Reconciliation between two groups of Muslim
By: Ayatullah Shaheed Syed Abdul Husayn Dastaghaib Shirazi
O those who have become pious and competent! O believers whom God favored! Have no more disputes with others. You have given up desires, lusts and greed and have attained agreement and peacefulness. If there is a quarrel between two groups of Muslims; if they draw swords against one another; if they point guns at one another, you, who have reformed, should not sit at rest. It is your duty to make peace between the two parties.
O reformed ones! You must not sit restfully if there is a dispute or quarrel in your families, among your relatives. Make reconciliation between them. The way of brining peace is that, first you should know the root cause of the dispute or unrest. Where is the point of leakage of unrest, plug it. See with whom is the truth. If truth is ascertained, the one who is in the wrong should be made to submit. If he agrees it is good. Otherwise use force until he improves and finally the dispute is solved. So the root of trouble has to be found out. Sometimes it is also possible that the quarrel was like a joke, which made the two parties fight while it was due only to some misunderstanding or an irresponsible word.
Aws and Khazraj fight over urination of an ass
As mentioned under the explanation of this holy verse, people informed the Prophet that two big Muslim groups, Aws and Khazraj are fighting with each another. After how much trouble, had the Holy Prophet calmed them earlier and now once again their ignorance had erupted and they began to throw stones on one another’s heads resulting in a strange turmoil. The Prophet arrived to make peace and asked, "What happened? How this fire has erupted so furiously?"
After inquiries, it was known that once the Holy Prophet was riding his donkey and the donkey urinated. There was a hypocrite named Abdullah bin Ubayy who though apparently a Muslim, all knew that he was a liar and ill hearted disbeliever from within. He said, "Your donkey has suffocated us, go away." Thus he insulted the Holy Prophet, saying the above mischievous words.
Abdullah bin Rawaha who belonged to the tribe of Khazraj and who respected the Holy Prophet very much told Abdullah bin Ubayy, "O shameless fellow! What do you say? The smell of the urine of the donkey of the Prophet is better than you. You are more disgusting than the urine of the donkey." That fellow also retorted and spoke harsher words. Summarily, voices rose and hands reached one another’s necks. The relatives of this person and the relatives of that person jumped into the fray. The Holy Prophet arrived and silenced them.
The Holy Prophet told a word and all troubles were wiped out. He did not want that one word should bring in so much turmoil and destruction and such a rush for finishing one another. All those who are wise should also act like the Holy Prophet and must not remain unconcerned in times of quarrels. If situation demands force, they may apply force also but should not allow the trouble to prolong and spread further.
It is easy to stem the flood at the beginning but very difficult afterwards. (Persian Saying)
The war of Haider was a bounty for Iran
If continued, it becomes bigger and bigger day by day. Perhaps you might have also heard the story of the war of Haider, which proved to be bounty for Iran. I also did not remember it but I have read it several times in books. It continued perhaps for a hundred years. I wondered why no one came to settle it for such a long period!
They write: A man named Sultan Haider was one of the forefathers of the Safavid kings in Tabriz and so also Shah Nematullah whose grave, as you also know, is in Kerman, who was a leader of a number of dervishes (Gnostics). It is said that, during that period of three hundred and a few more years before, some people became devotees of Sultan Haider and some became the followers of Nemat.
Then enmity between them went on increasing day by day. What is astonishing is that both had put the word dervish before their names. In those days, in every city there were followers of both these dervishes and the followers of both were increasing day by day and so were their friends and relatives. These matters reached to the point of war which erupted after every three or four months every year. Every city was split into two groups, one Haideri and another Nemati and it is also said that during the public holidays of Ashura (10th Mohurrum) when sentiments were high, they rose against one another and killed one another. When the two groups came out for beating chests for Mohurrum mourning, they clashed and even killed one another. This continued till the time of Nasiruddin Shah Qachar, who it is said, for the first four years of his rule, made many efforts tactfully to end this slowly and finally succeeded in bringing peace in Iran.
Constitutional riots, tyranny and secret news foretold by Ali
The Haideri and Nemati wars ended, but there arrived a worse trouble. You must have heard from your aged relatives what calamities had come on the heads of the people due to constitutional rioting and tyranny. How much splitting of hearts happened about seventy or eighty years ago when a lot of blood was shed in almost every city and how many Sayyids, scholars, good people and traders etc were killed. In Shiraz, they killed the late Hajj Shaykh Ali Akbar Istehbanati, who was also called the third great martyr.
The late Sayyid Ahmed Dashtaki was hanged in the same Husainiyah. They collected his bones and threw them in a well and so on. How much trouble, mischief and turmoil related to the constitutional trouble and oppression. As per secret news, reportedly given by Amirul Momineen: Woe unto the mischief, which will arise out of a word of justice!
Then what about that which happened after the Constitutional Riots! We have heard repeatedly that around the same city of Shiraz (I do not name them) there are some small hamlets and villages where there still is splitting of hearts due to disputes and differences. The upper street and the lower street is there everywhere. In such situation of enmities, the Divine Order is that some of the Muslims must come out to make peace, of course provided they are righteous themselves. If no action is taken according to this holy verse, it is due to the fact that the number of righteous people is always less and that small group also has not enough power to bring people to agreement and peace.
O Messenger of Allah! Your dear Husain rose up to bring reform. He himself said, "I have not come out to get kingdom and worldly wealth. Rather, I have come out to reform the community. So that killings of Shias, which was the way of Muawiyah, should be stopped. I intend to drive out the mischief that Umayyads have brought in." Then Husain moved. He also gave a call that a group of righteous people may come up but there was none prepared to help and get killed in the process.
Before Husain, Amirul Momineen Ali had arisen. Though he made reform through the battle of Jamal and won and suppressed the unjust. But, alas, once again he had to be at war for eighteen months, but the mischief remained and falsehood was not destroyed completely. At last, he returned and was soon martyred.