Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad(S.A.W.)
In the fifth year of the Hijrat *~
In the fifth year many events occurred, in the month of Rabial Awwal the Gazva of Daumatul Jandal happened. There is a piece of land between Persian Gulf and the Red sea which was the landing place of the caravans. They received the information that there was a group of Jews who had the evil intentions to attack the Muslims.
The Muslim warriors ambushed in the night to repulse against them but the Jews fled away. While returning back the Muslims signed an agreement of non aggression with the tribe of Fazaza . That year prophet Muhammad sallallaho alaihi va ala alehi married Zainab, daughter of Jahish after his divorce with Zaid bin Harisa after which ayat of Hijab (Covering of women) and the orders for the mothers of momineen(the wives of prophet) descended.
~* the war (Gazva) of Bani Mustalaq *~
In the month of Shaban the tribe of Khaza’a which were always supporter of the prophet gathered to fight against the prophet. The messenger Muhammad sallallaho alaihi va ala alehi with his army marched against them near the bank of Red sea which was the area of Qadeer. Muslims achieved victory by acquiring large number of captives and booty.
The most important event of that year was the dispute which was created by Abdullah bin Abi among the Muslims. The fight between Omar and one of the Ansar (supporter) Zaid bin Arqam. The messenger of Allah compromised the quarrel and the chapter (Sura) of Munafiqun (the hypocrites) descended.
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63:1 When the Hypocrites come to thee, they say, "We bear witness that thou art indeed the Messenger of Allah." Yea, Allah knoweth that thou art indeed His Messenger, and Allah beareth witness that the Hypocrites are indeed liars.
The second important event was captivity of Bani Mustalaq and the daughter of Haris in the hands of Muslims. The prophet liberated her from the hands of her master and married her after which 100 families of the Jews converted into Islam.
That year the event of Ifk (false accusation) occurred. When Aisha remained behind the caravan and later joined them the Jews condemn this matter. After which ayat of Barat descended upon Aisha and the matter of adultery (Zina) got ruled out.
~* the Gazva (war) of Khandaq (Moat)*~
That year in the month of Shawwal Gazva (war) of khandaq occurred which is also called as Ahzab. In that war the Jews of Bani Nazeer who used to reside in the fort of Khaibar and the other tribes allied with the Jews. Ten thousand people made themselves ready to attack the Muslims.
Prophet Muhammad sallallaho alaihi va ala alehi was informed about his enemy’s plan through a revelation and arranged his army. Salman Farsi advised the prophet to dig out the moat (Khandaq) around the city of Medina and make the city in the centre. Two thousand Muslims got engaged in digging the land for moat and according to the history within 6 days the moat was dug. One day a flash sparked from a stone and the messenger of God gave the glad tiding of globalization of Islam.
The prophet concentrated the army in the city. The ways to moat from the city was given to reliable safeguards and appointed all around the city with defenders. When the infidels came closer they observed a new situation which they never came across until that time. Due to the opposition army at both the sides and the distance of moat between them they were sometimes fighting with the arches and sometimes with the stones.
Umar bin Abdavad and Akrama bin Abu Jahal wanted to cross from the weak point of the moat when the Muslims hurriedly went forward and fought with them and Umar ibn Abdavad who was a famous hero of the Arabs was killed by Ali Ibn abi Talib alaihis salam. The details are mentioned in the history books.
The infidels wanted to attack all at once but the Muslims cleverly charged upon them and repressed them because of which the prayers (namaz ) of that night was missed. In that war 3 men of the infidels (Kuffar) and 5 men among the Muslims were killed. Sa’d bin M’az who was the chief of the tribe of Aus was also killed.
~* the war (Gazva) of Bani Qariza *~
As soon as the Khandaq war got over Jibril alaihis salam by the command of Allah told the Prophet to get ready for another war. The messenger of Allah with his army immediately marched towards the fort of Bani Qariza and surrounded them for 25 days after which they signed an agreement of Hikmat. Later Sa’d bin Ma’az got ill and released orders to kill all the men, arrest the women and take them along with the booty.
In that war only one Muslim was killed and the deceased from the Jews were from 600 to 900 men. One of their women killed a man by hitting him with a stone and later she was also killed by a Muslims. In the division of booty three parts were given to the riders and one part was given to those who came to fight on their foot. It was for the first time when the riders on the horses and the walkers on the foot were given the distinction.
Among the captives there was a Jewish girl by the name Rehana who the prophet selected as a slave as she did not converted into Islam and remained as a slave until the end. Muslims sold the captives in Najd as slaves and from that money they bought horses and ammunitions.
The same year by the command of the prophet horse race competition was commenced as this competition was extremely effective to give rise to the vigor and agility of the Muslim army. The Suqati horse with slender waist was extremely fast that’s why for the Suqati horses a distance was enjoined and for the Arsuqati horse lesser distance was laid down.
In the fourth year of Hijrat *~
In the fourth year, the Jews concealed themselves but the prophet got the information that the tribe of Bani Asad were planning to attack them. In the fourth year of Hijrat (migration) on first of Muharram the Muslim warriors started their journey. They reached the region of Khatan by hiding themselves in the days and moving in the nights. Prophet Muhammad sallallaho alaihi va ala alehi sent Abu Salma Makhzumi with 150 men and Abu Salma Makhzumi acquired a large number of booty with some captives. Later he expired by the effects of the wounds which inflicted upon him in the war of Uhud.
On 4th Muharram, Abdullah bin Anees was appointed to ward off the menace of Safyan bin Khalid Lamyani the chief of the tribe of Hazeel. In the area of Arafa he met Safyan where he killed him and send his head to the prophet to Madina. Hazrat Muahmamd sallallaho alaihi va ala alehi presented him his walking stick (Asa).
In the month of Safar prophet sent six Muslims to Azal and Qara for teaching Quran to the people but near Mecca the infidels attacked them. Bani limyan killed four of them and sold two of them to Qureish who were also murdered as the penalty of those who were killed in the war of Badr. This event was well known as Sarya e Raje’e.
Subsequently 40 or 70 companions of the prophet moved towards the tribe of Bani Amir to guide and preach them, upon their request. Amir bin Tafil along with the people of Bani Saleem assaulted and killed them except Amru bin Umiya Zambari who was not killed. Amir bin Tafil left him alive to acquire the blessings of his mother but marked a scar on his forehead like a liberated slave. On his way he killed two men of Bani Amir and on reaching Medina related the entire horrible event to the Prophet. The prophet of Allah felt extremely touched and the entire one month in his morning namaz (prayers) cursed the Limyan tribe, Jews and polytheist of Qureish. This event is known as B’ir Ma’oona.
~* The (Gazva) war of Bani Nazeer *~
Bani Amir sent their envoy and claimed the compensation of the murder of their two men according to the agreement which was made with the prophet. Prophet Muhammad sallallaho alaihi va ala alehi accepted to pay the compensation for the protection of Islam and Bani Nazeer also got ready for the payment. Bani Nazeer and his tribe secretly planned to kill the prophet by throwing stones from the fort that is why they got ready to pay the compensation.
Jibril alaihis salam informed the prophet through the revelation about their secret plan. After getting the revelation the great prophet ordered Bani Nazeer to leave the lands of Muslims which was accepted by them but Abdullah bin abi who was a hypocrite refused him. This dispute reached to such an extent that prophet himself carried the sword in his hand, advanced to their fort by the slogan of Allah o Akbar and blocked them. At last they surrendered and left for Syria leaving behind their entire lands, possessions and belongings which was later distributed among the (immigrants) Muhajirin.
~* The (Gazva) war of Zatur Riqa’a *~
After two months prophet moved towards Najd to attack the tribes of Bani Maharib and Bani Sa’laba where they met face to face in the region of Zatur Riqa (a mountain) but returned back without the war.
~* The second war (Gazva) of Badr *~
In the month of Shaban or Zilqad prophet Muhammad sallallaho alaihi va ala alehi prepared to move for the battle of Badr. After reaching Muhba Abu Sufyan along with the people of Mecca felt regretful as they got inflicted by drought, scarcity of water and food so they unfavorably returned back.
Zaid bin Sabith learnt how to read and write Hebrew language of the Jews as the Jews were altering the letters of the prophet. Prophet Muhammad sallallaho alaihi va ala alehi said: Those who possess my letters are unreliable to be the writers of the revelation. Zaid bin Sabith was among the Ansar (supporters). He learnt how to read and write Hebrew and Arabic in Mecca and in the period of Osman he compiled Quran.
The same year Fatima binte Asad passed away. On the third of Shaban Imam Hussain ibn Ali alaihis salam was born and Prophet Muhammad sallallaho alaihi va ala alehi married Umme Salma.
the second year of Hijrat *~
In the second year the war was declared assertively against the infidels of Qureish and the Jews were also secretly allied with them. The same year the direction for prayers (Qibla) was changed from Baitul Muqaddas to Kaaba.
The messenger of God for 12 months offered prayers towards Baitul Muqaddas. When Muhammad sallallaho alaihi va ala alehi was in Ruk’u (half bent) in the middle of his prayers Jibril alaihis salam converted the direction of prayers from Baitul Muqaddas to Kaaba and Masjidul Haram
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2:144 We see the turning of thy face (for guidance to the heavens).
Soon after the Qibla (the direction of face for prayers) was changed prophet went towards the residency of Quba and altered the direction of Qibla of Masjid e Quba from Baitul Maqaddas to the direction of Kaaba.
The Jews began to express that Muhammad sallallaho alaihi va ala alehi is unaware of the direction of prayers (Qibla). We have directed him about our Qibla and now he is not praying towards our Qibla but some other Qibla so he has become our rival. Hearing this, the prophet felt extremely hurt.
In the second year after changing the direction for prayers, fasting in the month of Ramzan was enjoined and fasting on the day of ashura (the tenth of Moharram) was also commanded which was abandoned later by the will of Allah.
At the end of the month of Ramzan the rule of Zakat and Zakat of Fitra was imparted. On the first of Shawwal, the day of festival of Ramadan Muhammad sallallaho alaihi va ala alehi performed prayers of eid on the prayers mat. It was the first namaz which was offered on the prayers mat and after few months Eid uz Zuha was also celebrated with some ceremonies when the messenger of Allah personally slaughtered the sacrifice. And in the same year Prophet Muhammad sallallaho alaihi va ala alehi married Hafsa, daughter of Umar ibn Khattab.
After these events wars began. (Gazva) war of Abva, (Gazva )war of Mardan and (Gazva) war of Bavath. These three wars occurred in the month of Rabiyal awwal of the second year of Hijrat (departure). These wars were fought in defense with the tribe of Qureish but without the confrontation and bloodshed they returned back. Gazva (war) of Badr occurred on the land of Badr, and as it was not fought it was called as Sirya.
In the month of Jamadi al awwal information reached the Muslims that the caravan of Qureish was going out from Mecca, passing from the territory of Abu Sha’ban and going towards Syria. Prophet with 200 men and 30 camels started out in search of that caravan and reached Zath al Ashir where a treaty of non aggression was finalized between both the tribes.
In the month of Jamdis Sani Muhammad sallallaho alaihi va ala alehi sent Abdullah bin Jahis to Naqla near Mecca to secretly watch the activities of the Qureish. It happened that a Muslim killed a man from the Qureish tribe and arrested two of them after which the Qureish dared to wage a war against the Muslims. The result of this incident was the main cause of the war of Badr. As the caravan of Qureish was returning from Syria in the directorship of Abu Sufyan, the prophet with his companions chased them and in Badr the prophet and his companions ambushed for Abu sufyan and his caravan,
Abu Sufyan was informed about this plan so he changed his route of journey and sent his envoy to Mecca to get help with men and weapons. A group of men came from Mecca and stood against the Muslims but Abu Sufyan ordered them to return back without any war. Finally the war commenced killing 70 men and the Muslims conquered and carried the booty of war to Prophet Muhammad sallallaho alaihi va ala alehi, when the Sura (chapter) of Anfal descended from Allah.
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8:1 They ask thee concerning (things taken as) spoils of war. Say: "(such) spoils are at the disposal of Allah and the Messenger.
Muslims got delighted and the people of Mecca sat mournful and their voices of cries, weep was heard from their houses. The Qureish paid the release price of each of the prisoners who became captives with the Muslims and one of them was Abbas who was the paternal uncle of the messenger. Abu Lahab died with the exertion feelings of jealousy and Abu Sufyan began to well equip himself for another offence on the Muslims. The two Jews of Medina, who were the supporters of the infidels of Mecca and used to provoke people against the prophet, were also killed on the same day. Among them one was Abu Afak a poet in comedy and other one was Asman binte Amiru.
Prophet Muhammad sallallaho alaihi va ala alehi formally invited the Jews towards Islam but they refused him. They were black smiths and gold smiths and their houses were in the outskirts of the city of Qalan. That year the Jews of Bani Qaenqa were chased and as they refused the invitation of Islam revelation descended from Allah
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8:58 If thou fearest treachery from any group, throw back (their covenant) to them, (so as to be) on equal terms: for Allah loveth not the treacherous.
The prophet of Allah surrounded them. After 15 days Abdullah bin Abi made the intercession to leave them and send them in the exile around the area of Syria and the Muslims acquired their properties as the booty.
In the last days of Zil Hajj the war (Gazva) of Suviq commenced and Abu Sufyan pledged a vow to attack the Muslims. He reached near Medina with 200 men and burned the date palm grooves and killed two people. The prophet pursued them but they fled away from there.
That year (the second year of Hijrat (departure)) two tribes Bani Saleem and Itfan gathered to fight against the Muslims. These tribes inhabited in the commercial route between Mecca and the Persian Gulf and associated with the Qureish of Mecca. The messenger of Allah along with the Muslims fought a war with them and after achieving victory they achieved an excessive booty in which each person gained 800 dirham. In the month of Safar prophet Muhammad sallallaho alaihi va ala alehi advanced towards Najd to fight a war with the tribe of Atfan and the result was that the enemy fled away from the battle field.
The most important event of the second year of Hijrat was the marriage of BiBi Fatima alaihis salam with hazrat Ali alaihis salam which occurred on first of Zil Hajj.
It is written in a Hadees that our prophet Muhammad sallallaho alaihi va ala alehi stated: I saw in my dream a land where there were many date palm grooves. When I went on that land I was thinking that the place is Tahama but it was Medina. In another hadees prophet expressed: In my dream I migrated to a place which had many date palm grooves and those days were the last days of the month of Safar 13th year of Bi’sath.
Jibril alaihis salam descended to inform the messenger Muhammad sallallaho alaihi va ala alehi that the blasphemers and polytheists were making conspiracies to kill him so the messenger overnight left Mecca along with Abu Bakr and took refuge in the cave of Soor. While leaving Mecca he was reciting:
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The most interesting thing is that when he concealed himself in the cave by the command of God, on the entrance of the cage the spiders weaved a web and the pigeons formed a nest laying eggs in it. The polytheist chased Muhammad sallallaho alaihi va ala alehi and reached the entrance of the cave of Soor with the help of Qaif who was expert in recognizing the route through the footprints of the people. When they reached the cave somebody from Qureish told Qaif: You silly man if Muhammad sallallaho alaihi va ala alehi is entered into this cave then the spiders web would had been torn apart and how could a pigeon built a nest in front of this cave. Looking at the covered cave all of them returned back. When Abu Bakr heard this conversation he got frightened and trembled so Prophet Muhammad sallallaho alaihi va ala alehi told him:
áÇó ÊóÍúÒóäú Åöäøó Çááøåó ãóÚóäóÇ "Have no fear, for Allah is with us"
Abdullah bin Aritha dilmi who was chosen to arrange the camels for the journey took the camels to the cave for the prophet and on the morning of third day they started their journey for Medina. When they reached the village of Quba the people of Yasrab (Medina) gathered there with clamor of joy and recited together the melodious poetry to welcome the messenger of Allah.
The women folks who came along with their men also welcomed the messenger of God with high delight. Muhammad sallallaho alaihi va ala alehi built a mosque there which is famous as the Mosque of Quba and from there they went towards the city of Yasrab (Madina).
~* first year of Hijrat (migration) *~
It was the 32nd year of kingship of the king Parvez khusro, 9th year of Harqal and 93rd year of Iskandar Maqduni. In this journey Abu bakr, Amir bin Fahira (the slave of abu bakr) and Abdullah bin Aritha dilmi were the companions.
On Monday 12 Rabiyal awwal they entered Quba and resided in the house of Sa’d bin Chashma and on Friday they proceeded towards Medina. Muhammad sallallaho alaihi va ala alehi was moving amidst the people and performed the Friday congregational prayers between the tribe of Bani Salem in Medina. The same year Jihad (the holy war) became obligatory for the Muslims. The prophet of God fought a war with a small group of people, with spiritual power he invited the people towards one God and in the shadow of sword he propagated to the transgressors. In the same year the Mosque of Quba was built, the war of Badr was fought and his marriage with Aisha took place.
~* Wars of prophet Muhammad sallallaho alaihi va ala alehi *~
The first war of the prophet occurred in Abva, the war of Vada, the first war of Badr, the second war of Badr (in which the great people of Qureish were killed) and the great war of Badr. After that the war of Bavath happened in Razva, the war of Ashira on the lands of Yanbu, the gazvath (wars) of Bani saleem happened in Najd saviq ghaftan, Zee amr in Hijaz Najran, the war of Ohod, the war of Humra al Asad, bani Nazeer, war of Zath ar Riqa towards Najd, the last war of Badr, Daumatul Jandal, Almar yasi, the war of Moat (Khandaq) Bani Qariza, Bani Lahiyan, Zee kharad, Bani al Mustalaq Hadibia, Khaibar, Umratul qaza, the conquest of Mecca, Hunain and Taif.
The prophet of Allah participated in 26 wars but only fought 9 wars such as Badr, Ohod, Khandaq, Khaibar, Qaritha, Fat’h, Hunain, Taif, and Tabuk. The wars which were fought by the prophet are known as "Gazva" and the wars where he just defended against his enemy are known as "Sareen".
On the 12 of Rabi al awwal at the 14th year of "Bi’sath" the honorable prophet entered Medina which was in those days well known as Yasrib or Yathrib. He dismounted in the residential area of Quba and under the shadow of a tree he offered prayers. The people came to welcome him and escorted him with many ceremonies to the house of Bani Amru bin Auf where he was accommodated.
The first date of the calendar year started when the prophet migrated from Mecca to Medina and Ali alaihis salam remained in Mecca. When the prophet migrated safely, the things which were deposited with Muhammad Amin sallallaho alaihi va ala alehi was returned to their owners by Ali alaihis salam in Mecca and after three days he started his journey from Mecca to Medina where he met the holy prophet in the residential area of Quba.
The prophet of Allah remained for one week in Quba where he built a mosque, offered namaz and then moved towards the city of Medina where the tribe of Bani Najjar, who were the relatives of the prophet, marched before him in procession on the horses. On his way in between the tribe of Bani Salem bin Auf, Muhammad sallallaho alaihi va ala alehi offered the congregational prayers of Friday and entered the city of Medina(Yasrab.) The people of Medina heard the glad tidings of the arrival of the messenger of Allah and gathered to welcome him. Everyone were eagerly endeavored to achieve the honor of holding the leading rope of the prophet’s she camel. Each of the tribe was longing to take the prophet to their house as their own tribe but the prophet said: The place where the she camel (Naqa) stands, it will be my home. The she camel stopped at the house of Abu Ayyub Ansari in the residential area of Bani Najjar’s tribe.
Abu Ayyub Ansari carried the belongings of the holy prophet to his home which were coarse carpet and clothes and the prophet of God lived there for seven months. The prophet purchased a piece of land to construct a Mosque which belonged to two orphans which was opposite to the house where he was living. Even today this mosque is the favorite point of the Muslims and recognized as one of the historical and incomparable buildings in the world of Islam as it is built by the hands of the prophet himself. In the south of the mosque a quarter (suffah) was built and the companions of the prophet (the immigrants) were given that place to live, by the help of Ansar they acquired a place to live. The scholars, expert in Asian culture called them the people of quarter or As’hab us Suffah.
After residing in Medina the Muhajir (immigrants) and the Ansar (supporters) tied the knot of oath of brotherhood and the holy prophet emphasized them the lesson of equality, impartiality and taught them how to bring it practically in their life. In the fifth and sixth month of Hijrath (immigration) he selected Ali ibn Abu Talib as his brother. The hadees of esteem (manzalath) and the ayat (sign) of brotherhood was descended from Allah where Ali ibn Abu Talib alaihis salam and Muhammad sallallaho alaihi va ala alehi were compared to Prophet Moosa alaihis salam and Harun alaihis salam. By the difference there will be no advent of prophet after the last prophet Muhammad sallallaho alaihi va ala alehi.
In the mosque of the holy prophet people arrived in groups enquiring Prophet Muhammad sallallaho alaihi va ala alehi about the proof of prophecy and miracles. The prophet of Allah defined and recited for them the ayat of Quran which increased and strengthened day by day the power of Muslims and the foundation of believe in Muslims.
The Jews of Medina and the hypocrites began to reveal their inner enmity and gradually formed into groups by the fear of Muslims. Their leader was Abdullah bin Abi who outwardly converted into Islam and lost the status of administrator of the city of Medina.
In Taurat and the other books of the Jews the advent of the last messenger of Islam was mentioned. Jews were the ancient residents of Medina and treated the prophet of God with peacefulness. Many treaties, agreements and conditions were assigned between Muhammad sallallaho alaihi va ala alehi and the Jews.
Two people by the name Makhiraq and Abdullah bin Salam converted into Islam but their hidden hostility, malignity got clear to the sight. Jibril alaihis salam informed prophet Muhammad sallallaho alaihi va ala alehi by the revelation about the incompatible attitude of the Jews. There are many anti Jews chapters in Quran such as Baqara, Ale Imran and Ahzab which describes about blasphemy, atheism, hypocrisy and discord of the people. The same year the holy war was declared and in the 7th month Prophet Muhammad sallallaho alaihi va ala alehi appointed his cousin (father’s brother’s son) Hamza alaihis salam as the chief of the caravan. Accompanied by 30 mahajirin (immigrants) he sent them to restrain the attack of Qureish. Their chief was Abu Jahl who came along with 300 soldiers to fight a war against the prophet of Allah in Medina.
The defense of the immigrants started in the seventh month but Qureish gave up fighting the war with Muhajirin (immigrants) and the Ansar (supporters). These were the events that took place in the first year of the Migration.
In the 40th year of the Aamil fil Muhammad bin Abdullah sallallaho aleihi va ala alehi reached the most honored status of prophet hood in the divine court. On the day of Mab’as he was bestowed the title of the messenger of God and got the fame from Muhammad Amin to Rasul e khuda sallallaho aleihi va ala alehi.
For three years he invited the people in secrecy and concealment towards Islam. And after three years he was appointed to invite and warn the tribe of Qureish. Gradually the idolaters and polytheists began to raise their heads and hoisted the flag of opposition against the prophet.
The great messenger on the unshakable ground firmly founded the duty of the invitation towards the One God. In Mecca they were only 43 learned people and only 5 among them were able to write later they were appointed on writing the verses of Quran which left its deep effects on Islam. The literate people were assigned for the obligation of writing the verses of Quran and the Arabs bowed their heads down before the noble Quran.
Almost for 2 years the Qureish tribe pressurized the prophet peace be upon him and his companions. According to the historians, thrice the Arabs approached the prophet to settle down the matters and Abu Talib severely defended his nephew. At last after the period of 2 years and 11 months they got exiled in Sh’ib e Abu Talib(Valley of Abu Talib) and entirely disconnected their social, trade and occupational relationship with the believers of Islam.
They were altogether 40 people. On the 7th year of the advent of prophetic mission ‘Bi’sath’ the polytheist increased their torture towards Muslims and they expelled them from their homelands. A group of Muslims in the guidance of Jafar ibn AbuTalib migrated to Habsha ’Ethiopia’.
In this period the written invitation towards Islam began. In the 5th year the invitation of Islam was sent to the emperor of Rome ‘Harqal’. Likewise 200 letters were sent around Mecca to the Ameer of Damascus, King of Iran Khusro Parvez, Mukhufes, the Qatbi leader, Najjashi the king of Ethiopia, Huda bin Ali hafzi the governor general of Yamama, Fa’a bin Zaid the chief of the tribe of Bani Qaza, Musallama e kazzab, Manzar bin Savi the Ameer of Bahrain, The governor general of Oman.
These letters left profound effects in the progress of Islam and the divine invitation of Muhammad sallallaho aleihi va ala alehi and his prophetic mission blew the entire world because of which people from every corner arrived to meet the prophet.
As much as the followers of the prophet were growing in number the Qureish too were increasing their exertion of force upon them. The messenger of God travelled to Taif and there the prophet met with a group of people under the leadership of Adas, a Christian who was extremely impressed by Islam and converted all of them to the religion. And while returning back from Taif, Umar ibn Khattab also accepted Islam. Ten years under the terrible hardships Abu Talib and bibi Khadija always backed the prophet (who was richest in the entire Arabia). Bibi Khadija spent her entire wealth in the way of Allah and in the 10th year of ‘Bi’sath’ these two supporters of prophet departed from this mortal world leaving the burden of grieve and pain in the heart of prophet Muhammad sallallaho aleihi va ala alehi.
In the same period those who used to arrive to meet the messenger of Allah Muhammad sallallaho aleihi va ala alehi they were demanding miracle from him to watch the supernatural wonders in order to accept his prophet hood. His eminent miracles were the Noble Quran, the splitting of moon ‘shaqqul qamar’ and ‘Meraj’ ascension towards the empyrean throne of Allah and many other miracles and supernatural events also caused the acceptance of Islam.
The last messenger of God invited the tribes around the city of Mecca towards Islam, taught the signs of Allah and the laws of Islam and later he migration due to the compelling force of the enemy from Mecca to Madina.
Before the migration, within 12 to 13 years, the tribes around Mecca met the prophet and brought faith in him. The tribes of Aus and Khazraj converted to Islam and 313 steadfast Muslims surrounded the messenger and hoisted its flag in the way of Islam.
~* Migration from Mecca *~
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36:9 And We have put a bar in front of them and a bar behind them, and further, We have covered them up; so that they cannot see.
On the 10th year of the Bi’sath ‘ which was the start of his prophetic mission’ Abu Talib expired leaving him alone and the polytheists breathed afresh to take their revenge. They used to gather within the interval of days to plan new conspiracies to erase the prophet. For three years they increased their tortures day by day until the 13th year of Bi’sath, when the polytheist Arabs assembled in a meeting and appointed 40 famous and expert sword men to attack the prophet all at once on the bed in the darkness of the night so that Bani Hashim could not stand to face the 40 tribes for revenge. The plan was such that the murder gets divided among the 40 tribes and the Bani Hashim would become helpless to take revenge from them. For this task they gave oath and contracted a treaty and selected the night of Rabi ul avval as the war was unlawful in the months of Muharram and Safar.
Jibril alaihis salam descended from heaven and informed the prophet: Your God has commanded you to migrate from Mecca and leave Ali alaihis salam on your bed to sleep. The messenger of God Muhammad sallallaho aleihi va ala alehi made Ali alaihis salam to sleep on the bed and informed him about the forthcoming incident. He said: Tonight sleep on my bed and cover yourself with my covering sheet.
Ali alaihis salam who was true, firm and steady in his believe towards the messenger of God accepted the decision wholeheartedly and slept on his bed without any fear of 40 sword men who planned to attack the messenger of God in the night. When a part of night passed all the polytheists who had the intensions to kill the prophet surrounded prophet’s room, entered the room, dragged out their swords when Ali alaihis salam who was brave and fearless got up from his place and shouted on them: Who are you? And the polytheists recognized Ali alaihis salam and enquired: Where is Muhammad sallallaho aleihi va ala alehi? Ali alaihis salam replied: I am not his guard.
The messenger was bestowed by the God the authority to migrate to Medina after 13 years of his announcement of prophecy.
The name Sheerwan e Adil from Iran is found in Prophet Mohammed a.s story
Anu Sheerwan (the Just) was a famous king of Iran before the period of Islam. Anu Sheerwan e Adil , means the just. His teacher, guide and philosopher’s name was Buzar jimiri.
Anu Sheervan wanted his teacher to be his vizier to look after the matters of his kingdom as the wise people are needed always to solve the critical matters. But he was refusing the king and not accepting the role of a minister. So the other minister advised him to put him in the jail until he accepts the duty of a minister.
The king ordered to imprison Buzarjimiri and he was locked in the jail. Buzarjimiri expressed: I have no complain in the prison as in the prison I am very much near to my God and I can perform my prayers in my loneliness peacefully.
When Anu Sheerwan realised it was of no use locking him in the prison as Buzarjimiri was very much contented in the jail. Then one of his ministers advised him: Bring an ignorant jahil Uneducated man from the far off village and leave that man to live with him in the cell of the prison.
As that jahil illiterate entered in his cell of the prison Buzarjimiri was performing his prayers sincerely. The newcomer seeing Buzarjimiri in his devotional prayers began to cry. Seeing him weeping Buzarjimiri guessed: The man heard my prayers to God and he too iis mpressed with his love towards the God. He was feeling very happy that he got at last a very true companion who was able to understand him.
After finishing his prayers he asked the illiterate man: why did you cry?
The unlearned man replied: I have a goat and it is very dear to me. Whenever it used to chew anything its beard used to shake the same way as your beard was moving while you were humming in the prayers. So I remembered my goat watching your prayers and became restless and cried bitterly.
Hearing this Buzarjimiri took out his pen and wrote on a paper. "It is better to live alone for 100 years in a prison’s cell but it is a great pain to live with an ignorant man for one hour.
This was a very beautiful story of Buzarjimiri ,aga jan Husein Zabeth related to me several times. In the remembrance of aga Jan Husein Zabeth, salute to him.
This incident happened when ABDUL Mutallib came out to provide water for the people of Mecca when he sighted in his dream that he was digging a well and water started gushing out from it. By the lapse of time the well of Zam Zam was filled with mud and sand and after the revelation from Almighty God Abdul Muttalib again dug out the Zam Zam . Early in the morning he began to dig it and in between the digging he discovered the deer of Gold, arms and ammunitions and the other treasures. He beget only one son so he vowed to God that if he bestowed him 10 sons he will sacrifice one of his son in the way of God as in that period burying the baby girls alive was very much prevalent in the society and the baby boys were extremely in demand.
The Omnipotent God accepted his plea and blessed him with 10 sons. Among them the most charming, handsome and fair was his last son whose name was Abdullah who he chose to sacrifice before God. All the people of the tribe prevented him and said: O Chamberlain of the house of God! Do you want to establish a trend of killing the baby son? Finally they decided to raffle down between Abdullah and the camel but the name of Abdullah drew in the raffle so they began to increase the number of the camels and continued to draw the raffle and the raffle was drawn on figure of 10 camels. That number of camels was so much excessive capital in that period that it could have made livelihood of a tribe. Abdullah was left alive and in that place 10 camels were sacrificed.
Abdullah was very attractive and most respectful so he sacrificed his 10 camels upon him delightfully. After that event he was married to Amina and later he had to leave for his business tour. While returning from Syria to Medina he got ill and passed away without seeing his son. When he died his wife was 4 months old pregnant which was a sultry grief and heavy burden on the shoulders of daughter in law. The women of Arab recited many elegies and for the period of time the atmosphere of Hijaz got mournful for Abdullah.
The prophet of God said: ÇäÇÈä ÇáÐÈیÍیä
~* Amina the daughter of Wahab *~
Wahab bin abd Manaf belonged to the tribe of Qureish. His only daughter was most chaste, popular, good looking and kind among the women of Qureish. After returning from the place where the event of slaughtering of Abdullah alaihis salam took place his marriage was settled with Amina. She too like other women of Arab was very much enamored by the charm and fairness of Abdullah alaihis salam. They accepted wholeheartedly the matrimonial union with Abdullah alaihis salam and the Mighty God conveyed to the young virtues lady the duty of nurturing the great personality of the history. The sun and the moon were united in the blessed nuptial knot.
Amina alaihis salam the bright star was the most elegant, attractive, virtuous, excellent and pious lady of the tribe of Abd Manaf and Abdul Muttalib but unfortunately she passed away soon. After a short period of time of giving birth to a son Amina alaihis salam died bidding farewell to this mortal life.
The hardship of the separation from her husband broke her heart, killed her and she was buried with hearts full of sorrow and tears but her entire wishes got fulfilled and her name lived alive until the day of judgment.
The narrators write about the words stated by Amina that: when my son Muhammad sallallaho aleihi va ala alehi was born I sighted that both his hands were on the ground, he had prostrated himself before the God and raised his hands for prayers.
When Amina alihis salam went with Muhammad from Mecca to Madina with her maid slave Umme Aiman in the way Amina alaihis salam got ill and passed away. The pain and burden of the separation from his parents emotionally wounded Muhammad salallaho alaihi va ala alehi and he always used to miss his parents. After his mother passed away Umme Aiman was his nurse, maid and like a mother
By the birth of hazrat Muhammad salallaho alaihi va ala alehi a star arose on the horizon and dazzled the eyes of the wise men. His presence brought them abundance, luster of light which the people of that period where unable to presume bending their heads before him. His intimidate personality was such that they used to bow before him with great respects. Since his child hood he made his mother, maid and foster mother amazed who were helpless and not able to dominate over the heavenly beam of luster.
The infant and childhood period of Muhammad’s salallaho alaihi va ala alehi expressed bright examples of his excellent virtues. His words, movements and statements were different from common declarations. People used to love, adore him and by this charisma he used to proceed in his mission. With a single glance of his sight and smile he used to impress the opposite person, and they used to get obedient and submit before him.