Chronology of the Events
Year 1 A.H. (622/623 A.D.)
Holy Prophet of Islam's (S.A.W .A.) migration from Makkah to Madina.
Construction of the first mosque in Islam.
Performance of the first Friday prayer in Islam.
Conclusion of the treaty of brotherhood between Muhajireen and Ansar.
Holy Prophet of Islam's (S.A.W.A) marriage with Ayesha.
Hamza ibn Abdul Muttalib's expedition, first military expedition of the Muslims.
Year 2 A.H. (623/624 A.D.)
Change of Qibla from Jerusalem to Makkah
Fasting during the month of Ramadan was made mandatory
The Battle of Badr
The Battle of Bani Qainuka'a
Imam Ali's (A.S.) marriage with Hazrat Fatima Zahra (A.S.)
The Demise of Ruqaiyyah daughter of the Holy prophet of Islam (S.A.W.A.)
The Demise of Uthman bin Mazoon
Year 3 A.H. (624/625 A.D.)
The Battle of Uhud
The martyrdom of Hazrat Hamza ibn Abdul Muttalib
The Birth of Imam Hasan ibn Ali (A.S.)
Uthman bin Affan's marriage with Umm Kulthum, daughter of the Holy Prophet of Islam (S.A.W.A)
Decree prohibiting intoxicating drinks
The martyrdom of Masab ibn Umayr
Year 4 A.H. (625/626 A.D.)
The Battle of Bani Nadhir
The Battle of Dhat arRaqah
The Birth of Imam Husain ibn Ali (A.S.)
Year 5 A.H. (626/627 A.D.)
The Battle of Daumatal Jandal
The Battle of the Trench (Ahzab)
The Battle of Bani Qurayzah
The Hajj rules decreed
The Demise of Saad ibn Muadh
Holy Prophet of Islam's (S.A.W.A.) marriage with Zaynab bint Jahash.
Year 6 A.H. (627/628 A.D.)
The Prophet's travel toward Makkah to perform Umra or the Lesser Pilgrimage and the Quraysh's hindrance.
The Peace Treaty of Hudaybiyya
The Pledge of Ridhwan or the "Covenant of Fealty"
The Battle of Bani Mustalaq.
The death of Khosrow Parveez and succession of Shirwiyeh
IranRoman war in Nineveh.
Drought in Madina and the performance of the prayer for rain.
Year 7 A.H. (628/629 A.D.)
Holy Prophet of Islam's (S.A.W.A.) visit to Makkah to perform Umra.
The return of migrants from Abyssinia to Madina.
The Battle of Khyber.
Letters of the Holy Prophet of Islam (S.A.W.A.) to the rulers of neighbouring countries.
Year 8 A.H. (629/630 A.D.)
The Battle of Mootah.
The Conquest of Makkah.
The Quraysh leaders embracing Islam.
The Battle of Hunayn
Appointment of Ottab ibn Usayd to govern Makkah
The Birth of Ibrahim, son of the Holy Prophet of Islam (S.A.W.A.)
The Martyrdom of Jaafer ibn Abu Taleb
The Demise of Zaynab, the daughter of the Holy Prophet of Islam (S.A.W.A.)
The Martyrdon of Abdullah ibn Rawaha
The Death of Shirwiyeh son of Khosrow Parveez, the emperor of Iran.
Year 9 A.H. (630/631 A.D.)
Arrival of Arab tribes delegations in Madina and declaration of solidarity with the Muslims.
The Expedition of Tabuk
The Revelation of Surah Bara'ah and Imam Alis (A.S.) mission to Makkah.
The Zakat rules decreed.
Power struggle in Iran and the rule of Pouran Dokht duyghter of Khosrow Parveez.
The Demise of Umm Kulthum daughter of the Holy Prophet of Islam (S.A.W.A.)
The Demise of Negus, the king of Abyssinia.
The Dismantling of MasjidDharar.
Year 10 A.H. (631/632 A.D.)
The Farewell Pilgrimage
The meeting of Muslims in Ghadeer Khumm and the declaration of succession of Imam Ali (A.S.)
The Demise of Ibrahim the son of the Holy Prophet of Islam.
The Death of Pouran Dokht and succession of her sister Azarmidokht
Year 11 A.H. (632/633 A.D.)
The Demise of the Holy Prophet of Islam (S.A.W.A.)
The Martyrdom of Hazrat Fatima Zahra (A.S.)
The Beginning of Abu Bakr's rule
The Death of Azarmidokht.
The Death of Musailamah, the liar.
The Beginning of the Islamic conquests.
Year 12 A.H. (633/634 A.D.)
Order for the collection of the Holy Quran
Continuation of the Islamic Conqiests in Iraq The Beginning of Islamic Conquest in Syria
Year 13 A.H. (634/635 A.D.)
Demise of Abu Bakr
The Beginning of the reign of Umar bin alKhattab Continuation of the Islamic conquests in Syria and Iraq The Beginning of the reign of Yazdgerd III in Iran.
Year 14 A.H. (635/636 A.D.)
The Battle of Qadisiyya
Conquest of Ba'albeck and Hims. Construction of the city of Basrah. Demise of Sa'ad bin Uba da.
Year 15 A.H. (636/637 A.D.)
The Battle of Yarmuk
Conquest of Tyre and Sidon Conquest of Hama And Aleppo Conquest of Babel Removal of Khalid bin alWalid and appointment of Abu Ubayda alJarrah as the commander of the army Establishment of the government chancery. Construction of the city of Kufah by Saad bin Abi Waqqas.
Year 16 A.H. (637/638 A.D.)
Demise of Maria the Copt wife of the Holy Prophet of Islam (S.A.W.A
Conquest of Gazzah and Beirut Conquest of Jerusalem The Battle ofJalula Conquest of Tikrit and Nineva. Appointment of Mughira bin Shaaba as the governor of Basrah.
Year 17 A.H. (638/639 A.D.)
Beginning of the expansion of Masjid alHaram
Saadd bin Abi Waqqas' transfer to Kufah. Removal of Mughira bin Shaaba from the governorship of Basrah and appointment of Abu Musa alAshari. Conquest of Ahwaz Conquest of Jazira.
Year 18 A.H. (639/640 A.D.)
Assembly at jabiya with the presence of Umar
Appointment of Muawiya as the governor of Syria, Jordan and Palestine. Demise of Mu'adh bin Jabal Demise of Abu Ubayda alJarrah Death of Yazid bin Abu Sufyan
Year 19 A.H. (640/641 A.D.)
Beginning of the Islamic conquest in Egypt.
Organization of the Muslim army in Syria Beginning of the expansion of Masjidi Nabawi
Year 20 A.H. (640/641 A.D.)
Distribution of the lands at Khaybar
Removal of Saad bin Abi Waqqas from the governorship of Kufah and appointment of Ammar bin Yasir. Death of Heraclius I and beginning of the reign of Constantin III in Byzantine Conquest of Tblisi. Demise of Hubab bin Munzar Demise of Zaynab bint Jahash. Demise of Safiyyah bint Abdul Mutallib. Demise of Bilal bin Rabah. Demise of Usayd bin Hadhir.
Year 21 A.H. (641/642 A.D.)
Appointment of Amr bin Aas as the governor of Egypt by Umar.
Conquest of Alexandria. Conquest of Nihavand. Death of Khalid bin alWalid. Demise Abi bin Ka'ab.
Year 22 A.H. (642/643 A.D.)
Removal of Ammar bin Yasir from the governorship of Kufah and the inclusion of it in the jurisdiction and governance of Abu Musa alAshari, governor of Basrah.
Conquest of Hamedan Conquest of Isfahan Conquest of Tabristan Conquest of Azerbaijan Conquest of Kirman Death of Maquqes the Roman representative in Egypt.
Year 23 A.H. (643/644 A.D.)
Demise of Umar bin alKhattab.
Umar's nominated Electoral Committee's session and selection of Uthman bin Affan for the government Conquest of Tripoli Conquest of Qum and Kashan Demise of Sawdah bint Zama'a Death of Hormuzan. the Iranian commander and the governor of Ahwaz
Year 24 A.H. (644/645 A.D.)
Saad bin Abi Waqqas reinstated as the governor of Kufah.
Selection of Abdullah bin Saad to collect Kharaj in Egypt and the removal of Amr bin Aas. Conquest of Kabul.
Year 25 A.H. (645/646 A.D.)
Removal of Saad bin Abi Waqqas from the governorship of Kufah and appointment of Walid bin Uqba.
Removal of Amr bin Aas from the governorship of Egypt and appointment of Abdullah bin Abi Sarh, foster brother of Uthman. Conquest of Armenia. Demise of Umm Ayman.
Year 26 A.H. (646/647 A.D.)
Military preparation of the Muslims for the naval war with the Romans at Alexandria.
Declaration of independence by Gregarios, the Roman governor in Africa.
Year 27 A.H. (647/648 A.D.)
Battle of the Mulsims with the army of Gregarios.
Year 28 A.H. (648/649 A.D.)
Annexation of the Jazira and Armenia provinces with the jurisdiction and governorship of Muawiya in Syria.
Conquest of Cyprus. Death of Sahib, the Roman.
Year 29 A.H. (649/650 A.D.)
Removal of Abu Musa al Ashari from the governorship of Basrah and selection of Abdullah bin Aamer.
Conquest of Arwad island in Syria. Conquest of some parts of Khorasan.
Year 30 A.H. (650/651 A.D.)
Uthman's order for the collection of the copies of the Holy Quran.
Removal of Walid bin Uqba from the governorship of Kufah and the appointment of Saeed bin Aas. Abu Dharr elGhiffari banished to Rabza. Expansion of the holy shrine of the Prophet of Islam (S.A.W.A.) Yazdgerd's III flight to Khorasan. Conquest of Damghan.
Year 31 A.H. (651/652 A.D.)
Assassination of Yazdgerd III, the last king of the Sasanid dynasty and the end of the Sasanid rule.
Conquest of Neishabur and Tus. Conquest of Talighan and Balkh. Death of Abu Sufyan.
Year 32 A.H. (652/653 A.D.)
Conquest of the Caspian region.
Demise of Abu Dharr elGhiffari. Demise of Abbas bin Abdul Mutallib. Demise of Abdullah bin Masood. Demise of Abd alRahman bin Auf. Demise of Abu Darda. Demise of Kaab al Ahbar.
Year 33 A.H. (653/654 A.D.)
Banishment of some Kufians to Egypt and Syria.
Demise of Miqdad bin Aswad.
Year 34 A.H. (654/655 A.D.)
Differences over the governorship of Kufah and the beginning of the opposition to Uthman.
Arrival of the antagonists of Uthman from Egypt and Kufah to Madinah. The Battle of Dhat alSawari.
Year 35 A.H. (655/656 A.D.)
Besieging of Uthman's residence and his assassination.
Muslims swore allegiance to Imam Ali (A.S.) Talha and Zubayr breaking the pledge of loyalty and moving towards Basrah and Ayesha joining them. Opportunism of Constantine III from the differences of the Muslims and invading the Islamic territory.
Year 36 A.H. (656/657 A.D.)
Extensive developments due to the dismissal of Uthman's Governors.
Removal of Muawiya bin Abu Sufyan from the governorship of Syria and deputation of Uthman bin Hunaif and his nonacceptance by the Syrians. Amr bin Aas joining Muawiya. The Battle of Jamal. Demise of Salman Farsi. Demise of Zubayr bin Awwam. Demise of Talha bin Obaidullah.
Year 37 A.H. (657/658 A.D.)
Rebellion of Muawiya bin Abu Sufyan and his readiness to face Imam Ali (A.S.)
The Battle of Siffin. Arbitration between Imam Ali (A.S.) and Muawiya. Separation of a group from Imam Ali (A.S.) and the formation of Khariji movement. Martyrdom of Malek Ashtar. Martyrdom of Ammar Yasir. Demise of Khabab bin Arth. Demise of Abdullah bin Abi Sarh. Martyrdom of Muhammad bin Ja'far bin Abu Taleb.
Year 38 A.H. (658/659 A.D.)
Martyrdom of Muhammad bin Abu Bakr, governor of Egypt.
The Battle of Nahrvan. Nomination of Amr bin Aas as the governor of Egypt by Muawiya and annexation of Africa to its domain. Demise of Sahl bin Hunaif.
Year 39 A.H. (659/660 A.D.)
Aggression of Muawiya on the military positions of the domain of Imam Ali (A.S.) in Iraq and Jazira.
Deputation of an army by Imam Ali (A.S.) towards Sind. Year 40 A.H. (660/661 A.D.) Aggression of Muawiya's army under the command of Busr bin Artat to Hijaz and Yemen. Conpiracy of the Khawarij to assassinate Imam Ali (A.S.), Muawiya and Amr bin Aas at same time. Martyrdom of Imam Ali (A.S.) in Kufah. Muslims swore allegiance to Imam Hasan alMujtaba (A.S.) Execution of Ibn Muljam. Demise of Asma Bint Umais. Death of Ashath Kindi. Demise of Umm Hani. Demise of Laila Ghiffari.
Year 41 A.H. (661/662 A.D.)
Imam Hasan alMujtaba's (A.S.) peace treaty with Muawiya.
Demise of Uthman bin Hunaif. Death of Safwan bin Umayya.
Year 42 A.H. (662/663 A.D.)
Muawiya's invitation to Ziyad bin Abi to come to Syria.
Year 43 A.H. (663/664 A.D.)
Demise of Muhammad bin Maslama Ansari.
Death of Amr bin Aas. Rebellion of Khawqrij in Kufah.
Year 44 A.H. (664/665 A.D.)
Demise of Abu Musa alAshari.
Death of Utba bin Abu Sufyan, governor of Egypt and nomination of Uqba bin Aamer Jahni.
Year 45 A.H. (665/666 A.D.)
Removal of Abdullah bin Aamer from the governorship of Basrah and appointment of Ziyad bin Abi.
Establishment of the Khatam choncery. Demise of Hafza bint Umar alKhattab. Demise of Dahiya Kalbi. Demise of Zayd bin Thabit.
Year 46 A.H. (666/667 A.D.)
Demise of Abdur Rahman bin Khalid bin Walid.
Year 47 A.H. (667/668 A.D.)
Year 48 A.H. (668/669 A.D.)
Assassination of Constantine III, Emperor of Rome in Sicily and succession of his son Constantine IV.
Year 49 A.H. (669/670 A.D.)
Removal of Marwan bin Hakam as the governor of Madinah and appointment of Saeed bin Aas.
Rebellion of Khawarij in Kufah under the leadership of Shabib Khawariji. Aggression of Roman army on the coastline of Syria.
Year 50 A.H. (670/671 A.D.)
Martyrdom of Imam Hasan alMujtaba (A.S.)
Annexation of the Kufah province under the jurisdiction and governorship of Ziyad bin Abi. Death of Mughira bin Shaaba. Unsuccessful attempt of Muawiya to transfer the pulpit of the Holy Prophet of Islam (S.A.W.A.) from Madinah to Syria.