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Ahadith from the Holy Masoomeen (A.S.)

On Teaching and Nurturing:
The Messenger of God said: "A loving glance at the face of a learned [`alim] is an act of worship [ibada]."
He also said: "Sitting with the people of learning is an honor in this life and the hereafter."
On the authority of Abu 'Abd Allah, it is reported that the Messenger of God said: "A man will come on the day of resurrection. To his credit will be so many good deeds that they will be heaps, or towering mountains. He will ask: 'O my Lord! All this for me-and what have I done for them?' God will say: 'This is the knowledge you taught to people, and they kept on acting on it after you."
Abu Ja'far said, "Whoever taught the path to guidance will have as much reward as those who acted upon it, without in any way decreasing the reward of the latter. Whoever taught the path to wrongdoing will have as much punishment as those who acted upon such teachings without in any way decreasing the punishment of the latter."
Imam Zayn al-Abidin said concerning the rights of tutors: "The right of the one who guides you on the path of learning is that you should respect him; be dignified at his gathering; listen well to him and draw near to him; do not raise your voice at him; do not answer anyone who asks him a question, butrather let him respond; do not speak to anyone during his class; do not slander anyone with him, to defend him if something negative is mentioned about him, to conceal his faults, or to manifest his merits; do not sit with any enemy of his; do not make enemies of his friends. If you observe all of this, the angels of God will bear witness that you were his student, and that you learnt his knowledge for God, to honor God, not people."
And on the rights of students and learners, Imam Zayn al-Abidin said: "As for the right of those who are in your charge for knowledge, if you know that God has made you a leader for them in the knowledge that He has given you, and offered you of His treasures, if you excel in the teaching of people and do not mislead them, and do not get exasperated with them, then God will grant you more of His bounty. If however, you denied people your knowledge, or got angry with them when they seek to learn from you, then it is the right of God, the Powerful, the Mighty, to deny you knowledge and its splendor, and to deprive you of honor in the hearts of the people."

On Happiness:
The Messenger of God said, "The happy one is he who chooses an abode which has permanent delight, above the transitory one, the sufferings of which never cease."
He also said, "There are four delights of a person: "Righteous companions, a pious child, a giving wife, and that he should have his homestead in his country."
Imam Ali said: "Happiness is that which attains success."
He also said: "The happy one is he who preaches to others."
He said: "The happy one is he who fears reproach and yet believes, hopes for reward and does good, and longs for paradise and stays up the night."
He said: "The happy one is he who is sincere in his obedience."
He said, "Act upon knowledge and you will be happy."
He said, "Whoever checks himself will be granted happiness."
He said, "Constancy in worship is a clear sign of attaining bliss."
He said: "Happiness also lies in the bliss of the doer of good deeds."
He said: "The true essence of happiness is that a person should hide his deeds for it [i.e., which merit it], and the essence of suffering is that a person should hide his deeds for it."
He said, "The happiness of a person lies in contentment and satisfaction."

The Attentive Ear:
Imam Ali said, "If you are not a scholar who teaches, then be a listener who heeds."
He also said, "A heart that has no heedful ear is a heart damaged."
He said: "Hearing was made for you to heed what concerns it, and the sight to reveal what is dim."
He said, "May God bless the person who hears a wise saying; reflects upon it; invites to that which is right; moves towards it, follows the caution of a guide; and is saved."
Imam Hasan said: "The sharpest of perception is that which puts good things into practice; the most heedful is that which contemplates remembrance and benefits from it."

On the Hijab:
Imam Ali said: "I was sitting in the Baqee with the Messenger of God one dark, rainy day. A woman on a donkey passed by, and the foreleg of the animal stumbled in a hole, as the woman fell. The Prophet turned away and the people said, "O Messenger of God! She is wearing trousers!" He said thrice "O God, cover the faults of those who wear trousers. O people, wear trousers; of all your clothing they cover best. And protect your women in them when they go out!"
He said to his son Hasan, "Restrain them from their looks through the hijab, for the sterner hijab the better to spare you and them the blemish-and their going forth is no more severe than their coming in for those in whom you have no confidence. If you are able not to let them know anyone but you from the men, then do so!"

On Looking:
The Messenger of God said: "Beware of excessive looking, for it causes passion, and gives rise to carelessness."
He also said: "Whoever fills his eyes with haram, Allah will fill his eyes with fire on the day of judgment, except the one who repents and does not repeat this."
He said: "There is no Muslim who looks at a woman and at first glance lowers his gaze but that God [Exalted] creates for him a worship whose sweetness he will find in his heart."
He said: "Every organ has its portion of fornication, and the fornication of the eye lies in its glance."
He said, "Lower your gaze when you see that which pleases you."
Jesus said: "Beware of looking at the forbidden, for they are the seed of lust and the shoot of immorality."
Imam Ali said: "The eyes are the snares of Satan."
He also said, "There is nothing in the body less thankful than the eye, so do not answer its request, for it will distract you from remembering God Almighty."
He said: "If the eyes perceive some lust, the heart becomes blind to the aftermath."
He said: "He who looks a lot, regrets a lot."
Al-Sadiq counselled Abdullah b. Jundab, "O Ibn Jundab, verily Jesus, son of Mary, said to his disciples: 'Woe betide the glance, for it sows desire in the heart and causes corruption for its owner. Blessed be he who put his perception in his heart and not in his eyes.'"

On Ornamentation:
The Messenger of God said, "Certainly God loves His believing servant when he goes out to his brother, to appear nicely and to beautify himself for him."
He also said, "The best beautification of a man is tranquillity with faith."
Imam Ali said: "Woe to you, beautify yourself for people and to confront God in contumacy."
He also said: "Ornamentation lies in the goodness of voice not in clothes."
He said: "The ornamentation of Islam is to do good deeds."
He said: "The best dress is that which makes you identify with people, makes you appear nice among them, and keeps their tongues from wagging about you."
He said: "There is no decoration which one resorts to that is better than that of obedience to God."
Imam al-Sadiq said: "It is not fitting that a woman should neglect herself, even if it means putting a garland around her neck."

On Singing:
The Messenger of God said: "Do not listen to wind instruments and singing, for they sow hypocrisy in the heart, the way water makes shoots grow."
He also said: "Two voices are cursed in this world and the next: Flutes with joy and singing in calamity."
Al-Imam al-Sadiq said, "Singing bequeaths hypocrisy."
A man said to al-Sadiq, "I have neighbors, and they have some girls who sing, accompanied by the flute. When I go into the vestibule, may I prolong my sitting there to listen to them?" He said, "Do not do it." The man then said: "It is not something that I go to by my two feet, but rather a sound that comes to my ears." He said: "Fear God! Have you not heard God say: "Verily his hearing, his seeing, and his heart-they will all be questioned' (Al-Isra, 17:36). The man said to him: "It is as if I have never heard this verse from the Book of God from either Arab or foreigner! Certainly I have abandoned it, and I seek God's forgiveness, Exalted is He."

On Magic:
From Imam Ali: "The stargazer is like a seer. And the seer is like a magician, the magician like a non-believer, and the non-believer is in the fire."
It was also reported that he said: "The eye is true and the charm is true, but the contagion is not true."
From al-Imam al-Sadiq, "Whoever learns anything of magic, a little or a lot, has committed an act of infidelity [kufr]. This affair rest with his Lord, and his sentence is that he should be killed if he does not repent."

On Drunkenness:
The Messenger of God said, "Stay away from every intoxicant, for every intoxicant is forbidden."
Imam Ali said: "Every thinking person must beware of the intoxication of money, the intoxication of power, the intoxication of comfort, the intoxication of youth-for certainly each of these has an evil smell which destroys the intellect and negates sobriety."
Al-Imam al-Baqir said, "If a great quantity of something intoxicates, then even a little of it is haram."
The Messenger of God said, "O Ibn Mas'ud, stay away from erring intoxication, for there is intoxicant in erring just as the intoxication of drink; this is more intoxicating than the latter, for God says: "Deaf, Dumb, and blind, they will not return to the path."

On Experience:
Imam Ali said: "Issues are by experiment and test, and deeds are by experience."
He also said: "Experience provides beneficial knowledge."
He said: "He who has little experience has been misled, and he who has much experience has been made less inattentive."
He said: "Experience is the best disciplinarian."
He said: "To learn from experience is the highest of intellect."

On Groups:
Imam Ali said in the last portion of his counsel: "I exhort you to fear God and to look at your affairs."
He also said, "You must stick to the rope and bond of God, be from the party of God and His Prophet, observe the covenant of God and its hold on you, for Islam began as a stranger, and shall return to being a stranger."
He also said, "Would it make you happy to belong to the victorious party of God? Fear God [Exalted] in all your affairs, for certainly God is with those who fear Him, and those who do good."

On Politics:
On the authority of al-Imam al-Sadiq, from the Messenger of God: "There are two groups from my umma-if they are righteous, the whole umma will be righteous, and if they are corrupt, then the whole umma will be corrupt." He was asked, "O Messenger of God, who are these two?" He said, "The jurists and the rulers."
On the authority of al-Sadiq: "The learned of his time are not stumped by confusion."
And from the Messenger: "Whoever rises and does not concern himself with the affairs of the Muslims is not a Muslim."
Ali, al-Amir al Mu'minin, said: "The weakness in politics of those in authority is their ruin."
He also said, "Governance is politics."
He said: "Who is deficient in politics is deficient in governance."
He said, "The best guide to expanding the intellect is to estimate things positively."
He said, "Justice is the best politician."
He said, "The best politics is justice."
He said, "Woe to tyrannical policy."
He said, "The fundamental requirement of politics is justice."
He said, "The politics of the just lies in three things: He is gentle in firmness, meticulous in justice, and best in intentions."
He said, "The essence of politics is to give friendship."
He said, "Kindness blunts the sharpness of disagreement."
He said, "If you rule, be kind."
He said, "Patience is the best of politics."
He said, "Controlling the self is the best politics, and leadership with knowledge is the best leadership."

On Longing
Imam Ali said:
"Longing is the ruin of the intellect." "Base desires are lethal poisons."
"The sweetness of lust is spoiled into the baseness of humiliation."
"Heaven welcomes calamities, and Hell welcomes base desires."
"Depravity is commensurate with the level of delight."
The Messenger of God said:
"It is possible that an hour of lust gains long lasting grief."
Imam Ali said:
"God will grant a legacy of abasement unto those who delighted in disobeying Him."
"Lust is a god worshipped, the intellect a praiseworthy friend."
"If you bow to your lust, it will make you deaf and blind, and spoil your hereafter."
"The first part of lust is happiness, its last part is destruction."
"Tame your lusts for they are loose; if you submit to them, they will pull you to the greatest depths."
Imam al-Sadiq said:
"Beware of your lusts as much as your enemies, for there is nothing more inimical to men than those who follow their lusts and speak emptily."
Imam Ali said:
"Ridding the soul of its base desires is the greatest jihad."

On Getting Together ("Hanging out")
The Messenger of God said:
"The totality of evil is comparable to the mate of evil."
Jesus was asked by his disciples:
"O spirit of God, whom do we take as friends then?" He said: "He who, when you see him, makes you remember God, and his logic helps you in your work, and his works make you long for the hereafter."
Imam Ali said:
"A good friend is a blessing; an evil companion is an affliction."
Imam Zayn al-Abidin said:
"Sitting with the righteous is an invitation to propriety. Luqman said to his son: "O my son, sit with the scholars, and touch knees, for surely God enlivens the hearts with the light of wisdom, the same way that the earth is enlivened by the torrents from the sky."
Imam Ali said:
"Sitting with the scholars brings joy.
The Messenger of God said:
"Befriend the pious, for if you do good, they will praise you, and if you err, they will not be harsh with you."
Imam Ali said:
"Sit with the poor, you will receive more thanks."
The noble Prophet said:
"Ask the scholars, address the sages, and sit with the poor."
From Ali:
"The company of the people of lust is the abandonment of faith and a nursery for the devil."
He also said:
"Eschew the evil ones, and sit with the good ones."

On Shyness or Shame
The Messenger of God said:
"Shyness comes only with good."
And he said:
"Shyness is from the ways of Islam."
And he said:
"God loves the shy, moderate person, and detests the lewd, demanding, forward boor."
Imam Ali said:
"Shyness is a way to everything beautiful."
And he said:
"He who takes shyness as a garment has his faults hidden from view."
And he said:
"Shyness lowers the eyes."
And he said:
"The best garment in this world is that of shyness."
The noble Prophet said:
"Lewdness is only what disgraces; shyness is only what beautifies."
And he said:
"Were shyness a person, he would be righteous."
Imam al-Kazim said:
"Shyness is from faith, faith from heaven, lewdness from loathsomeness, and loathsomeness from the hellfire."

On Social Relations
The Messenger of God said:
"Someone who follows the religion of his friend, observe carefully whom you befriend."
Ali said:
"Grant your blood and property to your brother, justice and objectivity to your enemy, and your good deeds and participation to the general public."
He also said:
"Love your friend only so much, for perhaps one day he will be someone you hate; hate your enemy only so much, for perhaps one day he will be someone you love."
"Deal with your brothers by being good to them, and cover their sins with forgiveness."
"To show love to people is the height of intelligence."
"Affection emphasizes love."
"Excellence in social relations eternalizes love."
"Never send your friend away with a farewell that expels him from your friendship, but strive to show him a friendship to which he is certain to return."
"The heart is structured on social relations with wise people."
"Companionship with those who are virtuous gives life to the heart."
Social relationships uncover the hidden aspects of character.
Imam Ali counselled his son Hasan thus:
"Love for your brother what you love for yourself, and hate for him what you hate for yourself."

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