Ayatullah al-Uzma Sayyid Muhsin al-Hakim
He was born in 1306 AH. in a family renowned for its scholarship. He studied under the tutelage of great Fuqaha, like Ayatullah Seyyid Muhammad Kadhim Yazdi, Ayatullah Mirza Husain Naeeni, Ayatullah Zia Iraqi and others.
He became a sole Marja after the death of Ayatullah Seyyid Husain Burujardi, with whom his family tree shared a common lineage finally reaching Ameerul Mumineen Imam Ali b. Abu Talib (AS). The Hawza of Najaf grew immensely under his Marjaiyya, boasting nearly an unprecedented figure of 8000 students. He also instituted several changes in the curriculum of the Hawzas, which have had far reaching effects. His famous work in Fiqh is 'Mustamsak' which is acknowledged as the most exhaustive and enlightening commentary on the first part of al-Urwa tul Wuthqa. The style and skill of his reasoning established him among the Fuqaha of the first rank. He is also well known for his clear fatwa against Communism, declaring it an ideology of Kufr and atheism.
He died on 27the Rabi al-Awwal 1390 AH. in Najaf and was buried in the great and modern library he had established.