Alcoholism according to the Traditions of Ahl ul-Bayt (A.S.)
By: Shaheed Ayatullah Abdul Husain Dastghaib Shirazi
Traditions that denounce alcohol are numerous. Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (a.s.) says:
“On the day of Qiyāma the drunkard would come with a black face, a protruding tongue and the saliva dripping upon his chest.”
In another narration Imam (a.s.) informed:
“He will scream, ‘Thirst! Thirst!’ And Allah would have the right to make him drink from the well that contains the pollutants of the adulterers.”
In a tradition from the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.), he says:
“One who is careless of Salāt will be deprived of my intercession, and will not be able to reach me at the pool of Kawthar. And by Allah, my intercession will also not reach the one who consumes intoxicants, and he would not be able to reach me at the pool of Kawthar.”
One more tradition says, that the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) cursed ten types of people in connection with wine:
1) One who plants a sapling with the intention of producing wine.
2) One who cultivates this sapling so that wine may be manufactured.
3) One who crushes the grapes.
4) One who drinks wine.
5) One who serves the wine.
6) One who transports wine.
7) One who takes delivery from the supplier.
8) One who sells wine.
9) One who buys it.
10) One who uses the income that is earned by (making or selling) wine.
Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (a.s.) said:
“One who is addicted to wine (liquor) will meet the Lord (on the appointed day) like an idol worshipper.”
Another tradition says that,
“On the day of meeting of the Lord, the drunkard will be counted among the disbelievers.”
(Wasa’il ul-Shia, chapter of prohibited drinks )
Liquor is the root of all evils
Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (a.s.) has said,
“Disobedience to the order of Allah is mostly due to alcoholism. The alcoholic abandons Salāt. He even commits incest under the influence of alcohol. He loses his senses.”
(Wasa’il ul-Shia: chapter of prohibited drinks)
Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (a.s.) says,
“Certainly even if a person swallows only a mouthful of wine, at that very moment, the angels, the Prophets and the righteous believers send their curses upon him.”
“And when he drinks enough to make him intoxicated, the spirit of belief leaves his body, it is replaced by the dirty, accursed, devilish spirit. When the person neglects prayers, he spreads corruption in society.”
It is related from Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (a.s.):
“One who drinks wine considering it Halāl will remain forever in Hell. One who drinks wine, knowing it is Harām will still taste the punishment of Hell.”
Imam ‘Ali ar-Riďa (a.s.) has informed,
“Allah knows better that every Prophet who has been sent by Him did not have his religion completed till wine was prohibited. Wine has always been Harām.”
In the present Old and New testaments, even after so many interpolations and alterations, there is considerable criticism of alcoholism.
“Don’t associate with people who drink too much wine...”
“Show me someone who drinks too much, who has to try out some new drink, and I will show you someone miserable and sorry for himself, always causing trouble and always complaining. His eyes are bloodshot, and he has bruises that could have been avoided.”
“Don’t let wine tempt you, even though it is rich red, though it sparkles in the cup, and it goes down smoothly. The next morning you will feel as if you had been bitten by a poisonous snake. Weird sights will appear before your eyes and you will not be able to think or speak clearly.”
(Proverbs 23: 29-33)
The punishment for drinking wine is mentioned in the following words:
“Inform the elders of the town, this son of ours is a rebel and a sinner. He does not obey us, he is a glutton and drinks too much wine? Then all the people of the town will stone him till he dies.”
Also we find:
“Do not get drunk with wine, which will only ruin you...”
Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (a.s.) says,
“Alcoholism is the mother of all sins. Liquor invites the drunkard to all sorts of indecencies. It destroys his intellect. So much so that under its influence he even fails to recognize his Lord. Whatever sin he encounters, he commits it. The alcoholics do not refrain from any such acts, which are against morality.”
Thus drinking liquor is Harām not merely in the light of the Qur’an and traditions, but it is a Greater Sin. One of the necessities of religion is to consider liquor Harām and if a Muslim considers it to be Halāl he becomes a Kafir.