Three Groups within the Ummah
He said: Al-Sharif Abu Abdillah, Muhammad b. al-Hasan al-Jawani reported from Abu Talib al-Muzaffar b. Ja'far b. al-Muzaffar al-Alawi al-Umri, from Ja'far b. Muhammad b. Masood, (from his father), who reported from Nasr b. Ahmad who reported from Ali b. Hafs, who reported from Khalid al-Qatwai, who reported from Yunus b. Arqam, who reported from Abdul Hamid b. Abu al-Khansa, who reported from Ziyad b. Yazid, who reported from his father, from his grandfather Farwah al-Zifari who reported that:
I heard Salman, may Allah bless him with mercy, say: The Prophet (Peace be upon him and his progeny), said: "My Ummah will be divided into three groups: a group on the absolute Truth, from which falsehood can reduce nothing. They will love me and my Ahlul Bait, and their likeness is that of pure gold, which when put to the (test of) burning fire, increases in brilliance. And a group upon the false path, where Truth will reduce nothing. They will hate me and my Ahlul Bait, and their likeness is that of iron, which when put to fire, increases nothing but evil. And a group like the rolling stones, following the path of Samiri. They would not say: 'Touch me not', they would say: 'No fighting (for the just cause).' Their leader will be al-Ash'ari. (i.e. Abu Musa al-Ash'ari)."
Adopting ignorant leaders
He said: Abu Bakr Muhammad b. Umar al-Je'abi reported from Abdullah b. Ishaq, who reported from Ishaq b. Ibrahim al-Baghvi, who reported from Abu Qatan, who reported from Hisham al-Dastwai, from Yahya b. Abu Katheer, from Urwah, from Abdullah b. Umar that the Prophet, peace be upon him and his progeny, said:
"Surely, Allah does not withdraw knowledge from the people by erasing it from their minds; rather, He does so by taking away the learned people (from among them). And when there is no learned man around, people adopt the ignorant men as their leaders, and refer their questions to these (ignorant leaders), who answer without any knowledge, thus going astray, and causing others to go astray."
About the people who apply analogy
He said: Abu Ja'far Muhammad b. Ali reported from Muhammad b. al-Hasan b. al-Waleed, who reported from Muhammad b. al-Hasan al-Saffar, who reported from Ya'qoob b. Yazeed, from Hammad b. Isa, from Hammad b. Uthman, from Zurarah b. A'ayan who said:
Abu Ja'far Muhammad b. Ali, peace be upon him, told me: "O Zurarah, keep away from the people who apply analogy in the matters of religion. Surely, they have abandoned the knowledge of what was assigned to them, and entered into unnecessary hair splitting matters, which had already been decided for them. They interpret the Traditions (the way they like) and impute lies to Allah, Most High. And as if I see a man among them who when called from the front, answers to the one behind him, and when called from behind, he hearkens to the one in front. They wonder aimlessly on the earth and in religion."
Cursed are those who follow analogy
He said: Abu Ja'far Muhammad b. Ali b. al-Husain reported to me from Muhammad b. Musa b. al-Mutawakkil, who reported from Ali b. al-Husain al-Sadabadi, who reported from Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Khalid, who reported from his father, from Ibn Abu Umayr, from more than one source, that:
Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, said: "Cursed are those who follow analogy, for they have changed the word of Allah, and the Prophet's traditions, and they have accused the truthfuls (of lying) about the religion of Allah, the Most High."
The two who will be in deep anxiety
He said: Abu Hafs Umar b. Muhammad reported to me from Abu Abdillah Ja'far b. Muhammad, who reported from Isa b. Mehran who reported from Mukhawwal, who reported from al-Rabee' ibn al-Mundhair, from his father who said:
I heard al-Husain b. Ali (AS) say: "Surely, Abu Bakr and Umar grabbed away this affair (Caliphate), while the whole of it belonged to us. So they took it away inspite of us, and apportioned to us the share of a grandmother (from an estate). (NOTE: According to al-Nasai, Ibn Majah, al-Tirmidhi, Abu Bakr believed that grandmother's share was nil). By Allah, on the day where people will yearn for our intercession, these two will be in deep anxiety because of their action."
Submiting to those possessing worldly authority
He said: Abul Hasan Ahmad b. Muhammad b. al-Hasan reported to me from his father, from Sa'd b. Abdillah, from Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Isa, from al-Hasan b. Mahboob, from Hadeed b. Hakeem al-Azadi who said:
I have heard Abu Abdillah Ja'far b. Muhammad, peace be upon him say: "Guard yourselves from the sins fearing Allah and protect your religion with piety. And lend it strength by dissimulation (where necessary) and by relying solely on Allah for your needs, rather than on those who possess worldly power. And know you all, that whoever submits to the one possessing worldly authority, or to the one who is opposed to his faith, in order to gain something from his transitory bounties, Allah will weaken his force, subject him to His utter displeasure and entrust all his affairs to that person. And, if at all he acquires something from that man, Allah will not bless that gain with His benediction and will not reward him from whatever he spends for Hajj, or for freeing a slave or for any good deed."
The good and the bad traditions
And with the preceding chains of narration, Ali b. Mahzyar reported from Ahmad b. Muhammad, from Hammad b. Uthman, who reported that Ismail al-Jo'fi said:
I heard Abu Ja'far Muhammad b. Ali, peace be upon them both say: "Whoever sets a balanced, just tradition, which is then followed by the people, he earns the reward of everyone who acts accordingly, without they losing anything from their rewards. And whoever sets an unjust tradition, which is then followed, he shall bear the burden of those who act accordingly, without any mitigation in the burdens of the followers."
Those three have no religion
He said: Abu Ghalib Ahmad b. Muhammad al-Zurari, may Allah bless him with mercy, reported from his uncle Ali b. Sulaiman, who reported from Muhammad b. Khalid al-Tayalasi, who reported from al-Ala' b. Razeen, from Muhammad b. Muslim al-Thaqafi, who said:
I heard Abu Ja'far Muhammad b. Ali, peace be upon him, say: "He who resorts to the way of obeying those who disobey Allah has no religion at all, and he who invents lie against Allah has no religion at all, and he who adopts the way of repudiating anything from the Signs of Allah, has no religion at all."
Love for four companions; which ones?
He said: Abu Ubaidullah Muhammad b. Imran al-Marzbani reported to me from Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Isa al-Makki, who reported from Abdullah b. Ahmad b. Hanbal, who reported from his father, who reported from al-Husain b. al-Hasan, who reported from Sharik, from Abi Raabia'h al-Ayadi, who was heard narrating even in his old age, from Ibn Buridah, from his father, who said:
The Prophet, peace be upon him and his progeny, said: "Surely, Allah has commanded me to love four of my companions; and has revealed to me that He indeed loves them." We said: "Who are they, O messenger of Allah? And there is none from us who does not wish to be among them." He, peace be upon him and his progeny, said: "Be it known that Ali is among them" - and he repeated this three times - "and al-Miqdad and Abu Dharr al-Ghifari and Salman al-Farsi."
Al-Amali: The Dictations of Sheikh al-Mufid