Hazrat Isa (Jesus)
Translated by Fatima Zabeth Beenesh from the Farsi book "Tarikh i-Anbiya az Adam ta Khatam" by Husain Imadzadeh
Hazrat Isa a.s was the light of God and truth. God created him from the soul of the universe. He was an absolute divine favor and entirely clean of all evils. According to the definition of Quran this ethereal personality was the face of the world and hereafter.
Isa a.s was among the favorites in the divine sovereignty and in all-accomplished existence he was the absolute soul. The life of hazrat Isa a.s. was very strange and astonishing. His birth and at last his ascension to the the dwelling place of the God and angels, the Heaven.
The proclamation of his prophecy
Isa a.s was 29 years when he began his preaching a.s as a prophet and came before Bani Israil and said: O people I am the messenger of God and came as a prophet. Accept my sayings and obey me and do not say foul language about me. The Gracious God send me with numerous miracles to guide you.
Quran 3:49 And (appoint him) a messenger to the Children of Israel, (with this message): "I have come to you, with a Sign from your Lord, in that I make for you out of clay, as it were, the figure of a bird, and breathe into it, and it becomes a bird by Allah's leave: And I heal those born blind, and the lepers, and I quicken the dead, by Allah's leave; and I declare to you what ye eat, and what ye store in your houses. Surely therein is a Sign for you if ye did believe."
They said: What miracles did you bring.
Isa a.s replied: I will make bird out of clay and blow life into it and it will also fly with thy permission.
They said: how will you do it.
Isa a.s immediately created a bird from clay and blow breath into it. After which the bird began to fly.
They said: What more miracles do you have?
Isa a.s replied: I can render sight to the blind by birth and can cure a leper. All these miracles are the sign of my prophecy.
A group of people believed him and many of them said that he was a magician.
Quran 5:110 Thou makest out of clay, as it were, the figure of a bird, by My leave, and thou breathest into it and it becometh a bird by My leave, and thou healest those born blind, and the lepers.
Every day Isa a.s used to invite people towards the religion of God and recite the verses of Injeel to them.
One day when he was in Jordan 'urdan' he was addressed: O Isa I will make you immortal, bestow you the highest place, call you in the heaven and make you pure and unaffected from the Abhorrence and uncleanness of unbeliever.
When Isa a.s got this message from God he told his 'Havari' disciples: I have intention of going to 'Baitul Muqaddas' Jerusalem.
Migrated from the lands of Jordan towards Jerusalem
His disciples too followed him. On the way Isa a.s used to cure, old, blind and ailing people. When they reached near Jerusalem Isa a.s told his disciples 'Havari': Go towards this village where you will get a female donkey with a young one and bring them to me.
Till then he did not ride on back of any riding. His disciples bought the donkeys to their spiritual leader. Isa a.s spread his clothes on the animal and rode on it. When along with disciples reached Jerusalem all the blind and ailing people gathered around Isa a.s to get rid of their illness.
Some asked him: O prophet of God please inform us how and when it is the end of this world?
Isa a.s replied them: I give you the glad tiding of a prophet who will come after me. His name will be Ahmad a.s who will rise up when the earth will be filled with injustice and oppressions. He will layout the ground of justice and equity and in his period I will descend from heaven and the sign of my advent is known as Judgment Day. And be aware many will come by my name or will say that Isa a.s is on fourth sky or in some desert but never believe them.
Isa a.s giving life to death
In the period of Isa a.s medicine reached to its zenith. In spite of all the perfection in many treatments they used to be helpless in healing many ailments such as they could not bring sight to the congenitally blind people. Therefore his Highness Isa a.s said: I will cure a leper, give life to dead and bestow sight to blind healing many other ailing peoples.
As he used to give life to the dead he was told by the people to give life back to 'Sam' son of Hazrat Nuh a.s. as his dead body was thousand of years old.
The dead body of Sam was buried on a mountain so to make people believe in his prophecy he went on the mountain with people. When prophet Isa a.s said “O Sam son of Nuh a.s”, the mountain got split and Sam came out of it, wiping dust from his forehead.
Isa a.s said: O Sam, why you are so disturbed?
Sam replied: I thought the judgment day had arrived.
Isa a.s said: Do you want live again?
Sam replied: What will happen if I start living again?
Isa a.s said: At least dead is there.
Sam replied: Then death is better than life for me. As two thousand years have passed since my death and I do not want to live again. Then he returned back and died.
Bani Israil said: what more miracles do you have?
Isa a.s said: I will tell you what you eat and what you store in the houses.
Quran 3:49 And I quicken the dead, by Allah's leave; and I declare to you what ye eat, and what ye store in your houses. Surely therein is a Sign for you if ye did believe."
Quran 5:110 and the unbelievers among them said: 'This is nothing but evident magic.'
A group among them accepted Isa a.s whereas many of them rejected him by saying that it is sorcery and said that this man is born out of wedlock. Isa a.s felt extremely obnoxious and unpleasant and cursed them. After which they were deformed into swines.
When this report reached the king of Bani Israil he got terrified with Isa a.s.'s curse and summoned the chiefs of Bani Israil to kill Isa a.s. They gathered around Isa a.s and asked him questions. When they wanted to crucify hazrat Isa a.s. Jibril a.s ascended him from the aperture of the roof to the heaven. It was 31 miladi'of the Christian era'.
Quran 4:157 That they said (in boast), "We killed Christ Jesus the son of Mary, the Messenger of Allah";-but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but so it was made to appear to them, and those who differ therein are full of doubts, with no (certain) knowledge, but only conjecture to follow, for of a surety they killed him not.
Quran 3:55 Behold! Allah said: "O Jesus! I will take thee and raise thee to Myself and clear thee (of the falsehoods) of those who blaspheme; I will make those who follow thee superior to those who reject faith, to the Day of Resurrection: Then shall ye all return unto me, and I will judge between you of the matters wherein ye dispute."
The ascension of Isa a.s to heaven
They are dual definitions about the end of Isa a.s.
1- He was ascended to the heaven and is alive in the same mortal body and at the time during the appearance of Hazrat Muhammad Mahdi ibn Hasan Askari a.s he will come back into this world and bring happiness into this earth planet and will execute the customs of Hazrat Ibrahim a.s.
2- According to the information of 'Mutavafik' about the definition of Hazrat Isa's a.s soul which was taken to the heaven. They say among the creatures of God there are two categories of people. One are those who had entrusted themselves to their passions and every type of wickedness is committed by them.
The second categories are those people who had submitted themselves to the wisdom and enlightenment. They are never engaged in any mischiefs and love to say the words of God.
God had taken away the elemental existence of hazrat Isa a.s from among the Yahudis and Nasranis. The meaning of this is not annihilation, destruction and death but Yahud and Nasara on this subject have diversity of opinions and believe of trinity. Some believed on cross and death of Christ and some have faith in trinity and ascension of Isa a.s from the grave.
Hazrat Ali ibn Moosa ar Reza declaration of objection before the Nasara defined about this matter which is written in the book of his biography categorically and permanently. In order just to give the awareness to the reader.
Injil in dictionary
In dictionary the meaning of injil is glad tiding and in the verses of Quran its meaning was manifested and made cleared. The word Injil occurs twelve times in the Qur'an (3:3, 3:43, 3:58; 5:50-51, 5:70, 5:72, 5:110; 7:156; 9:112; 48:29; 57:27)
Quran 3:3 It is He Who sent down to thee (step by step), in truth, the Book, confirming what went before it; and He sent down the Law (of Moses) and the Gospel (of Jesus) before this, as a guide to mankind, and He sent down the criterion (of judgment between right and wrong).
Nazzala AAalayka alkitaba bialhaqqimusaddiqan lima bayna yadayhi waanzala alttawratawaal-injeela
The Injil's names are as follows:
1- INJIL E MATA
2- INJIL E MARKUS
3- INJIL E LUKA
4- INJIL E YUHANES
Unfortunately, Babylonian king Nabukatnazar (Bakht Nasr) destroyed 'Taurat' the book of Musa a.s. Today’s Injil is not the same Injil given by Isa a.s as it has many alterations.
The Injil of Barnaba
Among the present Injils the Injil of Barnaba is creditable and reliable. This book is translated by late Aga Sardar Kabuli in farsi. In this prescription some facts are present which were not altered which are not present in other prescriptions. In the past Injils whose names are mentions in general knowledge books are as follows:
1- Bible of Egyptians which was in second century of the Christian era.
2- Bible of Hebrew in first century of the Christian era.
3- Bible of peter in the second century.
4- Gospel of the Holy Twelve
5- Gospel of Andrew
6-Bible of Barnaba
7- Bartamus Bible
8- The Bible, King James Version
9- Tedious Bible
10- Elios Bible
11- Bobby Dallas Bible
12- Mantis Bible
13- Krintas Bible
14- Havana Bible
15- Yahuda Bible
16- Hayut Bible
17- Mary Magdalene Bible
18- Matyas Bible
19- kamal Bible
20- philip Bible
21- Thomas Bible
22- Rosty Bible
23- Markun Bible
24- Necodemus Bible
The Apostles of Hazrat Isa (A.S.)
3:52 When Jesus found Unbelief on their part He said: "Who will be My helpers to (the work of) Allah?" Said the disciples: "We are Allah's helpers: We believe in Allah, and do thou bear witness that we are Muslims.
Hazrat Isa a.s when felt the power of blasphemy had reached its extent and he alone was not enough to encounter it .He too like hazrat Moosa a.s claimed an assistant and helper.He said: Is there any body who can protect and help me in my preachings and guiding the people in this holi cause?
The apostles said: We are ready to help you. And bring God as our witness and submit ourselves before your commandments.
There were twelve havari 'apostles'of hazrat Isa a.s.His immediate successor was Shamoon a.s who was performing the miracles of Isa a.s like curing the lepers and giving life to death.All these miracles were with the permission of God. Shamoon a.s was true and loyal disciple of Isa a.s.Shamoon a.s moved towards people to guide them and killed.At the moment of his martyrdom he appointed prophet Zakaria a.s as his successor.
After Isa a.s. conflict of message appeared among the Havari. Many types of sections came into existence. The believe of trinity began to strengthen among the people.
QURAN APPROVED THE DIVINE LAWS OF ISA A.S AND MOOSA A.S
Certainly the facts of heavenly laws were proved to last extent to the mankind and the ambiguity and doubtfulness of people began to abolish. All this happened by means of Islam. Quran explained the rules and commandments of the past prophets and put to end those verdicts which were not suited for the progress of the mankind's status level and against the perfection of human wisdom. Henceforth the reason for the perfection of the rules or abrogation of the past principles and laws were described and specified in stories of prophet's. In the traditions of prophet muhammad's (pbuh) family presented these anecdotes. The total facts and affairs which Quran had mentioned and brought out muslims from the obscurity and falsifications and educated them.
The Nasara believe that Isa a.s was killed and he was the son of God such as Yahudi have faith that prophet Uzaer a.s was son of God.
Quran 9:30 The Jews call 'Uzair a son of Allah, and the Christians call Christ the son of Allah. That is a saying from their mouth; (in this) they but imitate what the unbelievers of old used to say. Allah's curse be on them: how they are deluded away from the Truth!
Waqalati alyahoodu AAuzayrun ibnu Allahiwaqalati alnnasara almaseehuibnu Allahi thalika qawluhum bi-afwahihim yudahi-oonaqawla allatheena kafaroo min qablu qatalahumu Allahuanna yu/fakoona
The traces of hazrat Isa's a.s prophecy and religious law were abolishing ,which the Quran defined them .Hazrat Imam Reza a.s in the meeting of Mamun Abbasi in the presence of scholars made a declaration to Jasliq Nasara who was the most sensitive learned man in theoretical and religious epigrams among the common people.
Some of the discussion is narrated as follows: Jasliq:Do you have believe in hazrat Isa's a.s prophecy and His divine laws.
Imam Reza a.s said: We have faith in Isa a.s for his prophecy and being the master of divine laws who gave the good tiding of uprising of the last messenger of God.
beside that there is not any other Isa a.s. And we stress upon this matter.
Jasliq: I am mentioning about Isa ibn Maryam a.s. on whom the Injil was descended.
Imam Reza a.s said: The very Isa a.s who gave the glad tiding of the prophecy of Islam.
Jasliq: Isa a.s never gave such a message.
Imam Reza a.s: I will prove that Isa a.s declared the advent of the last messenger of God.
Jasliq: If you can prove and establish the authenticity of this matter i will become a muslim.
Imam Reza a.s: What do you say about the Yuhanna of Dailami.
Jasliq: I accept him ,he was one of the esteemed person of hazrat Isa a.s.
Imam Reza a.s: I will give you the promise of Isa a.s that you must tell the truth.Does Isa a.s did not said it in the Injil of Yuhanna: Isa a.s had told me "I am giving you the annunciation of "Farqaleet" who will come after me and had given this happy tiding to his apostles. On hearing this they too braught faith in his message.
Jasliq: It is true. But the time of the arrival of Farqaleet was not mentioned.
Imam Reza a.s: I will prove it then after my establishing the truth will you bring faith?
Jasliq: Surely I will bring faith.
Imam Reza a.s: In the verses of the Injil written by Yuhanna dailami where Isa a.s, son of Maryam said about the mission of the prophet of islam, his family and his people.In such a way that Jasliq was ashamed but he did not accepted Islam.
When Jasliq was condemned Imam Reza a.s asked him: O Jasliq tell me about the Injil of Isa a.s son of Maryam.
Jasliq: One day the Injil of Isa a.s was lost. After that Nasara found it fresh in the possession of Matta and Yuhanna.
Imam Reza a.s: Your knowledge about Injil is very little .If the matter is so simple then why Nasara came across so much diversity of opinions?
Jasliq accepted the fact but did not replied.
Imam Reza a.s: keep in the mind "Alwaqa" was most learned among the 'Havari'.There are three scholars of Injil."Yuhanna"Akbar Naji ,"Yuhanna" of Dailami"Ibn Jarud,"Yuhanna" of Baqartelitan.
When the real Injil disappeared from them, the people of Nasara went to the scholars of Injil and demanded Injil from them. The Nasari scholars said: We are the retentive and preservers 'hafiz' of the Injil of Isa a.s. We will read for you chapters and chapters of it at any learning hours of the day.
To prove that Jasliq had believe Isa a.s worshiped the God, Imam Reza a.s told him: Isa a.s used to worship God very less.
Jasliq was embarrassed and said: You have no right to tell this. Isa a.s was very much devoted in the glorification of God.
Imam Reza a.s asked him: Whom he used to worship?
Jasliq said: He used to worship The one God.
And confessed that he was a creature of God was not the son of God.
Imam Reza a.s said: Injil of Barnaba is among the best Bibles in which there are less alterations .And Quran had proved its concept.
61:6 And remember, Jesus, the son of Mary, said: "O Children of Israel! I am the apostle of Allah (sent) to you, confirming the Law (which came) before me, and giving Glad Tidings of an Apostle to come after me, whose name shall be Ahmad." But when he came to them with Clear Signs, they said, " this is evident sorcery!"
Wa-ith qala AAeesa ibnumaryama ya banee isra-eela innee rasoolu Allahiilaykum musaddiqan lima bayna yadayya mina alttawratiwamubashshiran birasoolin ya/tee min baAAdee ismuhu ahmadufalamma jaahum bialbayyinati qaloohatha sihrun mubeenun
The other Injils also had confessed this fact that Ahmad, Muhammad and Mahmud is the last prophet by the name of 'Farqaleet'. All the Nasari, Yahudi who were well - informed of language have given the name of Muhammad and Ahmad to the word 'Farqaleet'.
Hazrat Isa a.s had educated twelve disciples from the school of Christianity and given them the name of apostle 'havari'. After the ascension of hazrat Isa a.s.to the heaven, they came amidst the Bani Israil and invited the people towards the oneness of God and the religious laws of Isa a.s. and send letters and the representatives to the towns and countries around the world. The people in large number began to convert to Christianity. As the first Injil was lost the four havari among them wrote the Bible:
1- INJIL E MATA
2- INJIL E MARKUS
3- INJIL E LUKA
4- INJIL E YUHANES
1- The prophet Shamoon a.s was successor of Isa a.s who was inviting the people towards the religion of Christianity in Jerusalem. After the Ascension, of Isa a.s he went to Rome and for twenty five years he preached Christianity there. He was murdered by the command of the king of Rome 'Farva' and was buried there. He was martyred after 31 years of Isa's a.s ascension.
2- 'Andreas' brother of Shamoon a.s went to the countries of North and Russia .There he invited people to the religion of Isa a.s and from there he went to Greek and preached the faith of Isa a.s.
The governor of Greek by the name "aaza" in the name of king was ruling upon the people, felt that he was disturbed in his affairs. He summoned him and put him into nails and pulled out the skin of his body.
3- The third apostle of hazrat Isa a.s was Yaqoob Zabdi who went to Spain and preached the people principles of Isa a.s.From there he came to Jerusalem and at last he was martyred there.
4- The fourth havari of hazrat Isa a.s was Yuhanna.He was the brother of Yaqoob Zabdi.He used to preach the faith of Isa a.s in Jerusalem.The king of Rome by the name 'Wamishan' called him And thrown him in the red hot boiling oil. After a while Yuhanna came out of the boiling oil alive, safe and sound.
When the king saw that incident, ordered to put him into exile in some of the islands of Rome.And appointed a group of people to guard him.Where Yuhanna wrote the book of 'The divine presence till 'Wamishan' died.
Then Yuhanna left that island and went to the city of Afsar in Asia. There he wrote Injil .Where he died.
5- The fifth havari and apostle of Isa a.s was 'Batuma' who went to Azarbaijan and from there to India. Where he lived for a long period of time and preached the people the religion of Isa a.s. The natives of that place attacked ,killed and buried him there.
6- The sixth havari and apostle of Isa a.s was 'Bartolma' who went towards India and called the people towards the religious laws of Isa a.s.and passed the Gulf of Oman and travelling the entire country of Iran he reached Armanestan. 'Palmebus' was the king of that state.He accepted his faith and entered into Christianity.But his brother got displeased with him.He went to 'Bartolma' with a group of people and dragged out his skin and killed him
7- The seventh apostle of Isa a.s was 'Felbus' who went to Egypt and invited people towards Christianity, from there he went to Syria and persuade the natives the religion of Isa a.s. At last at the hands of Syrians he was stoned to death.
8- The eight havari and apostle of Hazrat Isa a.s was his disciple 'Mata' who for seven years wrote Bible in Hebrew. And leaving the holi land he went to Africa and resided in the country of 'Habsha'. He invited the ruler towards the faith of Isa a.s. and to which he accepted his call but his brother remained an idol worshiper. Until his hostility began with Mata and with the association of other idolaters, he killed 'Mata'.
9- The ninth havari of Isa a.s. was Yaqub bin Halqa. He was living in Jerusalem since long period.He was respectable person among the people.He was propagating the religious laws of Isa a.s. The Jews had thrown him from the high building ,braking all his bones into pieces. Meanwhile a jew hit him on his head with an anvil. So that he had fallen down and died.
10- The tenth havari and apostle of hazrat Isa a.s was 'kabbie'by the title 'Maddie'. In the beginning he travelled to Baghdad and Musel and invited the people towards christianity.Then he went to Iran and made famous and ennobled the name of Isa a.s in the cities and towns. Finally he was martyred along with 'Shamoon Qanani'
11- 'Shamoon Qanani' in the beginning went to Egypt then to Iran and met Maddie .The non-Arabs gathered around them and killed them.
12- 'Mitas' was one of the apostles of Isa a.s. He came at the place of Yahuda Astakar Yuti. When Astakar Yuti got involved in a treason . As the result Shamoon a.s dismissed him from that status and appointed 'Mitas' as an apostle .This apostle first went to Antakia and then to Halab and from there to Russia. Every where he preached the teachings and religion of Isa a.s. Atlast they stoned him to death and drowned him in the sea.
THE ORIGINAL INJIL
The original Injil which was descended from God was in the Hebrew. The honorable Quran in Sure Ale Imran bespoke in the verse 50 such that: 3:50 "'(I have come to you), to attest the Law which was before me. And to make lawful to you part of what was (Before) forbidden to you; I have come to you with a Sign from your Lord. So fear Allah, and obey me.
Wamusaddiqan lima baynayadayya mina alttawrati wali-ohilla lakumbaAAda allathee hurrima AAalaykum waji/tukumbi-ayatin min rabbikum faittaqoo Allaha waateeAAooni
It means that Hazrat Isa a.s said: I came to make lawful or nullify those things, by the command of God which Taurat made them illegal.
The commentators defined the religious laws of Musa a.s those were unlawful which Isa a.s made them lawful were as follows:
Eating the fats of the sacrificed animal, eating its intestines, eating the stomach of the cattle and goat. Consumption of fish, camel meat and some birds. And prohibition of fishing on Saturday.
The religious laws of Isa a.s are as follows:
1- To suffice on one wife.
2- The divorced wife must not remarry again.
3- The man who divorced his wife must not marry again.
4- One can divorce his wife only in the case of adultery.
5- Earn lawfully else it is not permissible.
The differences of The religious laws of Musa a.s, Isa a.s and the holy religion of Islam: For Yahudi and Nasari it is necessary to worship a part of the prayers in Jerusalem .Like the practice of sacrifice.
The woman in periods and her uncleanness after giving birth of child, practice of cleaning themselves must be done there.
The water never make the dress of Yahudi and Nasrani clean. But they cut that part and burn it.
When a woman get unclean in the menstrual periods or after giving birth to child .They must not have sexual relationship with their husband and not to speak with them more than necessity. Till they get out of the uncleanness. But have no such strict rules. The people can worship wherever they like except the usurped place. The woman can accompany her husband in the menstrual periods or after giving birth to child only sexual relationship is unlawful and disapproved.
In Islam everything is cleaned by water. for getting clean the woman in periods or after giving birth to a child one need not to sacrifice any cattle.
In the religious laws of Moosa a.s when a person used to commit a sin sometime on his forehead or on his door the sin used to be written with the command of God. On the Saturdays for catching of fish they were deformed into swines and monkeys.
But in Islam through the last prophet the God made easy and convenient the commandments of religion. However the original Injil was lost.The Jews made Injil disappeared same like Taurat which was lost for a period of time.
THE LIST OF NEW ERA
1- The Injil of Matta
2- The Injil of Marqus
3- The Injil of Luqa
4- The Injil of YUhanna
4- The Injil of yakult
5- The Injil of Qantas
6- The Injil of Phillipi
7- The Injil of Yalisi