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A Neighbor's Behavior

By: Abdul Adheem al-Muhtadi al-Bahrani
Question: In our building, we have a neighbor, whose wife is garrulous and he himself does not refrain from talking with the female neighbors and joking with them until their laughing becomes terribly loud, besides the disturbance they make in the corridors. What is the legal verdict of Islam on this bad behavior?
The answer: This is impermissible in Islam according to these Qur’anic verses: (…then be not soft in (your) speech, lest he in whose heart is a disease yearn; and speak a good word. And stay in your houses and do not display your finery like the displaying of the ignorance of yore)[119].
Talkativeness and nonsense often revolve around backbiting, telling tales, and revealing secrets that often cause problems between spouses, families, and neighbors; and especially problematic is the mutual joking and laughing between non-mahram men and women.
Allah the Almighty says, (And say to My servants (that) they speak that which is best; surely the Satan sows dissensions among them)[120] and (…and lower your voice; surely the most hateful of voices is braying of the asses)[121].
From the recommendations of Prophet al-Khidhr (a.s.) to Prophet Moses (a.s.), Prophet Muhammad (S) quoted the following, ‘Do not be talkative and do not prattle, because talkativeness disgraces the Ulama’ and reveals the defects of silly people![122]’
Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘Do not talk to people about everything you hear because it is stupidity.[123]’
He also said, ‘A silence dressing you in dignity is better than a saying bringing you regret.[124]’
[119] Holy Qur’an, 33:32-33.
[120] Holy Qur’an, 17:53.
[121] Holy Qur’an, 31:19.
[122] Mizan al-Hikma, vol.8 p.439.
[123] Mizan al-Hikma, vol.8 p.443.
[124] Mizan al-Hikma, vol.8 p.443.

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