Moral Lessons of Islam
The Qur'an is a Prescription for Remedy and Cure
And we reveal of the Quran that which is a healing and a mercy to the believers and it adds only to the perdition of the unjust. [ Al-Israa: 82]
Therefore, seek cure from it for your ailments and seek its assistance in your distress, it contains a cure for the biggest diseases, namely unbelief, hypocrisy, revolt and misguidance. Pray to Allah through it and turn to Allah with its love, Do not ask the people through it. There is nothing like it through which the people should turn to Allah, the sublime.
Why has the Holy Quran been named a cure and a remedy? Human being an apparent and worldly nature and an inward and spiritual nature.
This is His real and innate creation. Based of this principal, the true belief about the Origin and Resurrection in the same way as the body of a man becomes sick, his soul also becomes indispose and sick. As these are medicines for the prevention of body sickness, these are medicines for the spiritual illness.
The Holy Quran with decisive proofs and clear reasons removes and destroys all the doubts, suspicious and misgivings. It brings the heart in a good safe health.
Namaz with the presence of heart
Successful indeed are the believers. Who are humble in their prayers.[Al-Mo'meneen (1-2)]
Humble means being gentle and submissive and the one who prays must be humble in the heart. All his mind and thinking should be directed to words the Namaz. All the organs of his body especially the eyes should be humble. The eyes should not see other then the place of prostration (Sajdagah) and it should not see here and there. The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) saw a man who was playing with his beard while praying the prayers. He said: " if this man heart was humble, actually his body was humble."
Humility and modesty while performing Namaz is the practical manner and custom of all the Masoomin (A.S.). It has been narrated that whenever the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) would stand for praying the Namaz, he would become like a cloth which had been laid near a corner in a stand still position. During Namaz, the color of the face of Amir Al-Momenin Ali (A.S.) would change. Due to the fear of Allah, Hazrat Fatima Zahra (A.S.) would breath profusely. With the completion of Wuzoo, the face of Imam Mujtaba (A.S.) would become pale and he would say: 'One who wishes to stand in the presence of Allah, his face should become pale.'
Encourage and exhort your house hold member towards the performance of Namaz with patience and forbearance.
And enjoin prayer on your followers, and steadily adhere to it; We do not ask you for subsistence; We do give you subsistence and the (good) end is for guarding (against evil). [Taha: 132]
From the Islamic training school, the family and household is a holy structure which its wellbeing and reformation is accompanied with the welfare and happiness of the person and the society. The immorality and impurity of the household leads to the destruction of the individual and the society.
The first school for the children is the household and family environment. A lot of positive and negative treats and behavioral characters originate from them.
Imam Ali (A.S.) has said: Training during the childhood is like the design that is inscribed on the stone. [Bahar-ul-Anwar, vol. 1, page: 224]
The parents leave their impression and influence on their children's in two ways: One is through the progeny and heredity which is not in his will and jurisdiction; and the other is through training and education in the house. Amongst them, Namaz is the best way for the purity and sincerity of the heart; spiritual encouragement and blossoming of their own spiritual talents and that of their household members. The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) has said: Teach the Namaz to your children when they are seven years of age. And when they attain ten years of age, punish and castigate them if they abandon the Namaz. [Whenever it is needed and advisable, not to speak with them is the meaning of chastisement). And separate their beds from amongst themselves. [Mizan-ul-Hikmah, vol. 1, page: 402].
Of course, the verse says that the Divine training with Namaz is a method which requires forbearance and patience. We should not expect that the work should be completed overnight and that man should reach to his aim. But, gradually the good treats and habits should be inculcated in himself and his family members.
Do Not Cause Loss to the Customers
Give a full measure and be not of those who diminish. [As-Shuara: 181]
It has been quoted from Imam Sadiq (A.S.): that the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) addressing the people said: "there are two qualities in you, due to which the past people and nations have been destroyed." The people said, "What are those two characteristics?" His Holiness (S.A.W.) replied, "Giving a less measure, and keeping less by weight during selling."
It is narrated in the traditions that when Hazrat Ali (A.S.) became free from a judgments, he went to the Bazar of Kufa and said, "Free from the Almighty Allah, and give full measure of weight to people. Observe the way of justice, and do not give less to people. Do not perpetuate injustice and wickedness on the earth.
One day, Amir ul-Momineen Ali (A.S.) saw a person in the Bazar, who was weighting saffron. He was pouring more saffron on one side of the scale. The holy Imam (A.S.) understood that there was defect with the scale. He took the saffron and said: "First correct the scales; and then if you wish, pour more saffron on the scale." Of course, there are numerous verses about the prohibition of causing damage and incurring loss to other people, In Sura Baqarah: 231, 233, and 282; Surah Tawba, 107; and Sura Talaq, 6; the Almighty Allah has explicitly made it know that one who causes loss and damage to others is ranked as disbelievers and those who cause discord amongst the Muslims.
The Islamic jurisprudents have made a legal institution from these verses and traditions by the name "La Zarar." It is derived from this expression of "Islam does not allow the causing of loss and damage to others." [Wasail Shiah, Vol.= 17, P. 341]
Sometimes, causing loss and damage arises from the fact that both parties do not respect their business contracts.
Imam Sadiq (A.S.) said, "The Muslims should be respect the conditions of their contract except a condition which is Quran against the rules.
Clear Economic Deals
"O you who believe! When you contract a debt for a stated period, then write it down; and let a literate person write it down between you properly." [Quran: 2:282]
This verse is the longest Ayat of the holy Quran and jurisprudents have extracted 21 orders from it. In the commentary book of Ali ibn Muhammad, it has been said that there are 500 religious orders in chapter Baqarah. In this verse, in addition to 21 orders, some secondary matters have also been brought out, which exceeds 30 orders and notes.
In this verse we perceive some orders which are as follow:
It is permissible to give and take a loan, and to buy through deferred payment.
It has been instructed that the loan and credit should be written, so that the wealth and money of a Muslim may not be for gotten and write the death of one of the parties, the right of the other would not trampled and violated.
The writer should be trustworthy, honest and just in his works.
We should note that it has been instructed that a preliminary agreement should be prepared, and the period and conditions of the agreement should be specified. It has been strictly emphasized that everyone should be devoted and loyal to his agreements and promises.
"O you who believe! Fulfill the obligations." [Al-Maedah: 1]
"And fulfill the promise; surely (every) promise shall be questioned about." [Al-Israa: 34]
The preparation of the preliminary business agreement and being faithful to its covenant is the graduate for the rights of economic transactions members in a society.
Bribery is a Forbidden Act
"And do not swallow up your property among yourselves by false means; neither seek to gain access there by to the judges, so that you may swallow up a part of the property of men wrongfully while you know. [Al-Baqarah: 188]
Bribery means giving money etc. to a judge or a government employee with the aim of influencing a judgment, or getting a decision, while that staff is not competent for it. It does not matter whether or not his decision is right. Jurisprudents have said that the acceptance of any form of bribery for changing of the right decision is forbidden. The middlemen to such unfair actions, and any money received through this action, will be illegal for them. Even acceptance of bribery money for performing a regular act is forbidden, such a wealth and money is not the property of the one who receives the bribery money.
After accepting the responsibility of government, Imam Ali (A.S.) in a letter addressed the authorities and army commanders about the economic corruption of the previous rulers and the need for changes says: "He also asks them to care the people's rights."
Imam Sadiq (A.S.) said; "To accept bribe while giving judgments and in arbitrations is disbelieving and betray to the Almighty Allah, and His Prophet."
The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) said: "The Almighty Allah curses those who give or receive bribe, and the middlemen between them."
In addition to religious consideration, bribery causes social disturbance and corrupted relation between the people and the authorities. Under such condition the social order and discipline becomes confused.
The Effects of Keeping Aloof from Praying
And anyone who fails to remember Me, will have a meager living, and We shall summon him as a blind person on Resurrection Day. [Quran, 20:124]
During the time when Moses (A.S.) was praying, the Almighty Allah told him: O' Moses, In whatever state and condition, never forget me. Do not become happy with a lot of wealth and property. By forgetting me, the hearts become cruel and stubborn; and too much wealth and property leads to numerous sins.
Really, what is the relation between refraining from praying and remembrance of God, and the life becoming intolerable and difficult?
The late great scholar Allama Tabatabaei has replied to the above question in a good manner. He says, "Whoever forgets his God and does not remembers Him, then the only way left for him is to pay perfect attention to the worldly life. This life will become his motive and ideal. In order to achieve this goal, he will strive and endeavor. All his efforts will be directed towards highest personal utilitarianism. The life of such a person, short or long, would not satisfy his internal needs and desires. This is the quality and characteristic of this life, that whatever is achieved the person is never satisfied. He always tries to achieve more of this world. His greed has no limitation. So with regards to his needs and shortages he is always unsatisfied and restless.
On the other hand, grief, uneasiness, mental anguish, fear from the future events, probable different misfortunes like death, diseases, jealousy of the evil seekers, conspiracy of the enemies, unsuccessfulness in activities, and losing of desirable friends and conditions; all this things makes him unstable and uneasy.
But, if he recognizes the greatness and magnificence of his God, and would always remember Him (like a drop which has been connected to the ocean); then in such a state, he would have been creation that an eternal and imperishable life, with an everlasting honor, and greatness is awaiting him. He would realize and understand that this life is a short passageway, and, in comparison with the hereafter, it is insignificant and nothing. The result of such a relation, insight and thinking is that he would be satisfied with whatever has been destined for him in this world. Hence he would never put himself in such a herd and difficult situation.