The Computer Research Centre of Islamic Sciences
The Computer Research Center of Islamic Sciences (CRCIS) that was established in 1989, is responsible for promoting the Islamic culture through the use of modern technology.
The members of the board of Directors of CRCIS and also the Scientific Committee are responsible for compiling the general policies and supervising the plans and programs of the center.
The managing director with the assistance of the directors of the Research Department, Administration & Finance Department, Information Technology Department, the Noor Computer Training Institute (NCTI), and the Noor Trading Company (NTC), are in charge of planning and managing the Centre. The technical staff of the CRCIS - consisting of the erudite Islamic seminary students - is the best support for continuation of this great cultural move.
Since the supreme mission of CRCIS is serving the Islamic culture in its various fields, its fundamental activities are to produce software for the Islamic sciences. These software which cover a wide range of Islamic texts and sciences are organized in four categories as Word Index, Subject Index, Rijal (Narrators) Index and History Index.
The Word Index
Research on the holy verses, Hadith, and scientific texts, is based on the search of their words, interpretations, and their semantic and applied classification.
The Word Index helps the researchers to procure the necessary in formation with speed and precision.
In addition, words with the same root may be studied, various relationships between words may be discovered, and these findings may be incorporated into the scientific application cycle.
Concerning the words of the Glorious Qur'an and other Arabic texts, the signs indicating the vowels are to be added to the words of these indexes in future. The Word Index is the result of dedicated efforts and covers the following stages:
Examining the usage of source. Design and applying special characters in the source text to achieve the highest level of retrieval. Typing and correction of texts. Format correction. List correction. Programming, tentative presentation, and debugging.
The complete set of CRCIS word index includes more than 500 volumes of scientific sources.
Some of the most important of these sources are as follows: the Glorious Qur'an, the al-Mizan exegesis. Ibn Abi al-Hadid's Commentary on Nahj al-Balaghah, Bihar al-Anwar along with 164 titles of its sources, the four standard books of al-Kafi, al-Tahdhib, al-Istibsar, and Man la Yahduruhu al-Faqih, Wasa'il al-Shi'ah, Mustadrak al-Wasa'il, Collection of Shaykh Mufid's works, Collection of Shaykh Saduq's works, Collection of Ibn Tawus's works, Collection of Ibn Shahr-Ashub's works, al-Dhari'ah, al-Wafi, Collections of Mulla-Sadra's works, Seminary Text Books, and other philosophical ('aqli) books, plus dictionaries and lexicons, biographies, bibliographies, commentaries, etc.
The Subject Index
Since the main foundation of research is based on the investigation of texts on particular subject, the use of a word index responds only to a part of the researcher's need. Because, many of the research outcomes are extracted from the whole text passage (not a particular word). On the other hand, the available range of a word index consisting of all the text, sometimes results in too many unrelated answers. In addition, the researcher often does not know the word he or she needs to search for the desired subject. Also, the benefits of word index without a complementary subject index is incomplete, especially when a researcher wants to find related verses and narrations to a particular subject and become informed about various views regarding that subject.
Applying uniforms and tree branch techniques, doubles the capabilities of the Subject Index, while the text of the book that is being worked on, is also always accessible. To prepare the Word Index, a considerable amount of effort is invested through the following phases: subject categorization and control, finding entries of each subject, uniform control, typing and correction, coordinating uniforms and subjects, programming, test presentation, and debugging.
Obviously, the vastness of the legacy of the Ahl al-Bayt ('a) and the richness of our scientific inheritance, creates the grounds for new and growing harvests. Therefore, it is natural that the subject indexes are always reconsidered so that they may be perfected and transformed.
CRCIS presentable 'Subject Indexes' according to 'Topics' and 'Book Titles' are as follows:
1. Fiqh & Usul: Sharh al-Lum'ah, al-Makasib, al-'Urwah al-Wuthqa, Riyad al-Masa'il, Mustamasak al-'Urwat al-Wuthqa, Fara'id al-Usul (al-Rasa'il), Kifayah al-Usul.
2. Philosophy: al-Asfar, Nihayah al-Hikmah, Badayah al-Hikmah, Sharh al-Isharat (philosophy section), Usul-e Falsafah wa Rawesh-e Ri'alism (The principles of Philosophy and the Method of Realism), Amuzesh-e Falsafah (Philosophy Instruction), al-Masha'ir, al-Hikmah al-'Arshiyyah, Sharh al-Manzumah (philosophy section), Ilahiyyat al-Shifa', and Collection of Mulla-Sardra's Works.
3. Logic: Asas al-Iqtibas, al-Jawhar al-Nadid, Sharh al-Manzumah (logic section), al-Lama'at al-Mashriyyah, Mantiq al-Mashriqiyyin, Burhan al-Shifa', and Sharh al-Isharat (logic section).
4. Hadith: Wasa'il al-Shi'ah.
The following is the list of more subject index that will be presented in the future:
1. Hadith: Bihar al-Anwar.
2. Theology: Kashf al-Murad.
3. Exegesis of the Holy Qur'an: al-Tibyan by Shaykh Tusi.
4. The collection of Shaykh Mufid's works on history, theology, and fiqh:
The Rijal (Narrators) Index
Supplying the computer with the chain of the Hadith Narrators allows us to create the Rijal Index and to produce valuable information on the following areas:
The teachers (sources) and the students of the Hadith narrators, the era and classes of the narrators, the number of ahadith of a particular narrator, the relationship of narrators with each other, as well as with the Infallible Imam ('a) etc.
The collection of this information plays an important part in discovering the tampering with and damage that many have occurred in the chain of the Hadith Narrators, determining its weakness and strength, etc.
Adding a brief biography of the narrator will make the Rijal Index more beneficial.
Producing a Rijal Index is possible through the following phases:
Using genuine transcript and-if necessary-transcript correction, reducing difficult or complicated chains of narrators to simplified ones, expert formatting, typing and correction, programming, tentative presentation of the programs, and final correction.
Including the 'Synonym System' and the 'Mushkilat al-Asnad Index' (Index pertaining to the difficulties in the chain of the narrators) enhance the efficiency of the Rijal Index. The Synonym System however, provides all the titles of a narrator. The Mushkilat al-Asnad explains the chain of the narrators including 'Tahwil' (existence of two or more chains within the same chain), 'Ta ahq' (omission of a part of the chain according to other related chains).
The following is the CRCIS Rijal indexes:
1. Chain of the Hadith Narrators in al-Kutub al-Arba'ah.
2. Chain of the Hadith Narrators in Shaykh Saduq's Books.
3. The Eight important Rijal Books.
The historical texts contain considerable amount of information. Since this information is irregularly scattered and hence, hardly accessible, this program is developed to offer more than 50 lists of the necessary research entries in this, to facilitate the task for the researchers.
Some of these lists are as follows:
-Qur'anic Verses, Ahadith and Sermons, Letters, Treaties, Wills and Testaments, Names of the Narrators, Authors, Fuqaha', Poets, Rulers, Tribal Chiefs, Books, Places, Conquests, Wars, Tribes, Statistics, Biographies, Occupations, Births and Deaths, Calendars and Dates, etc, as well as concepts such as Cultural, Theological, Ethical, Political, Economic, Geographical, and Military Concepts, Concepts regarding the family and the civil rights.
The Qur'anic Index of Noor al-Anwar
This index is prepared to offer all necessary information for the researchers about the Glorious Qur'an, featuring a relatively small volume which makes the researcher independent of referring to various other references in many cases.
This index contains the desired key information and among them the following may be referred to:
- Differences in Recitation, Occasions of Revelation of Verses, Interpreting Hadith, Verses having the same content, Verses applicable to each other;
Lists such as the list of Proper Nouns, Revelation Sequence, Particular Qur'anic Concepts, etc.
The Common Features of the Programs
The CRCIS computer specialists employ advanced methods such as the ones below, in producing Islamic sciences soft wares:
Compacting Voluminous Information:
Using this method, the volume of the files of the Word Index has been reduced considerably. For instance, the 110 volumes of Bihar al-Anwar -including its index files - takes only 29 M.B. of memory.
High Speed in Search and Information Retrieval:
The specialists of CRCIS have been able to increase the information retrieval speed of fully compact files greatly by applying new innovations, so that finding a word in the 110 volume Bihar al-Anwar takes only a few moments.
Profiting from New Technology:
The CRCIS Treasury of Islamic Sciences' on CD-ROM profits from the latest technology. For instance, the Word Index of the Glorious Qur'an and the al-Mizan Exegesis, Ibn Abi al-Hadid's Commentary on Nahj al-Balaghah, al-Kutub al-Arba'ah, Bihar al-Anwar, Wasa'il al-Shi'ah, and Mustadrak Wasa'il al-Shi'ah containing 225 volumes, have been fitted on 76 M.B. of memory space that is equal to 1/9 of the total space of a CD-ROM.
Computer Services and other Activities of CRCIS:
Since the ultimate goal of these efforts is rendering adequate services to the researchers and the elite, the centre also provides various other necessary scientific services besides producing Islamic sciences soft wares.
The following is a brief profile of these services:
Information Technology (IT):
The IT services of the Centre may be considered in three different areas:
Establishing IT Banks:
The seminary students and other researchers of Islamic sciences profit from the available programs free of charge daily, and if they encounter an ambiguity or a problem during a research session, they enjoy the assistance and guidance of the experts of the Centre who are around to help them.
It is worthy to mention that the IT banks - established so far - are located in the following places:
- Central Buiding of CRCIS.
- Dar al-Shifa' Theology School.
- Library of Do Tiflan-e Muslim Mosque al Qum.
- Jami' al Zahra' Seminary (for ladies).
The branch of Islamic Propagation Office (IPO) with the cooperation of IPO of Qum Seminary.
Faculty of Theology of Tehran University.
- Iranian Recreation Center
- Imam Husayn Mosque
2. Establishing Self-regulating IT Banks
3. Establishing Mobile IT Banks
A reputable section of the Centre is its training department called the Noor Computer Training Institute (NCTI).
This institute endeavors hard to train the enthusiasts of computer sciences covering different age and educational background groups.
Most of the instructors of this institute are among the seminary students and scholars, and the training is rendered free of charge to the seminary student. Non-seminary students also may enjoy the training services of NCTI by paying an affordable tuition.
C) Providing Computer Facilities:
An active department of the centre is the Noor Trading Company (NTC) consisting of two units:
1. Shabakeh Computer Shop (SCS) :
2. This is NTC's Sales unit, the SCS endeavors to provide computer systems and peripherals to all the enthusiasts. Its prompt services and open attitude is welcomed by the people.
The SCS also equips the research institutes affiliated with the seminary with computers and peripherals, and it helps them in using their systems as well.
All the CRCIS Programs are produced under the name of 'Noor Software' [Noor=light, illumination], and they are presented to those interested in Islamic sciences, so that it may illuminate their path.
3. Hardware Services Unit (HSU):
The HSU employs highly capable engineers, and it is responsible for support, installation, repair, and running computer systems. This unit renders very essential hardware services to the Islamic sciences researchers and specially to the research institutes and foundations. Also, it has taken a most fundamental step by executing 'the Common Hardware Plan' that includes supporting hardware and providing repair and maintenance services to the seminary personal and institutional computer systems.
Other Activities of CRCIS:
It is obvious that dynamism of a centre such as ours, is only guaranteed when it could have a deserving and logical bond with the scientific community.
Having this purpose in mind, CRCIS follows up its endeavors abroad and wherever there is a trace of a computer system associated with the Islamic sciences field continually, both in the university and seminary communities.
In this way, while gaining knowledge of other experts' experiences, the centre may present them its products as the fruits of many years of hard work. Some of these activities are as follows:
The Computer & the Islamic Sciences Biannual Seminars:
The first of these seminars was held in 1992 and the second in 1994. The main objective of holding these seminars is to introduce the role of information technology in the growth of Islamic sciences research, and also to bring together the two institutions of university and seminary, so that the grounds for benefiting from the new technology is made possible in this field more then ever. The multiplicity of computer centres in the Islamic sciences fields, doubles the possibility of repeated or parallel works.
Fortunately, the first two seminars have played an undeniable part in bringing together different viewpoints and preventing repetitious works.
Creating the grounds for the formation of 'the High in formation Council of the Islamic Sciences' (HICS), is one of the centre's invaluable achievements. The HICS is responsible for planning this vital and important field and submitting the proposals to the supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran. The Computer & the Islamic Sciences Biannual Seminars have clearly proved itself in the charts of scientific and specialized seminars. It takes a fresh viewpoint to the essential issues of communication, technology, and theological research.
The National Islamic Sciences Software Biannual Exhibition:
Many related research centres, as well as CRCIS itself, participate in this national event and they offer software programs at affordable prices.
The first and second of these exhibitions were held in 1993, and 1995, respectively.
The Qum Seminary Management System Project:
This project was started on the instructions of the supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Ayatullah Sayyid 'Ali Khamene'i, by a group of CRCIS specialists in order to prepare a suitable system for that organization. To do so, after the initial studies and examinations of the project, reconsideration of the present system started through cooperation of the personnel and authorities of the Qum Seminary Management Centre. This cooperation will continue until the Seminary - including all of its school across the country - is provided with all the necessary services of the centre.
Design, development execution of the following systems are the results of the efforts in this regard:
* The National Centralized Admission (system for the freshman seminary students)
* The Admission System (for non-freshman seminary students)
* The Cortex Data Entry System
* Periodical Examination System
* Tuition System
Participating in National and International Computer Exhibitions:
CRCIS has participated in annual Gitex Exhibition twice effectively.
It was selected as the best IT booth in the Sixth International Tehran Book Fair. The participation of the specialists of the center in the annual Cebit Exhibition in Germany, provides up-to-date research and technical viewpoints, as well as speeding up the process of accessing the new technological capabilities and breakthroughs.
5. Holding the Islamic Sciences Software Exhibition in Lebanon.
6. Successful Participation in Provincial Exhibitions of the Qur'anic Sciences.
7. Exhibiting in:
- The first Session of the World Assembly of the Ahl-al-Bayt ('a)
- The Millennium Congress of Shaykh Mufid
- The Commemoration Congress Shaykh Ansari
- The Congress of Wilayat (Guardianship) and Ahl al-Bayt ('a) in Persian Literature
8. Supplying hardware and soft ware, and running the Qum Seminary Computer Centre.
INTRODUCING THE NEW CD-ROMS OF CRCIS
The centre has recently presented its programs on CD-ROMS that are introduced briefly as follows:
1. Noor al-Anwar - a Qur'anic encyclopedia including:
Qur'an Text, indicating the pronunciation rules by using distinct colors
Recitation of the entire Qur'an (in tartil method) by Shahriyar Parhizgar
2. Noor al-'Itrah - a Word Index including:
A. The source books of Bihar al-Anwar
(164 titles in 210 volumes) among them: Collections of the works of Shaykh Mufid, Shaykh Saduq, Ibn Tawus, ...
B. Word Index of the Eight Important Rijal Books
- Rijal of al-Najashi
- Rijal of al-Barqi
- Rijal of al-Kashshi
- Rijal of al-'Allamah al-Hilli
- Rijal of Shaykh Tusi
- Al-Fihrist [list] of Shaykh Tusi
- Rijal of Ibn al-Ghada'iri
- Rijal of Ibn Dawud
3. Noor al-Fiqahah - containing Subject Indexes of the following books in fiqh and usul al-fiqh:
- Sharh al-Lum'ah (al-Rawdat al-Bahiyyah)
- Al-'Urwat al-Wuthqa
- Fara'id al-Usul (al-Rasa'il)
- Kifayat al-Usul
4. Noor al-Hikmah-containing Subject Indexes of the following books:
- Al-Asfar al-Arba'ah
- Ilahiyat al-Shifa'
- Sharh al-Manzumah (philosophy section)
- Sharh al-Isharat (philosophy section)
- Badayat al-Hikmah
- Nihayat al-Hikmah
- Amuzesh-e Falsafah
- Usul-e falsafah va Ravesh-e Re'alism
- Do Nameh-ye farsi
- Risalah-ye-Seh Asl
- Asas al-Iqtibas
- Jawhar al-Nadid
- Sharh al-Manzumah (logic section)
- Mantiq al-Mashriqiyyin
- Al-Lama'at al-Mashriqiyyah
- Risalat al-Tasawwur wa al-Tasdiq
Word Index of the Glorious Qur'an including Qur'an text with English and Persian translations
Subject Indexes of al-Makasib al-Muharramah and Badayat al-Hikmah
Photos & Films
Introducing the CRCIS
Displaying the Program
Demo of the Entire Programs of CRCIS
CRCIS in accordance with its wide range of activities in promoting the Islamic Sciences and knowledge, is pleased to introduce its Noor IT Network. This network enables the users to retrieve the required information and/or communicate with other network members by connecting their computers with the network through a telephone line (using modem).
Some of the facilities of Noor IT network are as follows:
1. The Discourses of the Grand Leader of the Islamic Revolution, Ayatullah Sayyid 'ALi Khamene'i
Introducing the CRCIS and is various activities in the field of Islamic sciences, including a list of the Center's new soft wares & necessary information regarding the network.
Running the Noor Soft wares (using Windows)
Many programs can be executed using computers connected with the network (main computer system).
All the Noor programs including the Glorious Qur'an & its commentary, are fully accessible using this network.
News and Information
Qum News, News of Qum Islamic Seminary and various lessons and lectures (Fiqh, Usul al-Fiqh, Tafsir, ...) taught and given by eminent teachers and lectures of the Qum Seminary, Friday Prayer Sermons of Qum & Tehran.
Magazines magazines and periodicals on Islamic sciences and learning (in Persian & Arabic) are accessible.
Fully confidential electronic mail-box has made e-mail into a suitable tool for exchanging messages.
7. Answering the Questions
a) Various questions in the field of Qur'an, hadith, philosophy, theology, ethics, history, and the practical laws of Islam
b) Questions about the Noor Programs
File Library (Software Bank)
The system manager can allow the users to receive or enter a file using different protocols such as Xmodem, Ymodem, Kernit, etc.
How to connect with the Noor I T Network
To contact this network, the user should have the following (besides a computer set);
1. A modem and a telephone line
2. A telecommunication software such as telex
3. Farsi Font of Noor (obtainable from our Network Software Bank).
The user enters the network after contacting the Noor I T Network (0098-251-743411) after typing the proper User-ID and password, then may use its options according to the level of accessibility.