Amazing effects of five things
By: Ayatullah Shaheed Syed Abdul Husayn Dastaghaib Shirazi
We have said that every word and every deed of man has a spiritual effect, other than its apparent effect. As narrated by Imam Sadiq, the Prophet said, "Angels told an earlier messenger, ‘Tomorrow eat the thing which you see first, bury the thing which you see next, preserve the third, do not disappoint and deprive the fourth and run away from the fifth." The messenger said, "All right, I will do so." Next morning, the angelic or spiritual world came before him. He exclaimed, "I have been asked to eat the thing which I see first. O God! This is a mountain. What should I do?" Then he satisfied himself saying, "I have been asked to eat it so it must be possible. Let me approach it."
So he went towards the mountain and found that with every step, the mountain got smaller and smaller until it became the size of a morsel. So he swallowed it to find that it was as sweet as sweetmeat. Now, here is a hard and rocky mountain, which turns into delicious eatable. Spiritual taste is different from material taste. It has a hundredfold effect. Then he moved forward. He was asked to bury the next thing. He saw a golden plate and he at once buried it. As he turned to go, the ground quaked, earth went back and the golden dish dazzled. He said, "I have nothing to do with this gold. I have been asked to bury it and so I did. That’s all."
The third thing, which he saw was that an eagle was pursuing a pigeon. The pigeon came directly to the messenger and got his refuge as he was asked to preserve or protect it, he at once hid it under his sleeve. The fourth thing, which he came across was the hunter eagle. He told to himself, ‘I have been asked not to disappoint it.’ So he gave it a piece of mutton. The fifth thing to be seen was to be fled from. He saw a foul smelling corpse (Most foul smelling is the human corpse. Hence it has been ordered to bury it so deep that its smell may not rise and spread out). So when he saw that it was a dead body, he ran away from it. (But, O my friend! Be sure that after you die, you cannot flee from yourself. The Holy Qur’an states:
íóæúãó ÊóÌöÏõ ßõáøõ äóÝúÓò ãóÇ ÚóãöáóÊú ãöäú ÎóíúÑò ãõÍúÖóÑðÇ æóãóÇ ÚóãöáóÊú ãöäú ÓõæÁò ÊóæóÏøõ áóæú Ãóäøó ÈóíúäóåóÇ æóÈóíúäóåõ ÃóãóÏðÇ ÈóÚöíÏðÇ
"On the day that every soul shall find present what it has done of good and what it has done of evil, it shall wish that between it and that (evil) there were a long duration of time;"
You will strongly wish to get away from it but that would not be possible. God forbid, wherever you go, your body is with you). Now, after observing the five spiritual scenes the messenger asked for the wisdom behind it all. He was then given to understand that the mountain stands for anger. When a man becomes angry, if he wants to control himself, it is very hard as if he were asked to eat up a mountain. But if he suppresses anger for the sake of God, the result is that he feels a sort of peace and then he says to himself: It is good that I did not say anything and did not hit out at anyone. May God save us! Sometimes an angry person tears up his clothes, sometimes he faints, gets paralyzed beyond treatment. But if he controls himself and does not show his anger, it is like eating a tasty morsel.
: A pure and selfless deed – O Muslims! If you have done anything for the sake of God, keep it secret. Do not tell about it to anybody. Do not say: Praise be to Allah! I have done a good deed. Sometimes you fool yourself by telling yourself: I am doing this so that others may be encouraged. You are fooling yourself. You are showing off. Hide it. God will make it apparent. God will make people praise it. Do not wish for it yourself.
: The pigeon. I told you to catch admonition. If anyone gives you any advice, do not turn away from it. Do not say: Who are you to advise me. Whoever and whatever he may be, may be elder than you or younger and weaker, may even be a greater sinner. Hear and listen to his advice, whomsoever it may be.
The fourth thing, which we asked you not to disappoint is a beggar or anyone who asks from you anything, whoever he may be. Do not disappoint and deprive him.
The fifth thing from which you are asked to flee is backbiting. It is a corpse–a dead body. If you see that someone is about to be backbitten, run away from that meeting. Do not hear it. If you hear it, it becomes your duty to reject it, to reply to the backbiting, to reform, to restrain. Ask the backbiter to repent. Then what is better? Before you are caught, run away from there.
Every act of a human being has a spiritual effect. O Muslims! This foul deed of backbiting is like eating a dead body which becomes manifest for all after death.
Legitimacy after one year!
Haji Noori writes in Darus Salam that once a man backbited someone by saying to himself: This man is a burden for all, he is a parasite. Then in his sleep, he saw that there was a dead body before him and he was told to eat it. He said, "I did not eat even permissible flesh in the world, how can I eat a dead body?" He was told that he did eat it in the graveyard. So the poor person, for one full year, visited that graveyard daily to find the one whom he had supposedly backbitten to seek his pardon and be absolved from the guilt. But he could find no one.
How restless was his heart! You and I? Do we become restless for absolvement even when we have actually backbitten someone? After one year, he saw the man who began by asking: Have you prepared yourself for sincere repentance? How strange! By coincidence, he had backbitten one who was among the friends of God. Good deeds also have spiritual effects. For example, this fasting in the form of withholding oneself from eating permissible food and to benefit from both physical and spiritual divine rewards. All this will be known at the hour of death. The Holy Qur’an says:
ßõáõæÇ æóÇÔúÑóÈõæÇ åóäöíÆðÇ ÈöãóÇ ÃóÓúáóÝúÊõãú Ýöí ÇáÃóíøóÇãö ÇáúÎóÇáöíóÉö
"Eat and drink pleasantly for what you did beforehand in the days gone by."
The condition of those who weep for Husain and the weepers for fear of Allah is also similar. It causes heart burning due to shedding tears. Its spiritual effect (which is hidden) is happiness, gaiety, cheerfulness and getting drinks from the Pool of Kauthar as shall be explained in the next topic. Husain has said to the effect that the happiness of the mourner would exceed his grief.
The happiness of mourners is higher than their grief
It is written in the beginning of the book Nafasul Mahmoom with a chain of authorities quoting Kashaf-e-Haqaaiq Ja’far bin Muhammad as-Sadiq. The holy Imam was asked, "Where is you grandfather Husain now?" The Imam replied, "How small is your stature and how big is your question! His (Husain’s) body is in the grave but his soul is right near those of his father, mother and grandfather near the Throne of Allah. His eye is on two matters: First on those who visit his grave and second: On those attending the mourning programs for him." Then he said, "Husain requests his grandfather, father, mother and brother to pray for the forgiveness of his mourners so that God may pardon them."
Also there is a word for the mourners themselves: If the mourner knows how much reward is there for him from God, his happiness will be more than his grief.
Your outward, is your weeping and mourning whereas your inner is happiness as a result of God’s grace and His favors, His rewards and His compensations. Ultimately there is a curtain over deeds. It should be so. A barrier must be there so that man may pass some days properly and then get the result.
æóÍöíáó Èóíúäóåõãú æóÈóíúäó ãóÇ íóÔúÊóåõæäó ßóãóÇ ÝõÚöáó ÈöÃóÔúíóÇÚöåöãú ãöäú ÞóÈúáõ Åöäøóåõãú ßóÇäõæÇ Ýöí Ôóßøò ãõÑöíÈò
"And a barrier shall be placed between them and that which they desire, as was done with the likes of them before: surely they are in a disquieting doubt."
Man fears his sins and God’s wrath. He weeps but, at the same time, his interior is at peace,
æóÊóØúãóÆöäøõ ÞõáõæÈõåõãú ÈöÐößúÑö Çááøóåö
"And whose hearts are set at rest by the remembrance of Allah;"
You must have experienced that whenever you pray, supplicate, cry and weep, thereafter you experience a sort of happiness. Sometimes man himself feels that there is sweetness in the remembrance of Allah. When you extend your hands in supplication you place a crown of honor on your head; you become honorable. And then at a time, my dear, you degrade and lower yourself before Almighty Allah.
I hoped to be the master so I chose to serve you. I desired kingdom, therefore I worshipped You. (Persian couplet)
"O you who believe! Avoid most of suspicion, for surely suspicion in some cases is a sin, and do not spy nor let some of you backbite others. Does one of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother? But you abhor it; and be careful of (your duty to) Allah, surely Allah is Oft-returning (to mercy), Merciful. O you men! Surely We have created you of a male and a female, and made you tribes and families that you may know each other; surely the most honorable of you with Allah is the one among you most careful (of his duty); surely Allah is Knowing, Aware. (49:12-13)"