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The Effect of Alien Beliefs on Muslims

Allamah Sayyid Murtadha Askari
The alien Christian and the Jewish beliefs, especially the Jewish culture spread among Muslims in two ways:
i) Firstly, through the efforts of the Christians and the Jews themselves.
ii) Secondly, through certain Muslims.
Let us examine these two in detail.
A. The spread of alien Christian and Jewish beliefs among the Muslims through the deliberate efforts of the Christians and the Jews.
In the past, we have explained the role of the Christians and the Jewish scholars in fabricating the traditions. We know that while the Caliphs refused to allow the propagation of the Holy Prophet’s (s) traditions, they graciously permitted the Christians and the Jewish scholars who had embraced Islam to spread their own notions among the Muslims. For example, Tamim Daree, a Christian monk before accepting Islam, was officially allowed by Caliph Omar to address the Muslims on Fridays, before the sermon of Juma’ prayers, right in the grand Masjid of the Holy Prophet (s). In the era of Uthman, he was officially allowed to do so twice a week.
Similarly Ka’b al-Ahbar (whose first name was Mati’) was a well-known rabbi before he embraced Islam. He was known as Ka’b al Habr or Ka’b al-Ahbar, for Habr in Arabic means virtuous, learned man. In the days of Caliph Omar, Ka’b al-Ahbar was promoted to the Court authority, and Uthman also continued to patronize him. Muslims referred to him in matters of fundamentals and the exegesis of Qur’an.[1] Ka’b tried him best to spread the beliefs originating from the corrupt version of Torah, and other Jewish notions, among the Muslims. Some contemporaries who followed the Ahlul Bayt (‘a) were aware of his invidious ways, as evidenced in the following incident:-
Tabari in his chronicle narrates:
“Ibn Abbas was told: Ka’b says that on the Day of Judgement, the sun and the moon will be brought forth like two stupefied bulls and thrown to hell.”
Upon hearing this, Ibn Abbas was enraged, and retorted three times:
“Ka’b is a liar! Ka’b is a liar! Ka’b is a liar! This is a Jewish notion, and Ka’b wants to introduce it into Islam. Allah is Free from the things they attribute to Him. He never punishes those who obey. Have you not heard Allah say in the Qur’an: ‘And He has made subject to you the sun and the moon, both diligently pursuing their course.’”[2]
[1] See Tafseer Ibn Katheer – 4/17
[2] Surah Ibrahim: 33

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