Teach Namaz to Children and Make Them Habituated To It
By: Ayatullah Shaheed Sayyid Abdul Husain Dastghaib
A thing which I want to emphasize and which I wish that all should know and convey it to others also is the responsibility which is on us with regard to our children. We must make our children habituated to Namaz or prayers even before they become adult. It is incumbent on all of us to train our children in such a manner they may become regular worshippers. There is no doubt in it that we will get its reward. The reward of whatever good deeds the children do before becoming major (as a result of the parents efforts) will reach the parents. Even after the children become adults, their parents will be benefited by their childrens good works as God will be pleased with the parents who trained their children nicely.
Reciting ‘Bismillahirrehmaanirraheem’ By A Child Ends The Chastisement Of His father
You might have heard that once a messenger was passing by a graveyard with his companions. At one spot, the Prophet told his companions: Walk away from this spot swiftly because the person in this grave is being punished. One year thereafter, that messenger was again passing with the same companions by the same graveyard but then there was no sign of any chastisement. The messenger said to God: O Lord! How is it that now this maiyat (body) is not being punished! Came a Voice: He had a son. After this man died, people took his son to a Madressa where the Maulavi or Ustaad taught the child to recited Bismillahirrehmaanirraheem. So when the child recited this and remembered Me with my attributes of Rahmaan (kind) and Raheem (Merciful) We too removed from this child's father his punishment as he was the means of this child's birth.
Summary is that a child's prayers and worships also benefits the parents. So this is our duty and the first demand of Amr Bil Maaroof and Nahy Aneel Munkar (Commanding of good and prohibition of evils) that we should pay our attention first to our children and thereafter to other near and dear ones. Wa Anzir…Hijaarah (Surah Tahrim 66:6).
Translation: O Faithful people! Save yourselves and your children from hellfire which will be fuelled by men and stones.
Third Valley – Al Khums Wal Zakat
If some one had failed to pay even one dirham of Khums or Zakat (poor tax) then he will be stopped in the third valley. There are many narrations regarding those who do not pay Zakat. In one of them the impeccables (a.s.) have said: God will make aqraa overpower the fellow who did not pay Zakat and it will cling to his neck. (When a python becomes to much full of poison its hair fall down and such bald giant python is called 'aqraa' in Arabic).
In another narration, the Hazrat says: If a farmer does not pay Zakat or his land, the same land along with all of its seven layers turns into a heavy stone clung to his neck.
Similarly, it is mentioned that Hazrat Hujjatul Asr (a.t.f.s.) will, in the time of his appearance, kill the one who stopped Zakat payment.
So beware! Not a single dirham of zakaat should remain unpaid because, if you had collected gold and silver and wealth and had not paid the zakat for it those dirhams and dinars will be made red hot in hellfire for stamping the sides of that offender.
Yawma Yuhmaa…Taknizoon. (Surah Taubah 9:35)
Translation: The day gold and silver will be made red hot in hellfire where with their sides and foreheads will be stamped and they will be told: This is what you had gathered for you. So now, taste the fruit of your collection.
By the way, let it also be understood that there is no difference between the zakat of wealth and the zakat of body. You should pay the zakat of your body (fitrah) during the night of Eid-ul-Fitr.
When The Intercessor Himself Will Become The Opponent (claimant)
Now remains the problem of Khums. Narrations in this matter show that the questioning will be harsher than that regarding zakat. Only one of many such narrations is sufficient for emphasis. In Kaafi and in Tahzeeb and also in Man Laa Yahzaruhul Faqeeh, it is written that Imam Ja'far Sadiq (a.s) said Inna Ashadd…meaning: On the Day of Judgement, that hour will be extremely hard for people when those entitled to Khums will raise their claims and they will ask their dues from those who did not pay the same. It is enough (for showing the importance of this matter and the seriousness of this offence) to mention that those who are intercessors will come up as opponents.
Fourth Valley – As Sawn (Fasting)
There will be questioning about the fasts of the Holy month of Ramadhan in the fourth valley. As sawmu Junnatun Minannaar meaning: Fast is a shield against fire. The Holy Imam (a.s.) said that one who fasts gets two pleasures: The first is at the time of breaking the fast (sunset) when one gets a very pleasing feeling. Another is Inda Liqaa Allah. It means either at the time of death or while crossing the bridge Siraat when he or she will meet his or her Lord.
Fifth Valley – Al Hajj
If a person, during any period of his life, gets the ability to perform Hajj (according to relevant conditions) and yet he does no perform it, then he will be stopped in this valley. Rather, on the basis of a narration, there are two groups who will be told at the time of their death: Mut Yahodiyyn Av Nasraaniyyah meaning: You are dying as a Jew or a Christian (non at as a Muslim). Those two groups consist of people who did not pay due zakat and those who did not perform Hajj. It is enough for the condemnation of one who does not perform obligatory Hajj to say that the Lord of the Universe has, in the Holy Quran, used the work Kafir (denier) for him: Wa Lillaahi…Aalameen. (Surah Aale Imraan: 97).
Translation: And it is obligatory for people to perform Hajj only for the sake of Allah if they are able to reach Khaan-e-Ka'ba and who, despite having such ability, committed Kufr from Hajj, then (he should remember that) Allah independent of the universe.
No more discussion on these subjects is advisable as, by so doing, we will be going out of the discussion of Usool-e-Aqaaid (basic beliefs). Our only intention is to provide their list to most of the believers.
Sixth Valley – At Tahaarah (Cleanliness)
Ibne Abbas is reported to have said that Tahaarat means all the three types of cleanliness, that it, Wuzoo (ablution), Ghusl (bath) and Tayamum (intentional gesture). Some hadith writers have said that what is meant is absolute cleanliness. If someone is not regular in cleaning (women must especially take care of their cleanliness at particular times, otherwise) such persons will be halted in the sixth aqabah (valley) for questioning in this regard. Rather, it is also found in some narrations that, as mentioned by us earlier also, that being careless about cleanliness results in the punishment of Fishaar-e-Qabr (squeezing of grave).
Seventh Valley – Mazaalim (Oppression)
This valley is also called Aqba-e-Adl (Valley of Justice) and Aqba-e-Haqq-un-Naas (Valley of People's Rights). In the Holy Quran, it is mentioned a Mirsaad which means (ambush): Inna Rabbuka La Bil Mirsaad (Surah Fajr 89:14). If any one was slapped unjustly the offender will be detained in this valley for five hundred years and his bones will be crushed as a punishment for this crime.
O shopkeeper! What right have you to beat your servant? O teacher! On what sharaee (legal) ground are you punishing a child whereby it leaves black marks on the child's body. O Mr. Husband! Why are you beating your wives? From where the husband got a right's to whip his wife?
Of course, there are some exceptions. But such circumstances are rare and they are out of our subject and hence not discussed here. Otherwise we would have dealt with them.
Wal Laatee…Sabeelaa. (Surah Nisaa 4:34)
Translation: And those women about whom you fear that they will revolt then (first) try to make them understand (if despite it they do not realize) then you may stop sleeping with them and (even thereafter if they do not understand then) beat (but blood must not sprout nor should any organ break). Then if they begin to obey you, you also must not try to find ways of harming them.
Forty Years Imprisonment And Forty Years Of Chastisement And Scoldings
In short, who is there who can claim that he has never breached and trampled the rights of others. The impeccable (a.s.) has said: If somebody has with held someone's right, for example, not returned his trust then he will be detained in Aqabah (valley) for forty years and that nothing will be said to him. He will keep crying and weeping during all this time. Then an announcer (Munaadi) will announce: This is the fellow who kept any property of others with him. Then he will be reprimanded for another forty years. Then he will fall down in hell.
Of course, this punishment will be awarded in case his sheet of deeds had no good deeds. Otherwise, his good (reward) will be, proportionately, given to the rightful claimant as has been mentioned earlier. It is mentioned in some narrations that the reward of seven hundred Rakaat of Namaz or prayer will be given for non-payment of single dirham.