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Second: Department of Training
This was the department that was responsible for preparing the armed forces and their various units in order to carry out battle operations.[1436] In the Muslim army, training was common to all and included individuals,[1437] communities,[1438] groups,[1439] large organizations[1440] and all the armed forces[1441] and would be conducted in all the situations that arise in battle. This included: recognition,[1442] archery,[1443] combat,[1444] fighting when being attacked,[1445] running,[1446] carrying out surprise attacks,[1447] onslaught,[1448] moving covertly and camouflage,[1449] conducting ambushes and patrols,[1450] marching at night,[1451] covering long distances on foot,[1452] the principle of concentration,[1453] assistance and co-operation,[1454] pre-emptive warfare,[1455] taking advantage of the enemys negligence,[1456] mass attacks,[1457] psychological warfare,[1458] remaining patient[1459] and steadfast against the enemy,[1460] bearing all the hardships of securing resources and reinforcements,[1461] battling to overcome fortresses,[1462] war using trenches[1463] and fighting battles in the cities.[1464]
The supreme commander paid special attention to training the cavalry.[1465] That which separated the training of this army from those of other armies was that training took place in real-life situations and in the battlefield, during battle.[1466] One of its distinguishing features was that it gave skills to individuals, groups and contingents, preparing and polishing them for every different battle scenario and taught them about all the intricate details. It did away with mistakes and error or greatly reduced them. It made the troops precautious when facing the enemy, to the extent of necessity, just as the armed forces today conduct training exercises so as to gain experience and remain free from fear, sluggishness or laziness.
Military training in the Muslim army was something that was conducted on a continuous basis.[1467] Between one Sariya and another or between one battle and the next there was not a long gap.[1468]
For example, after the completion of the Sariya of Hamza ibn Abd al-Muttalib, a month later the Sariya of Ubaydah ibn Hārith was conducted. The Battle of Dhi al-Asheera took place a month after the Sariya of Abdullah ibn Jahash and the gap between the battles of Dhi Amr and Bahrān was no more than two months. The Sariya of Muhammad ibn Maslamah against the Bani Thalabah and Awāl took one month and the Sariya of Abi Ubaydah ibn Jarrāh came immediately after it. During these short gaps, the forces would prepare to march against the (next) enemy and some of the units would undergo training before battle;[1469] just as they had done in the Battle of Badr and the Conquest.
The continuous training (of the troops) had the following results:
1) It would increase in the steadfastness of the individuals,[1470] like in the Sariya of Zayd ibn Hāritha where his later missions were carried out with more steadfastness than his previous missions. Similarly, the battle of the fortress that took place at Khaybar was better than the battles of Bani Nadhir and Bani Qaynuqā.
2) The hesitation and fear of coming face to face with the enemy was removed.[1471] In the Battle of Badr, the forces were more hopeful of taking over the caravan of the Quraysh without having to fight a battle and they were fearful of face to face combat. However, in the Battle of Uhud, they were competing with each other to go to battle and most of them gave the view that they should go out of Madina to face the enemy threat, because at this time fear and trepidation had totally disappeared from them.
3) It strengthened the spirits of the forces[1472] and established the certainty of victory in them;[1473] as in the battles of Hunayn and Ahzāb.
4) Swiftness in getting prepared for battle[1474] was maintained with precision and quality as in the Battle of Dhāt al-Suwayq, the war against the Bani Mahārib and Thalabah in the Battle of Dhāt al-Ruqā, and in the Battle of Bani Quraydhah. This made them stronger and more capable to quickly carry out orders, remain swift in the difficult circumstances of battle and able to change tactics;[1475] in the same way as was witnessed after the army had dispersed and the forces had made blunders in the battles of Uhud and Hunayn.

Third: Department of Armament
This was the department responsible for securing the weaponry and battle gear, either by producing it, buying it or taking it from the spoils of war, and then distributing it and the issue of armament was done in conjunction with the department of munitions and the training of weapons-use was in co-operation with the department of training; and in the end the discharge, restore and stockpile the armaments.[1476]
The most important weapons that were used by the Muslim army were:
1. Offensive weapons:[1477] these included mainly the sword, spear and bow.
2. Defensive weapons: the most important of which were the armor, shield, helmet and the mail that was worn under it.

a) Offensive weapons
1) The sword was considered the most important weapon for offense and the Holy Prophet (s) also gave a lot of importance to it. He (s) had many swords that were either from war booty, gifts or inheritance of his father, and he had named each of them with specific names.[1478]
2) The spear was another of the weapons of offense. The supreme commander had different types of spears and would use whichever one he wanted. In total they were of four types.[1479]
3) The bow was of various types and each one had a specific name depending on its attributes, the type of action it would be used for and how it would be carried.[1480] The most important types were the hand-held bow and the Hijāzi bow. The Holy Prophet (s) had four bows: i) al-Safrā (the Yellow) ii) al-Rawhā (the Open) iii) al-Baydhā (the White) and iv) al-Katum (the Secret-keeper).[1481]

b) Defensive weapons
1) Armor was considered one of the most important weapons of defense which was worn to remain protected from the strikes of swords, spears or arrows.[1482] Armors were of different shapes and types, each with a different name.[1483] The supreme commander also had a number of armors, the most important of which were: Dhāt al-Fudhul, al-Sadriyya and al-Sird.[1484]
2) Helmets would be made from iron and would be worn to protect the head from attacks by offensive weapons.[1485]
3) Mighfar was the armor or mail that a soldier would place under his helmet and would cover his head and face with it so that he does not get injured.[1486] The Holy Prophet (s) and the soldiers who fought alongside him in battle would use this.[1487]
4) Minjineeq (catapult) was one of the heavy weapons which was used to throw huge boulders or fireballs on the enemy.[1488]
5) Dabbābah (tank):[1489] These two weapons (i.e. the catapult and the tank) were used in the Battle of Tāif.
In the same way, the Muslim army would give importance to the arming of the cavalry[1490] and would give it a priority over the other ranks. In the first battles, the soldiers on horseback were few. For example, in the Battle of Badr, there were only two soldiers on horseback.[1491] This number reached two hundred in the Battle of Khaybar[1492] and in the Conquest of Makkah there were more than two thousand soldiers on horseback.[1493]
As for the sources from where weapons could be procured, these included:
1. By way of those who would engage in making them and selling them to the soldiers[1494] but this small number was not enough for the whole army.
2. From the buyers who would buy from inside the Arabian Peninsula[1495] and outside it.[1496] The budget for buying the weapons from this source would be gotten from:
a) The personal wealth and possessions of the soldiers[1497]
b) Those who were in charge of the army.
c) The wealth that would remain after distribution.[1498]
d) The booty that was taken from the enemy[1499] and especially the Jews.
The supreme commander would leave behind some of the wealth after making pacts of alliance with the defeated enemies, however he would never leave behind any of their weapons; because this was the main source of weapons and strengthening the army while at the same time weakening the enemy in order to prevent any future attacks and incursions.[1500] There was also another source of weapons for the army and that was taking them on loan and then returning them to their owners after the battle.[1501]
Training with weapons was one of the requirements of the Muslim army and the supreme commander would insist and encourage the fighters to train on how to carry the weapons,[1502] the principles of their usage,[1503] archery and gaining mastery over it,[1504] training on the use of the catapult.[1505] Many of the Muslims such as Talha ibn Abdillah al-Qarashi and Sad ibn Abi Waqqās[1506] were well known for their skill in archery. At the same time, the Prophet (s) emphasized on training the riders who would fight on horseback.[1507] He (s) also gave importance to the creation of weapons and encouraged and promised paradise to those who would undertake this task.[1508] For this purpose, he sent a group to Jurash (Yemen) in order to learn how to make new weapons and acquire them before the siege of Tāif.[1509]
The importance given to making various light weaponry[1510] was another of the goals of the supreme commander and for this he would give orders to the weapon makers in the area for different models of spears and bows.[1511] When the weapons were distributed among the soldiers, those that were on loan would be taken back and those acquired from war booty would be kept by them. In this way, each soldier would get to use more than one type of weapon.[1512]
As for supplies of weapons during battle, the situation was not as it is in the new age. A soldier would bring whatever weapon he had in his possession, and whatever he needed in the battlefield, he would have to carry himself. So if he were to lose one of his weapons or it were to break, he would exchange it and continue to fight.[1513] With regards to the storing and stockpiling of weapons, each individual would store his own weapons in his home[1514] and things were not as they are today i.e. there was no central repository where the weapons would be stockpiled. In the house of every soldier, a number of swords, spears and bows could be found, and he would pay due attention to their repair and maintenance.[1515]
In times of peace, the weapons would be kept in a large warehouse that was strategically located and would be guarded.[1516] The supreme commander would order that weapons must be carried at all times, in every situation, even when the enemies are not (apparently) present. He would forbid the forces who had returned from battle and were tired and weary, and intended to remove their weapons,[1517] from doing so and he was always put the thought about the struggle (against the sworn enemy), whether in times of war or peace, in the present or future, despite the presence or absence of the enemy in their minds and would strengthen this idea in them.[1518]
Notes:
[868] Wāqidi 1:220, 371; Ibn Sad 2:48
[869] Wāqidi 1:13; Ibn Sad 2:35; Ibn Hazm: 105; Kalāi 1:144
[870] Ibn Sad 2:2 onwards
[871] Shaybāni, al-Kabir 1:58; Wāqidi 1:67, 3:996; Ibn Hishām 2:278, 3:260, 4:161; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:216
[872] Zuhri: 86; Wāqidi 1:13, 193; Ibn Sad 2:5, 24; Tabari 3:42; Ibn Hazm: 105
[873] Wāqidi 1:11; Ibn Hishām 3:244; Ibn Sad 2:5, 24; Tabari 3:6; Kalāi 1:162
[874] Ibn Hishām 3:69; Ibn Sad 2:9; Tabari 3:6; Kalāi 1:130; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:131
[875] Ibid.
[876] Wāqidi 2:445, 462, 734, 815
[877] Wāqidi 1:72, 2:466, 722; Ibn Hishām 2:287; Ibn Sad 2:85; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:146
[878] Wāqidi 1:12; Ibn Hishām 2:248; Ibn Khayyāt, al-Tārikh 1:29; Ibn Hazm: 100
[879] Wāqidi 1:26, 300, 378; Ibn Hishām 2:264; Kalāi 1:144
[880] Ibn Sad 2:2, 56, 61, 85, 95; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:224, 2:103, 145, 150, 162
[881] Wāqidi 1:174, 184, 363; Ibn Hishām 3:292; Ibn Sad 2:56; Ibn Hazm: 155
[882] Zuhri: 63; Wāqidi 1:19, 207, 2:245, 450; Ibn Hishām 2:268; Ibn Sad 2:25
[883] Zuhri: 87; Wāqidi 1:88, 91; Ibn Hishām 4:64; Ibn Qayyim 2:386
[884] Bukhāri (al-Jihād 34, al-Maghāzi 29); Muslim (al-Jihād 123); Nasāi (al-Jihād 29)
[885] Ibn Hanbal 2:340, 4:354; Bukhāri (al-Jihād 32); Abu Dāwud (al-Jihād 49, 130)
[886] Q8:74, Q9:20, 41, 88; Bukhāri (al-Riqāq 34, al-Jihād 2, 31, al-Adab 1)
[887] Wāqidi 2:534, 550; Ibn Sad 2:2, 35; Tabari 2:410, 3:36; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:108
[888] Ibn Sad 2:2-5, 24; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:224, 304
[889] Wāqidi 1:10-13, 197; Ibn Sad 2:2; Tabari 3:126; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:224
[890] Wāqidi 1:11; Ibn Hishām 3:249; Ibn Sad 2:2; Tabari 3:126; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:224
[891] Wāqidi 1:334; Ibn Hishām 3:128, 321; Ibn Sad 2:92; Ibn Hazm: 207, 220
[892] Wāqidi 2:666, 670; Ibn Hishām 3:245, 344; Ibn Sad 2:2; Ibn Hazm: 100
[893] Ibn Sad 2:64; Tabari 2:408; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:224; Kahālah, Mujam Qabāil al-Arab 3:991
[894] Wāqidi 1:182, 403, 3:992; Ibn Hishām 3:50; Ibn Sad 2:2-5; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:304
[895] Ibn Sad 2:2-5; Tabari 2:564, 3:36, 100
[896] Wāqidi 1:173, 184, 191; Ibn Sad 2:18-21, 66; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:39
[897] Wāqidi 1:76; Ibn Hishām 3:50; Ibn Sad 2:19; Ibn Khayyāt 1:27; Tabari 2:479; Ibn Hazm: 154
[898] Zuhri: 71; Wāqidi 1:363; Bukhāri 5:88; Tabari 2:552
[899] Zuhri: 79; Wāqidi 2:496; Ibn Hishām 3:244; Ibn Sad 2:53; Tabari2:71
[900] Zuhri: 84; Wāqidi 2:633; Ibn Sad 2:77; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:130
[901] Wāqidi 1:76, 2:363, 496, 633
[902] Wāqidi 2:651; Ibn Hishām 3:344; Ibn Qayyim 2:292
[903] Wāqidi 1:181; Ibn Hishām 3:47; Ibn Sad 2:20; Ibn Khayyāt 1:28; Tabari 2:483
[904] Wāqidi 1:182, 193, 2:551, 555; Ibn Hishām 3:46; Ibn Sad 2:21, 24; Ibn Khayyāt 1:27; Ibn Hazm: 152; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:292, 304
[905] Wāqidi 1:193, 395, 550; Ibn Hishām 3:213; Ibn Sad 2:43, 58, 61, 85; Tabari 2:556; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:52, 79, 146
[906] Wāqidi 1:347, 355; Ibn Hishām 3:194; Ibn Sad 2:36; Tabari 2:583; Ibn Hazm: 178
[907] Wāqidi 1:402, 2:560, 3:992; Ibn Hishām 4:15; Ibn Sad 2:44, 92, 118; Tabari 3:100; Ibn Hazm: 184; Ibn Asākir, al-Tārikh al-Kabir 1:107; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:54
[908] Zuhri: 106 onwards; Wāqidi 3:992; Ibn Hishām 3:159; Ibn Sad 2:118; Suhayli 4:195; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:215
[909] Wāqidi 1:182; Ibn Hishām 3:50; Tabari 3:63, 100; Suhayli 3:163; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:153, 215
[910] Wāqidi 2:568; Ibn Hishām 4:290; Muslim 3:1296; Kalāi 1:162
[911] Wāqidi 1:76, 363, 496, 633; Ibn Atheer 2:186
[912] Zuhri: 52, 55; Wāqidi 1:347, 2:560, 573; Ibn Sad 2:36; Ibn Hazm: 208; Kalāi 1:161
[913] Ibn Hanbal 3:475; Khabbāri (al-Diyāt 22, al-Madhālim 605); Abu Dāwud (al-Malāhim 17); Tirmidhi (al-Fitan 8, al-Istidhān 30)
[914] Ibn Sad 2:105, 3:11, 118; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:184, 200, 207
[915] Wāqidi 3:973, 980; Ibn Hishām 4:226; Ibn Sad 2:115; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:202, 203; Ibn Qayyim 2:471
[916] Wāqidi 1:1-8; Ibn Hishām 4:257; Ibn Sad 2:1; Tabari 3:155 onwards; Ibn Atheer 2:301; Kalāi 1:57; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:223
[917] Wāqidi 1:11 onwards; Ibn Hishām 3:224, 4:15, 279; Ibn Sad 2:2-6, 19, 24, 61, 86; Ibn Hazm: 184, 220; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:54, 108, 153
[918] Wāqidi 1:403; Ibn Hishām 3:342; Ibn Sad 2:44; Suhayli 4:56; Kalāi 1:130
[919] Wāqidi 1:1-8; Ibn Hishām 4:257; Ibn Sad 2:1; Tabari 3:152 onwards; Ibn Atheer 2:303; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:223
[920] Wāqidi 1:76, 2:363, 496, 633; Ibn Sad 2:2, 19, 39, 96
[921] Ibn Hishām 2:257, 3:46, 64, 213, 224; Ibn Hanbal 4:262; Bukhāri (al-Maghāzi 29)
[922] Wāqidi 1:324, 2:440; Ibn Hishām 3:192, 224; Ibn Sad 2:35-47; Tabari 2:546, 565
[923] Bukhāri (al-Itq 13); Muslim 2:1357; Abu Dāwud (al-Jihād 83); al-Nasāi (al-Mawāqeet 26)
[924] Tabari 2:408, 604, 3:9-38; Ibn Atheer 1:137, 173, 185, 216
[925] Ibid.
[926] Wāqidi 1:177, 368; Ibn Hishām 3:46, 50, 231; Ibn Sad 2:109; Dhahabi, Tārikh al-Islām 1:267
[927] Wāqidi 2:722, 3:923; Ibn Sad 1:85, 113; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:145, 200
[928] Wāqidi 1:403; Ibn Hishām 3:342
[929] Wāqidi 2:722; Ibn Abd al-Barr 3:1144; Ibn Atheer 2:226; Ibn Hajar al-Isābah 3:279
[930] For details about the tribe of Ajz Hawāzin see: al-Bakri, Mujam Mastajam 1:308; Hamawi, Mujab al-Buldān 2:21
[931] Wāqidi 2:722; Ibn Qayyim 2:358
[932] Wāqidi 3:923; Ibn Sad 2:133; Ibn Abd al-Barr 2:757; Ibn Atheer 3:54; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:200; Ibn Hajar 3:286
[933] Ibn Sad 2:113
[934] Wāqidi 2:923; Ibn Sad 2:113
[935] Wāqidi 2:822; Ibn Hishām 4:47, 49; Ibn Sad 2:98; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:172, 174
[936] Wāqidi 2:534, 550; Ibn Hishām 3:249; Tabari 3:126; Ibn Katheer 3:246
[937] Zuhri: 71; Ibn Hanbal 1:49, 87, 207; Bukhāri (al-Jihād 122); Abu Dāwud (al-Jihād 22); Dārimi (al-Siyar 29)
[938] Zuhri: 52; Ibn Hishām 3:107; Tabari 2:326; Ibn Hazm: 175; Kalāi
[939] Wāqidi 3:948; Ibn Sad 2:118; Ibn Abd al-Barr 3:1098; Ibn Atheer 4:16; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:207; Ibn al-Qayyim 3:948
[940] Suhayli 1:107; Yāqut Himyari, Majma al-Buldān 4:2273; Jawād Ali 6:278
[941] Yāqut Himyari 1:536; Ibn Mandhur, Lisān al-Arab 2:278
[942] Wāqidi 3:1080
[943] Wāqidi 3:875; Ibn Hishām 4:70, 73; Ibn Sad 2:196; Tabari 3:66; Ibn Hazm: 235; Kalāi 1:143; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:185; Ibn Hajar 2:98
[944] Wāqidi 3:875; Ibn Sad 2:106
[945] This event only affirms the fact that Khālid bin Walid, who became a Muslim a little while before the Conquest of Makkah, still had a tendency to act as the Arabs of the Age of Jāhiliyya used to act. His killing of Mālik ibn Nuwayra and forcefully fornicating with his wife on the same night is recorded in history (see: Ibn Hajar Asqalāni, al-Isābah fi Tamyiz al-Sahāba 3:337 and Dhahabi, Tārikh al-Islām 1:353)
[946] Q4:84; Q8:65; Ibn Hishām 2:279; Ibn Hanbal 1:117; Tabari 2:448
[947] Ibn Hanbal 4:354; Bukhāri (al-Anbiyā 54, al-Adab 10); Abu Dāwud (al-Jihād 24); Nasāi (al-Zakāh 85, al-Buyu 98)
[948] Bukhāri (al-Maghāzi 17); Muslim (al-Imārah 117)l Tirmidhi (al-Zuhd 48)
[949] Ibn Hanbal 5:324, 406; Muslim (al-Musāfirun 305); Abu Dāwud (al-Jihād 22)
[950] Ibn Hishām 2:179; Ibn Hanbal 3:137; Ibn Atheer, Usd al-Ghābah 2:143
[951] Ibn Hishām 2:208; Suhayli 3:48; Ibn Atheer 2:26; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:257
[952] Wāqidi 1:21, 88; Ibn Hishām 3:70; Tabari 2:505; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:6
[953] A large flag (Tr.)
[954] Wāqidi 1:12; Ibn Hishām 2:251, 3:342; Ibn Hazm: 102, 108; Ibn Sayyidah, al-Mukhassis 6:204; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:246; Ibn Katheer 3:246, 260
[955] Wāqidi 1:388, 408; Ibn Hishām 3:342; Ibn Sad 2:45, 48; Ibn Hazm: 212
[956] Wāqidi 1:22, 2:822; Suhayli 4:96; Ibn Katheer 3:245-247
[957] Wāqidi 2:649, 824; Ibn Hishām 2:264; Ibn Mājah (al-Jihād 20); Abu Dāwud (al-Jihād 69); Nasāi (al-Hajj 106)
[958] Ibn Hanbal 4:297; Abu Dāwud (al-Jihād 69); Tirmidhi (al-Jihād 10)
[959] A banner (Tr.)
[960] Wāqidi 2:800, 812, 819
[961] Ibid.
[962] Ibn Hishām 3:342; Ibn Hanbal 1:31; Bukhāri (al-Maghāzi 44, 48; al-Jihād 10); Abu Dāwud (al-Jihād 69); Suhayli 3:32
[963] Wāqidi 1:239; Ibn Hishām 4:19-21; Ibn Khayyāt, Tārikh 1:29; Tabari 3:37; Ibn al-Qayyim 2:375
[964] Wāqidi 1:220, 2:499; Kalāi 1:101
[965] Wāqidi 1:225; Ibn Hishām 4:19 onwards; Tabari 3:237; Suhayli 4:81
[966] Wāqidi 1:203, 2:763; Ibn Hishām 4:21; Tabari 2:513, 3:40; Kalāi 1:136
[967] Wāqidi 1:71, 72, 2:466; Ibn Hishām 3:237, 4:51
[968] Wāqidi 1:54, 2:460, 504; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:246; Ibn Katheer 4:121
[969] Ammād Talās, al-Rasul al-Arabi: 174; al-Lawā Khattāb, al-Rasul al-Qāid: 123; Wāqidi 1:8
[970] Wāqidi 1:722, 3:1117; Ibn Hishām 4:291; Ibn Sad 2:85, 136; Tabari 3:184; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:146, 281; Ibn al-Qayyim 2:358
[971] Zuhri: 79, 151; Wāqidi 2:496, 3:1117; Ibn Hishām 2:251, 3:224, 293, 4:291; Ibn Sad 2:1, 53, 58; Ibn Hazm: 103, 191, 201; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:227, 2:68
[972] Wāqidi 2:539, 545, 3:1057; Ibn Sad 2:1; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:227
[973] Wāqidi 1:512; Ibn Hishām 2:251; Ibn Sad 2:1; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:227
[974] Zuhri: 79; Wāqidi 2:294; Ibn Hishām 3:244; Ibn Sad 2:53; Ibn Hazm: 191; Tabari 2:181; Suhayli 3:280; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:68
[975] Wāqidi 2:489; Ibn Hishām 3:244; Muslim 3:1392
[976] Wāqidi 2:357; Ibn Hishām 2:293; Ibn Sad 2:58; Tabari 2:601; Ibn Hazm: 201; Kalāi 1:123; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:84
[977] Wāqidi 2:539; Ibn Sa 2:58; Muslim 3:1433; Tabari 2:602; Kalāi 1:123
[978] Zuhri: 151; Wāqidi 3:1117; Ibn Hishām 4:291; Ibn Sad 2:136; Tabari 3:184; Ibn Atheer 2:33; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:281
[979] Wāqidi 3:1122
[980] Wāqidi 3:1117; Ibn Sad 1:136
[981] Majmuah min al-Muallifeen al-Askariyyeen, al-Mawsuah al-Askariyya 1:286
[982] Wāqidi 1:19, 159, 2:780, 3:992; Ibn Hishām 2:257, 3:50, 4:31, 159
[983] Zuhri: 86, 106; Wāqidi 2:780, 3:989; Ibn Hishām 4:31, 159; Ibn Sad 2:96; Tabari 3:42, 100; Ibn Hazm: 233, 249; Kalāi 1:137, 151; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:163, 215; Ibn Qayyim 2:385, 3:3
[984] Wāqidi 1:19, 181, 252; Ibn Hishām 2:257, 3:50; 213; Ibn Sad 2:9, 24; Ibn Khayyāt, Tārikh 1:16, 28; Tabari 2:267; Ibn Atheer 2:188; Kalāi 1:85, 124; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:241, 2:52
[985] Wāqidi 1:193, 195; Ibn Hishām 3:302, 4:39; Ibn Sad 2:24; Ibn Hazm: 182; Kalāi 1:138
[986] Wāqidi 3:990
[987] Wāqidi 3:1057; Ibn Hishām 3:244; Muslim 3:1391; Ibn Atheer 2:185; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:216
[988] Wāqidi 2:800, 812, 819, 823, 3:895, 916; Ibn Hishām 4:42, 46-49; Ibn Sad 2:108; Suhayli 4:96
[989] Wāqidi 3:927; Ibn Sad 2:119; Tabari 3:73; Suhayli 4:163
[990] Q8:74; Wāqidi 1:20; Ibn Hishām 2:279, 4:261; Bukhāri (al-Jihād 2, 31)
[991] Wāqidi 1:20; Ibn Hishām 2:279; Ibn Sad 2:26; Bukhāri (al-Anbiyā 54, al-Jihād 110); Muslim (al-Imārah 117); Abu Dāwud (al-Jihād 20)
[992] Ibn Hanbal 1:117; Tabari 2:448
[993] Ibn Hanbal 3:354; Tirmidhi (al-Zuhd 48)
[994] Wāqidi 3:990; Ibn Sad 2:70; Ibn Abd al-Barr, al-Istiāb 4:1473; Ibn al-Qayyim 2:303
[995] Wāqidi 1:335; Ibn Hishām 3:226; Ibn Hazm: 186, 251; Kalāi 1:105; Ibn Qayyim 3:4, 7, 9, 16; Ibn Katheer 4:12
[996] Zuhri: 794; Wāqidi 2:496; Ibn Hishām 3:244; Ibn Sad 2:53, 58; Muslim 3:1433; Ibn Hazm: 191; Suhayli 3:280; Tabari 2:539, 602; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:68
[997] Wāqidi 1:181, 2:1117; Ibn Hishām 2:251; Ibn Sad 2:1; Tabari 2:483; Ibn Hazm: 155; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:296
[998] Wāqidi 3:991, 994; Ibn Hishām 4:161; Ibn Katheer 5:4
[999] Zuhri: 71, 79, 84; Wāqidi 1:176, 363; Ibn Hishām 3:50, 199, 244, 342; Ibn Sad 2:19, 40, 53, 77; Tabari 2:479, 552; Ibn Hazm: 154, 181, 191, 211; Kalāi 1:111, 130; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:294, 2:48, 68
[1000] Wāqidi 2:457, 458; Ibn Hishām 3:244, 232; Ibn Atheer 2:186; Ibn al-Qayyim, Zād al-Maād 2:292; Heiderābādi, Majmuah al-Wathāiq al-Siyāsiyya lil-Ahd al-Nabawi wal-Khilāfah al-Rāshidah: 25, 26
[1001] Wāqidi 1:12, 2:357; Ibn Hishām 2:251, 3:293; Ibn Sad 2:1, 58; Tabari 2:601; Ibn Hazm: 103, 201; Kalāi 1:123; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:227
[1002] Wāqidi 2:616, 640; Ibn Sad 2:7, 69; Ibn Hazm: 108 onwards; Hamawi, Mujam al-Buldān 1:480
[1003] Wāqidi 1:220, 2:642; Ibn Hishām 2:257, 3:323 onwards; Hamawi 3:380
[1004] Wāqidi 2:800, 802-804; Bakri 1:303; Hamawi 2:14
[1005] Wāqidi 1:20, 3:1117, 1123; Ibn Hishām 2:57 onwards; Ibn Sad 2:25; Ibn Hazm: 156; Hamawi 2:128
[1006] Wāqidi 2:993, 1006; Ibn Hishām 2:257 onwards; Hamawi 2:14; Kalāi 1:85; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:241 onwards
[1007] Ibn Hishām 3:69; Ibn Sad 2:59; Tabari 3:9; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:131
[1008] Wāqidi 1:13, 2:632; Ibn Sad 2:96; Hamawi 1:214; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:54; Ibn Katheer 3:261
[1009] Ibn Hishām 2:268 onwards, 3:69, 90; Ibn Sad 2:96; Bakri 3:742
[1010] Wāqidi 1:56, 2:535; Ibn Katheer 3:261
[1011] Wāqidi 1:403, 2:534, 557; Ibn Hishām 3:279; Ibn Sad 2:44, 56; Kalāi 1:58; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:54, 79
[1012] Wāqidi 1:13, 2:252, 800; Ibn Hishām 2:252; Ibn Hazm: 802
[1013] Wāqidi 1:403, 2:536; Ibn Hishām 3:292; Ibn Sad 2:61, 117; Ibn Atheer 2:188; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:103
[1014] Wāqidi 1:217, 2,602
[1015] Ibn Hishām 2:264; Ibn Sad 2:12; Ibn Hazm: 108; Qurtubi, al-Jāmi li Ahkām al-Qurān 4:306; Ibn Katheer 3:260, 5:9
[1016] Wāqidi 1:20, 335, 3:1117; Ibn Hishām 2:257; Ibn Sad 2:25, 136
[1017] Wāqidi 2:800, 812, 820, 3:895, 995, 1034; Ibn Hishām 4:24, 49; Ibn Sad 2:108; Ibn Hazm: 231; Ibn Asākir, Tārikh Dimishq 1:111
[1018] Wāqidi 1:20; Ibn Hishām 2:257; Ibn Sad 2:25, 92; Kalāi 1:135; Ibn Katheer 4:240
[1019] Wāqidi 1:20, 21; Ibn Hishām 3:70; Ibn Hazm: 159
[1020] Wāqidi 3:927; Ibn Sad 2:119; Tabari 3:73; Suhayli 4:163
[1021] Wāqidi 3:1117; Ibn Hishām 2:257; Ibn Sad 2:25
[1022] Wāqidi 1:145, 198, 500; Ibn Hishām 2:320; Kalāi 1:112; Ibn Katheer 4:282
[1023] Ibn Hanbal 1:307; Bukhāri (al-Jihād 110); Abu Dāwud (al-Jihād 24)
[1024] Wāqidi 1:13, 56, 217; Ibn Sad 2:96; Ibn Katheer 3:216
[1025] Wāqidi 1:12 onwards,2:573, 3:995; Ibn Hishām 2:241, 251, 3:202, 321, 342; Ibn Sad 2:119; Ibn Khayyāt 1:71; Ibn Abd al-Barr 3:1023; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:167
[1026] Wāqidi 1:215, 388, 2:822, 3:995; Ibn Hishām 3:342, 4:42; Ibn Sad2:34, 45; Ibn Khayyāt 1:29; Ibn Hazm: 212; Ibn Atheer 4:16 onwards
[1027] Wāqidi 1:10-13, 48, 2:800, 819, 820; Ibn Hishām 2:241, 251, 4:42; Ibn Sad 2:1, 4; Ibn Hazm: 100; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:226
[1028] Wāqidi 1:396; Ibn Hishām 2:264; Tabari 3:102; Muslim 3:1429
[1029] Q8:42; Wāqidi 1:53; 2:445; Ibn Hishām 3:69, 231
[1030] Mount Uhud is was used like a strong fort that was positioned behind the Muslim army (Tr.)
[1031] Wāqidi 2:445; Ibn Hazm: 186, 187; Tabari 3:9; Kalāi 1:130; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:231
[1032] Wāqidi 1:53, 2:643; Ibn Hishām 3:234; Ibn Hazm: 186
[1033] Wāqidi 1:54; Ibn Hishām 3:344; Kalāi 1:130; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:251, 2:231
[1034] Wāqidi 1:56, 220; Harawi, al-Hiyal al-Harbiyya: 97
[1035] Wāqidi 1:199, 220; Ibn Hishām 1:53
[1036] Wāqidi 1:56, 220; Harawi: 97
[1037] Ibn Hishām 3:302; Muslim (al-Imārah 178); Ibn Hanbal 2:327; Tabari 507; Bakri 2:229, 1220; Hamawi 5:118
[1038] Wāqidi 2:644, 646
[1039] Wāqidi 1:54; Ibn Hishām 3:344; Kalāi 1:130; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:251, 2:131
[1040] Wāqidi 1:176, 363, 496, 2:633 onward, 992; Ibn Hishām 3:50, 199, 244 onwards 4:121; Ibn Sad 2:19, 40, 53, 114; Ibn Hazm: 181, 191; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:68, 130, 201
[1041] Wāqidi 1:177, 368, 449; Ibn Hishām 3:199; Kalāi 1:111
[1042] Wāqidi 2:651, 652, 804; Ibn Hishām 3:344; Kalāi 1:130; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:131
[1043] Wāqidi 1:53, 2:445; Ibn Hishām 3:69; Kalāi 1:130; Imād Talās, al-Rasul al-Arabi: 310-311
[1044] Wāqidi 1:53, 54, 220; Tabari 3:9; Kalāi 1:130
[1045] Wāqidi 2:462, 464; Ibn Hishām 4:85; Tabari 2:568
[1046] Wāqidi 1:55, 220, 2:644; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:131; Ibn Katheer 4:199; Harawi: 87
[1047] Wāqidi 1:56, 224, 2:649; Ibn Hishām 3:231; Ibn Sad 2:48; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:48
[1048] Wāqidi 1:19, 27, 225, 2:645, 3:1002; Ibn Hishām 2:264; Muslim 3:1430
[1049] Wāqidi 1:56, 2:445; Ibn Hishām 3:69, 231; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:131
[1050] Wāqidi 1:56, 219, 2:819-823; Ibn Hishām 3:218, 4:46
[1051] Zuhri: 86; Wāqidi 1:219 onwards, 405, 2:522, 801, 1122; Ibn Hishām 3:23
[1052] Wāqidi 1:56, 219; Tabari 6:573; Ibn Hazm: 239
[1053] Wāqidi 1:219, 224; Ibn Hishām 3:243, 4:49; Ibn Sad 2:2 onwards; Suhayli 4:96; Kalāi 1:113
[1054] Wāqidi 1:217, 2:504; Ibn Sad 2:48; Tabari 2:567
[1055] Wāqidi 1:217, 2:504, 800, 820; Ibn Hishām 4:42, 46-49; Suhayli 4:60
[1056] Ibn Hishām 2:279; Ibn Hanbal 1:117; Bukhāri (al-Anbiyā 54, al-Jihād 110); Tabari 2:448
[1057] Wāqidi 1:58 onwards; Ibn Hishām 4:161; Ibn Hanbal 3:137; Bukhāri (al-Maghāzi 17)
[1058] Wāqidi 1:71, 2:466, 3:1117; Ibn Hishām 3:237, 4:291; Ibn Sad 3:85; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:146
[1059] Shaybāni 1:58; Wāqidi 1:220, 2:778; Tabari 2:507
[1060] Wāqidi 1:68, 3:923; Ibn Hishām 4:49; Ibn Sad 2:113; Colonel Akram, Sayfullah Khālid: 114
[1061] Shaybāni 1:58; Wāqidi 1:67, 68; Ibn Hishām 2:278; Muslim 3:1362; Ibn Qutayba Uyun al-Akhbār 2:107
[1062] Wāqidi 1:343, 3:1117; Ibn Hishām 2:281; Ibn Sad 2:35; Tabari 3:184; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:39
[1063] Wāqidi 1:13, 3:897; Ibn Sad 2:44, 281
[1064] Wāqidi 1:177; Ibn Hishām 2:325-327; Ibn Sad 2:70; Ibn Hazm: 28; Kalāi 1:134
[1065] Wāqidi 1:13, 203, 2:535, 3:1123; Ibn Hishām 4:15, 39; Ibn Sad 2:56, 65; Kalāi 1:138
[1066] Wāqidi 1:13, 2:796; Ibn Hishām 2:252; Ibn Sad 2:5, 96; Ibn Hazm: 104; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:161
[1067] Wāqidi 1:13, 343; Ibn Sad 2:35; Ibn Hazm: 105; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:39; Ibn al-Qayyim 2:358
[1068] Wāqidi 1:13, 363; Ibn Sad 2:40; Suhayli 3:136; Kalāi 1:121, 122; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:109
[1069] Wāqidi 1:13, 2:636; Ibn Sad 2:96; Ibn Atheer 2:188; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:54
[1070] Wāqidi 2:796, 802-805; Ibn Hishām 4:39; Ibn Hanbal 3:456; Bukhāri (al-Jihād 103, al-Maghāzi 79); Muslim (al-Tawba 254); Abu Dāwud (al-Jihād 92)
[1071] Wāqidi 1:195; Ibn Hishām 3:50, 4:39; Ibn Sad 2:24, 92; Ibn Atheer 2:188
[1072] Wāqidi 1:203, 204; Ibn Hishām 2:268, 4:39; Ibn Sad 1:207; Tabari 2:436; Kalāi 1:113
[1073] Wāqidi 1:404, 406; Ibn Hishām 2:268; Suhayli 3:43
[1074] Wāqidi 1:11, 13, 196, 198, 2:815; Ibn Hishām 3:53; Ibn Sad 2:24; Tabari 2:494; Ibn Hazm: 102
[1075] Wāqidi 2:815
[1076] al-Mawsuah al-Askariyya 1:261
[1077] Wāqidi 1:19, 207, 218; Ibn Hishām 2:268, 4:37, 42; Kalāi 1:87
[1078] Shaybāni 1:118; Wāqidi 2:445-452, 449; Ibn Sad 2:70; Ibn Hazm: 208; Kalāi 1:144; Ibn al-Qayyim 2:303
[1079] Wāqidi 1:10, 197, 2:550, 755, 3:1011; Ibn Hishām 2:245, 3:53, 224, 268, 269; Ibn Sad 2:2-5, 61, 85, 89, 209; Ibn Hazm: 102, 226, 227; Ibn Atheer 2:209, 226, 303; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:224, 2:39
[1080] Wāqidi 1:207, 218, 445, 461; Ibn Hishām 3:243; Ibn Sad 2:25; Kalāi 1:113; Ibn Katheer 4:103
[1081] Wāqidi 1:207, 218, 3:996; Ibn Hishām 3:232; Ibn Sad 2:119
[1082] Wāqidi 1:54, 220, 2:651, 922; Ibn Hishām 3:50, 69, 264; Ibn Sad 2:45; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:68
[1083] Ibn Hanbal 2:471, 3:487; Bukhāri (al-Jihād 184); ibn Mājah (al-Jihād 3); Tirmidhi (Fadhāil al-Jihād 20)
[1084] Wāqidi 3:991; Ibn Hishām 4:261; Bukhāri (al-Jihād 2, 31)
[1085] Wāqidi 1:68 onwards; Ibn Hishām 4:49; Ibn Sad 2:113
[1086] Wāqidi 2:445; Ibn Hishām 2:264; Ibn Sad 2:!2; Tabari 2:568
[1087] Ibn Hishām 2:150; Ibn Sad 2:1; Suhayli 2:252
[1088] Q49:10; Bukhāri (al-Adab 27); Muslim (al-Birr 66)
[1089] Wāqidi 1:334, 384; Ibn Hishām 3:128, 220; Ibn Sad 2:34, 42; Ibn Hazm: 175, 184; Kalāi 1:104; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:37, 52; Ibn Katheer 4:84, 87
[1090] Wāqidi 1:324, 384; Ibn Hishām 3:128, 321; Ibn Sad 2:34, 42; Ibn Hazm: 175
[1091] Wāqidi 1:335, 3:990, 1091; Ibn Sad 2:119; Suhayli 4:196
[1092] Wāqidi 1:334; Ibn Hishām 3:220; Ibn Sad 2:42, 45; Tabari 2:564
[1093] Wāqidi 1:11, 13, 340, 550; Ibn Hishām 2:245, 251; Ibn Sad 2:56, 61, 65; Ibn Atheer 2:207; Kalāi 1:58
[1094] Wāqidi 1:334; Ibn Hishām 3:128; Ibn Sad 3:34; Ibn Khayyāt 1:38; Tabari 3:29; Ibn Hazm: 175; Kalāi 1:104; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:37; Ibn Katheer 4:48
[1095] Wāqidi 1:402; Ibn Hishām 3:224; Ibn Sad 2:44; Ibn Hazm: 184; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:54
[1096] Wāqidi 1:385, 287
[1097] Wāqidi 1:387
[1098] Wāqidi 1:326
[1099] Wāqidi 1:334, 384, 2:822; Ibn Hishām 4:64, 47; Ibn Sad 2:34, 42, 70, 92; Ibn Hazm: 209; Ibn Qayyim 2:306
[1100] Zuhri: 5; Ibn Hanbal 1:229; Bukhāri (al-Hajj 80); Kalāi 1:105; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:116
[1101] Zuhri: 58; Wāqidi 1:338, 3:990, 1124; Ibn Sad 2:119; Suhayl 4:196
[1102] Wāqidi 1:338; Ibn Hishām 4:19, 21, 47; Ibn Sad 2:98; Ibn Atheer 2:236, 246; Kalāi 1:105
[1103] Zuhri: 79; Wāqidi 1:337, 338; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:64, 170; Ibn al-Qayyim 2:390
[1104] Wāqidi 3:928; Ibn Hishām 4:122; Suhayli 3:250; Kalāi 1:111; Ibn Katheer 4:77, 346
[1105] Ibn Hishām 4:44; Ibn Sad 2:97; Tabari 3:52; Ibn Atheer 2:144; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:168
[1106] Wāqidi 2:819, 820, 822; Ibn Hishām 4:46, 47
[1107] Wāqidi 2:614; Abu Dāwud (al-Manāsik 12)
[1108] Wāqidi 2:736; Ibn Hishām 4:13; Tabari 3:24; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:148
[1109] Wāqidi 2:734, 735; Tabari 3:24
[1110] Wāqidi 2:735; Abu Dāwud (al-Tawāf 3, al-Raml 1)
[1111] Wāqidi 2:735; Ibn Hishām 4:13; Tabari 3:24
[1112] Through this he (s) displayed the strength and might of his army to the enemy (Tr.)
[1113] Ibn Hishām 4:13; Ibn Hanbal 1:229; Tirmidhi (al-Hajj 39); Nasāi (al-Manāsik 176)
[1114] Wāqidi 1:821, 195; Ibn Hishām 3:46,213, 292; Ibn Sad 2:21, 43; 56; Ibn Hazm: 152, 182, 200; Kalāi 1:122; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:294
[1115] Wāqidi 1:335, 371, 2:799; Ibn Hishām 3:224; Tabari 3:101; Ibn Hazm: 202; Ibn Katheer 4:12
[1116] Ibn Sad 2:4, 19,24, 43, 56, 108; Ibn Atheer 2:173, 188, 192
[1117] Wāqidi 1:182, 195; Ibn Hishām 3:46; Ibn Sad 2:21, 24, 35, 43-45, 62, 95; Ibn Hazm: 152; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:294
[1118] Wāqidi 2:560, 3:1125; Ibn Hishām 4:169, 239; Ibn Sad 2:64, 119, 122; Ibn Atheer 2:209, 293; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:108, 220; Ibn al-Qayyim 2:299, 3:11
[1119] Zuhri: 71, 84, 89; Wāqidi 1:176, 363, 2:496, 633; Ibn Hishām 3:50, 199, 244, 342; Ibn Sad 2:19, 40, 53, 77; Ibn Hazm: 154, 181, 191, 211; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:294, 2:48, 64, 130
[1120] Wāqidi 1:182, 193, 195; Ibn Hishām 3:46; Ibn Sad 2:21, 24, 35, 43-45; Ibn Hazm: 152, 182; Ibn Atheer 2:207; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:294, 304, 2:52, 54
[1121] Ibn Sad 2:122; Bukhāri (al-Jihād 143); Muslim (al-Jihād 2, Fadhāil al-Sahābah 35); Ibn Mājah (al-Jihād 38); Abu Dāwud (al-Jihād 82)
[1122] Wāqidi 1:176, 363, 2:496; Zuhri: 71, 89; Ibn Hishām 3:50, 199; Ibn Sad 2:19, 40; Ibn Hazm: 154, 181; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:294, 2:48
[1123] Wāqidi 1:176, Suhayli 3:137, Ibn Atheer 2:137; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:294
[1124] Wāqidi 1:365; Ibn Sad 2:41; Tabari 2:552; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:49
[1125] Ibn Sad 2:41; Tabari 2:552; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:49; Ibn Katheer 4:75
[1126] Ibid.
[1127] Ibn Sad 2:41; Ibn Hazm: 182; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:49; Ibn Katheer 4:75
[1128] Shaybāni 1:58; Wāqidi 1:67, 2:649; Bukhāri (al-Jihād 130); Tabari 2:502
[1129] Zuhri: 151; Wāqidi 2:778; Ibn Hishām 4:291; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:161
[1130] Wāqidi 2:778; Ibn Hanbal 6:11; Bukhāri (al-Jihād 130); Ibn Qutaybah, Uyun al-Akhbār 1:108
[1131] Wāqidi 2:778, 3:1117; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:281
[1132] Tabari 3:75; Ibn Abd al-Barr, al-Istiāb 2:810; Kalāi 1:144
[1133] Ibn Mājah (al-Jihād 8); Abu Dāwud (al-Jihād 102); Dārimi (al-Siyar 6, al-Riqāq 5); Harawi: 98
[1134] Wāqidi 1:62; Ibn Sad 2:10; Ibn Qutaybah 1:108
[1135] Majmuat Muhādharāt Alqaytu fi al-Akādimiyya al-Askariyya al-Ulyā al-Suriyyah
[1136] There are many examples of this during the eight years of war between Iran and Iraq (Tr.)
[1137] Wāqidi 1:68, 225; Ibn Hishām 2:277, 3:72; Ibn Sad 2:10, 27; Tabari 2:445; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:254, 2:10
[1138] Wāqidi 1: 68, 225, 2:472; Ibn Hishām 2:277, 3:235; Ibn Sad 2:10, 49; Tabari 2:445, 574; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:254, 2:61
[1139] Ibid.
[1140] Wāqidi 1:68, 225; Ibn Hishām 2:277, 3:72; Ibn Sad 2:10, 27; Tabari 2:445
[1141] Zuhri: 63 onwards; Wāqidi 1:68; Ibn Hishām 2:277; Ibn Sad 2:10; Tabari 2:445; Kalāi 1:88; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:254
[1142] Wāqidi 1:225; Ibn Hishām 3:72; Ibn Sad 2:28; Tabari 2:513; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:10
[1143] Wāqidi 1:68, 225, 2:471; Ibn Hishām 2:277, 3:72, 335; Ibn Sad 2:10, 28, 49; Tabari 2:245, 574; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:254
[1144] Majmuah al-Taleef fi Akādimiyya Ferunzi al-Askariyya Takteek: 376 onwards; Majmuat Muhādharāt Alqaytu fi al-Akādimiyya al-Askariyya al-Ulyā al-Suriyyah
[1145] Ibn Sayyidah, al-Mukhassis 6:81; Ibn Khaldun, al-Muqaddimah 2:657
[1146] Bukhāri (al-Maghāzi 31, 37); Muslim (al-Zakāh 136, al-Jihād 42); Abu Dāwud (al-Jihād 107)
[1147] Muslim (al-Jihād 78); Tabari 2:445 onwards; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:252
[1148] Shaybāni 1:58; Ibn Hanbal 3:456, 498; Tabari 1:446
[1149] Shaybāni 1:58; Wāqidi 1:67; Ibn Hishām 2:278; Ibn Hanbal 3:456, 498; Tabari 2:446
[1150] Wāqidi 1:223; Ibn Hishām 2:264; Ibn Hanbal 5:420
[1151] Wāqidi 1:219 onwards, 2:800, 812, 819; Muslim (al-Zakāh 136); Abu Dāwud (al-Jihād 107)
[1152] Wāqidi 1:225, 230, 2:645; Ibn Atheer 2:185, 192, 239
[1153] Wāqidi 2:653; Ibn Hishām 2:344, 4:49; Ibn Sad 2:98
[1154] Wāqidi 1:55, 225, 2:457; Ibn Hishām 2:272, 3:69; Ibn Sad 2:9, 27; Tabari 1:426, 440, 507
[1155] Wāqidi 1:177, 363, 2:496, 670; Ibn Hishām 3:245, 344, 347; Ibn Sad 2:40; Tabari 2:573; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:295
[1156] Wāqidi 2:653, 700, 2:927; Ibn Hishām 3:344, 357, 4:129; Tabari 3:9
[1157] Wāqidi 2:658, 3:927; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:201
[1158] Wāqidi 1:177 onwards, 363, 371, 2:466, 499; Ibn Hishām 3:200 onwards; Ibn Sad 2:114; Ibn Qayyim 2:330; Harawi: 103
[1159] Wāqidi 1:37, 2:496, 643; Ibn Katheer 4:199
[1160] Wāqidi 2:499, 666, 3:928; Ibn Hishām 3:200, 344, 4:132; Tabari 2:554; Kalāi 1:111
[1161] Wāqidi 1:177; Ibn Sad 2:19; Ibn Khayyāt 1:27; Tabari 2:480; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:295
[1162] Wāqidi 1:363; Ibn Sad 2:40; Ibn Hazm: 182; Ibn Katheer 4:76; Dianna, Muhammad Rasulullah: 278
[1163] Wāqidi 2:496, 501; Ibn Hishām 3:245; Tabari 2:583; Ibn Hazm: 193
[1164] Wāqidi 2:666; Ibn Sad 2:77; Tabari 3:16; Suhayli 4:59; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:143, 145; Ibn Katheer 4:198; Nāsif, al-Tāj 4:422
[1165] Wāqidi 3:927; Ibn Sad 2:114; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:201
[1166] Wāqidi 2:647 onwards; Ibn Hishām 3:344; Tabari 3:9; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:132
[1167] Wāqidi 2:652, 658, 664; Tabari 3:9; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:132, 134
[1168] Wāqidi 2:677; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:133; Ibn Katheer 4:198
[1169] Wāqidi 2:667, 669; Ibn Atheer 2:217; Ibn Katheer 4:198
[1170] Wāqidi 2:680; Tabari 3:10, 14; Ibn Atheer 2:218; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:134
[1171] Wāqidi 2:652 onwards; Ibn Atheer 2:217
[1172] Wāqidi 2:652; Ibn Hishām 3:344; Tabari 13:9; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:131
[1173] Wāqidi 2:644; Ibn Hishām 3:347; Ibn Sad 2:77; Ibn Katheer 4:194
[1174] Wāqidi 2:640; Tabari 3:17; Suhayli 4:65
[1175] Wāqidi 2:644; Ibn Hishām 3:344; Tabari 3:9; Kalāi 1:130; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:131
[1176] The Ghatfān were a large tribe that was made up of many clans and lived near Khaybar. Ibn Sad 2:77; Suhayli 2:181; Hamawi 2:409
[1177] Wāqidi 2:652, 670; Ibn Hishām 3:344; Ibn Atheer 2:217
[1178] Wāqidi 2:671; Tabari 2:16; Suhayli 4:60; Ibn Hazm: 212; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:136, 145
[1179] Ibn Hishām 3:344; Tabari 3:9; Ibn Atheer 2:216; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:131
[1180] Wāqidi 2:652 onwards and 667 onwards
[1181] Wāqidi 2:652; Ibn Hishām 3:344; Tabari 3:9; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:131
[1182] Wāqidi 2:658-662, 668-670
[1183] Ibn Katheer 4:95; al-Umayd al-Shāir, al-Malāji wal-Tahsilāt: 22-37
[1184] Wāqidi 2:445; Tabari 2:566; Ibn Khaldun, Muqaddimah 2:657 onwards
[1185] Wāqidi 2:470, 492; Tabari 2:574; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:61
[1186] Wāqidi 2:445, 446; Tabari 2:570; Ibn Hazm: 186; Hamawi 1:256, 262; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:58
[1187] Wāqidi 2:446; Ibn Hishām 3:231; Ibn Sad 2:47; Tabari 2:566
[1188] Wāqidi 2:445; Ibn Sad 2:48; Tabari 2:567, 568
[1189] Wāqidi 2:448; Ibn Hishām 3:226, 227; Ibn Sad 2:47, 50; Tabari 2:566; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:55
[1190] Wāqidi 2:445; Ibn Sad 2:48
[1191] Wāqidi 2:446
[1192] Ibid.
[1193] Wāqidi 2:452
[1194] Wāqidi 2:450; Ibn Hishām 3:260; Tabari 2:569; Kalāi 1:114; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:57
[1195] Wāqidi 2:445; Tabari 2:568; Ibn Mandhur, Lisān al-Arab 8:93
[1196] Wāqidi 2:445; Ibn Sad 2:48; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:57
[1197] Wāqidi 2:445; Ibn Hishām 3:231; Ibn Sad 2:47; Ibn Hazm: 186
[1198] Wāqidi 2:464; Ibn Sad 2:48; Tabari 2:568
[1199] Wāqidi 2:460; Ibn Sad 2:48; Suhayli 3:279; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:58
[1200] Ibn Hishām 3:233; Ibn Sad 2:48; Tabari 2:572; Ibn Atheer 2:180; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:60
[1201] Wāqidi 2:471; Ibn Hishām 3:235; Ibn Sad 2:49; Tabari 2:574; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:62; Amr ibn Abd Wudd was one of the bravest soldiers among the Arabs and his strength was legendary. He was among the few who were successful in crossing over the trench. After crossing over, he began to recite poems of valor and boast that none from the Muslim army would be ready to meet him in one-on-one combat. Sure enough, none from the Muslim army showed any willingness to face him and when the Prophet (s) asked who would go, only the young Ali ibn Abi Tālib (a) stood up. As Ali (a) walked into battle to face the giant Ibn Abd Wudd, the Prophet (s) remarked: Today the whole of Eimān is going to fight against the whole of Kufr (Tr.)
[1202] Wāqidi 2:446
[1203] Wāqidi 2:796, 802-805; Ibn Sad 2:96; Ibn Hazm: 226, 230; Suhayli 3:28, 29; Kalāi 1:138; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:161, 167, 170; Ibn al-Qayyim 2:386; Ibn Katheer 4:280
[1204] Wāqidi 2:792, 803, 822, 823; Ibn Hishām 4:44; Ibn Sad 1:98; Ibn Hazm: 230; Tabari 3:52, 54; Ibn Atheer 2:241; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:170; Ibn Qayyim 21:389
[1205] Wāqidi 2:825, 875; Ibn Hishām 4:49; Ibn Sad 2:98, 101; Tabari 3:56; ibn Atheer 2:226; Kalāi 1:139; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:172
[1206] Wāqidi 2:25, 728, 875; Ibn Atheer 2:246; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:173
[1207] Wāqidi 2:818, 825; Ibn Hishām 4:49; Ibn Sad 2:98; Tabari 3:56; Ibn Atheer 2:246; Ibn Katheer 4:296
[1208] Wāqidi 2:825; Ibn Hishām 4:51, 75; Ibn Sad 2:98, 99
[1209] Ibn Hishām 4:46,47; Ibn Sad 2:98; Tabari 3:56; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:169 onwards
[1210] Ibn Hishām 4:47; Ibn Sad 2:98; Tabari 3:56; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:170
[1211] Wāqidi 2:822, 878; Ibn Hishām 4:53; Tabari 3:57
[1212] Wāqidi 2:823; Ibn Hishām 4:44; Tabari 3:54; Ibn Atheer 2:246; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:170; Ibn al-Qayyim 2:390
[1213] The way that the Holy Prophet (s) planned the Conquest of Makkah was so perfect that the city was taken without any bloodshed or fighting. Once Makkah was taken, the Prophet (s) proceeded to the Kabah and broke all the idols in it. (Tr.)
[1214] Majmuat Muhādharāt Alqaytu fi al-Akādimiyya al-Askariyya al-Ulyā al-Suriyyah
[1215] Wāqidi 1:13, 343, 2:723, 726; Ibn Hishām 2:245, 4:165; Ibn Sad 2:56, 61, 64; Suhayli 4:252; Ibn Atheer 2:207; Kalāi 1:158, 162; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:105; Ibn al-Qayyim 2:297; Ibn Katheer 4:220-223
[1216] Wāqidi 1:343, 2:723; Ibn Hishām 4:265; Ibn Sad 2:61, 65; Suhayli 4:252; Ibn Atheer 2:207
[1217] Wāqidi 1:13, 2:551; Ibn Hishām 2:252; Ibn Sad 2:61; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:104, 105; Ibn Qayyim 2:197, 297
[1218] Zuhri: 150; Wāqidi 2:769; Ibn Hishām 4:272;Ibn Sad 2:94; Tabari 3:31; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:157
[1219] Wāqidi 2:391; Ibn Hishām 3:278; Ibn Hazm: 200; Kalāi 1:121; Ibn Katheer 4:139
[1220] Wāqidi 1:11; Ibn Hishām 2:245; Ibn Hazm: 103, 105; Tabari 2:295
[1221] Wāqidi 2:534, 550, 562; Ibn Sad 1:56, 61-65; Ibn Atheer 1:207, 209; Kalāi 1:158; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:79, 103, 105, 109
[1222] Wāqidi 2:726; Ibn Hishām 4:265; Ibn Sad 2:64; Ibn Atheer 2:207; Kalāi 1:158
[1223] Wāqidi 2:535; Ibn Atheer 2:226; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:105, 206; Ibn Katheer 4:220
[1224] Wāqidi 2:770; Ibn Sad 2:95; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:157
[1225] Wāqidi 1:11, 13, 2:769; Ibn Hishām 2:245, 252; Ibn Sad 2:1, 95; Tabari 2:259; Ibn Hazm: 04; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:225; Ibn Katheer 3:248
[1226] Wāqidi 1:19; Ibn Hishām 2:257; Ibn Sad 2:29; Ibn Khayyāt 1:16; Tabari 2:267; Ibn Hazm: 107; Kalāi 1:58; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:241; Ibn Katheer 2:261
[1227] Q8:42; Wāqidi 1:53; Ibn Hishām 2:266, 272
[1228] Wāqidi 1:56 onwards; Ibn Hishām 2:278; Ibn Hanbal 3:157; Muslim (al-Jihād 42); Abu Dāwud (al-Jihād 107)
[1229] Wāqidi 1:11 onwards; Ibn Hishām 2:254; Ibn Sad 2:10 onwards; Tabari 2:259; Ibn Hazm: 104
[1230] Wāqidi 1:20, 87, 91; Ibn Hazm: 108
[1231] Wāqidi 1:20; Suhayli 3:51
[1232] Wāqidi 1:48 onwards; Ibn Hishām 2:262; Ibn Katheer 3:262, 267
[1233] Shaybāni 1:118; Wāqidi 1:67; Ibn Hishām 3:69; Ibn Sad 2:8; Tabari 2:426; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:188
[1234] Q4:84; Ibn Hishām 2:279; Ibn Hanbal 1:307; Bukhāri (al-Jihād 110)
[1235] Wāqidi 1:23, 27, 39; Ibn Hishām 2:269; Ibn Sad 2:7; Tabari 2:423, 431 onwards; Ibn Atheer 2:118; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:244
[1236] Wāqidi 1:181; Ibn Khayyāt 1:28; Tabari 2:483; Ibn Hazm: 155; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:296
[1237] Ibn Ishāq: 310; Wāqidi 1:181; Tabari 2:483; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:296
[1238] Wāqidi 1:197m 198; Tabari 2:492
[1239] Wāqidi 1:197; Ibn Hishām 3:53; Ibn Sad2:24; Tabari 2:492; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:305
[1240] Zuhri: 76; ; Wāqidi 1:199; Ibn Hishām 3:64; Ibn Sad 2:25; Khayyāt 1:29; Tabari 3:9; Ibn Hazm: 956; Kalāi 1:104; Dhahabi, Tārikh al-Islām 1:183
[1241] Wāqidi 1:221-229; Ibn Hishām 3:82; Ibn Sad 2:28; Tabari 2:517 onwards; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:11
[1242] Wāqidi 1:229 onwards; Ibn Hishām 3:82; Ibn Sad 2:29; Tabari 2:515 onwards; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:11
[1243] Wāqidi 1:249; Ibn Sad 2:29; Tabari 2:510; Ibn Atheer 2:54; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:11
[1244] Wāqidi 1:241; Ibn Hishām 3:89; Tabari 2:518; Ibn Atheer 2:157; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:14 onwards
[1245] Ibid.
[1246] Wāqidi 1:241 onwards; Ibn Hishām 3:82, 91; Tabari 2:521; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:15
[1247] Wāqidi 1:334; Ibn Hishām 3:128; Ibn Sad 3:34; Ibn Khayyāt 1:38; Tabari 3:29; Ibn Hazm: 175; Kalāi 1:104; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:37; Ibn Katheer 4:48
[1248] Wāqidi 1:335; Ibn Hishām 3:107; Ibn Sad 2:34;Tabari 2:534; Kalāi 1:105
[1249] Wāqidi 1:335 onwards; Ibn Hishām 3:107; Ibn Sad 2:34; Tabari 2:534; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:37
[1250] Wāqidi 1:338; Ibn Hishām 3:108; Ibn Sad 2:35; Tabari 2:535; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:37
[1251] Wāqidi 1:340, 362, 391, 404; Ibn Hishām 3:199; Ibn Sad 2:75
[1252] Ibn Hishām 3:226; Ibn Sad 2:47; Ibn Hazm: 186
[1253] Zuhri: 79; Wāqidi 2:440; Ibn Hishām 2:244; Ibn Sad 2:47; Tabari 2:565; Ibn Hazm: 185; Suhayli 3:276; Kalāi 1:114; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:55; Ibn Qayyim 2:288
[1254] Wāqidi 2:457; Ibn Hishām 3:231; Ibn Sad 2:47
[1255] Wāqidi 2:492; Ibn Hishām 2:230; Ibn Hazm: 186, 187
[1256] Wāqidi 2:445, 449, 453; Ibn Hishām 3:262
[1257] Wāqidi 2:462, 464, 471; Ibn Hishām 2:235; Ibn Sad 2:48; Tabari 2:586; Suhayli 3:279; Ibn Atheer 2:180; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:61
[1258] Wāqidi 1:492; Ibn Hishām 3:243; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:65
[1259] Wāqidi 2:445; Ibn Hishām 2:231; Tabari 2:570; Ibn Hazm: 186; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:58
[1260] Wāqidi 2:443; Ibn Sad 2:48, 48; Ibn Qayyim 2:289; Watt, Muhammad fi al-Madina: 58
[1261] Wāqidi 2:443; Ibn Hishām 3:260; Muslim 3:1362; Kalāi 1:114; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:65
[1262] Zuhri: 79; Wāqidi 2:479; Muslim 3:1361; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:64; Ibn Qayyim 2:192
[1263] Zuhri: 79; Ibn Hishām 2:232, 262; Ibn Sad 2:47; Bukhāri (al-Maghāzi 29)
[1264] Ibn Hishām 3:241; Ibn Sad 2:50; Tabari 2:578; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:65
[1265] Ibn Hishām 3:243; Ibn Sad 2:51; Ibn Atheer 2:184; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:65
[1266] Ibn Hishām 3:243; Ibn Atheer 2:184; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:65
[1267] Wāqidi 2:492; Ibn Katheer 4:113
[1268] Zuhri: 79; Wāqidi 2:479; Ibn Hishām 3:234, 262; Qurtubi, al-Jāmi li Ahkām al-Qurān 14:133
[1269] Ibn Sad 2:53; Tabari 2:579; Ibn Atheer 2:184
[1270] Ibn Sad 2:54; Ibn Hazm: 188; Ibn Katheer 4:103
[1271] Wāqidi 2:496; Ibn Hishām 3:145; Ibn Sad 2:53; Tabari 2:583; Ibn Hazm: 193
[1272] Ibn Hishām 3:266; Ibn Hanbal 4:262; Bukhāri (al-Maghāzi 29)
[1273] Ibn Abd al-Barr 2:542; Ibn Atheer 2:224; Ibn Hajar, al-Isābah 3:24
[1274] Wāqidi 2:553; Ibn Sad 2:63; Ibn Atheer 2:207; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:106; Ibn Qayyim 2:297
[1275] Ibn Hishām 3:325, 327; Ibn Sad 2:70; Ibn Hazm: 208; Ibn Katheer 4:170
[1276] Ibn Hishām 3:232; Tabari 2:635; Ibn Atheer 2:204; Kalāi 1:130, 137
[1277] Zuhri: 86, 87; Wāqidi 2:780; Ibn Hishām 4:31; Ibn Sad 2:96; Ibn Khayyāt 1:56
[1278] Wāqidi 2:796, 799, 892; Ibn Hishām 4:39; Ibn Sad 2:96; Ibn Hazm: 226, 228, 230; Suhayli 4:97; Kalāi 1:38; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:161, 167; Ibn Qayyim 2:309
[1279] Wāqidi 2:800, 818, 825; Ibn Sad 2:98; Kalāi 1:137; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:172, 174; Ibn Katheer 4:288
[1280] Wāqidi 2:822, 823; Ibn Hishām 4:47; Ibn Sad 2:98; Ibn Atheer 2:246
[1281] Wāqidi 2:825; Ibn Hishām 4:49; Ibn Sad 2:98; Tabari 3:61; Ibn Atheer 2:246; Kalāi 1:139
[1282] Wāqidi 3:873; Ibn Hishām 4:56; Ibn Sad 2:105; Ibn Hazm: 235; Ibn Qayyim 2:398
[1283] Wāqidi 1:1-8; Ibn Hishām 4:256; Ibn Sad 2:1; Tabari 3:152; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 3:223
[1284] Wāqidi 1:1-8; Ibn Hishām 4:257; Ibn Sad 2:51; Tabari 3:155; Kalāi 1:57; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:223
[1285] Wāqidi 1:173, 184; Ibn Hishām 3:54, 287; Ibn Sad 2:21; Ibn Hazm: 184, 198
[1286] For more details about this tribe see: Kahālah, Mujam Qabāil al-Arab 2:543
[1287] Ibn Sad 2:21
[1288] Bahrān was a place between Makkah and Madina; Ibn Sad 2:24
[1289] Ibn Sad 2:62; Bakri 2:394
[1290] Suhayli 3:136; Kahālah 1:144, 3:888
[1291] Wāqidi 1:193; Hamawi 1:252
[1292] Ibn Sad 2:44, Hamawi 2:398
[1293] Wāqidi 1:404; Ibn Hishām 3:302; Ibn Sad 2:45; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:91
[1294] Ibn Sad 2:45; Bakri 4:1240
[1295] Kahālah 3:190
[1296] Ibn Hishām 3:292
[1297] Bakri 1:77; Kahālah 1:147
[1298] Ibn Sad 2:108; Suhayli 4:138; Bakri 2:471
[1299] Kahālah 1:21, 22
[1300] Wāqidi 1:342; Ibn Sad 2:35
[1301] Ibn Sad 1:61; Bakri 3:1002
[1302] Ibn Sad 2:56; Zarqāni, Sharh al-Mawāhib 2:166; Kahālah 1:92
[1303] Ibn Sad 2:56; Bakri 1:269, 3:859; Hamawi 3:457
[1304] Zarqāni 2:178
[1305] Ibn Sad 2:161; Hamawi 4:366
[1306] Ibn Sad 2:36
[1307] Ibn Sad 2:63; Kahālah 1:174
[1308] Ibn Sad 2:63; Bakri 2:446; Hamawi 2:258
[1309] Hamawi4:338; Kahālah 3:918
[1310] Hamawi 4:338
[1311] Kahālah 2:513
[1312] Ibn Sad 2:65; Bakri 3:1015
[1313] Bakri 1:308, Hamawi 2:21
[1314] Ibn Sad 2:85; Bakri 1:308; Hamawi 2:21; Ibn Katheer 4:221
[1315] Kahālah 3:918, 990
[1316] Majma al-Buldān 5:261; Kahālah 3:1231
[1317] Ibn Sad 2:117; Hamawi 3:133, 457
[1318] Kahālah 3:1072
[1319] Hamawi 4:238
[1320] Kahālah 1:143
[1321] Ibn Sad 2:186; Bakri 4:1284
[1322] Kahālah 3:888
[1323] Ibn Sad 2:87; Bakri 2:395, 4:1400; Hamawi 2:98, 164, 5:449
[1324] Ibn Sad 2:95; Hamawi 2:388
[1325] Kahālah 3:1173
[1326] Bakri 3:925, 4:1119; Hamawi 4:442
[1327] Ibn Abd al-Barr 3:1323; Bakri 1:17
[1328] Ibn Sad 2:92; Hamawi 1:218
[1329] Kahālah 2:1231, 2:708
[1330] Ibn Sad 2:92; Bakri 3:772
[1331] Wāqidi 1:7; Ibn Sad 2:116; Kahālah1:126
[1332] Suqyā is the name of a well and Masjid near Madina from which the Holy Prophet (s) drank water or performed ablution when he passed by it in some of the battles. (Tr.)
[1333] Wāqidi 2:754; Ibn Sad 2:117; Bakri 1:301
[1334] Wāqidi 3:981; Hamawi 5:125
[1335] Wāqidi 1:182, 193; Ibn Hishām 3:46, 50; Ibn Sad 2:21; 43; Ibn Hazm: 152, 182
[1336] Wāqidi 1:182, 193, 404; Ibn Hishām 3:213, 4:272; Ibn Sad 2:21, 43; Ibn Hazm: 152
[1337] Wāqidi 1:183, 535; Ibn Sad 2:61; Ibn Atheer 2:226; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:93, 105
[1338] Wāqidi 1:23, 27; Ibn Sad 2:21; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:226
[1339] Wāqidi 1:23, 27, 39; Ibn Sad 2:21; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:226
[1340] Wāqidi 2:534, 552, 3:1022; Ibn Sad 2:56
[1341] Ibn Sad 2:12, 35, 45, 56, 63, 108; Bakri 1:17, 301, 308, 3:446, 3:1015, 4:1274, 1400; Hamawi 1:308, 2:21, 3:133, 4:238
[1342] Wāqidi 1:193, Ibn Hishām 3:302; Ibn Sad 2:44, 45, 56, 61; Suhayli 3:136
[1343] Wāqidi 1:12, 2:537; hi 2:251, 3:293; Ibn Sad 2:1, 58; Tabari 2:601; Ibn Hazm: 201; Ibn Atheer 2:188; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:227, 2:84
[1344] Wāqidi 1:342; Ibn Hishām 3:203; Ibn Sad 2:21, 35, 43-45, 62, 95; Ibn Hazm: 203; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:39
[1345] Wāqidi 1:193; Ibn Sad 2:21, 23; Suhayli 3:136, 142; Ibn Atheer 2:142
[1346] Wāqidi 1:342, 403; Ibn Sad 2:35, 44; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:39; Ibn Katheer 4:61; Nāsif, al-Tāj 4:347
[1347] Wāqidi 1:69, 5:563; Ibn Sad 2:24; Tabari 3:75; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:304; Ibn Qayyim 2:299
[1348] Wāqidi 1:182, 194, 395, 406; Ibn Sad 2:61, 63-65, 85, 89; Tabari 3:29; Suhayli 4:252; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:39
[1349] Wāqidi 1:182; Ibn Hishām 3:46; Ibn Sad 2:21; Ibn Khayyāt 1:27; Ibn Hazm: 152
[1350] Wāqidi 1:10, 12; Ibn Hishām 2:241; Ibn Sad 2:1-4; Tabari 2:259; Ibn Hazm: 100; Suhayli 3:17; Hamawi 1:92, 3:350, 4:136
[1351] Wāqidi 1:182; Ibn Hishām 3:46, 50; Ibn Sad 2:21, 24; Ibn Hazm: 152; Hamawi 1:193, 341; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:264, 304
[1352] Wāqidi 1:404, 2:535, 752; Ibn Hishām 3:302; Ibn Sad 2:45, 56, 95; Tabari 3:29; Ibn Hazm: 200; Kalāi 1:124; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:83, 91, 152; Ibn Qayyim 2:278, 293
[1353] Wāqidi 1:12, 2:560, 3:1079; Ibn Hishām 3:3:249; Ibn Sad 2:64, 122; Tabari 3:131; Bakri 2:564; Hamawi 1:503, 536; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:224, 271; Ibn Mandhur 1:278
[1354] Wāqidi 1:182, 195, 2:560, 3:1025; Ibn Hishām 3:46, 50; Ibn Sad 2:21, 24, 62, 86; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:294, 304; Ibn Sad 2:83, 95; Suhayli 3:136
[1355] Ibn Hishām 2:241; Suhayli 2:252; Haiderābādi: 15-21; this pact had forty conditions that were to be abided by both the Arab Muslims and Jews residents of Madina. (Tr.)
[1356] Wāqidi 1:176; Ibn Hishām 3:50; Ibn Sad 2:19; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:294
[1357] Wāqidi 1:176; Suhayli 3:137; Ibn Atheer 2:137; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:294
[1358] Wāqidi 1:177; Ibn Hishām 3:45; Ibn Hazm: 193; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:295
[1359] Wāqidi 1:184, 391; Ibn Hishām 3:54, 286; Ibn Hazm: 154, 198
[1360] Wāqidi 1:391; Ibn Hishām 3:55; Ibn Sad 2:21; Ibn Hazm: 154, 198
[1361] Wāqidi 1:391; Ibn Hishām 3:52, 286; Ibn Sad 2:21; Ibn Abd al-Barr 3:946, 1377; Ibn Atheer 3:304, 4:330
[1362] Zuhri: 71; Wāqidi 1:363; Ibn Hishām 3:199; Bukhāri 5:88
[1363] Wāqidi 1:365; Ibn Hishām 3:199; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:48
[1364] Wāqidi 1:363 onwards; Ibn Hishām 3:199; Ibn Sad 2:40; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:48
[1365] Zuhri: 71; Wāqidi 1:363; Ibn Hishām 3:200; Ibn Sad 2:40; Ibn Hazm: 181, 182
[1366] Wāqidi 2:443, 445, 457; Ibn Hishām 3:225, 232; Suhayli 3:278; Ibn Qayyim 2:289, 292
[1367] Wāqidi 2:497; Ibn Sad 2:54; Ibn Hazm: 188; Ibn Katheer 4:103
[1368] Zuhri: 79; Wāqidi 2:496; Ibn Hishām 3:244; Ibn Sad 2:53; Tabari 2:181; Ibn Hazm: 191; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:68; Ibn Qayyim 2:292
[1369] Wāqidi 2:497, 498, 510; Ibn Hishām 3:244; Ibn Sad 2:53; Muslim 2:1391
[1370] Wāqidi 2:496, 501; Ibn Hishām 3:245; Ibn Qutaybah, Uyun al-Akhbār 2:114; Tabari 2:583; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:72; It mentioned that the Prophet (s) gave authority to Sad ibn Muādh who was in allegiance with them to make the decision about their punishment. He (s) also ensured that their punishment was in accordance to the Jewish holy scriptures and the command of God. It is then that he ordered that they be put to death and their families be taken as prisoners. However, there are many doubts that can be raised about this account: (1) the number of killed is put at 900 but there could not have been that many fighters of the Bani Quraydha at the time (2) these reports have been narrated by persons who had just accepted Islām and it is possible that they wanted to express a feeling of oppression against the Jews [as even today, while it is clear that it is they who are the oppressors, they still portray themselves as the oppressed] (3) it is said that two people were given the task of killing these men yet the short span of time mentioned makes it impossible for two men to kill 900; and many other questions that make this narration suspicious and not easy to accept outright. (Tr.)
[1371] Zuhri: 84; Wāqidi 2:633; Ibn Hishām 3:342; Ibn Sad 2:77; Ibn Khayyāt 1:50; Tabari 3:9; Ibn Hazm: 211; Ibn Atheer: 216; Kalāi 1:130; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:130; Ibn Qayyim 2:324
[1372] Wāqidi 2:666, 685, 700; Ibn Hishām 3:357; Ibn Katheer 4:198, 199
[1373] Wāqidi 2:706, 709; Tabari 3:106; Hamawi 2:37, 42, 238, 338; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:143, 145
[1374] Wāqidi 1:176, 2:633; Ibn Hishām 3:50, 342; Ibn Sad 2:19, 53, 77; Tabari 2:479, 552; Ibn Hazm: 154, 181, 211; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:48, 68, 130
[1375] Wāqidi 1:368, 2:496, 647, 671 onwards; Ibn Hazm: 192; Suhayli 6:65; Ibn Katheer 4:185, 198
[1376] Wāqidi 1:368, 2:637, 640, 643
[1377] Wāqidi 1:368, 2:637, 664, 670; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:134; Ibn Qayyim 2:330, 331
[1378] Wāqidi 1:177, 377, 2:510, 667; Ibn Sad 2:41; Suhayli 4:65; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 4:72
[1379] Wāqidi 1:176, 2:640
[1380] Wāqidi 1:177, 2:454, 510, 574, 642, 650
[1381] Wāqidi 1:179, 374, 634, Kalāi 1:130
[1382] Wāqidi 1:179, 2:634, 637; Ibn Atheer 1:656
[1383] Wāqidi 1:370; Ibn Hishām 3:50, 199, 244, 342; Ibn Sad 2:19, 40, 53, 77; Tabari 2:479, 552, 3:9
[1384] Wāqidi 1:177, 363, 2:499, 503; Ibn Hishām 2:245; Ibn Sad 2:40; Tabari 357
[1385] Wāqidi 1:177 onwards, 363, 2:499, 666; Ibn Hishām 3:200, 344; Ibn Sad 2:114; Ibn Abd al-Barr: 181; Ibn Qayyim 2:330
[1386] Wāqidi 1:371, 2:496; Ibn Katheer 4:199
[1387] Wāqidi 2:671, 683; Ibn Hishām 3:344; Tabari 3:9; Ibn Atheer 2:217
[1388] Wāqidi 1:378, 2:496, 670; Tabari 2:552; Ibn Hazm: 182
[1389] Wāqidi 2:496 onwards; Ibn Hishām 3:200, 344; Ibn Atheer 2:217; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:295
[1390] Wāqidi 1:371, 2:501; Tabari 3:9; Kalāi 1:130; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:131
[1391] Wāqidi 1:176, 2:496, 652 onwards; Ibn Hishām 3:50, 244; Ibn Sad 2:19, 40, 77; Ibn Hazm: 154, 181, 191, 211
[1392] Wāqidi 1:176; Ibn Hishām 3:50; Ibn Sad 2:19; Ibn Hazm: 59; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:294
[1393] Wāqidi 1:363; Ibn Hishām 3:199; Ibn Sad 2:40; Tabari 2:479; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:48
[1394] Wāqidi 2:496; Ibn Hishām 3:244; Ibn Sad 2:53; Tabari 2:552; Ibn Hazm: 191
[1395] Wāqidi 2:633; Ibn Hishām 3:342; Ibn Sad 2:77; Tabari 3:9; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:130
[1396] Wāqidi 1:177, 2:497, 670; Ibn Hishām 3:200; Tabari 1:116, 117; Ibn Qayyim 4:330
[1397] Wāqidi 1:420; Ibn Hishām 3:224; Ibn Sad 2:44; Ibn Hazm: 184; Suhayli 3:276; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:54; Ibn Katheer 4:92
[1398] Tabari 3:378; Hamawi 2:487; Jawād Ali 1:590, 611, 624, 3:106
[1399] Ibn Hishām 3:224; Ibn Atheer 2:395 onwards; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:220
[1400] Wāqidi 2:560, 3:1025; Ibn Hishām 3:169; Ibn Sad 2:119; Kahālah 3:991; Watt, Muhammad fi al-Madina: 157
[1401] Ibn Sad 2:64, 119; Bakri 2:564; Hamawi 2:15, 487
[1402] Wāqidi 2:560; Ibn Sad 2:64; Ibn Atheer 2:209; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:108; Ibn Qayyim 299
[1403] Wāqidi 2:560; Ibn Sad 2:64; Ibn Qayyim 2:300
[1404] Wāqidi 2:560, 561; Ibn Sad 2:64; Hamawi 2:487; Jawād Ali 1:590, 592, 624
[1405] Wāqidi 2:755; Ibn Hishām 4:15; Ibn Sad 2:92; Ibn Khayyāt 1:56; Tabari 2:36; Ibn Asākir 1:92; Ibn Hazm: 220; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:153
[1406] Ibn Hishām 4:30; Ibn Sad 2:92; Ibn Hazm: 220, 221; Kalāi 1:176; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:154
[1407] Wāqidi 2:755; Kalāi 1:136; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:215
[1408] Wāqidi 2:760, 761; Suhayli 4:81; Ibn Hazm: 220; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:154
[1409] Zuhri: 106; Ibn Hishām 4:159; Ibn Sad 2:118; Ibn Khayyāt 1:64; Tabari 3:100; Ibn Hazm: 249; Ibn Asākir 1:107; Kalāi 1:151; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:215
[1410] Wāqidi 2:765; Ibn Hishām 4:19-21; Ibn Sad 2:119; Ibn Atheer 2:36; Ibn Qayyim 2:375
[1411] Wāqidi 2:990; Ibn Sad 2:119
[1412] Zuhri: 151; Wāqidi 3:117; Ibn Hishām 4:291; Ibn Sad 2:136; Tabari 3:184; Ibn Abd al-Barr 1:75; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:281; Ibn Hajar 1:29
[1413] Zuhri: 58; Wāqidi 3:1091, 1124; Ibn Khayyāt 1:103; Ibn Katheer 6:316; Watt, Muhammad fi al-Madina: 158, 177; Initially this mission was delayed because of the objections raised by some companions about the young age of the appointed commander Usāma bin Zayd. (Tr.)
[1414] Wāqidi 3:990; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:44, 119
[1415] Wāqidi 1:2, 4, 2:560, 3:989, 1117; Ibn Sad 2:44, 64, 119, 136
[1416] Zuhri: 58; Wāqidi 3:1035; Ibn Hishām 3:244, 4:291; Tabari 3:100; Ibn Hazm: 253; Bakri 2:538; Ibn Asākir 1:111, 112; Hamawi 1:489
[1417] Wāqidi 3:1018, 1039; Ibn Sad 2:44; Bakri 2:564; Hamawi 2:14; Ibn Katheer 5:9
[1418] Wāqidi 1:403; Ibn Hishām 4:169; Ibn Sad 2:64, 119; Kahālah 2:991
[1419] Wāqidi 2:560; Ibn Hishām 4:169; Ibn Sad 2:64; Ibn Atheer 2:280; Ibn Qayyim 3:210
[1420] Wāqidi 2:769; Ibn Hishām 4:30; Ibn Sad 2:293; Ibn Hazm: 222; Kalāi 1:136; Watt: 158, 159. 177
[1421] Wāqidi 2:760, 3:990; Ibn Sad 2:119; Hindi, al-Jaysh al-Arabi fi Asr al-Futuhāt: 26
[1422] Wāqidi 2:755, 756, 760; Ibn Hishām 4:16, 19; Ibn Hazm: 22; Suhayli 4:81; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:153
[1423] Wāqidi 3:1117, 1123; Ibn Hazm: 220 onwards; Kalāi 136; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:281
[1424] Wāqidi 3:117, 1122, 1123; Ibn Hishām 4:291; Ibn Sad 2:281; Kalāi 1:136; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:153
[1425] Wāqidi 2:760; Ibn Hishām 4:16, 17; Tabari 3:37; Ibn Atheer 2:235; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:153
[1426] Wāqidi 2:120, 3:1019, 1124; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 3:220, 383
[1427] Wāqidi 2:560, 755, 3:990; Ibn Sad 2:64, 110; Hamawi 2:487; Kalāi 1:136; Jawād Ali 1:529, 611, 2:38
[1428] Wāqidi 1:404, 3:990, 1091; Ibn Hishām 4:279; Ibn Sad 2:44, 199; Suhayli 4:196; Kalāi 1:136
[1429] Wāqidi 1:403, 2:560; Ibn Hishām 4:169; Ibn Sad 2:64, 119; Ibn Atheer 2:280
[1430] Wāqidi 1:402; Ibn Hishām 4:15, 191; Kalāi 1:152; Tabari 3:100; Ibn Hazm: 184; Ibn Asākir 1:107; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:108
[1431] Ibn Sad 2:92; Ibn Hazm: 220, 221; Suhayli 4:81; Kalāi 1:136; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:154
[1432] Wāqidi 3:763; Ibn Hishām 4:19; Ibn Sad 2:94; Ibn Hazm: 221; Ibn Abd al-Barr 2:427; Ibn Atheer 2:101; Kalāi 1:136; Ibn Katheer 4:249
[1433] Wāqidi 2:764; Ibn Hishām 4:21; Dianna, Muhammad Rasulullah: 296
[1434] Wāqidi 2:763, 1025; Ibn Sad 2:94
[1435] Wāqidi 2:760; Ibn Hishām 4:17; Suhayli 4:80
[1436] Wāqidi 1:403, 2:535; Ibn Hishām 2:230; Qurtubi 4:306; al-Mawsuah al-Askariyya 1:264
[1437] Wāqidi 1:174; Ibn Sad 2:61; Ibn Abd al-Barr 3:1218; Ibn Atheer 2:248
[1438] Wāqidi 2:534; Ibn Hishām 4:265; Ibn Sad 2:61; Ibn Atheer 2:207; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:104; Ibn Qayyim 2:297
[1439] Wāqidi 2:755; Ibn Sad 2:632; Kalāi 1:158; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:106
[1440] Wāqidi 2:755; Ibn Sad 2:92, 98; Ibn Hishām 4:15, 49
[1441] Zuhri: 76; Wāqidi 1:199; Ibn Hishām 2:257; Ibn Sad 2:47; Tabari 2:267; Ibn Hazm: 223; Ibn Atheer 2:276
[1442] Zuhri: 92; Wāqidi 1:207, 2:457; Ibn Hishām 2:245; Ibn Sad 2:45; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:224
[1443] Ibn Ishāq: 307; Shaybāni 2:58; Wāqidi 1:10, 67; Ibn Hishām 2:278
[1444] Wāqidi 1:68, 225; Ibn Hishām 2:277; Ibn Sad 2:10, 28; Tabari 2:445; Ibn Atheer 2:152; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:10; Ibn Katheer 4:15
[1445] Wāqidi 1:67; Muslim 3:1362; Abu Dāwud (al-Jihād 102); Ibn Qutayba, Uyun al-Akhbār
[1446] Ibn Sad 2:61; Muslim 3:1433; Kalāi 1:123
[1447] Wāqidi 2:496, 633; Ibn Hishām 3:213, 244, 342; Ibn Hazm: 18, 191, 211; Tabari 2:181, 556
[1448] Wāqidi 3:1117; Ibn Sad 2:56, 61, 85; Ibn Katheer 4:61
[1449] Wāqidi 1:13, 2:636; Ibn Hishām 4:265; Ibn Sad 2:96; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:54; Ibn Katheer3:261
[1450] Wāqidi 1:19; Ibn Hishām 4:265; Ibn Sad 2:63; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:106, 110; Ibn Katheer 4:222
[1451] Wāqidi 1:403, 2:534; Bukhāri (al-Maghāzi 28); Abu Dāwud (al-Jihād 57)
[1452] Wāqidi 1:13, 2:774; Ibn Hishām 2:264; Ibn Sad 2:12, 108; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:206; Ibn Katheer 5:9
[1453] Wāqidi 1:53, 2:445; Ibn Hishām 3:69, 231, 344; Tabari 3:9; Ibn Hazm: 186; Kalāi 1:130
[1454] Wāqidi 3:991; Ibn Hishām 4:161; Bukhāri (al-Jihād 38, 184); Ibn Asākir 1:104
[1455] Wāqidi 1:182, 194; Ibn Hishām 3:46; Ibn Sad 2:21, 35, 43, 62, 95; Ibn Hazm: 203; Ibn Atheer 2:142
[1456] Wāqidi 1:396; Ibn Sad 2:21; Tabari 2:268; Suhayli 3:28; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:304
[1457] Wāqidi 1:20, 88; Muslim (al-Eimān 8); Tabari 2:513
[1458] Wāqidi 2:562, 729; Tabari 2:554
[1459] Wāqidi 1:58; Bukhāri (al-Maghāzi 17); Muslim (al-Imārah 117); Abu Dāwud (al-Jihād 120, 149)
[1460] Wāqidi 1:81, 240, 3:897; Ibn Hishām 2:279; Ibn Sad 2:15, 39, 109; Tabari 3:75, 181; Kalāi 1:144; Ibn Qayyim 2:440
[1461] Wāqidi 2:634, 3:1039; Ibn Sad 2:120; Suhayli 4:805; Kalāi 1:131; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:218
[1462] Wāqidi 1:177, 363, 2:496, 670; Ibn Hishām 3:200, 344; Ibn Sad 2:40; Tabari 583; Ibn Hazm: 154
[1463] Wāqidi 2:446; Ibn Hishām 3:231; Ibn Sad 2:47; Tabari 2:583
[1464] Wāqidi 2:796, 825, 875; Ibn Hishām 3:39, 44, 49; Ibn Sad 2:96, 101; Ibn Hazm: 226, 230; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:161, 169, 173; Ibn Qayyim 2:386, 390; Ibn Katheer 4:282, 289
[1465] Bukhāri (al-Salāh 41, al-Jihād 56-58, al-Itisām 16); Muslim (al-Imārah 6); Ibn Mājah (al-Jihād 44); Nasāi (al-Khayl 2)
[1466] Wāqidi 1:2-7, 3:1039; Bukhāri (al-Jihād 80, al-Manāqib 4, al-Maghāzi 10); Tirmidhi (Fadhāil al-Jihād 11)
[1467] Wāqidi 1:10, 193, 2:551; Ibn Sad 2:4, 62
[1468] Ibid.
[1469] Wāqidi 1:11, 13, 2:769; Ibn Hishām 2:245, 252, 4:272; Ibn Sad 2:1, 94; Tabari 2:259; Ibn Hazm: 103; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:157, 161
[1470] Zuhri: 71, 79, 84; Wāqidi 1:76, 363, 2:496, 553, 564, 633; Ibn Sad 2:19, 40, 53, 77; Tabari 2:479, 553; Suhayli 4:252; Kalāi 1:158; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:105, 110
[1471] W8:7; Wāqidi 1:21, 49; Ibn Hishām 3:68; Tabari 2:503; Ibn Qayyim 2:231
[1472] Wāqidi 1:12 onwards, 200 onwards; Ibn Hishām 2:257 onwards, 3:10 onwards; Kalāi 1:85, 104; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:241, 2:2
[1473] Q33:22; Wāqidi 2:444, 3:890; Ibn Katheer 4:104
[1474] Wāqidi 1:28; Ibn Hishām 3:213; Ibn Sad 2:43; Ibn Atheer 2:185; Kalāi 1:116; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 1:296
[1475] Q3:152, Q9:26; Ibn Hishām 4:85; Ibn Sad 2:109; Kalāi 1:143; Dhahabi, Tārikh al-Islām 1:267
[1476] Shaybāni 1:58; Wāqidi 1:378, 2:510; Ibn Hishām 2:278; al-Mawsuah al-Askariyya 1:207
[1477] Bukhāri (al-Jihād 22, 56); Muslim (al-Jihād 20, al-Sulh 7, al-Maghāzi 44)
[1478] Ibn Sad 2:171; Tabari 3:176; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:318
[1479] Ibn Hanbal 2:50; Bukhāri (al-Jihād 88); Ibn Sayyidah, al-Mukhassis 6:26 onwards
[1480] Ibn Abd Rabbih, al-Iqd al-Farid 1:186 onwards; Ibn Sayyidah 6:37 onwards
[1481] Ibn Hanbal 4:144 onwards; Dārimi (al-Jihād 14); Ibn Mājah (al-Jihād 18); Abu Dāwud (Fadhāil al-Jihād 11)
[1482] Abu Dāwud (al-Jihād 18); Tirmidhi (al-Jihād 17); Tabari 3:177
[1483] Ibn Sad 2:172; Ibn Hanbal 1:80; Bukhāri (al-Istiqrādh 1); Abu Dāwud (al-Nikāh 35); Nasāi (al-Nikāh 76)
[1484] Ibn Sad 2:174; Tabari 2:177; Ibn Atheer 2:316
[1485] Bukhāri (al-Jihād 75); Ibn Sayyidah 6:73
[1486] Bukhāri (al-Libās 17); Tirmidhi (al-Jihād 18); Ibn Mandhur 5:26
[1487] Bukhāri (al-Jihād 169, al-Maghāzi 48, al-Libās 17); Muslim (al-Hajj 450); Ibn Mājah (al-Jihād 18); Abu Dāwud (al-Jihād 117); Tirmidhi (al-Jihād 18); Nasāi (al-Manāsik 107)
[1488] It is reported that the Arabs learnt how to create the catapult from the Persians and would use it to throw large boulders (and later fireballs) at the enemy (Tr.)
[1489] Wāqidi 3:927; Ibn Hishām 3:121; Ibn Sad 2:14; Kalāi 1:146; Ibn Sayyidah 6:14; The Dabbābah was a primitive version of todays tanks. It was a means used to break walls and barriers set up by the enemy. (Tr.)
[1490] Bukhāri (al-Jihād 56, 58; al-Maghāzi 38; al-Adab 80); Muslim (al-Imārah 65, al-Jihād 132); Ibn Mājah (al-Jihād 9, 44); Abu Dāwud (al-Jihād 6, al-Khayl 12)
[1491] Wāqidi 1:27; Ibn Hishām 2:321; Ibn Sad 2:7; Tabari 2:478
[1492] Ibn Sad 2:78; Ibn Atheer 2:216; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:129
[1493] Wāqidi 2:812, 819
[1494] Bukhāri (al-Buyu 37, Tafseer of Surah 19); Tirmidhi (al-Jihād 12); Nasāi (al-Jihād 26); Tabari, Tafseer al-Tabari 14:119
[1495] Ibn Mājah (al-Jihād 18); Abu Dāwud (al-Jihād 23); Tirmidhi (Fadhāil al-Jihād 11); Nasāi (al-Jihād 26, al-Khayl 80)
[1496] Wāqidi 3:927; Ibn Hishām 4:121; Ibn Sad 2:114; Kalāi 1:146
[1497] Bukhāri (al-Buyu 108, al-Maghāzi 2); Abu Dāwud (al-Jihād 24, al-Buyu 26); Tirmidhi (al-Jihād 20); Nasāi (al-Khayl 3)
[1498] Bukhāri (al-Jihād 80); Muslim (al-Musāfirun 139, al-Jihād 49); Abu Dāwud (al-Imārah 19); Tirmidhi (al-Jihād 39); Nasāi (al-Fay 1)
[1499] Wāqidi 1:96, 373, 2:510, 544, 658, 3:987; Ibn Sad 2:20, 41, 120
[1500] Wāqidi 1:178; Ibn Hishām 3:201; Ibn Sad 2:80; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:50
[1501] Ibn Hanbal 3:1; Dārimi (al-Buyu 56); Abu Dāwud (al-Buyu 88)
[1502] Bukhāri (al-Jihād 24, 56) Ibn Mājah (al-Jihād 29, al-Nikāh 50); Tirmidhi (al-Fitan 39); Nasāi (al-Khayl 13, 16)
[1503] Bukhāri (al-Jihād 12, 22, 88,156); Muslim (al-Jihād 92); Ibn Mājah (al-Fitan 10, al-Hudud 34); Abu Dāwud (al-Jihād 64, 108)
[1504] Bukhāri (al-Riqāq 17, al-Maghāzi 56, al-Manāqib 4, al-Jihād 38); Muslim (al-Zuhd 12, Fadāil al-Sahābah 41); Ibn Mājah (al-Muqaddimah 11); Abu Dāwud (al-Jihād 23); Tirmidhi (Fadhāil al-Jihād 11, al-Sayd 1); Nasāi (al-Jihād 26, al-Khayl 8)
[1505] Wāqidi 2:648; Ibn Hishām 4:126; Ibn Sad 2:114; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:201
[1506] Bukhāri (al-Maghāzi 56, al-Jihād 80); Muslim (Fadhāil al-Sahābah 41); Ibn Abd al-Barr 2:606, 764
[1507] Bukhāri (al-Manāqib 28, al-Jihād 192); Muslim (al-Imārah 96, 99); Ibn Mājah (al-Jihād 14); Abu Dāwud (al-Jihād 41, 45, 60); Nasāi (al-Khayl 8, 12)
[1508] Ibn Mājah (al-Jihād 19); Abu Dāwud (al-Jihād 23); Tirmidhi (Fadhāil al-Jihād 11); Nasāi (al-Jihād 8, 26)
[1509] Wāqidi 3:927
[1510] Bukhāri (al-Jihād 12, 88, al-Shurut 15); Muslim (al-Jihād 20, al-Imārah 146); Abu Dāwud (al-Fitan 1, al-Buyu 13, al-jihād 64, 108)
[1511] Ibn Hanbal 1:88; Ibn Mājah (al-Jihād 18)
[1512] Bukhāri (al-Jihād 88); Ibn Mājah (al-Jihād 18); Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:318
[1513] Bukhāri (al-Maghāzi 44)
[1514] Bukhāri (al-Jihād 88); Ibn Sad 2:171; Tabari 3:176
[1515] Ibn Hanbal 1:193; Ibn Hishām 3:106; Ibn Sayyid al-Nās 2:24
[1516] Wāqidi 2:743; Ibn Sad 2:87; Bakri 4:1385; Hamawi 5:424
[1517] Ibn Hanbal 5:86; Muslim (al-Imārah 172, 175, 176); Abu Dāwud (al-Jihād 33)
[1518] Abu Dāwud (al-Jihād 233); Wāqidi 3:1057; Ibn Sad 2:120

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