Shaykh Saduq: One of the Greatest Shia Scholars
Shaykh Saduq, one of the greatest Shia scholars of the fourth century, who was famous by the Muallim (teacher). His book, Man la Yahzarahul Faqih is one of the four principal books of Hadith of Shia i.e. Kutub-e-Arba'.
The high position of Shaykh Saduq (died 381 A.H.) can be gauged from the fact that he was born through the prayers of Hadhrat Imam-e-Zamana (a.s.). Throughout his life he was the centre of Imam's attention and favours.
The father of Shaykh Saduq (r.a.) was known by the name of Ali ibne Babwayh. He was one of the well-known jurisprudent and scholar of hadith in the city of Qum. Though he had been married to his cousin for a number of years he was he was not yet blessed with any children.
In the year 305 A.H. he visited Baghdad and met the special representative of Imam (a.s.), Husain ibne Rawh Nawbakhti. Ibne Babwayh sent a letter through Mohammad ibne Aswad with the request that it may be presented to Imam-e-Zamana (a.s.) to pray to Allah in this regard.
A reply was soon received from Imam (a.s.) as follows: "You will not have any children by this wife. I have prayed for you in this regard and soon you will be blessed by two sons (who would become jurists) through a lady of the Dailamite tribe."
As foretold by Imam-e-Zamana (a.s.), ibne Babwayh married a Dailamite lady after some time. The Almighty Allah blessed him with two sons whom he named Mohammad and Husain.
Both his sons soon earned fame as the Shi'ite jurists and scholars of traditions in the city of Qum. Very few scholars of that time could reach such an exalted position.
The exceptional ability and brilliance especially in the narrating and memorizing of Hadith; and his truthfulness soon earned for him the title of Saduq. He later became famous by his honorable title.
The scholars and friends of his time were amazed at his knowledge and outstanding memory. It was clear that his brilliant mind and non-stop successes were due to the blessings of the prayers of Imam-e-Asr (A.S.).
He himself agreed to this fact and felt much honored for the same. He often said: " I am born through the prayers of Imam-e-Asr (A.S.)