), explanation of some of the poetical verses attributed to the Commander of the Faithful, Imam 'Ali ('a), as well as a commentary on some of his letters.
Volume No. 9 (Vols. 34-42)
Biography of the Commander of the Faithful Imam 'Ali ibn Abi Talib ( 'a), from his birth till his martyrdom, including an account of the life of his father Abu Talib ( 'a) and his faith in Islam. The proofs (Nass) that the infallible Imams are 12 in number. An account of a group of Imam 'Ali's ('a) companions.
Volume No. 10 (Vols. 43-45)
The biographies of the Prophet's ('a) noble daughter Fatimah al-Zahra' ( 'a), and her two sons Imam Hasan ( 'a) and Imam Husayn ('a), followed by the uprising of Mukhtar ibn Abi 'Ubaydah al-Thaqafl to exact revenge on the murderers of Imam Husayn ('a)
Volume No. 11 (Vols. 46-48)
The biographies of Imam Zayn al-'Abidin ('a), Imam Muhammad al-Baqir ('a), Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq ('a) and Imam Musa al-Kazim ('a), including an account of their children and their companions.
Volume No. 12 (Vols. 49-50)
The biographies of Imam 'Ali al-Reza ('a), Imam Muhammad al-Jawad ('a), Imam 'Ali al-Hadi ('a) and Imam Hasan al-'Askari ('a), and an account of their children and their companions.
Volume No. 13 (Vols. 51- 53)
An account of the Imam of the Age (may Allah hasten his reappearance) and proof of his return
Volume No. 14 (Vols. 53- 63)
The Sky, the World, the Tablet, the Pen, the Celestial Throne ('Arsh), the veils of Hijab. Proof of the creation of the heavens and the earth, the planets, the stars, the Jinn and the Angels and their divisions.
The earth, the elements, the living world, mines and minerals. The plant and animal kingdoms and their kinds and characteristics. The rules for hunting and slaughtering of animals, the sanctioned and the forbidden species. The benefits of medicine, fruits, vegetables, herbs and their medicinal characteristics. Mankind and the definition of the self, the soul, the body, medical knowledge. The geographical account of cities and regions, hills, deserts, seas and different points on the surface of the earth. The rules about the dishes (zuruf) according to the fiqh. The books titled Tibb al-Nab'i and Tibb al-Reza which are respectively attributed to the Prophet and the 8th infallible Imam of his Household.
Volume No. 15 (Vols. 63-72)
On Faith and Infidelity. The characteristics of a believer and his merits, as well as infidelity and bad morals in four parts as follows:
1. Conditions of faith. The merits of the Shi'ahs and their characteristics (Vols. 64 & 65)
2. Excellent or good morals and the means of salvation of
man (Vols. 66-68)
3. Bad morals, infidelity and its branches (Vols. 69-70)
4. Social mores (Vols. 71 & 72)
Volume No. 16 (Vol. 73)
Modes, manners and customs, embellishments, cleanliness, applying collyrium, use of perfumes and oils, place of dwelling or abode, practices recommended at the time of going to bed and while getting up from bed. Traveling Prohibitions, sins and their penal codes.
Volume No. 17 (Vols. 74-76)
This part deals with divine admonishment in the Holy Qur'an as well as words of wisdom and advice from the Prophet and the infallible Imams of his Household. It also contains the treatise of Mufaddal bin 'Umar to the Shi'ites and the story of Boluhar wa Bazasef.
Volume No. 18 (Vols. 77- 88)
This volume is divided into two parts as follows:
1. Ritual cleanliness and related issues
2. Prayer and its injunctions, along with the treatise of
Shadhan bin Jibri'il Qummi titled 'Izahat al-Illah' on the determination of the Qiblah, as well as the supplications and Salawat (blessings) recommended for the days of the week. Also the recommended prayers for Id al-Fitr, 'Id al-Adha, natural phenomena (ayat) and needs.
Volume No. 19 (Vols. 89- 92)
This section is also divided into two parts as follows:
1. The merits of the Holy Qur'an, the manner of its recitation and the benefits attached to it. The miracles of the Holy Qur'an and the complete Exegesis of al-Nu'mani
2. Supplications and its manner and conditions, amulets, talismans and supplications as remedy to various physical ailments. The supplications for the days of the week, month and year. The Scripture of Prophet Enoch (Idris).
Volume No. 20 (Vols. 93- 95)
On Zakat, Khums and almsgiving. The Book on the rules of fasting and the recommended acts of worship for the year.
Volume No. 21 (Vols. 96- 97)
On the rites of the Hajj and 'Umrah pilgrimages. An account of Medina, Jihad and struggle (Murabatah), Enjoining of Good (al-Amr bi al-Ma'ruf) and Forbidding of Evil (al-Nahy 'an al- Munkar).
Volume No. 22 (Vols. 97 [cont'd.]- 99)
On the manner of visiting the shrines of the infallible Imams, including the Book of Mazar on the ways of salutation.
Volume No. 23 (Vols. 100-101)
The laws pertaining to contracts and agreements regarding work, trade transactions, debts, loans, wills, marriages, divorce, manumission or release.
Volume No. 24 (Vol. 101 [cont'd.])
The laws pertaining to unclaimed property, inheritance, requital and monetary compensations.
Volume No. 25 (Vols. 102-107)
Bibliography, for narrating had'ith (Ijazat), complete list (al- Fihrist) of Muntazab al-Din Razi, Abstract of Sayyid 'Ali Khan Shirazi's Salafat al- 'Asr, the First part of the Book of Authorization of Sayyid ibn Tawus, 'Allamah Hilli's Authorization for the Bani Zuhrab. Authorization of the Shahid Awwal, Shahid Thani and other 'Ulama ' till the time of 'Allamah Majlisi.
Books Written on the Bihar al-Anwar
Here we will introduce books which have been written on the Bihar al-Anwar including its translations, summaries, supplements, glossaries and list of indices, commentaries and annotations, and we hope we have not left out anything in this regard. The list is being presented in the following order:
A. Summaries
B. Supplements
C. Indexes and Glossaries
D. Annotations and Marginal Notes
E. Translations
A total of 130 books including handwritten manuscripts some of which are in several volumes, are being introduced in this list.
A. Summaries:
Note: Volume 103 of the new Beirut print is the list of Bihar al-Anwar in the handwriting of 'Allamah Majlisi himself and has been presented in offset in its original form.
Summaries of Bihar al-Anwar:
Banadir al-Bihar (Summary and translation of Volume 1)
Sayyid 'Ali Naqi Fayd al-Islam Isfahani (d. 1306 AH),
Faqih Publishers, Tehran, Waziri, 367 pages.
2. Ghaws al-Bihar (Summary of Volumes 1-4 from Reason and Knowledge to Argumentation)
Rida Mu'mini Isfahani. Published in Qum, 1363 SH/1405 AH/1984, Waziri, 440 pages.
3. Anwar al-Bihar (Summary of Volumes 1-5)
Mirza Muhammad bin Muhammad Hadi Na'ini (Fa'id), (Nabighah-ye Fiqh wa Hadith, p. 98).
4. Jami' al-Anwar (Summary of Volume 7)
Shaykh Muhammad Taqi bin Muhammad Baqir bin Muhammad Taqi Isfahani (Aqa Najafi) (d. Sha'ban 1332 AH). Presented by Sayyid Mahmud Husayai Tuiserkani, Published in Isfahan, 1297 AH.
5. Summary of Volume 7 of Bihar
Aqa Rida bin Muhammad Nasir bin Mulla 'Abdullah Majlisi Isfahani (grandson of Allamah Majlisi's brother),
(See al-Dhari'ah, vol. 20, p. 197).
6. Summary of Volume 7 of Bihar
Aqa Shaykh Hasan Miyanaji,
(al-Dhari 'ah, vol.4, p. 423).
7. Summary of Volume 8 of Bihar
Shaykh Hasan Miyanaji, (al-Dhari 'ah, vol.4, p.423).
8. Summary of Volume 11
Hajj Shaykh 'Abbas Qummi (1294-1359 AH),
(Fawa'id al-Radawiyyah, p. 222).
9. Summary of Volume 13
Anonymous, handwritten manuscript no. 3268 Waziri
Library, Yazd,
(Catalogue of Manuscripts of Waziri Library).
10. Summary of Volume 14 (Book of Heaven and Universe)
Shaykh Muhammad Baqir Shari'ati Isfahani (d. 1408 AH), Published in Qum, 1406 AH. Volume I, Waziri, 492 pages, Volume 2, Waziri, 472 pages. Volume 3, Waziri, 480 pages.
11. Jawami' al-ffuquq (Summary of Volume 16 - Book of Social Norms) Aqa Najafi Isfahani: Shaykh Muhammad Taqi bin Shaykh Muhammad Baqir- bin Shaykh Muhammad Taqi (the author of Hidayat al- Mustarshidin)
Published in Isfahan, 1297 AH.
12. Summary of the last one-fourth part of Volume 18
Mulla Muhammad Husayn bin Yahya Nuri - a student of 'Allamah Majlisi, Researched and annotated with special explanatory notes on the Du'a al-Samat, completed on 1127 AH (al-Dhari 'ah, vol. 22, p. 206).
13. Summary of Volume 19 (Book of Supplications)
Mulla Muhammad Taqi Najafi Golpaygani (d. 1293 AH), (al-Dhari'ah, vol. 20, p. 109).
14. Summary of Volume 22 (Book of Pilgrimage)
(Anonymous. Believed to be one of the scholars of Gorgan), (al-Dhari'ah, vol. 20, p. 208).
15. Summary of Bihar al-Anwar
Martyr Mirza lbrahim bin Husayn bin 'Ali bin 'Abdul- Ghaffar Dunbali Khu'i (1247-1325 AH),
Handwritten manuscript no. 278 Ayatullah Mar'ashi Najafi Library, Qum, (Catalogue of Manuscripts of Ayatullah Mar'ashi Library, vol. I, p. 306).
16. Summary of Bihar al-Anwar
Mirza Muhammad Sadiq Shirazi (d. 1349 AH), A student of Akhund Khorasani and teacher of the late Ayatullah Mar'ashi, (The author has omitted traditions of repetitive nature as well as narrations which would appear controversial to common sense),
(al-Dhari'ah, vol. 4, p. 421).
17. Hadiqat al-Azhar fi Talkhis al-Bihar
Mirza Muhammad bin 'Abd al-Nabi Neyshaburi (killed 1232 AH), (al-Dhari'ah, vol. 6, p. 380).
18. Durar ul-Bihar (Selections from Bihar al-Anwar)
Mulla Muhammad Taqi bin Muhammad Nuri,
Handwritten manuscript no. 66596 Majlis Library, Tehran. (compiled in 1272 All),
(Catalogue of Majlis Library, vol. 15, p. 214).
19. Sif'r al-Najat fi Ahwal al-Sadat al-Hudat
Shaykh Ghulam Husayn Najafabadi Isfahani (d. 1345 AH),
This is a 14-volume work on accounts of the infallible Imams extracted from Bihar al-Anwar.
Volume 5 sub-titled Safinat al-Najat is in two parts and deals with the life of Imam Husayn ('a), while volume 14 under the sub- title of Shams al-Tali'ah fl Zuhur Sahib al-Anwar al-Sati'ah, is an account of the 12th Imam (may Allah hasten his reappearance),
(al-Dari'ah, vol. 12, p. 192 & 202. vol. 14, p. 223).
20. Sharh Nahj al-Balaghah al-Muqtataf min al-Bihar al- Anwar
Compiled in three volumes by 'Ali Ansariyan, edited by Murtada Haji 'Ali Fard, Tehran, Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance, 1408 AH, Waziri: Vol. I (Sermons), 522 pages, Vol. 2 (Sermons) 576 pages, Vol. 3 (Letters and Maxims), 597 pages.
21. Kasf al-Asrar wa huwa al-Mudhijah min Bihar al- Anwar
On the wonderful world of creatures and their benefits and harms,
Shaykh Muhammad Taqi Aqa Najafi Isfahani (d. 1322 AH).
22. Muntakhab Bihar al-Anwar
Mulla Muhammad Sadiq bin Muhammad Zaman Kashani Isfahani (12 century AH)
In this work the Ayahs of the Holy Qur'an and the introduction to the hadith have been omitted. The explanations of 'Allamah Majlisi has been condensed, and only those parts have been produced that were deemed important by the author. Compiled in 1130 AH.
Handwritten manuscript no. 2364, Library of Ayatullah Mar'ashi Najafi, Qum (Catalogue of Ayatullah Mar'ashi Najafi Library, Vol. 6, p. 341).
23. Muntakhab Bihar al-Anwar al-Jami' lima warada min al- Akhbar al-Khassah bi Athar al-Akhyar
Mawla Muhammad Hadi bin Murtada bin Muhammad Mu'min bin Shah Murtada (grandson of Mulla Muhsin Faid Kashani's brother),
The author condensed Bihar in the lifetime of 'Allamah Majlisi in 12 volumes preceded by a two-part introduction, omitting repetitions and many of the introduction to the hadith. Some of the volumes are in the Library of Sipah Salar School (Martyr Mutahhari).
(Catalogue of Library of Sipah-Salar School, vol. I, p. 316 and al-Dhari'ah, vol. 22, p. 376).
24. Nur al-Anwar (Durar al-Bihar)
Mulla Muhammad Nuruddin, bin Murtada bin Muhammad Mu'min bin Shah Murtada (brother of no. 23, alive 1115 AH),
This is a 3-volume work:
Volume I deal with chapters of Reason and Ignorance till the end of Resurrection (handwritten manuscript no. 3104, Majlis Library.
Volume 2 deals with the merits of the Prophet, Hadrat Zahra', Imam Ali, Imam Hasan and Imam Husayn ('a) till Raj'at or reappearance (handwritten manuscript Library of Husayniyyah Shushtariha, Najaf). Volume 3 deals with the subject of Imamate and was printed in Tehran in 1301 AH. (al-Dhari'ah,vol. 8, p. 119).
25. Wajizat al-Bihar {Jawahir Akhbar al-Anwar fi Manaqib al-A'immat al-Athar ('a)
Mulla Muhammad bin 'Ali Asghar Qa'ini,
Only the asnad of the narrations have been omitted in this work and the author has preserved the order of the Bihar. Handwritten manuscript dated 1257 AH and numbered 2028 in the Library of Ayatullah Mar'ashi Najafi. (Catalogue of Manuscripts of Ayatullah Mar'ashi Library, vol. 6, page 35).
26, Shama'il Ali ('a) fi al-Qur'an wa al-Sunnah (al- Mustakhraj min Bihar al-Anwar)
Shaykh Talib Sanjari, published in Beirut 1414 AH/1993.
27. Ma'arik al-Islam al-Kubra
28. A1-Sirat al-Nabawiyyah (S)
29. Al-Sirat al- 'Alawiyyah ('a)
The above-mentioned three books are extractions from Bihar al-Anwar by Shaykh Talib Sanjari and are to be published soon.
B. Supplements of the Bihar al-Anwar
1. Jannat al-Ma'wa fi man jaza biliqa' al-Hujjah wa Mu'jizatih fi Ghaybat al-Kubra
Hajj Mirza Husayn Nuri Tabrisi (d. 27 Jamadi al-Thani 1320 AH) - the author of Mustadrak al-Wasa'il. This work is a supplement to volume 13 of Bihar and contains 51 accounts. Compiled in 1302 AH, second edition, Tehran 1333 AH (edited by Mirza Musa Tehrani).
2. Dar al-Salam fi man faza Bisalam al-lmam
Shaykh Mahmud Maythami Iraqi (compiled 1310 AH)
Author of Qawami, Jawami' wa Lawami'. This work is a supplement to section titled Man Ra'a al-Hujjah ('a) of volume 13 of Bihar
Islamiyyah Publishers, Tehran, 1374 AH, Waziri, 565 pages.
3. Ma'alim al-Ibar fi Istidrak al-Bihar al-Sabi Ashar
Hajj Mirza Husayn Nuri Tabrisi. Compiled in 1296 AH. Edited by Hajj Mirza Muhammad Arbab Qummi (1273-1341 AH) and published in 1303 AH along with volume 17 of Bihar al- Anwar (Kompani edition). Rahli, lithography, in 177 pages. Written in Naskh by Zayn al-'Abidin Qummi. Proof read by Mirza Muhammad Arbab Qummi who was a leading scholar and an expert on hadith, and painstakingly proof read the complete set of Bihar al-Anwar published by Amin al-Darb.
4. Mustadrak Mazar al-Bihar (Vol. 22)
Hajj Mirza Husayn Nuri Tabrisi, (al-Dhari'ah, vol. 21, p. 5).
5. Mustadrak Ijazat al-Bihar (vol. 25)
Mirza Muhammad bin Rajab 'Ali 'Askari Tehrani (1281- 1371 AH). This is a 6-volume work in large size,
(al-Dhari'ah, vol. 21, p. 4).
6. Riyad al-Abrar (supplement to Mustadrak Ijazat al-Bihar)
Sayyid Muhammad Rawdati Isfabani,
This book in addition to the Ijazat of the 'Ulama as mentioned in Vol. 25, is a supplement to its contents.
7. Mustadrak Bihar al-Anwar
Mirza Muhammad 'Askari Tehrani (d. 1281-1371 AH)
The author has compiled several supplements to the various volumes and sections of Bihar, (al-Dhari'ah, vol. 21, p. 4).
8. Mustadrak al-Bihar
Ayatullah Sayyid Muhammad Hujjat Kuh-Kamare'i (1310- 1372 AH), (Mustadrak A'yan al-Shi'ah, vol. I, p. 155).
9. Hada'iq al- 'Arifin
Mulla Fadl Ali Tabrizi Iravani (Safa) (1278-1339),
Vol. I on Reason and Ignorance,
Vol. 2 on Knowledge and Diligent Endeavour,
Published 1324 AH,
This supplement of the Bihar has been compiled by referring to the Four Authoritative Books (Kafi, Man La Yahduruhu al- Faqih, Tahdhib and Istibsar), as well as Wafl, Wasa 'il al-Shi'ah (Shaykh Hurr al-'Amili) and Mustadrak al-Wasa'il (Mirza Husayn Nuri),
(al-Dhari'ah, vol. 6, p. 289).
10. Al-Shafi al-Jami' bayn al-Bihar wa al-Wafi [al-Shifa' fi al-Akhbar al-Mustafa (S) ]
Mulla Muhammad Rida bin 'Abdul Muttalib Tabrizi –Qadi 'Askar Sultan- a student of Shaykh Mahdi Fatuni 'Amili. Compiled in 1178 AH.
At the beginning of each hadith, the author has given its type, and after naming the narrator has given an account of him. This is a 7-volume work with volume 8 apparently left incomplete. Shaykh 'Abd al-Nabi Qazwini the author of 'Tatmim Amal al Amil' has complimented it in 60 lines.
(al-Dhari'ah vol. 13, p. 7 & vol. 14, pp. 199-200).
11. 'Awalim al-'Ulum wa al-Ma'arif wa al-Ahwal min al- Ayat wa al-Akhbar wa al-Aqwal
Shaykh 'Abdullah bin Nurullah Bahrani Isfahani - one of the outstanding students of 'Allamah Majlisi. This great work is a revised arrangement and consummation of Bihar al-Anwar.
('Awalim, Hadith al-Ghadir, p. 30, Qum edition 1413 AH).
12. Mustadrak al-Wafi
Mulla Muhammad Hadi bin Shah Murtada bin Muhammad Mu'min Kashani- grandson of Mulla Muhsin Fayd Kashani's brother.
In this work the author has used the Bihar to supplement those ahadith that are not found in Wafi. Since Wafi is a supplement of the Four Authoritative Books and since Bihar contains accounts other than those found in the Four Authoritative Books, this book could be regarded as a supplement of Bihar al- Anwar. (al-Dhari'ah, vol. 21, pp. 6-7).
C. Indexes and Glossaries of Bihar
1. Al-Tatbiq bayn al-Safinah wa al-Bihar bi al-Tab'at al- Jadidah
Sayyid Jawad Musfafawi (d. 1409 AH),
Mashhad, Astan Quds Razavi, 1403 AH/1361, Waziri 300 pages.
2. Durar al-Akhbar fi Fihris Bihar al-Anwar
Sayyid Mahdi Hijazi Isfahani, (Mu'jam Rijal al-Fikr wa al-Adab, p. 130)
3. Dalil al-Ayat wa Asma al-Suwar fi Bihar al-Anwar
Centre of Islamic Studies and Research, Qum, Office of Islamic Propagation, 1412 AH, Waziri, 304 pages.
4. Safmah al-Bihar wa Madinat al Hikam wa al-Athar
Hajj Shaykh 'Abbas Qummi (d. 13th Dhu al-Hijjah 1359 AH),
One of the most outstanding students of Shaykh Nuri Tabrisi the author of Mustadrak al-Wasa'il, Waziri, Lithography (written in Naskh by Ahmad Najafi Zanjani) in two volumes, 736 & 741 pages respectively. Tehran 'Abidi Publications.
(The Persian translation of volume one of this book by Muhammad Baqir Sa'idi Khorasani has been published in two volumes by Islamiyyah Publications, Ilahi Talkhunchehi has abridged Safinah al-Bihar and published it under the title Mata al-Safinah).
Safinah al-Bihar has been edited and published several times with due additions and comparison to Bihar al-Anwar (both the Kompani and Islamiyyah editions) by the Uswah Publications affiliated to the Organization of Endowments and Charity Affairs in 8 volumes in the Iranian Calendar year 1374 (1996). However, 'Ali Muhammad 'Alawi has written a critical review of the method of editing of Safinah under the title of Keshti-e Shikasteh (Damaged Ship) which were published in the monthly Ayeneh-e Pazhoohesh (Mirror of Research), Dey 1375, no. 41, pages 48-58. 'Alawi has minutely pointed out the errors including misspelling of phrases, wrong addresses, deletions and omissions, careless editing and research, mistakes in the name of books and persons, inappropriate additions, typographical errors, wrong syntax and their unwarranted use.
This has made the Islamic Research Foundation of the Astan Quds Razavi to conduct a thorough revision of this book under the supervision of 'Ali Akbar Ilahi Khorasani, and compare it with the original manuscript and the marginal notes made by the author after its first publication. The editor board has also diligently compared the contents of the Safinah al-Bihar with the old and new editions of Bihar al-Anwar (Kompani and Beirut prints) and till date has published 2 volumes along with valuable additions including the marginal notes of the author.
Vol. 1 (letters Alif to Ha), 850 pages,
Vol. 2 (letters Kha" to Sin), 950 pages,
This book was selected as the Book of the Year in the Iranian calendar year 1376 SH / 1997-8.
5. Fihrist Ahadith Bihar
(with reference to their sources in books of traditions),
(The new edition of Bihar, al-Madkhal, p.17).
6. Mawdu 'at al-Akhbar min Kitab Safinah al-Bihar
Sayyid Mahdi Shamsuddin
The author has arranged the topics of Shaykh 'Abbas Qummi's Safinah in alphabetical order. Published by Dar al-Nashr Islam, Qum, 1371/1993, Waziri, 128 pages.
7. Fihrist Bihar al-Anwar
'Allamah Mawla Muhammad Baqir bin Muhammad Taqi bin Maqsud 'Ali Majlisi Isfahani (the author of the Bihar himself)
This is one of the basic sources of Bihar al-Anwar and was compiled in 1070 AH, and it includes the list of traditions from the following 10 books: (1) al-Khisal (2) 'Uyun Akhbar al-Reza (3) Ilal al-Shara'i' (4) Ma'ani al-Akhbar (5) al-Tawhid (6) al-Amali Shaykh Saduq (7) lhtijaj -Ahmad bin 'Ali Tabrisi (8) Qurb al- Asnad -Abu Ja'far Himyari (9) Tafair-i 'Ali bin lbrahim Qummi (10) al-Amali -Shaykh Tusi.
This list has been reproduced in 'Allamah Majlisi's own handwriting in volume 106 of Bihar.
(al-Dhari'ah, vol. 16, pp. 377-88).
8. Fihrist Barkhi Madamin-e Bihar (List of some of the subjects of Bihar)
(Anonymous, Refer to Bihar, al-Madkhal, p. 17).
9. Mustadrakat Ilm Rijal al-Hadith
'Allamah Hajj Shaykh 'Ali Namazi Shahrudi (1332-1405 AH)
In this 10-volume work, the author has arranged in alphabetical order the names of persons that have been mentioned and discussed in the Bihar, and has given their reference from other sources. He has also thrown light on the names of persons not mentioned in Bihar and works of Rijal.
Husayniyyah 'Imadzadeh, Isfahan, 1412 AH, Waziri, 10 volumes.
10. Fihrist al-Kutub al-Ma'kudh minha al-Bihar (The List of Books through which Bihar derives its sources)
Sayyid Muhammad bin Ahmad Husayni Lahiji. Compiled in
1127 A.H., in 27 chapters (according to the number of Arabic alphabets excluding Z), the author after giving the name of the book has also mentioned a brief account of their authors. The manuscript of this work is found in collection no. 635 at the Library of Ayatullah Mar'ashi Najafi in Qum.
(Catalogue of Mar'ashi Najafi Library, vol. 18, p. 46).
11. Mustadrak Safinah al-Bihar
Hajj Shaykh 'All Namazi Shahrudi (1332-1405 AH)
Published by Bonyad Bi'that, Tehran, Waziri, Hurufi, in ten volumes.
12. Fihrist Abwab Mujalladat 'Mustadrak al-Wafi '
Haji Muhammad Amin, compiled in 1183 AH,
(al-Dhari'ah, vol. 21, p. 7).
13. Kashfal-Rumuz Kitab al-Mazar (vol. 22 of Bihar)
Sadiq bin Hajj Masih, Compiled in 1247 AH,
(Catalogue of Manuscripts of Astan Quds Razavi Library, vol. 5, p. 34).
14. Masabih al-Anwar fl Fihrist Abwab Jami' Mujalladat Bihar al-Anwar
Mirza Muhammad 'Askari Tehrani, author of the Mustadrak al-Bihar, 1281-1371 AH.
The author after compiling this list undertook the task of preparing supplements for all chapters of the Bihar.
(al-Dhari'ah, vol. 21, p. 86).
15. Mu'J'am Ahadith al-Shiah
Sayyid Muhammad Husayni Jalali,
In this work the ahadith mentioned in the Bihar as well as those in Wasa'il al-Shi 'ah (Shaykh Hurr al-'Amili) and Mustadrak al-Wasa'il (Mirza Husayn Nuri) have been compiled in alphabetical order.
(al-Dhari'ah, vol. 21, p. 217).
16. al-Mu'jain al-Mufahras li Alfad Ahadith al-Bihar
This 30-volume work has been prepared under supervision of 'Ali Reza Barazish, Tehran, Khane-ye Kitab-e Iran, 1373/1415 AH, Rahli. Total number of pages of 30 volumes 22,800,
This work had been reviewed by the Persian magazine Ayeneh-e Pazhoohesh, no. 28, Dey 1373/1995, p. 8-16 by 'Abdullah Ibrahimi, who has marked out the shortcomings and errors of this work.
17. al-Mu'jam al-Mufahras li Alfad Ahadith al-Bihar
Centre of Islamic Research and Studies, Office of the Islamic Propagation, Qum Theological Centre, with an introduction by Ahmad 'Abidi and Muhammad 'Ali Mahdawi Rad, Rahli, 14 volumes,
This 14-volume work took 4 years (1372-76 SH) to complete and was published in 12,000 pages.
In this centre one million and six hundred thousand reference slips have been prepared about the Bihar, which besides a glossary of ahadith, include the following four works:
18. The Ayahs of the Holy Qur'an on which an exegesis has been presented in the Bihar (under the title of Dalil al-Ayat al- Mufassarah fi Ahadith al-Bihar ).
19. The ahadith which have been presented according to specific numerals such as those of al-Khisal of Shaykh Saduq and al-Mawa'iz al- 'Adadiyyah.
20. Verses of Arabic poetry mentioned in the Bihar whose composition has been attributed to or which were recited by the Infallible Imams ( 'a).
21. A'lam Bihar which includes an index of places, personages and tribes mentioned in the sayings of and accounts of the Infallible Imams.
22. Bihar al-Anwar fi Tafsir al-Ma'thur bi al-Qur'an
Compiled in two volumes (1320 pages) by Kazim Murad- Khani, (d. 1404 AH), Tur publications, Tehran, 1411 AH, Waziri,
This book is a reference to the Ayahs of the Holy Qur'an mentioned in Bihar al-Anwar.
23. al-Mu'jam al-Mufahras li Alfad 'Anawin Abwab Bihar al-Anwar' Kazim Murad-Khani, Tur Publications, 1365 SH/1987, Ruq'i, Hurufl, 360 pages
24. Mu 'jam Abwab Bihar al-Anwar
A 2-volume work compiled by Kazim Murad-Khani, of which we have no information.
25. Miftah al-Abwab
Shaykh Jawad Rawdehkhawan Isfahani,
Arranged and collected by Sayyid Mahmud Dehsorkhi Isfahani, Qum, 1410 AH, pocketsize, lithography, 223 pages.
This book was earlier printed at llmi Press, Tehran, 1352 AH with the efforts of Hajj Mirza Ahmad Farhumand.
26. Hidayat al-Akhyar ila Fihris Bihar al-Anwar
Sayyid Hidayatullah Mustarhami Isfahani,
Mu'assasat al-Wafa', Beirut, Waziri, Hurufi in three volumes (405 + 259 +428 pages),
This work deals with volumes 108, 109, 110 of the Bihar.
27. Al-Tart'ib al-Mawdui li Ayat al-Qur'an al-Karim al- Mustakhraj min Bihar al-Anwar (Subject-wise arrangement of Qur'anic Ayahs in the Bihar)
Muhammad Ja'far Imami Shirazi,
Islamic Research Foundation, Astan Quds Razavi, Mashhad, 1375 SH/1997.
28. Faharis Bihar al-Anwar
Centre for Scientific Studies and Research,
Mu'assasat al-Balagh, Beirut, 1412 AH, Waziri,
Under supervision of Sayyid Muhsin Khatami,
This 10-volume work deals with the Ayahs of the Holy Qur'an, places, personages, sources, bibliography, poetical verses, tribes and clans,
(Turathuna Quarterly, no. 29, p. 259-60).
D. Annotations or Marginal Notes on the Bihar
1. Hashiyah on Volume 10 of Bihar
Mawla Muhammad Mahdi Hajjar (d. before 1295 AH),
Teacher of religious sciences at the Marvi School, Tehran,
(al-Dhari 'ah, vol. 6, p. 27).
2. Hashiyah on Volume 22 of Bihar
Sayyid Shamsuddin Mahmud bin Sayyid 'Ali Hakim Bashi Husayni Tabataba'i Tabrizi (1270-1338 AH). He was the father of the Late Ayatullah Sayyid Shibabuddin Mar'ashi Najafl,
(A'yan al-Shi'ah, vol. 10, p. 107).
3. Hashiyah bar Mujalladat-e Mukhtalif Bihar al-Anwar
(Notes on the various volumes of the Bihar)
Sayyid 'Abd al-Husayn Musawi Najafi Lari (1264-1342 AH),
(Majallah Payam-e Hawza, no. 16, Winter 1376 SH / 1998, p. 10 & 25).
4. Hashiyah wa Taliq'iq Bihar al-Anwar
Sayyid Mirza Muhammad Baqir Mudarris Razavi (1270- 1342 AH),
The author compared the whole set of volumes of the Bihar with most of its resources, marking the corrections in red and noting on the margin the difference in the various manuscripts.
Majallah Nigah-e Hawza, no. 33 (Azar 1376/December 1998), p. 22.
5. Hashiyah bar Bihar al-Anwar
Ayatullah Sayyid 'Abdul A'la Sabzawari (1328-1414 AH),
The author was the leading Marja' at Najaf and was an outstanding student of the Grand Ayatullahs Mirza Husayn Na'ini, Isfahani and Aqa Diya' al-Din Iraqi,
(Ganjineh-ye Daneshmandan [Treasury of the Intellectuals], vol. 7, p. 283).
6. Hashiyah bar Bihar al-Anwar
'Allamah Sayyid Muhammad Husayn Tabataba'i (1321-18th Muharram 1402 AH) - the author of al-Mizan, the famous exegesis on the Holy Qur'an. He was the student of the Ayatullahs Mirza Husayn Na'ini, Kompani and Sayyid Abu al-Hasan Isfahani.
7. Hashiyah bar Bihar al-Anwar
'Abd al-Rahim Rabbani Shirazi (d. 1402 AH),
The author was a student of the Late Ayatullah Sayyid 'Abd al-Husayn Borujerdi and the Late Imarn Khumayni. Besides marginal notes and annotations on the Wasa'il al-Shi'ah, he also wrote the introduction to the new edition of the Bihar in 242 pages.
8. Hashiyah bar Bihar al-Anwar
Muhammad Baqir Behbudi (b. 1308 SH/1929),
He has written over 7000 pages of marginal notes and footnotes on the new 110-volume edition of the Bihar.
E. Translations of the Bihar
Volume 1:
1. Persian translation by an Indian scholar for Prince Buland Akhtar, son of Muhammad Shah Rowshan Akhtar (1719-1748),
Shaykh Aqa Buzurg Tehrani had seen the handwritten manuscript of this work in the library of Sayyid Muhammad Mahdi Sadr.
(al-Dhari'ah, vol. 3, p. 18).
2. 'Ayn al-Yaqin
Hajj Shaykh Muhammad Taqi Aqa Najafi Isfahani (d. 1332
AH). Besides translation of vols. 1, 2, 9, 14, 15&17, also summarized in Arabic vols. 7&16 and wrote an extract on the world of creatures in the Bihar,Tehran, 1275 & 1297 AH ,
(al-Dhari'ah, vol. 15, p. 373).
3. Kashf al-Asrar
Sayyid Isma'il Musawi Zanjani,
(al-Dhari'ah, vol. 18, p. 3).
Volume 2:
1. Persian translation by an Indian scholar for Sultan Muhammad Buland Akhtar,
The handwritten manuscript of this work was seen by Aqa Buzurg Tehrani in the library of Sayyid Muhammad Mahdi Sadr,
(al-Dhari'ah, vol. 3, p. 18 & vol. 4, p. 82).
2. Jami ' al-Ma 'arif
Shaykh Muhammad Taqi Aqa Najafi Isfahani (also translated vols. 1, 2, 9, 14, 15& 17),
Tabriz 1300 AH,
(al-Dhari'ah, vol. 5, p. 70 and also List of Persian printed books vol. 2, p. 1503).
3. Risalah-e Ahlijah (Translation of the treatise titled Halleluja) By one of the later scholars,
Aqa Buzurg Tehrani has seen this handwritten manuscript in the library of Shaykh Muhammad Sultan al-Mutakallimin.
The author has added some ahadith on Tawhid related from the infallible Imams in this work,
(al-Dhari 'ah, vol. 4, p. 82).
4. Risalafi-ye Ahlijah
Mirza Muhammad Reza Kalbasi Isfahani, the author of the book Anis al-Layl fi Sharh Du'a al-Kumayl (commentary on the famous supplication ofKumayl),
(al Dhari'ah, vol. 4, p. 83).
5. Translation of Tawhid al-Mufaddal
Allamah Mawla Muhammad Baqir bin Muhammad Majlisi Isfahani (1037-1 1 10 AM) [the author of i!laral-Anwar}
Published in Iran in 1287 AH,
(al-Dhari'ah, vol. 4, p. 91).
6. Tawhid al-Mufaddal
Mulla Muhammad Tahir Qummi (d. 1098 AH),
He was one of the teachers who gave authorization of relating hadith to 'Allamah Majlisi, and was the author of the Sharh Tahdh'ib, Tuhfat al-Akhyar, Hikmat al-'Arifin and other books.
The scholar Urmavi has researched and published this work along with 5 other treatises under the title 'Six Treatises'
7. Rah-e Khuda Shenasi va Khulasah-ye Tawhid-e Mufaddal 'Ways of recognizing God' (illustrated)
'Ali Asghar Faqihi, 'Allamah Book Sellers, Qum, 1341 SH (5th edition), Ruq'i, 97 pages.
8. Tawihid Nameh (Translation into Persian verse of Tawhid al-Mufaddal)
Shaykh Isma'il Urumi Tabrizi Mas'aleh-Gu (Ta'ib),
(al-Dhari 'ah, vol. 4, p. 488).
Volume 6:
1. Translation into Persian by an anonymous scholar
The handwritten manuscript of this work was in the possession of Hajj Habibullah Muhsini (d. 1360 AH), the uncle of Aqa Buzurg Tehrani,
(al-Dhari'ah, vol. 3, p. 19 & vol. 4, p. 107).
Volume 7:
1. Persian translation of the section dealing with Imamate in 5 volumes (1450 pages)
Musa Khosravi,
lslamiyyah Book Sellers, Tehran, 1357-1360 SH /1979-1382,
Waziri.
Volume 8:
1. Translation of Sayyid Muhammad 'Ali Mosawi Shamsabadi Isfahani (1220-1288 AH)
One of the scholars of Isfahan, 450 pages.
(Tuhfat al-Abrar, vol. 2, p. 530).
2. Translation of Mawla Muhammad Nasir bin Mawla 'Abdullah Majlisi (nephew of Allamah Majlisi)
(al-Dhari 'ah, vol. 3, p. 20 & vol. 4, p. 92).
3. Majari al-Anhar
Mirza Muhammad Mahdi bin Muhammad Shafi' Mazandarani Istarabadi (d. 1259 AH),
Sayyid E'jaz Husaya Kinturi writes in Kashfal-Hujub wa al- Astar that since the author did not possess a free from error set of Bihar, he committed his own share of errors and undue interpretations.
(al-Dhari'ah vol. 19, p. 350).
4. Anonymous Translation
An incomplete copy is kept at the library of the Late Grand Ayatullah Muhammad Reza Golpaygani Ms. 449,
(Catalogue of Books, vol. 2, p. 30, Ayatullah Golpaygani Library, Qum).
Volume 9:
1. Translation of Aqa Radi bin Mulla Muhammad Nasir bin Mawla 'Abdullah Majlisi Isfahani (son of 'Allamah Majlisi's nephew who translated volume 8)
(al-Dhari'ah, vol. 4, p. 88).
2. Kashf al-Anwar fi Fada'il Sayyid al-Abrar
Shaykh Muhammad Taqi Aqa Najafi Isfahani,
Published in Tehran, 1259 AH,
(al-Dhari'ah, vol. 18, p. 21)
Volume 10:
1. Translation of Mufti Mir Muhammad 'Abbas Lucknowi Jaza'iri (1224-1306 AH)
(al-Dhari 'ah, vol. 4, p. 115).
2. Translation of Mirza Muhammad 'Ali Mazandarani Shamsabadi Isfahani (1220-1288 AH)
(al-Dhari 'ah, vol. 4, p. 115, Tuhfat al-Abrar, vol. 2, p. 530).
3. Masa 'ib of Imam Husayn ( 'a)
Abridged translation by an anonymous scholar,
Handwritten manuscript of this work is in the collection no. 3059, Majlis Library, Tehran.
4. Mihan al-Abrar dar Tarjamah Maqtal Bihar al-Anwar (Translation of the events of Karbala) Shaykh Muhammad Hasan Hashtrudi Tabrizi (d. 1304 AH), The book was written in 1292 AH and published in Tehran in 1295 A
(al-Dhari'ah, vol. 20, p. 160).
5. Translation of First Part of Volume 10 [Account of HadratZahra' ( 'a)]
Muhammad Jawad Najafi,
Islamiyyah Booksellers, Tehran, 1395 All, Waziri, 411 pages
6. Translation of Second Part of Volume 10 [Account of Imam al-Hasan al-Mujtaba ( 'a)]
Muhammad Jawad Najafi,
Islamiyyah Booksellers, Tehran, 1396 AH, Waziri, 453 pages.
7. Translation of Third Part of Volume 10 [Account of Imam Husayn ( 'a)]
Muhammad Jawad Najafi,
Islamiyyah Booksellers, Tehran, 1396 AH, Waziri, 402 pages
8. Manzur al-Aimmah (Translation and Commentary of Volume 10 in prose and poetry)
Hajj Mirza Ahmad Manzur Khawansari Isfahani,
This 4-volume work was later summarized by the author and published in two volumes under the title of 'Umdat al-Masa'ib wa Zubdat al-Nawa'ib in 1310 AH with a foreword by Aqa Najafi Isfahani and Mulla Muhammad Husayn Kermani,
(al-Dhari'ah,vol.23,p.81).
9. Urdu Translation in Three Volumes
Mir Hamid Husayn Faydabadi Jaunpuri,
a) Majalis al-Abrar [Account of Fatimah al-Zahra' ('a)]
Foreword by Sayyid Abu Sahib Razavi Kashmiri,
Published in India, 1311 AH,
(al-Dhari'ah, vol. 19, p. 357).
b) Mahasin ul-Abrar [Account of Imam al-Hasan al-Mujtaba
('a)]
Published in India, 1316 AH,
(al-Dhari'ah, vol. 20, p. 125).
c) Masa'ib al-Abrar [Account of Imam al-Husayn ('a)]
Published in India,
(al-Dhari 'ah, vol. 21, p. 73).
10. Urdu Translation in three volumes
Sayyid Tayyib Musawi Jaza'iri,
a) Sawanih al-Zahra '
b) Sawanih Karbala
c) Sawanih Sham
(Mustadrak A'yan al-Shi'ah, vol. I, p. 299).
11. Masa'ib al-Abrar (Urdu translation)
Hakim Sayyid Husayn Giryan Lucknowi,
Published in India,
(al-Dhari'ah, vol. 21, p. 74).
Volume 11:
1. Translation of Part I of Volume 11 of Bihar [Account of Imam Zayn al-'Abidin ('a) and Imam Muhammad al-Baqir ('a)]
Musa Khosravi, Islamiyyah Booksellers, Tehran, 1396 AH, Waziri, 267 pages.
2. Translation of Part 2 of Volume 11 [Account of Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq ( 'a)]
Musa Khosravi, Islamiyyah Booksellers, Tehran, 1396 AH, Waziri.
3. Translation of Volume 11[Account of Imam Musa al- Kazim ( 'a)]
Musa Khosravi, Islamiyyah Booksellers, Tehran, 1396 AH, Waziri, 300 pages.
Volume 12:
1. Translation of Part I [Account of Imam 'Ali bin Musa al- Reza ('a)]
Musa Khosravi, Islamiyyah Booksellers, Tehran, 1398 AH, Waziri, 306 pages.
2. Translation of Part 2 [Account of Imam Muhammad al- Jawad ('a)], Imam 'Ali al-Hadi ('a) and Imam Hasan al-'Askari ('a)]
Musa Khosravi, Islamiyyah Booksellers, Tehran, 1398 AH, Waziri, 300 pages.
Translation of Section dealing with Imam al-Reza ('a)
Sayyid Isma'il Musawi Zanjani,
The work is an abridged translation of volume 12 of Bihar, dedicated by the translator to Prince Ehtesham al-Saltanah,
(al-Dhari'ah, vol. 18, p. 13).
The manuscript of this work, dated 1309 AH, is in the Majlis Library, no. 552.
Volume 13:
1. Translation by an Indian scholar at the request of 'Pad Shah Beygum' the wife of Sultan Nasir al-Din Haydar
(al-Dhari 'ah, vol. 4, p. 92).
2. Translation of Volume 13
Mirza 'Ali Akbar Urumi,
(al-Dhari 'ah, vol. 4, p. 92).
3. Kitab al-Ghaybah
Shaykh Hasan bin Muhammad Wali Urumi (13 century AH),
The work was undertaken on the instructions of Muhammad Shah Qajar,
Islaimiyyah Booksellers, Tehran, 1402 AH, Waziri, 838 pages.
4. Mahdi Mawud
Translation of Volume 13 by 'Ali Dawwani along with an introduction, footnotes and list of indexes,
20th edition, Dar al-Kutub al-Islamiyyah, Tehran, 1402 AH, Waziri, 1263 pages.
This work is considered the best ever translation of volume
13 of Bihar al-Anwar.
5. Bughyat al-Talib fi man Ra'a al-lmam al-Gha'ib
Haji Shaykh Muhammad Baqir Birjandi (1276-1352 AH),
It is also considered as a supplement to volume 13.
6. Al-Abqari al-Hisan fi Tawarikh Sahib al-Zaman
Hajj Shaykh 'Ali Akbar Nahawandi (d. 1367 AH),
It is considered as a supplement to volume 13.
Volume 14:
1. Asman wa Jahan (translation in 10 volumes of the Book titled al-Sama ' wa al- 'Alam)
Muhammad Baqir- Kamare'i (1320-1416 AH),
Islaimiyyah Booksellers. Tehran,1392 AH, Waziri, 3000 pages.
2. Translation of volume 14
Aqa Najafi Isfahani (d. 1332 AH),
(al-Dhari'ah, vol. 3, p. 22).
3. Najm al-'Ulum fi Ma'rifatal-Nujum
Translation of two sections of the book al-Sama' wa al- 'Alam,
Sayyid Muhammad Murtada Husayni Jaunpuri (d. 1333 AH),
(al-Dhari 'ah, vol. 24, p. 70).
4. Translation of volume 56 of new edition of Bihar which deals with parts of the Sky and the World
Nafisah Fayyad Bakhsh.
Volume 15
1. Bahr al-Ma'arif al-Anwar fi Tarjamat al-Mujallad al- Khamis Ashr min Kitab al-Bihar (On faith and Disbelief)
Aqa Najafi Isfahani,
Published in Isfahan, 1296 AH, Rahli, 187 pages (Husayn bin Abu al-Qasim scribe).
2. Akhlaq-e Islam
Translation of Part 2 of Volume 15,
Muhammad Baqir Kamare'i (1320-1416 AH),
Masjid Waliyy 'Asr Library, Tehran, 1395 AH, Waziri, 312
pages.
3. Translation of volume 15
'Azizullah Utarudi Quchani.
4. Translation of Part 4 of Volume 15
Sayyid Abu al Hasan Musawi Hamadani,
Introduction by Sayyid Ahmad Mir Khani (d. 1415 All),
Masjid Waliyy 'Asr Library, Tehran, 1405 AH, Waziri, 406
pages.
5. Shi 'ah liar Pishgoli-c Qur'ail wa Ahl-e Bavt ("a)
Translation of part of volume 15,
'Ali Tehrani,
Masjid Waliyy 'Asr Library, Tehran, 1397 All, Waziri, 535
pages.
Volume 16:
1. Translation in two volumes under the title of Adab-e Ma'ashirat (372 pages) and Adab wa Sunan (250 pages)
Muhammad Baqir Kamare'i (1320-1416 AH),
Islamiyyah Booksellers, Tehran, 1406 AH.
Volume 17:
1. Jawahir al-Mawaiz
Sayyid Muhammad Hashim Yazdi Tabataba'i, Isfahan.
2. Haqa'iq al-Asrar fi Tarjamat Sabi' 'Ashar al-Bihar
Shaykh Muhammad Taqi Aqa Najafi Isfahani (d. 1332 AH),
Nur Printers, Shiraz, 1371 AH, Rahli, 130 pages (Without the account of Boluhar and Buzasef).
(Aqa Buzurg in al-Dhari'ah, vol. 7. p. 29, has referred to this
work as Haqa'iq... which is not found in the printed version. However, Haqa'iq al-Asrar is the title of a commentary on 'Ziyarat Jami 'ah ' which was published by the same author in 1296 AH).
3. Darj Guhar (Darya-ye Nur)
On the admonitions of the Prophet (S) to his companion Abu Dhar,
Hajj Shaykh Muhammad Ali Ansari Qummi (1329-7 Safar 1409 AH),
20th edition, Qum, 1404 AH, Waziri, 170 pages.
After translating the narrations, the translator has also rendered them into Persian verse. The poetical translation, started in 1361 AH and completed the same year in Shawwal, and was printed in 1362 AH.
Number of couplets is around 3000 and is rhymed in the meter applied by the classical Persian poet Nizami Ganjavi in his Mathnavi titled Khosrow va Shirin.
(al-Dhari'ah, vol. 8, p. 148; Ganjineh-ye Daneshmandan, vol. 2, p. 341.).
Interestingly, the translator's elder brother Hajj Shaykh Murtada Ansari (1323-1392 AH), who was a brilliant scholar, had memorized over 30,000 hadiths mentioned in the Bihar, and preserved in writing a selection of these ahadith in 4 diaries,
(Ganjineh-ye Daneshmandan, vol. 2, p. 339-340; Athar al- Hujjah, vol. 2, p. 144; Rijal-e Qum, p. 187).
4. Kifah al-Rawdah (translation of Volume 17 of Bihar)
Sayyid Abd al Husayn Rida'i,
Islamiyyali Booksellers, Tehran, 1399 AH, Waziri, 444 pages.
5. Translation of Counsels of the Infallible Imams ('a)
Musa Khosravi, Islamiyyah Booksellers, Tehran, 1403 AH, Waziri, 407 pages.
6. Translation of the account of Boluhar and Buzasef
'Allamah Muhammad Baqir Majlisi Isfahani (1037-1110
AH), the author of Bihar al-Anwar, has produced this translation in his book 'Ayn al-Hayat, pp. 276-341.
This same translation was reproduced in the book Hayat al- Abrar by Sayyid Quraysh bin Muhammad Qazwini Husayni (d.1260 AH).
7. Translation of Sayyid Ali Reza Rayhanullah Yazdi
Tehran, 1355 AH,
(al-Dhari'ah, vol. 17, p. 270).
8. Translation, Research and Review of Volume 17
Sayyid Abu Talib Mir 'Abidini,
Amir Kabir Publications, Tehran, 1407 AH, Ruq'i, 144 pages.
9. Tahdhib Qissah Boluhar wa Buzasef
'Allamah Sayyid Muhsin al-Amin al-'Amili (d. 1371) the author of A'yan al-Shi'ah.
al-Dhari'ah, vol. 17, p. 97, also takes note of the story of Kasra and Bahram found compiled by Sayyid Muhsin al-Amin in vol. 2 of Ma'adin al-Jawahir.
(al-Dhari'ah, vol. 4, p. 515 ).
10. Gujrati Translation
Hajj Ghulam 'Ali Bahavnagari Hindi (1367 AH),
(al-Dhari'ah, vol. 3, p. 149).
11. Urdu Translation
Muhammad Thaqalayn Kazimi,
Introduction by Sayyid Husayn 'Arif Naqavi, Published in Pakistan,
(Tadhkirah-ye 'Ulama-ye Imamiyyah, p 272).
12. Aqwal-e Ahl-e Bayt Nabiyy-e Mukhtar
(Urdu translation of Volume I of Bihar)
Sayyid Muhammad Husayn Ja'fari,
A'zam Steam Press, Haydarabad-Deccan.
Volume 22:
Hajj az Didghah Ahl-e Bayt ( 'a) {Hajj as viewed by Ahl-e-Bayt)
Translation and Review of Volume 99, new edition,
Sayyid Muhammad Reza 'Alam al-Huda.

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