Muawiya and Yazeed
Sulaiman: Listen, many a times I have heard from the Shia preachers and speakers cursing Muawiya. Also the people who distribute water and drinks during majalis (Mohurrum gatherings) urge the audience to curse Yazeed. Is it such a meritorious deed'
Ja'far: First of all let us understand the meaning of 'Curse' (lanat). Lanat is a prayer to deprive someone of Divine Mercy. We find that 41 verses of the Holy Quran sanction Lanat. If it had not been so, how could we have known what is from the Shaitan and what is from Rahmaan (The Beneficent Lord)' It is upto you to study the biographies of Muawiyah and Yazeed and decide for yourself whether they deserve curses or not. And whatever praises that you find for Muawiyah in narrations and history are fabricated. This is testified by Asqalani in Fathul Bari from Ahmed ibne Hanbal. He says: "I asked my father what he thought of Ali and Muawiyah." He pondered for some time and said, "Know that! Ali had many enemies. His enemies searched for some fault or the other in him. But when they failed, they came together to a person who had fought him and began to praise him excessively in their enmity of Ali (a.s.). He said: "This points towards the fact that all that has been related from the fazail (virutes) of Muawiyah is fabricated."
(Ibne Hajar Asqalani's Fathul Bari fi Sharhe Sahih Bukhari)
Sulaiman: I wish to learn about the deeds of Muawiyah that make him eligible for 'lanat''
Ja'far: According to unanimous opinion of Muslims, Muawiyah practised treachery and cheating against Ali (a.s.) and was the direct cause of battles that resulted in the bloodshed of Muslims. Let us not forget the fact that Ali (a.s.) was the rightful caliph of his time and according to the traditions of Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) it was incumbent upon all Muslims to obey him, and this included Muawiyah.
Secondly, during the caliphate of Imam Hasan (a.s.), one of the chiefs of the youth of Paradise, Muawiyah continued his political intrigue till Imam Hasan (a.s.) was forced to abdicate the caliphal seat in view of the risk to Islamic nation and Muslims.
And when Muawiyah secured the throne, he used illegal (Haraam) methods against his opponents and against the followers of Ali (a.s.).
He tyrannised the people by sword and by stopping their allowances from the public treasury if they were from the Shias of Ali (a.s.).
He initiated the evil practice of cursing Ali (a.s.) from the pulpits of mosques.
He was the first to create feelings of racial discrimination between tribes and nationalities. Arabs and non-Arabs were given different status. The amount of allowance varied for different classes of people.
He promoted the fabrication of traditions disparaging Ali (a.s.) and gave impetus to hadith in favour of his son Yazeed, who was a well-known transgressor of his time.
He distorted the face of Islam through the creation of misguided sects like the 'Murjea' etc.
He ordered the poisoning of the beloved grandson of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.), Imam Hasan (a.s.). This was carried out through the Imam's wife, Judah bin Ashath bin Qays, by holding out a false promise to have her married to Yazeed.
After Muawiyah had broken the terms of treaty with Imam Hasan (a.s.), he said: "O people of Kufa! Did I fight you for prayers, zakat and hajj' Indeed you already pray, pay zakat and perform hajj. I fought you to rule over you. And indeed, Allah gave me this honour and debased you.
All the blood that has been shed over here deserved to be shed and every term of the treaty is trampled under my feet."
(Sharh Nahjul Balagha 16/14)
But Yazeed was way ahead of his father, Muawiyah! He tried in vain to obtain the pledge of allegiance by force from Imam Husain (a.s.). Even after breaking the terms of treaty with his brother Imam Husain (a.s.). We all know the position of Imam Hasan (a.s.) near the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.). Many a times the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.s.) remarked.
"Husain is from me and I am from Husain."
(Fadailul Khamsa Vol. 3, Pg. 263)
He (s.a.w.s.) also wept when Imam Husain (a.s.) was in his cradle. And he had prophesied the martyrdom of Imam Husain (a.s.). Rather, he had forecasted his killing by a renegade group and even indicated the exact location. He (s.a.w.s.) took a handful of soil from that place (Karbala) and gave it to Ummul Momineen Umme Salmah and told her to keep it with her, saying that when Husain (a.s.) will be martyred, that soil would turn into blood.
(Tabaqat Ibne Sa'ad, Tradition no. 269)
This is Husain (a.s.), the chief of the youth of Paradise, who himself said about Yazeed,
"Yazeed is a transgressor, a drunkard and a murderer. And a person like me cannot pledge allegiance to such a man."
(Sayed Ibne Tawoos, Maqtal al-Husain Pg. 11)
It is necessary upon you to show your solidarity against those who hate Imam Husain (a.s.). What is to be said of Yazeed' After the serious carnage, they ordered the beheading of the martyrs. Even though, Imam Husain (a.s.) had exhausted all arguments. He was martyred alongwith his companions and family members in a condition of extreme thirst. He was having his women and children with him. The corpses of martyrs were trampled under the hooves of horses; then the ladies and children (especially, Hazrat Zainab (s.a.), the lion-hearted lady of Karbala) were taken as prisoners of war.
In their midst was the ailing youth, Imam Ali ibne Husain (a.s.) ' titled Zainul Abdeen (ornament of the worshipper). Then they beheaded the corpses and carried the heads on the points of lances. When the head of Imam Husain (a.s.) was placed in the court of Yazeed, in a tray, Yazeed hit it with a cane and shamelessly recited obscene couplets.
May the curse of Allah be upon the oppressors. It is really surprising the some brothers harbour enmity with Shias based on the false accusation that Shias curse the companions. I don't know why they do not harbour enmity against Yazeed and Muawiyah who had cursed the two great personalities of Islam, Amirul Momineen Ali (a.s.) and his noble son, Imam Hasan (a.s.).
Let Us Understand Each Other (Shia-Sunni Dialogue)